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International Journal of Clinical Cardiology is an open access journal which publishes original clinical research in cardiology. This peer review journal publishes original articles, case reports and reviews targeted to cardiologists, cardiology researchers across the globe. The Journal welcomes submission of papers from experts, clinical academics and researchers. The journal publishes the latest findings in cardiovascular medicine, cardiovascular diseases and observational studies. The journal publishes original communications of scientific excellence concerned with clinical research on cardiology, clinical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Through open access it expands shared knowledge across doctors; it provides the free, immediate, availability of the published work online. This journal also involved into publishing news with time by time developments and advances in research of various clinical advancements and their treatments. The journal also publishes all types of article like reviews, commentaries, case reports and many more. We mainly strengthen and request the authors to submit the results with the clear and detailed explanation to follow by the rigorous review process.


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Determinants of coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in human heart are still incompletely identified. In acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), abrupt vessel occlusion results in myocardial necrosis in the jeopardized area. Angiographic collaterals to myocardial tissue distal to an acutely occluded coronary vessel can reduce infarct size and risk for post-infarct .. read more

September 20, 2016

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Coronary-cameral fistula (CCF) is a rare condition most commonly caused by an embryologic developmental anomaly. Fifty-five percent of CCFs originate from the right coronary artery, 35% from the left coronary artery, and 5% from both. More than 90% of them drain into the venous system and low pressure sites such as .. read more

August 12, 2016

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A nine-year history of a young to middle-aged male who was diagnosed with coronary artery ectasia after presenting with impaired vision in one of his eyes is presented. Throughout this period, four exercise stress tests were carried out and improvements were noted: from a positive stress test indicative of myocardial ischemia, .. read more

August 11, 2016

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Dilated cardiomyopathy, which mostly has an idiopathic etiology or is caused by genetic inheritance or infection, may cause irreversible congestive heart failure. Hypocalcemia is a rare etiology of reversible dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiogenic shock related to hypocalcemic cardiomyopathy is a rare event. Here we report two cases with congestive heart failure who .. read more

August 06, 2016

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A 28-year-old pregnant woman was admitted to our hospital with tonic seizure and dyspnea, and was diagnosed with acute massive pulmonary embolism. An emergency surgical embolectomy was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Several fragments of the thrombi were carefully removed from the right and the main pulmonary arteries, and sufficient back-flow .. read more

July 30, 2016

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Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the commonest arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice and is increasingly considered as an emerging health epidemic. Despite rapidly evolving treatment strategies, AF presents a complex management challenge to the physician and is now attracting substantial clinical and academic interest because of a strong association with substantial mortality .. read more

July 30, 2016

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Background:The effect of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) on left ventricular (LV) function after restoration of sinus rhythm remains unclear in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF). This study aimed to evaluate LV systolic function in the early phase after PVI using speckle tracking echocardiography.
Methods:Twelve patients with CAF could be restored to .. read more

July 18, 2016

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A coronary arteriovenous (AV) fistula is defined as a connection between one or more coronary arteries and a cardiac chamber or great vessel, bypassing the myocardial capillary bed. For symptomatic patients, surgical intervention is the standard treatment plan. Recently, the use of transcatheter vascular plugs for the percutaneous closure of coronary .. read more

June 23, 2016

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Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains a major cause of death worldwide. This study looked at the proportions, demographics, risk profile, angiographic data and in-hospital outcomes of young versus older myocardial infarction (MI) patients presenting to a community teaching hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients .. read more

May 28, 2016

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Takotsubo Syndrome (TS) is characterized by sudden localized left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and clinical features suggesting an acute coronary syndrome. It occurs more in women and is frequently associated with emotional or physical stress. Pharmacologically induced TS (PITS) has been reported but a comprehensive characterization has not been performed. Such a .. read more

May 27, 2016

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Proper documentation of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD) risk score and its consequent management in the newly applied electronic medical records (EMR) for diabetic's patients attending non-communicable diseases clinic in West Bay Health Center is less than ideal during Jan 2015 and Feb 2015. Poor documentation of ASCVD risk score and its .. read more

