International Journal of Oral and Dental Health is an open access journal that highlights the advances in oral health in detail. IJODH is an archive for the information on Biomechanics and Clinical Dentistry, Dental Anesthesia, Dental Pulp Stem Cells and Replacement Therapy, Digital Dentistry, Odontology, Forensic Odontology, General Dentistry, Implant Biomechanics, Operative Dentistry, Oral Biomechanics and Implantology, Oral Health , Oral Mucosal Diseases, Orthodontics, Pediatric Dentistry, Periodontol Diseases, Prosthodontics, Restorative Dentistry, etc. It publishes the researches, reviews, cases, commentaries, short communication in all the fields of dentistry and oral health.
International Journal of Oral and Dental Health is a reliable source of information for the researcher and practitioners in the field of dentistry. Two independent review comments followed by editor's decision will be considered to publish the article. IJODH is a permanent archive of oral and dental Health information which under open access category provides its global readers with free access to its content, thus serving the scientific community.
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Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510128
Goda Bilvinaitė, Greta Patkauskaitė* and Vilija Berlin
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: April 21, 2021
External root resorption is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. Although endodontically treated teeth respond similarly to vital teeth to the application of force during orthodontic therapy, studies show conflicting results. Researcher’s present different results that endodontically treated teeth are less affected, equally affected, or more affected than vital teeth. It is important for clinicians to know whether teeth treated with endodontics exhibit more, less or the same amount o...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510127
Gedif Meseret Abebe
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 12, 2021
Oral health can be act as “mirror” that indicate and reflect the overall health condition, life style and oral hygiene. Oral cavity harbours arrays of microorganisms that interact with diet, oral environment, and host. This complex dynamic interaction results in microbial colonization and the subsequent oral biofilm formation. Oral biofilms are highly ordered, surface-associated assemblages of microorganisms embedded in an extracellular matrix. These surface-attached microbial communities ar...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510126
Mohammed Sarhan Alzahrani
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 11, 2021
Commonly, the mandibular premolars’ root canal system is complex and usually requires special management skills in root canal treatment. The occurrence of three root canals in the mandibular first premolar is relatively uncommon. Furthermore, the four root canals in the second premolar are extremely rare and clinically quite challenging to manage. Proper knowledge of the root canal anatomy and delicate radiographic interpretation and clinical inspection is essential for successful root canal t...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510125
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 10, 2021
Several factors including the access to the root canal systems could influence the fatigue of rotating or reciprocating endodontic instruments. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of conservative (CAC) and truss access cavity (TAC) preparation on the cyclic fatigue resistance of endodontic nickel-titanium (NiTi) files. A total of sixty extracted human intact mandibular molars were selected and assigned to CAC or TAC group (n = 30). All samples received root canal treatment. A total of...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510124
Michelle Moron Araújo
Article Type: Short Report | First Published: February 06, 2021
Coronavirus infection has been considered by the WHO (World Health Organization) as a global pandemic. Since its origin, it has posed a threat to global health, not so much because of its symptoms, but because of its rapid spread, contagion and the respiratory complications that it produces in patients with other chronic underlying conditions. The oral cavity has a high viral load, which is very important for oral hygiene and all biosafety protocols. In this year 2020, the world population has b...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510123
Raghavendra S Medikeri, Marisca A Pereira and Manjushri Waingade
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: December 31, 2020
Rehabilitation of edentulous ridges with implants is becoming so popular. However, it becomes onerous for a dentist to place implants in severely resorbed ridges which requires tension free primary wound closure. Instead of using invasive and extremely tedious methods to augment soft tissue, an intra-oral soft tissue expander is an ideal option. Soft tissue expander can be used as a very effective treatment option for increasing the soft tissue volume before ridge augmentation. There are insuffi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510122
Kıvanç Kamburoğlu, Nurver Karslı, Ayşegül Köklü and Ömer Günhan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 31, 2020
The aim of the present review was to analyze the literature and describe the clinical and radiographic features of HD-SOD. In addition, an unusual new case which was thought to be a subtle type of HD-SOD, involving a girl, was presented with detailed characteristics of HD-SOD. All HD-SOD cases published between 1987 and 2020, along with the present case, making a total of 66 cases, were evaluated according to criteria which included gender, age, and location of the lesion, clinical and radiologi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510121
Ali S Alrumikan, Aref M Althobity, Yazeed K Alfraih and Mohammed S Aldossary
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 10, 2020
Rapid palatal expanders are a widely used orthodontic supplement treatment of posterior cross-bites. Rapid palatal expanders may interfere with sufficient tongue movement and linguo-palatal contact. The aim of this review article was to determine what specific impact rapid palatal expanders have on speech sound production and development in children and early adolescents who had such an orthodontic intervention. Only a few studies have investigated this issue in the literature, generally showing...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510120
Mohanad Alsaedi, M Takriti and Ch Splieth
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 23, 2020
Idiopathic root resorption of the permanent dentition is a very rare condition which can be diagnosed during routine dental examinations. A 13-year-old German female was referred to the Unit of Pediatric Dentistry regarding fistulas of all her 1st permanent molars as the patient did not have any specific symptoms with regard to her teeth. All the first molars have been affected in a symmetrical pattern due to a massive idiopathic external root resorption. Clinically, the oral hygiene was very go...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510118
Moges Workneh Ayele and Muluken Amare
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 12, 2020