May 18, 2016

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Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short term effect of a moderate-intensity physical activity program on heart sympathetic activity and lung function in Mexican obese adolescents. Materials and methods: We performed a longitudinal study in 38 healthy obese adolescents (24 female and 14 male). Subjects were submitted .. read more

April 28, 2016

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Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) therapy is now standard therapy for prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in high-risk patients. In 2006, the Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) reviewed the role of ICDs and approved them to be used for both primary and secondary prevention. This study reviews the temporal trends in .. read more

April 20, 2016

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A total of 22 dogs of both sexes (5-7 years old) were divided into two groups: 10 in control and 12 in ablation group. Multiple radial-linear lesions were created from PV orifice to peri-PV area in the dogs with CARTO guidance. The control animals went through the same procedure except ablation. .. read more

March 16, 2016

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Long QT Syndrome (LQTS), a genetic predisposition to sudden cardiac death is defined by a prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) measured on electrocardiogram (ECG). A participatory research project has been underway with the Gitxsan of Northern BC for more than ten years where the condition (LQTS1) is common, due to a .. read more

January 30, 2016

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Ventricular fibrillation was induced via a pacing wire forwarded into the right ventricle in 20 female Landrace/Large-White pigs, allocated into 2 groups; the experimental group treated with a bolus dose of 5,000 U/Kg recombinant human erythropoietin and the control group which was administered saline. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed immediately after .. read more

January 28, 2016

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We present our recent casuistry on such an interesting issue as coronary dissections. Provide data to assist the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a non-traumatic and non-iatrogenic separation of the coronary artery walls. It is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome, mainly affecting women .. read more

January 27, 2016

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Standard surgical approach to the implantation of a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) is through a median sternotomy. The inflow cannula is attached to the apex of the left ventricle, while the outflow graft is usually attached to the ascending aorta. We present 2 patients with prohibitive chest wall abnormalities who .. read more

January 18, 2016

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Electrolytic variability modifies normal structures of segments and intervals on the electrocardiogram (ECG). We present a case that was referred to the Internal Medicine department by the Neurosurgery division for several pathological fractures.The electrocardiogram led us to a diagnostic approach and finally we show how electrocardiographic tracing changed after a treatment .. read more

December 15, 2015

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A 48 years old male patient was referred to our clinic for intraventricular mass, detected incidentally during non-cardiac preoperative evaluation. The medical history of the patient was unremarkable except suspicious history of heart attack four years ago. Physical examination was normal. ECG showed normal sinus rhythm 76 beats per minute. .. read more

December 12, 2015

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The accuracy of Doppler echocardiography in estimating pulmonary arterial hypertension has been a center of debate with recent reports suggesting poor correlation between the Doppler echocardiographic estimation of pulmonary pressure with the one measured by right heart catheterization. Our aim is to study the correlation between the Doppler echocardiographic estimates of .. read more

December 11, 2015

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Prospective observational before-after study in the Cardiac Rehabilitation Unit of Cordoba (Spain) between March 2013 and June 2014 during phase 2 of cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP). Demographic variables, LVEF, functional capacity and biochemical parameters were analyzed. Outcome variables at the beginning and end of the treatment were compared using the paired .. read more

December 10, 2015

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Subaortic membranes are uncommon causes of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Combined subaortic membrane and aortic valve stenosis is even more rare and can be challenging for echocardiographic diagnosis. A 58 year old woman, known for symptomatic aortic stenosis was referred to our hospital department for dyspnoea. Her most important medical .. read more

December 09, 2015

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We present a case of stress-induced cardiomyopathy in a 66 year old male precipitated by electroconvulsive (ECT) for catatonia related to severe recurrent depression. Patient suffered from decades of bipolar syndrome with severe depression that is refractory from medication therapies. As the frequency of the recent admissions increases, the patient's guardian .. read more