The burden of childhood caries in developing countries is continued to be a significant problem and negatively affects the growth of the child. Despite, dental caries is substantially distressing children, there was the paucity of study on associated factors of dental caries in pre-school children in the study situate. A total of 130 cases and 260 controls were integrated into the study. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select schools. Structured questionnaires were used to col...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510117
Méndez J, DDs, Msc and Villasanti U, DDs, Msc
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: September 30, 2020
Paraguay is a country that uses a lot of herbal products containing plants as active ingredients. The use of herbs is popular mainly to the reason that is safe and easy available. In the case of the mouthwash which is a complement to brushing, the use of Carica papaya has been studied. Nowadays the trend is to use natural health products due the quest for suitable and affordable alternatives. This is especially common in Paraguay, which is a country that uses a lot of herbal products containing ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510116
Hulya Cakır Karabas, Ilknur Ozcan, Ozlem Guler, Muhlis Cem Ar, Arif Atahan Cagatay and Aydın Turkmen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2020
A group of disorders featuring lower serum immunoglobulin levels is called hypogammaglobulinemia. Being a primary immune disorder, Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by primary hypogammaglobulinemia. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is an entity associated with secondary hypogammaglobulinemia. Lower concentrations of immunoglobulins in saliva may attenuate oral health. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of salivary immunoglobulin concentrations on oral health in pati...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510115
Ankita Gupta, MDS, Amit Agrawal, MD, Ami Rawal and Surendra Gujarkar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2020
Over the past three decades, there has been a substantial improvement in the oral health of children as evidenced by declines in the prevalence and severity of dental decay because of the outstanding scientific advances in restorative materials and techniques as well as in the understanding of its principles. The fissures of permanent molars are usually the first tooth surfaces to be affected by caries in younger age groups as young permanent teeth have specific occlusal morphology with deep and...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510114
Luis Gabriel Ladino, Andrea Valentina Saavedra, Sharon Rondón and Efrain López
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 14, 2020
Disc displacement with reduction is one of the most common intra-articular disorders of the temporomandibular joint, it is characterized by the progressive displacement of the articular disc against the mandibular condyle and the articular eminence, accompanied by clicking sounds or crepitus, pain, and in some cases presents a limitation of mandibular movement. Some treatment proposals include physical therapy and occlusal splints; if it is not treated in some cases it can become disc displaceme...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510113
Muath Mamdouh Mahmod Al-Chalabi and Wan Azman Wan Sulaiman
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 13, 2020
Lipomas are the most common benign soft-tissue tumour arising from mature adipose tissue “composed of mature adipocytes”, mainly from subcutaneous tissues and usually surrounded by a thin fibrous capsule. Still, the underlying cause of lipomas remains unclear. In literature, different theories described the pathogenesis of adipose tissue tumours, and also different histological variants have mentioned. It can occur anywhere in the body, its incidence being 0.1-5% of all head and neck tumours...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510112
Gao Wu, DDS, Lizong Liang, DDS, Jie Ran, DDS and Jianxiang Tao, PHD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2020
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of retention procedures on the percentage of occlusal loads experienced by single implant-supported crowns and tooth-supported crowns within the mouths of carefully selected human test subjects. Thirty subjects were selected: 20 received a single implant and full crown restoration; and 10 received a single crown restoration on a natural tooth. The percentage of occlusal loads on crowns was recorded before and after cementation or after h...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510111
Lovo María Tadea, Zárate Héctor, Rodríguez Karla and Martínez Daniel
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 16, 2020
Immediate implant placement in the esthetic zone, represents one of the biggest challenges in dentistry. It implies a multidisciplinary approach involving prosthetic and periodontal aspects to obtain long term stability, esthetic and functional results. A clinical case report is presented below, taking into consideration periodontal and prosthetic management of an implant in the anterior zone, starting from the diagnosis, treatment plan, periodontal surgical procedures, provisionalization, and i...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510110
Greta Rutkauskaitė and Aušra Baltrušaitytė, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 29, 2020
Parkinson’s disease is one the most widespread illnesses in the world, affecting up to 1% of the whole population above 60 years. It is also considered the most frequent movement disorder and the second most common degenerative disease of the central nervous system. The main goal of prosthodontists should be to guarantee a good quality of life for patients ill with Parkinson’s disease (PD)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510109
Amit Agrawal, MD and Ankita Gupta, MDS
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 29, 2020
Oral care products are the products that are used to cleanse the oral cavity, freshen the breath, and maintain good oral hygiene. Since the dental industry is expanding day by day, numerous types of oral care products are available in the market which makes the selection process very difficult. There are different approaches which influence the choice of oral care products. Among them, personalized approach ranks at the top and should be used by the people to identify the best formulation of ora...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510108
Einhorn Omer Moshe
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 04, 2020
Chronic medication usage is a major component of the medical diagnosis of patients. Nowadays, some of the most common diseases such as cancer, hypertension, diabetes and etc., are treated with drugs which cause a variety of oral side-effects including gingival over growth and appearance of lesions on the tissues of the oral cavity. As such, drug-induced oral reactions are an ordinary sight in the dental practice. This review will point out the main therapeutic agents causing gingival hyperplasia...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510107
Rachana Chaudhary, Dinesh Kumar, Amit Khattak, R K Yadav, Anup Gopi and Dhruv Sharma
Article Type: Resear ch Article | First Published: February 19, 2020
Complete aesthetic surgical replacement of the lost tissues is difficult and unpredictable, particularly when a greater degree of the residual ridge has been lost due to trauma, congenital defects or other pathologic process. When treating cleft-palate patients with congenital or acquired defects, the Andrews bridge permits rehabilitation with a fixed-removable partial denture when conventional methods are contraindicated. This system permits the replacement of the lost teeth as well as supporti...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510106
Gina Pennacchiotti, Camila Alvarez, Rodrigo Montes, Marcela Carcamo, Raul Saez and Maria Jose Martinez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 01, 2020
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent malignancy in the oral cavity. Although the role of tobacco and alcohol in the process of carcinogenesis is widely considered, viral participation in carcinogenesis is scarcely studied. Our aim was to detect the Epstein-Barr virus presence in fresh tissue samples from adult patients with oral cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma and its relationship with clinical and socio-epidemiological variables. A cross-sectional study was carried out for two years in a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510105
Mohamed A Maksoud, DMD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 04, 2020
Dental implant disease described as Peri-implantitis is bacterial inflammation of the implant surrounded soft and hard tissue that can lead to bone loss and eventual failure of the implant fixture. Several protocols have been introduced to treat implantitis including the use of systemic and local antibiotics in addition to bone grafting in advanced cases. Although the treatment outcome is effective in the early to moderate cases its unpredictable in cases with severe bone loss. Human placental t...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510104
Kondyurova Evgenia V, Lisevtsova Julia V Eliseykina Elena V, Vilikotskiy Anatoliy E and Zakirova Svetlana A
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 04, 2019
Open single-center comparative randomized clinical study in two parallel groups. 60 volunteers at the age of 18 to 65 years participated in the research. This was a 4-week, single-centre, open-label, two-treatment, parallel- group, exploratory study in healthy adult volunteers with self-reported and clinically diagnosed Dentin hypersensitivity. Evaporative, chemical and thermal stimuli were used to measure pain. Measurements were obtained at baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks. The assessment of effic...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510103
Katherine S Phillips, DDS, DABDSM, Wallace C Carrillo Medina, DMD, Joeseph M Potter, BA, DDS, Kamal Al-Eryani, DDS, PhD and Reyes Enciso, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 27, 2019
Conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of natural products in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) and their effect on the size and pain levels compared with placebos. Randomized placebo-controlled trials were identified up to January 2019 in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library. Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was used to assess the risk of bias. The search yielded 248 unduplicated references. After evaluation, 11 studies with 694 subjects with RAS were include...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510102
Geninho Thome, Thomas Berry, Larissa Carvalho Trojan, Carolina Accorsi Cartelli, Marcos Boaventura de Moura and Sergio Rocha Bernardes
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 28, 2019
The surgical procedure for dental implants presents predictable long-term results. An important part of the surgical procedure is suture, which plays an important role in healing, reconstructing and remodeling soft tissue and promoting hemostasis of the region. The purpose of this case report is to introduce an alternative technique for performing suture in implant surgery of lower total arch. Four implants were placed in the patient’s jaw, all with a minimum torque of 60 Ncm. A small perforat...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510101
Natalia Maria Velozo dos Santos, Fernanda Buccolo Losada and Renata Pedrosa Guimaraes
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 21, 2019
The demand for a harmonious smile and with whiter teeth is currently one of the main reasons that lead the patient to look for a dental treatment, since the appearance of the smile has great relevance on the psychological and interpersonal aspects. The chromatic change of teeth happens due to extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Changes in intrinsic origin may happen due to systemic diseases, changes in tooth formation, dental trauma, pulpal necrosis, drug use, fluorosis and by the dental aging proc...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510099
Millena Mathias Peres, Tais da Silva Lima, Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho, Igor Mariotto Beneti, Marcelo Augusto Rudnik Gomes and Patricia Garani Fernandes
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2019
Many patients seek dental offices for a beautiful, harmonious smile to boost their self-esteem. At present, there is a great search for oral aesthetics, where the harmony of the smile is determined not only by the shape, position, and color of teeth but also by the gingival tissue. The present study aimed to establish the etiology and diagnosis of the gingival smile, with the alternative of correcting it with very safe surgical techniques such as gingivectomy. The procedure consists in the elimi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510098
Harpreet Singh, Joseph Katz, Wafaa Saleh and Seunghee Cha
Article Type: Systematic Review Article | First Published: September 04, 2019
While there is a recent surge in the publications describing the beneficial effects of cannabis in chronic pain control and anti-seizure effects there is a dearth of reporting on the potential side effects of marijuana particularly in the oral cavity. Since the oral cavity is the main port of entry of cannabis, the aim of this review paper is to inform and educate importance to the dental professionals and public about the negative effects of chronic cannabis use in the oral cavity. The continuo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510097
Ana Kaline da Silva Pereira and Lívia Andrade Rodrigues
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 02, 2019
The dental amalgam is any alloy consisting of mercury, in which we can also find silver (Ag), tin (Sn) and copper (Cu) in its conventional filings. This type of restorative material is the focus of discussion in several countries, raising a great discussion about the continuity or elimination of its use, the reasons are: For the sake of offering little aesthetics or for providing possible risks for the dentist and the patient, due to the presence of mercury in its composition, since it is a vola...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510096
Gleycielly da Mota Oliveira Souza, Carolina de Lima Borges, Rosa Natalia Rendall dos Santos Ratis and Vivian Kelly Leite Pedrosa
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 02, 2019