November 30, 2015

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A young female, cardiovascular risk factors free, was admitted to the coronary care unit for a sub-acute myocardial infarction caused by a critical ostial stenosis of the left anterior descending artery, treated with coronary angioplasty and insertion of two drug-eluting stents. Despite the administration of aggressive treatment, just 5 days after .. read more

November 30, 2015

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Background: Whilst chronic subclinical inflammation is now considered to be a predisposing risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. The extent by which adipokines induce metabolic abnormalities in humans is not fully resolved. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between insulin resistance and serum inflammatory markers in obese subjects. .. read more

November 21, 2015

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38 year old male patient with preauricular abcess developed presyncope during high-grade fever and diagnosed as having Brugada syndrome with type 1 ECG pattern. The diagnosis of Brugada syndrome was made in educational and research hospital. His Electroencephalography (EEG) was normal. Coronary angiography showed myocardial bridging of the left anteriyor descending .. read more

November 20, 2015

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In the assessment of stem cell therapy post myocardial infarction, the rapport between the medical intervention and the patient's compliance and psychological factors represent a research and treatment management challenge. Purpose: Identifying the implication of psychological and behavioral factors associated with compliance on therapeutic success in relation to cell therapy in .. read more

November 13, 2015

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Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are the leading cause of death in older adults. Early recognition of symptoms suggestive of ACS by the emergency triage nurse can improve patient outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors associated with typical and atypical symptoms in older and younger patients with .. read more

November 05, 2015

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Although relationships between ischemic heart disease and psychiatric disorders (PD) have been highlighted, a link between PD and acute aortic dissection (AAD) has not been shown. Aim of this study was to define the psychological profile of patients treated for AAD and analyze the impact of PD postoperatively and at 5-year .. read more

October 13, 2015

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A 51-year-old man, smoker (20 packs-year) with no known allergies and no medical history of previous symptoms or cardiovascular disease. Two hours after eating a raw fish dish of hake and prawn, the patient presented intense oppressive chest pain, dyspnea, diaphoresis, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomit. .. read more

October 10, 2015

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Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) is a frequently used immunosuppressive medication in pediatric heart transplant (HT) patients. Although therapeutic monitoring of MMF has been an integral part of routine practice for many years, there is growing evidence that genetic variation in host can lead to adverse outcomes such as drug toxicities. Maintaining a .. read more

October 10, 2015

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Venovenous ultrafiltration is an alternative therapy used in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), persistent congestion and failing diuretics. This therapy enables removal of excess water in order to reduce fluid overload. Ultrafiltration has been used for over ten years in the United-States, however was only introduced in France three years .. read more

September 24, 2015

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We report a case of 65-year-old woman who presented sporadic exercise chest pain episodes. The rest ECG, cardiac ultrasound were normal, exercise test shows nonspecific repolarization ECG changes, myocardial Stress/Rest Tc-99m MIBI SPET disclosed a reversible defect in the medial and distal portions of the anterior wall and the apex. .. read more

September 21, 2015

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LEOPARD syndrome is a complex dysmorphogenetic disorder of variable penetrance and expressivity. Mutations in the PTPN11 gene are frequently reported in patients with Noonan syndrome (NS) and LEOPARD syndrome (LS). Q510E mutation in PTPN11 has always been associated with lethal or rapidly progressive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy both in NS and LS patients. .. read more

September 17, 2015

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Reducing sudden cardiac death during sport is the highest clinical priority in preventive sports cardiology. While the overall cardiovascular risk of long distance running is low, the frequency of cardiac arrest and sudden death in middle-aged males during marathons has increased since the year 2000. An evidence-based strategy for reducing race-related .. read more

September 15, 2015

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Transient isolated right ventricular hypertrophy is rarely encountered in neonates. We describe a term neonate in whom right ventricular hypertrophy was detected in the first postnatal day by echocardiography. There are several reasons that cause transient isolated right ventricular hypertrophy such as gestational diabetes, mother's dietary patterns, and certain drugs. .. read more