The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in implantology has potentiated bone regeneration and the healing process, reducing postoperative period, inflammatory process and blood loss. The objective of this study is to verify, based on the literature, the use of PRP in bone regeneration in autogenous grafts, to show its indications and benefits in bone formation and techniques used. A literature review was performed on the efficacy of PRP in autogenous bone grafts in implantology. The databases used...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510095
Silvana Freitas de Souza Leao and Danyel Elias da Cruz Perez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019
Treatment for cancer patients can cause significant side effects in the maxillofacial region. The type and intensity of side effects will depend on the mechanism of action of the drugs used. Among these drugs, there are those that cause predominantly cytotoxic acute effects, such as methotrexate. Methotrexate (MTX), 4-amino-N10-methyl pteroylglutamic acid, a synthetic drug also known as amethopterin, is an antimetabolite that is structurally similar to folic acid. MTX interferes with the synthes...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510094
Pariyakorn Sukniyom and Smorntree Viteporn
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 12, 2019
There are several treatment modalities for Class II division 1 malocclusion, but there are only few studies exploring the treatment effect upon pharyngeal airway. The study aimed to compare the effects of extraction versus non-extraction mechanics on pharyngeal airway after treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion. Before treatment, the extraction group exhibited lower skeletal maturation, less retrognathic mandible, more protrusive incisors, wider oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal airway, s...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510093
Taysnara Ismaeley de Andrade, Danilo de Moraes Castanha, Joelma Silva de Andrade, Diogo de Oliveira Sampaio and Carlos Frederico de Farias Batista
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 29, 2019
The double lip is a rare and benign developmental alteration characterized by increased lip tissue, specially of the upper lip. Its etiology is linked to congenital factors, such as Ascher Syndrome, or being acquired by labial trauma. The main related complaint is the aesthetic, and the diagnosis is predominantly based on the clinical aspect. The hormonal exams are part of the differential diagnosis. Regarding the treatment, there are several techniques of surgical excision but the elliptical in...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510091
Zhen Huang, Zhibin Chen, Lu He, Yueqin Sha and Jun Kang
Article Type: Clinical Research Article | First Published: May 29, 2019
The aim of this study is to compare the detection of periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity of pregnant and non-pregnant women in the childbearing age and to understand the influence of pregnancy status on the ecology of periodontal pathogens. Non-stimulated whole saliva samples were collected from a total of 84 pregnant women (including 29 during the first trimester, 29 in the second trimester, 26 at the end of pregnancy), 33 postpartum women, who were chosen randomly. The plaque index (PlI),...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510090
Israel K, Gonzalez N and Ximena Toledo Pinto
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 29, 2019
A clinical case report of the 2 mm. intrusion of tooth 1.6 and the rehabilitation of the space left by the extracted tooth 4.6 with a single implant and crown. Four micro screws were installed in relation to tooth 1.6, two buccal and two in the hard palate. The tooth was intruded in a period of six months with two power chains anchored to cross-shaped micro screws. The chains were replaced every 21 days. The implant to replace tooth 4.6 was also placed and after six months tooth 1.6 was in posit...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510089
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 27, 2019
Finding the optimal solution for total numbness, which would satisfy all the principles of the modern dental profession, and thus the patient itself, is still a matter of the skills of a surgeon and prosthetist, but also a compromise with the patient, which should in no way compromise with the postulates of dental implantology. This is a presentation of the care of a 65-year-old patient who appeared in a private dental clinic for the solution of total heartlessness, among which the implant-prost...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510088
Robert Kagabo, PhD, MSW, MPH, Tejinder P Singh, BDS, MDS, MPH, Caren J Frost, PhD, MPH and Lisa H Gren, PhD, MSPH
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 09, 2019
Oral health remains a global public health concern. Limited available research indicates there is a link among poor oral health, socio-economic status, and other health disparities. However the oral health challenges among refugee children in African refugee camps has had negligible exploratory attention. Two primary schools were selected from Rhino Camp Refugee Settlements in Arua, Uganda. Participants were from only one class at each of the selected schools. This cross-sectional study was comp...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510087
Kaveh Nasiri and Karl-Thomas Wrbas
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 01, 2019
Sixty palatal roots of extracted first maxillary molars were selected. The samples were prepared with ProTaper Universal and then randomly divided into two groups (n = 30). In groups A and B, the root canals were filled employing lateral compaction of gutta-percha/AH Plus and GuttaFlow2, respectively. The samples in each group were randomly divided into three subgroups (n = 10). Groups A1 and B1 were retreated using Reciproc. ProTaper Next (PTN) was used in groups A2 and B2, whereas groups A3 an...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510086
Petrikas AZ, Medvedev DV, Yakupova LA, Efimova OE, Chestnyh EV, Kulikova KV and Sazonova KA
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 19, 2019
The main feature of modern injection methods of dental anesthesia is in the local venous spreading of the anesthetic in the near-toothed spongy substance of the bone and dental pulp. The vascular mechanism is controlled by the epinephrine anesthetic solution and patient vegetal system. Spongy dental anesthesia is universal, highly effective, relatively safe, easy to implement and increasingly widespread. Classification proposed by us is the division of injection methods of anesthesia into tradit...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510085
Sitki Sarper Temel and Burcak Kaya
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 05, 2019
The purpose of this review article is to examine the etiology, incidence and classification of white spot lesions in association with their prevention and treatment methods. White spot lesions are opacities that occur by demineralization of enamel under the surface and cause esthetic problems. Orthodontic treatment increases the risk of white spot lesion occurrence by creating areas difficult to clean and prone to plaque accumulation around orthodontic attachments. Therefore, application of suit...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510084
Aaron Besana, DMD, Yoon Gi Lee, Youn Sun Choi, MD, PhD, Bok Ja Jung and Eui Seok Lee, DDS, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2019