September 15, 2015

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27 year-old female patient had complex CHD that involved dextrocardia situs inversus, double outlet right ventricle type TGA, pulmonary artery stenosis, total atrio-ventricular canal, and total anomalous pulmonary venous connection type supra-cardia. She was experiencing end-stage heart failure and severely cachexia with risk of death within few months. The transplanted heart .. read more

September 14, 2015

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We report the case of a 37-year-old Caucasian man, with prior history of smoking and DM. He had complained about multiple episodes of syncope during last year. However, the day of his hospitalization, he described a sudden and acute episode of chest pain which stopped him from sleeping. He arrived to .. read more

September 03, 2015

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Increased interest focusing on coronary chronic total occlusions has emerged since several studies have proven improved cardiovascular outcomes and quality of life after successful chronic total occlusion (CTO) revascularization. CTO of an epicardial coronary artery is one of the leading challenging complex lesion type when percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is indicated. .. read more

August 30, 2015

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Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of sustained heart rhythm disorder confronted in clinical practice, which confers a high risk of mortality and morbidity from abnormal hemodynamics and thromboembolism. The beat-to-beat alteration of flow dynamics in AF has disadvantageous effects on cardiac haemodynamics and is associated with endothelial dysfunction. .. read more

August 30, 2015

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Background:Pulmonary hypertension is increasingly being recognized as a factor that can affect outcome in end stage renal disease. This study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension among CKD patients and it's relation to vascular access blood flow and location.

Patient and Methods:30 patients on regular hemodialysis, 30 patients .. read more

August 29, 2015

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Despite diagnostic and treatment advances, coronary heart disease (CHD) remains the leading cause of death in Americans over the age of 65. Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is the most frequently performed major surgery for CHD in the United States (U.S.). While the rates of CABG surgeries have declined in recent .. read more

August 28, 2015

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A 58-year-old man had undergone mitral valve replacement with a 27 mm Carpentier-Edwards porcine bioprosthesis (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, USA) in 1993. Nineteen years later he presented with dark urine, fatigue and moderate dyspnea denying any history of infection. He was in atrial fibrillation with a systolic mitral regurgitant murmur. Hematologic evaluation .. read more

August 27, 2015

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Herpes simplex encephalitis is responsible for progressive alteration of behaviour, epilepsy, focal neurological signs, and cognitive problems, but is rarely involved in sinus node dysfunction. We describe this association in a 66-year-old woman with a complete cardiac and neurologic recovery after acyclovir treatment. Consequently, this aetiology of sinoatrial arrest should be .. read more

July 25, 2015

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The incidence of coronary anomalies in patients undergoing coronary angiography varies from 0.27% to 1.66%. Many of these anomalies are clinically benign; while, others are associated with serious morbidity. We describe the case of a patient undergoing coronary angiogram to evaluate her cardiomyopathy revealing an anomalous right coronary artery arising from .. read more

June 24, 2015

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We here report a case with in-stent chronic total occlusion (CTO) of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES). The SES-CTO lesion was successfully treated with additional implantation of Endeavorzotarolimus-eluting stent (E-ZES) into the lesion. During the follow up period of 50 months, coronary angioscopy and optical coherence tomography revealed the favorable plaque sealing process .. read more

July 23, 2015

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The aims in the treatment of angina are relief of pain and prevention of disease progression through risk reduction. A number of patients may have contraindications or remain unrelieved from anginal discomfort with conventional drugs. Among newer alternatives, ranolazine indirectly prevents the intracellular calcium overload involved in cardiac ischemia and it .. read more

July 18, 2015

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Chiari network is a fenestrated membranous structure most commonly observed near the valve of inferior vena cava. It is considered as an embryological remnant of right valve of sinus venosus. Inspite of its benignity, its complications have been reported in the literature. This article contributes a detailed review compiling the association .. read more

June 30, 2015

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People who suffer from depression, post-traumatic stress, or anxiety following cardiac events and treatment are more likely to have further cardiac complications resulting in death than are people who do not. Although there have been advances in psychological techniques to elicit behavior and lifestyle changes in heart patients, there is currently .. read more

June 25, 2015

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Background: This study assessed the responses of Blood Pressure (BP) and Heart Rate (HR) to change of posture, Sustained Handgrip (SH),deep breathing(DB) and Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) in order to determining the normal limits and pattern of Autonomic Cardiovascular Indices (ACI) among healthy young adults. Methods: Two hundred and four volunteer (98 .. read more

June 10, 2015

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The objective of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of upstream administration of Tirofiban in mid- to high-risk patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) undergoing early percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). .. read more

June 08, 2015

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Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a pregnancy-associated idiopathic cardiomyopathy secondary to marked left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The disease presents towards the end of pregnancy through the first 5 months post-delivery, with ethnic and geographic variation in incidence and outcomes. While it is relatively rare, PPCM is associated with significant morbidity and can .. read more

June 02, 2015

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Performance of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is largely based on empirical experience of individual operators. Due to the perceived mostly intuitive character to date little data concerning formal and reasoning structure of PCI is available. Non-axiomatic logic (NAL) provides consistent format allowing systematic analysis of reasoning applicable to PCI. In this .. read more

May 30, 2015

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common postoperative complication of cardiovascular surgery. In large cohorts, genetic variants in the 4q25 chromosome region have been associated with postoperative AF. However, the role of genetic testing in an individual patient to predict the development of AF has been understudied. .. read more

May 26, 2015

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Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery arising from ascending aorta above the left sinus of Valsalva is an extremely rare coronary anomaly. In the setting of an acute myocardial infarction rapid identification, localization and selective cannulation of this 'culprit' anomalous right coronary artery presents a challenging scenario. Here we describe .. read more

May 02, 2015

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Purpose: The influence of MRI-conditional cardiac pacemakers on the quality and interpretability of images acquired in cardiac MRI (CMR) examinations was retrospectively investigated. Materials and methods: The subjects in this study were 12 patients (7 men and 5 women, mean age: 68.4 +/- 8.7 years) with MRI-conditional cardiac pacemakers who underwent .. read more

April 24, 2015

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We present a case of an unusual cause of atrial fibrillation-induced cardiomyopathy, which is a diet pill, known as phentermine. This medication used for weight loss and can function as a stimulant is intended for short-term use but when taken for an extensive period of time can become a significant risk .. read more

April 19, 2015

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Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCMP), also known as apical ballooning syndrome or stress induced cardiomyopathy, is characterized by left ventricular mid and/or apical wall motion abnormality in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease. TCMP is a disorder of left ventricular myocardial contractility, and rarely associated with serious cardiac conduction abnormalities. .. read more

April 13, 2015

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We report a patient with asymptomatic left atrial appendage aneurysm. Cardiac magnetic resonance was performed to further delineate the aneurysm, and the patient underwent successful surgical resection. .. read more

April 11, 2015

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Myocardial bridge is a cause of sudden death in athletes, but syncope is somewhat related to this disease symptom. This paper reports a case of a young athlete, swimming practitioner with syncopal episodes related to physical exertion. .. read more

April 10, 2015

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I have read with great interest the article by Kammoun et al., and I congratulate them for this paper. Functional mitral regurgitation (MR) is a very hard-to-treat illness, because it is not a disease itself but just the final result of an impaired and/or geometrically distorted left ventricle. Agricola et al. .. read more

March 22, 2015

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Thombosis of a mechanical aortic valve is a rare but life threatening complication and in most cases is caused by inadequate or interrupted anticoagulant treatment. Prosthetic valve thrombosis may cause systemic embolization with clinical manifestation dependent on the organ involved. Multiple systemic embolization resulting from non-infective thrombotic aortic prosthetic valve is .. read more

March 21, 2015

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the improvement in hemodynamic, metabolic, and ventilatory response during exercise along with the improvement of anemia with EPO treatment in anemic hemodialysis patients. Methods: Thirty-seven hemodialysis patients with anemia (48.8 +/- 13.6 years) received EPO (1500 or 3000 unit, 3 times a week). .. read more