Tooth loss is a risk factor for dementia. This study aimed to compare the occlusal imbalances in cognitively impaired elderly patients to those with normal cognitive function. Dementia, as defined by the World Health Organization, is a syndrome that affects memory, thinking, behavior, and the ability to perform daily activities. Approximately 47.5 million people are affected by dementia worldwide, and this number is projected to double or triple by 2050. The two most common types of dementia are...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510083
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, MS, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto, DDS, MS, PhD and LaIs Valencise Magri, DDS, MS, PhD
Article Type: Cross-sectional Study | First Published: March 11, 2019
Anxiety has a great influence on the painful experience related to Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD), but the association between clusters of anxiety phenotypes and the subjective perception of signs and symptoms was few explored in the scientific literature. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of anxiety level on the pain perception experience and fatigue of masticatory muscles in subjects with chronic TMD according to clusters of anxiety phenotypes....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510081
Ambarkova Vesna, PhD, MSc, DDS
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: March 04, 2019
The periodontal disease is the most common chronic inflammatory disease of microbial origin, which acts on the supporting tooth tissues, including the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. The most common form of periodontal disease is the mild form of gingivitis, which is the precursor of periodontitis as the most severe disease in this group and is defined as the apical extension of gingival inflammation, affecting parodontium. The parodontium is a specialized connective tissue that surround...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510080
Rapp L, Maret D, Diemer F and Lacoste Ferré MH
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 20, 2019
Caries is a progressive infectious disease that, without treatment, leads to the destruction of the dental organ and can damage the surrounding tissues. According to the WHO, it is the third global scourge affecting all ages of life. Over the past 40 years, prevention campaigns for children and adolescents have led to a decline in the prevalence of caries. The CAOD index for children aged 6 to 12 years decreased from 4.20 in 1987 to 1.23 in 2006 and there is an increase in the number of children...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510079
Gleycielly da Mota Oliveira Souza, Carolina de Lima Borges, Rosa Natalia Rendall dos Santos Ratis and Vivian Kelly Leite Pedrosa
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 09, 2019
Constant care should be adopted for the treatment of patients hospitalized in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). It is necessary to cover the proper oral hygiene habit given to the interrelationship between oral and systemic diseases, in the development of nosocomial pneumonia. Considering these deficiencies and elucidated problematizations, the present study aimed to evaluate the oral hygiene protocols in patients hospitalized in the Intensive Care Unit. National and international protocols and studi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510078
Abdurahman Kucukonder and Cenk Doruk
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 28, 2019
Twenty patients who were referred to our clinics were selected for our study. These patients were randomly allocated to each of the two functional appliance groups. Of these, 10 were treated with Monoblock and the remaining 10 were treated with Twin Force appliances. The inclusion criteria were as follows: Class II division 1 malocclusion, retrognathic mandible, peak growth period, normal or low-angle growth pattern and increased overjet. Pre-treatment and posttreatment cephalograms were obtaine...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510077
Omer Hatipoglu and Banu Aricioglu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 12, 2019
To investigate the preferences of Turkish dentists in repairing dental materials. 344 Turkish dentists participated the survey. The questionnaire consisted of 3 sections. In the first part demographic features were asked. The case was presented in the second part; How treatment plans change was asked in the cases such as partial loss of restoration, discoloration, loss of hard substance, secondary caries, marginal discoloration, and marginal gap. In the third part, the most frequently used mater...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510076
Banu Uygun Can, Gizem Ozbay, Hatice Altundal, Parla Meva Durmazpinar, Burak Kitiki, Sertac Peker, Tanju Kadir and Betul Kargul
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 28, 2018
Elimination of the microorganisms in root canals is one of the most important stages for a successful endodontic treatment. Several techniques and agents have been tested to find an alternative option to sodium hypochloride for effective root canal disinfection. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of gaseous ozone and ozonated water in order to establish their potential as endodontic root canal disinfectant....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510075
Stephanie Albuquerque de Souza Brandao, Gabriel Silveira Pinto Brandao, Luciane Albuquerque Sa de Souza and Camila Santos de Mattos brito
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 26, 2018
The persistence and intensity of stressors, in addition to the characteristics and functions of each person, associated with efforts and failures to deal with stress and its consequences, can lead the worker to develop chronic labor exhaustion, reaching the most severe form of stress at work, the burnout. The dental surgeon is a victim of stress sources in the public sector. Identify the dentists who work in the Centers of Dental Specialties (CDSs) in the municipalities of Joao Pessoa and Cabede...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510074
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 21, 2018
Resin composite pre-heating is a recent innovative method that could be clinically beneficial by improving handling and marginal adaptation of the unset material paste. The aim of this study was to gather all the laboratory trials regarding resin composite pre-heating and investigate how this technique affects the material. An electronic search was carried out in PubMed and Google scholar databases, covering the period from January 2003 to May 2018. Specific criteria were set in order to define ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510073
Stephanie Albuquerque de Souza Brandao1, Thayse Targino Morais, Gabriel Silveira Pinto Brandao and Rafael Guedes de Paiva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 21, 2018
Patient F.A.M.S had several teeth extractions after medical authorization. To do this, forceps #150 and #151 were used and amoxicillin and dipyrone were prescribed. It is important to maintain oral health in patients with CKD since these are potential candidates for kidney transplantation. Due to the patient's dissatisfaction, it is indispensable, in complex cases like this, the elaboration of a term of consent, written that the patient is aware of the situation and expectation of his/her treatm...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510072