March 20, 2015

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This study aimed to assess the safety & medium/long-term outcome of using double-stenting strategy on left main (LM) stem for the treatment of significant suboptimal angiographic result after initial left main coronary artery (LMCA) stent implantation. Between August 2005 & June 2010, patients undergoing PCI with double stenting of LMCA lesions .. read more

February 28, 2015

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Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a common condition in the elderly and often occurs together with Heart Failure (HF). The differences between elderly patients with HF according to the presence or absence of AF were analysed. Material and methods: Patient data were collected from consecutively admitted patients 75 years of age .. read more

February 12, 2015

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Background: While some therapies implemented for newly diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus (DM) or impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) are effective in preventing cardiovascular events, investigations of coronary plaque in patients with newly diagnosed DM or IGT are lacking. Methods: We evaluated 96 patients with acute coronary syndrome. The External Elastic Membrane (EEM), Lumen .. read more

February 06, 2015

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The physical examination, while frequently not performed well, is critical to the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disorders. This paper describes a basic cardiovascular physical examination and explains findings, with the goal of improving skills in this area. .. read more

January 27, 2015

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The prevalence of cardiovascular disease has shown a marked increase over the last decade, representing the leading cause of death in the United States of America but also in Italy. Cardiovascular diseases recognize a multifactorial etiology: age, obesity, distribution of body fat, cigarette smoking, sedentary lifestyle, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia. In .. read more

January 06, 2015

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Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been reported to worsen renal function over time. Renal dysfunction in the setting of AF decreases response to rhythm control approaches and increases risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Aggressive rhythm control approaches, such as catheter ablation, may interrupt this cycle and impact renal function favorably .. read more

December 29, 2014

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Background: Statins are the fist drug choice for lowering high cholesterol and are one of the most widely used classes of medicines in Australia. Although well tolerated, some adverse effects are dose and potency dependent to which older people are particularly susceptible. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine .. read more

December 28, 2014

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We describe the case of a 39-year old man with acute necrotizing pancreatitis. A twelve-lead electrocardiogram (A) showed signs of pericarditis and a computed tomography of the abdomen showed focal pericardial effusion, confirming the diagnosis. .. read more

December 15, 2014

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We report a case of immediate extubation following primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) for ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The optimal timing of extubation following revascularization in STEMI is unclear. Early extubation in this scenario, if feasible has a mortality benefit. Duration of mechanical ventilation following STEMI is a strong predictor of .. read more

December 16, 2014

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Objective: It was repeatedly emphasized that alcohol provides the most plausible explanation for both the high rate and the dramatic fluctuation in Russian Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) mortality rate during the last decades, while other traditional risk factors identified in epidemiologic studies had little predictive value. The link between IHD mortality .. read more

November 26, 2014

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Head and neck cancers rarely manifest as Carotid Sinus Syndrome (CSS). CSS is a rare complex of symptoms found in 1% of all patients who experience syncope, the pathophysiology of which is yet to be fully understood. Common trigger mechanisms for CSS include neck movement, shaving, constricting neck wear, coughing, sneezing .. read more

November 25, 2014

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Background: The range of elevation of troponin I (tI) that is within expected limits from left atrial radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well described, though such information may be of clinical value. Objectives: Identify the expected range of tI values post-atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Methods: 31 .. read more

November 25, 2014

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Aims: Cardiac Autonomic Modulation (CAM) may be pivotal for Atrial Fibrillation (AF) occurrence and affect early recurrence (ER) after Electrical Cardioversion (EC). Previous studies investigating linear (L) Heart Rate Variability (HRV) after EC have given conflicting results about which CAM pattern favours ER. This study aimed at evaluating if non-linear (NL) .. read more

November 25, 2014

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A 64-year-old woman, received implantation of a Permanent Pace Maker (PPM) 7 years ago, was referred for severe tricuspid valve regurgitation with a lead impingement of the tricuspid valve leaflets. We fied the lead to the posterior septal commissure, used 28 # Edwards MC3 ring to annulus form the tricuspid valve .. read more