Marcelo Domingues Pinto, Gustavo Gaffree Braz, Roberto Gomes Santos, Diego Polido, Jonathan Rodopiano Paixao and Hugo Sole de Melo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 26, 2018
Fibrous dysplasia is a benign lesion, congenital, recurrent character and etiology unknown, caused by a bone modeling disorder with constant alterations of the normal bone being replaced by immature fibrous tissue. The lesion may involve one or more bones being the maxilla the facial bone more affected. We report a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in a male patient complaining of increased volume in the right genital region. In this case, Computed Tomography (CT) was the main radiographic e...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510071
Atsushi Masui, Yoshihiro Morita, Takaki Iwagami, Masakazu Hamada, Hidetaka Shimizu and Yoshiaki Yura
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 17, 2018
Gingival ulcer is often accompanied by severe pain and bleeding and prevents the practicing of appropriate oral hygiene. Most inflammatory and immune-mediated gingival ulcers can be successfully treated with topical corticosteroids, but those refractory to corticosteroids are difficult to treat. An 18-year-old female visited our clinic with a complaint of gingival bleeding. Since topical corticosteroids and oral antibiotic were not effective for gingival ulcers of the patient, an anti-gastric ul...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510070
Yuri Slusarenko da Silva and Maria da Graca Naclerio-Homem
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 16, 2018
Odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) is a locally aggressive odontogenic cyst with a high recurrence rate after treatment. Several conservative surgeries have been suggested in the treatment of Keratocysts but working with an overview of the practice may render better outcomes. We conducted a literature review in the databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar as well as in the gray literature (books and thesis) for studies reporting on the pathogenesis, clinical prese...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510069
Tatiane Fonseca Faro, Gabriela Madeira Araujo, Jose Rodrigues Laureano Filho, Ricardo Jose de Holanda Vasconcellos and Emanuel Dias de Oliveira e Silva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 07, 2018
Central giant cell granuloma (CGCG) is an uncommon benign bone lesion that occurs in the mandible and maxilla and accounts for approximately 7% of all benign tumors of the jaws. The clinical behavior of CGCG is classified as aggressive or non-aggressive based on clinical and radiographic features. CGCG usually occur in patients less than 30 years of age. The radiological findings are diverse, ranging from small unilocular to large multilocular lesions. Treatment can be non-surgical (alpha interf...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510068
Jana M Pierce
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 03, 2018
The All-On-4 (AO4) oral implant process positively impacts oral health related quality of life for edentulous individuals. The purpose of this study was to identify the knowledge level, perceptions, confidence levels, and self-reported practices of oral professionals regarding AO4. A convenience sample of 324 dentists and 237 dental hygienists licensed in the state of Oregon were invited to participate in a self-administered electronic questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequencies, percent...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510067
Rafaela Brito Vasconcelos, Gabriela Brito Vasconcelos, Michele Gomes do Nascimento and Viviane Colares
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 01, 2018
Oral manifestations may be the first clinical signs of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) diagnosed by a pediatric dentist. The aim of the present study was to describe oral manifestations and dental care for patients with ITP. A narrative review of the literature was performed, involving a search in the MEDLINE (PubMED) electronic database for relevant articles published in English using the following keywords: "Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic", "Hematologic diseases" and "Dental c...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510066
Vanashree Vilas Takane, Roopa Jatti, Kishore Bhat, Divya Keshan, Kanhoba Keluskar and Amit Jaisinghani
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2018
Fixed twin block-a fixed functional appliance, used in orthodontic therapy serves as a surface for microbial colonisation. The microorganisms organised as biofilms are protected from harmful environmental factors and an increased risk of disease may be its direct consequence. The employment of fixed acrylic based Twin Block appliance can represent a factor promoting the colonisation of the oral cavity by various micro-organisms and stresses the need of a careful monitoring of orthodontic patient...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510065
Yukari Shinonaga, Kenji Arita, Rie Imataki, Michiko Takemura, Chikoto Nagaishi, Keiichi Kagami, Takako Nishimura, Yoko Abe, Sho Aoki, Masae Okuno and Kyoko Harada
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 24, 2018
This experimental study evaluated the release of fluoride and several minerals related to remineralization from a novel functional cement, apatite ionomer cement (AIC), and its anti-bacterial properties compared with glass ionomer cement (GIC) and surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer filler containing composite resin (giomer). Conventional GIC (Fuji III, GC Co., Tokyo, Japan) was used as the control and fundamental materials. In the AIC powder, 28% wt of GIC powder was replaced with spherical-shape...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510064
Osvaldo Araujo Ramirez
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 20, 2018
The human larynx is a complex organ, playing a major role in the protection of the lower airway; It's unusual for a foreign body to be inhaled rather than swallowed and when it happens constitutes a real life-threatening emergency. We present a case of a middle age female with a 13-month history of stridor and dyspnea, managed and treated as an asthma patient. After the airway was secured a direct microlaryngoscopy was performed removing the obstruction resulting to be a dental prostheses 50 mm ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510063
Fendi Alshaarani, Imad Barngkgei, Easter Joury and Kanaan Elias
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 12, 2018
Pulp necrosis or unsuccessful endodontic treatment may be a painful process or be completely asymptomatic, regardless of their radiographic features. However, there is no report in the literature regarding the presence of an early sign of pulp necrosis preceding pulpal pain, incomplete endodontic fillings or radiographically complete endodontic fillings performed under unsterilized conditions. In this case series, we described four cases who had a common complaint of itching gingiva. The gingiva...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510062
Dongxue Zhang and Zuomin Wang
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 11, 2018