November 24, 2014

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Background: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is one of the common and severe complications in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Then determinants of degree of FMR must be more defined.
Purpose: We sought to determine a cut off value of the tenting area and the coaptation depth which correlate with the severity of the .. read more

November 21, 2014

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Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has practically vanished from developed countries; however one often sees complicated rheumatic valvular disease in elderly individuals, in developing countries. It is not very common to see operated cases of mitral stenosis (MS) coexisting with coronary artery disease (CAD). Studies have reported prevalence of CAD coexisting with .. read more

November 21, 2014

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It is an age-old idea to try to boost one's performance in order to achieve an elusive goal or conquer an obstacle. Many energy products, especially energy drinks (ED) are now marketed to this need, and examples include Red Bulls' 'Gives You Wings', as well as Monster Energy's 'Unleash the Beast' .. read more

October 31, 2014

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Organophosphorus pesticides related self-harm is afairly common clinical entity responsible for over two thirds of pesticide related deaths in the rural areas of developing countries. Organophosphates by their action at muscarinic and nicotinic receptors can have a myriad of presenting symptoms. Here we describe a fatal case of phorate (organophosphorus) toxicity .. read more

October 30, 2014

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The emerging role of the innate immune response in organ transplantation heightens the significance of molecular markers released from the donor organ due to ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) during organ procurement. These molecules are prime activators of innate immunity. Allograft inflmmatory factor-1 (AIF- 1) has been implicated in the regulation of inflmmation .. read more

October 29, 2014

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Background: The world has witnessed the demographic transition in which there is increased proportion of elderly (≥ 60 years) population. This increased longevity is associated with the burden of chronic noncommunicable diseases.
Objective: To assess the prevalence of hypertension and its relationship with adiposity among the elderly in rural India.
Subjects .. read more

October 02, 2014

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Greetings to all readers as we move in to the era of science and technology. Let us hope to witness several exciting developments in the field of cardiology that would pave way to the cure of many cardiological disorders in this new era. This year the International Journal of Clinical Cardiology .. read more

September 29, 2014

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Dyslipidemia in diabetics should be treated with lifestyle measures. Statins are the only lipid-lowering drugs that have been demonstrated to lower the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus. This review article will discuss the treatment of dyslipidemia in diabetics and the current guidelines supporting the use .. read more

July 10, 2014

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Contact our editorial office at: editorialoffice.cardiology@clinmedlib.org


Editor-in-Chief

Breijo-Marquez
Professor of Cardiology
Department-in-Chief
East Boston Hospital
School of Medicine
USA


International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology (ISSN: 2377-4630)
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders   (ISSN: 2469-5696)
International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5866)
International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-3419)
International Journal of Clinical Cardiology (ISSN: 2469-5696)
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-584X)
Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports (ISSN: 2378-3656)
Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy (ISSN: 2469-5750)
International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2377-3634)
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention (ISSN: 2469-5793)
Journal of Genetics and Genome Research (ISSN: 2378-3648)
Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology (ISSN: 2469-5858)
International Journal of Immunology and Immunotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3672)
International Journal of Medical Nano Research (ISSN: 2378-3664)
International Journal of Neurology and Neurotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3001)
International Archives of Nursing and Health Care (ISSN: 2469-5823)
International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-346X)
International Journal of Oral and Dental Health (ISSN: 2469-5734)
International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2469-5807)
International Journal of Pediatric Research (ISSN: 2469-5769)
International Journal of Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine (ISSN: 2378-3516)
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5726)
International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine (ISSN: 2469-5718)
International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy (ISSN: 2469-570X)
International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice (ISSN: 2378-3397)
Trauma Cases and Reviews (ISSN: 2469-5777)
International Archives of Urology and Complications (ISSN: 2469-5742)
International Journal of Virology and AIDS (ISSN: 2469-567X)
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