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, which is characterized by the destruction of the tooth-supporting structures resulting from an overreaction of the inflammatory process. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a prime pulmonary disease characterized by a limitation in the airflow. The possible relationship between chronic periodontitis and COPD has become an increasing focus of research. The aspiration of oral pathogens into the lung is considered to be the major factor, because...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510061
Louis ZG Touyz and Leonardo M Nassani
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 17, 2018
Analysis reveals apple and grape juices have pH below 5.5. Statistics consistently show significant (p < 0.01 Student-t paired data) increases in Calcium and Phosphorous leeched from dentate (WITH TEETH) subjects after swishing with apple and grape juices tested. Results provide strong evidence that rinsing with Apple or Grape juices will erode teeth. Grape is more erosive than apple juice. Apple and grape juices have acidity below critical pH 5.5; Both have strong buffering capacities and will ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510060
Omer Alperen Kirmizigul, Mustafa Ozay Uslu and Filiz USLU
Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: September 13, 2018
Aggressive periodontitis is a rapid periodontal destruction that develops in early and affects systemically healthy individuals. As in all periodontal diseases, the main purpose of aggressive periodontitis treatment is to enable the patient to maintain his function and aesthetics with her natural teeth in optimal health conditions. The most appropriate treatment for this purpose is periodontal regeneration methods. In this case report, regenerative treatment of intrabony defects with xenograft a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510059
Ali S Aljhani, Maryam Alhindi and Khalid H Zawawi
Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: September 03, 2018
This case report illustrates an orthodontic treatment of a 23-year-old female patient presented with an Angle Class II malocclusion, open bite, bimaxillary dental protrusion and incompetent lips with the aid of titanium miniplates. After extraction of her maxillary first bicuspids and mandibular second bicuspids, fixed pre-adjusted bi-dimensional Edgewise appliances were placed. After alignment, titanium miniplates were surgically placed into the zygomatic buttresses bilaterally. Anterior retrac...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510058
Fabiana C Martinez H, Frederick Segura R and Jacqueline C Herrera M
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 01, 2018
Hearing is the usual way of acquiring language, which is one of the most important attributes of man. Language allows human beings to communicate with each other and has had a decisive participation in the development of society and its many cultures. Auditory deficit carries personal and social consequences, such as difficulties and/or conflicts when receiving care from the doctor or dentist....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510057
Rand Bin Salloum, Lama AlRassan, Nouf Almukhaizeem, Amira Albluwi, Reem Alfayez and Deema Al Shammery
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 08, 2018
As the numbers of adult patients who seeking orthodontic treatment are increasing rapidly, the demand of aesthetic orthodontics has been increased, many appliances have been introduced to the market. The ultimate of which are appliances bonded to the lingual surfaces of the teeth. The current mini review is provided on the historical development of lingual appliances, advantages as well as disadvantages and cases selection....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510056
Mudita Rawal, Pratik Chandrakant Malusare and Bhakti PatilSoman
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 03, 2018
Oral and pharyngeal cancers are largely preventable and can be successfully treated when diagnosed at an early stage. Lack of dental practitioner knowledge has been shown to contribute to delays in referral and treatment. Early detection of oral cancers makes them more amenable to treatment, thus reducing morbidity and allowing the greatest chance of cure. The malignancy is often detected at advanced stages, when more aggressive therapies, often with poor and devastating outcomes for the patient...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510055
Triantafyllia Vagdouti1 and Georgios Tsilingaridis
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 13, 2018
The purpose of this study was to review the current literature concerning periodontal disease in children and adolescents associated with the most common systemic disorders. The etiology of the systemic diseases, prevalence and incidence, microbiology, manifestations of the disease, oral symptoms and the possible therapeutic approaches will be discussed....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510054
Said Karabekiroglu, Emire Aybuke Erdur, Zehra Ileri and Nimet Unlu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 13, 2018
Incipient lesions (ILs) are a common iatrogenic effect seen in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Although the labial surfaces of the teeth are generally not susceptible to caries, orthodontic brackets increase the risk of caries by increasing plaque retention in that area....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510053
Marta Alonso, Oliver Valencia de Pablo, Roberto Estevez, Jorge Vera and Rafael Cisneros
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 07, 2018
Chemomechanical preparation of the root canal system is extremely important during root canal therapy and, in order to achieve this goal, location of all entrances into the root canal system must be accomplished. The mandibular second molar usually has two roots and three root canals; However, there can be variations both in the number of roots as well as in the number of canals. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510052
Ana Paula Gebert de Oliveira Franco, Osnara Maria Mongruel Gomes, Sergio Vieira and Rui Fernando Mazur
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 14, 2018
Sixty human premolars were extracted and endodontically treated and glass fiber translucent posts (White Post DC1) were cemented to the root canal using three luting systems: RelyX ARC; AllCem; and RelyX U-100. Thirty control teeth were not subjected to load application. The other half of the specimens were coronally reconstructed with composite resin (Filtek Z250) and subjected to a compressive force of 220 N at 1 mm/min....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510051
Yong-Di Li, Zheng-Long Tang, Jian-Qin Tan, Dong-Xiang WANG and You-Li Chen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 04,2018
This study performed an anatomical investigation of the mandible and inferior alveolar nerve in rabbits to provide an anatomical basis for the establishment of animal models for mandibular experiments and the implementation of block anesthesia in the inferior alveolar nerve....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510050
Moksha Nayak and Drisya Soman
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 02, 2018
General dental practitioners and non-orthodontic specialists can play an essential role in education and motivation of their patients about the principles and practice of orthodontic treatment; which can be very beneficial to the patient's lifestyle. It is, therefore, important to identify their level of knowledge and attitude toward orthodontic treatment. This study was planned to study this aspect in the form of comparative analysis in general dental practitioners and other specialists includ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510049
Faika Y Abdelmegid
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 15, 2018
To assess the influence of 2% chlorhexidine gluconate applied for 20 or 40 seconds on the Shear Bond Strength (SBS) of a nanohybrid resin-composite Filtek Z350XT with Single Bond Universal Adhesive and Photac Fil resin-modified glass-ionomer with Ketac conditioner to Caries Affected Dentin (CAD) of primary teeth....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510048
Bisconte P, Fusco E, Farronato M, Farronato G and Lombroni LG
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2017
15 patients treated with mandibular thrust have been selected and the digital images of later-lateral teleradiographs prior to treatment and subsequent treatment have been retrieved. Cephalometric analyzes were performed using the Delta-Dent software....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510047
Laíse Angélica Mendes Rodrigues, Selma Siéssere, Graziela De Luca Canto, Oswaldo Luiz Stamato Taube, Edson Donizetti Verri, Leonardo Giovannetti Palinkas, Isabela Hallak Regalo, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo and Marcelo Palinkas
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 01, 2017
Chronic degenerative diseases modify the function of the human organism, altering the quality of life. These diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, which is considered progressive, autoimmune, chronic and inflammatory systemic disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is usually identified by swelling, stiffness and destruction of synovial cartilages, and can promote joint deformities and muscle fatigue....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510046
Socha Agnieszka, Niedzielska Iwona and Lyko-Morawska Dorota
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 21, 2017
Descending Necrotizing Mediastinitis (DNM) can be dangerous complication after infection in the head and neck region. In spite of possibilities of using wide range of antibiotics, with isolated DNM, mortality approaches 40-50%, and when associated with comorbidities, rates as high as 80% has been reported respectively....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510045
Ambarkova Vesna and Manu Batra
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 24, 2017
The optimal amount of fluoride in drinking water is just one of the factors that positively influence the occurrence of dental caries and has an effect on the oral health of the population of the Republic of Macedonia. The correlation existing between dental fluorosis and fluorine concentration in water is based on average water consumption, a condition that depends directly from air temperature and local climate conditions....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510044
Basak Boduroglu, Nilsun Bagis, Cem A Gurgan and Hamit S Bostanci
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 08, 2017
The immediate rise in serum C-reactive Protein (CRP) levels associated with the delivery of the subgingival instrumentation and the associated bacteremia and tissue damage was shown shortly after periodontal treatment was delivered....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510043
An Alternative Strategy to Manage a Large Perforation of the Schneiderian Membrane by Staged Re-entry into the Maxillary Sinus: Observed Clinical and Histological Changes of the Regenerated Schneiderian Membrane
Cameron YS Lee
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 07, 2017
Maxillary sinus membrane perforation or tear is the most common complication of the sinus grafting procedure. Repair of the sinus membrane is usually accomplished at the time of the sinus graft procedure and often results in uneventful postoperative complications....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510042
Aidan Searle, Shabnum Ali, Scott Deacon and Andrea Waylen
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 15, 2017
Despite receiving treatment by specialist services in childhood and adolescence some individuals report ongoing cleft-related issues that impact on their self-confidence and quality of life due to both aesthetic and functional reasons....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510041
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Natalia Rodrigues Manes, Victor de Macedo Varela, Otto de Oliveira Magro, Mariana Fampa Fogacci and Maria Cynesia Medeiros de Barros
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 07, 2017
The aim of this study was to propose a new modified lateral positioned flap for root coverage of unfavorable gingival phenotype. The patient reported a dentine hypersensitivity and esthetic complaint in tooth 41 related to the gingival recession: "U"-shaped gingival contour, class II and type IV periodontium of "Miller" and "Maynard & Wilson" classifications, respectively....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510040
Dorota Cudzilo, Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska and Monika Bekiesinska-Figatowska
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 17, 2017
Diagnostic radiology is essential in the planning of multidisciplinary treatment for cleft defects. The aim of this study is to present the merits of performing computed tomography in the case of a patient with a suspected cleft defect on the left side and its spontaneous healing in intrauterine life....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510039
Sijie Li, Xue Xiao, Ruixue Wu, Binghui Zeng, Dongsheng Yu and Wei Zhao
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 14, 2017
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by defects of two or more ectodermal structures. Partial or complete absence of deciduous and permanent dentition is one of the more frequently occurring oral symptoms; a few teeth may be present but with conical shape. Other oral symptoms include decreased salivary secretion and atrophic alveolar ridge. Thus, the prosthetic treatment of HED, especially for the young kids is still a big challenge for the pediatri...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510038
Elaine Blignaut and Reality Phiri
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 13, 2017
Microbiological specimens were taken from NPD lesions and the tongue of 87 patients and cultured on Sabouraud Dextrose and CHROMagar, followed by treating patients according to a standard protocol. DNA fingerprinting, using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) with a 32P-labelled Ca3 probe, was performed on paired isolates of C. albicans simultaneously isolated from NPD lesions and the tongue....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510037
Cavalcanti, Silva, Ferreira, Neves, Vanderborght, Luiz and Torres
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 12, 2016
The microarray assay was more sensitive to detect HPV infection in the cervix, when compared to clinical exam and cytological analysis. There was no association of the HPV infection in the genitalia and the mouth, in the studied population of pregnant adolescents....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510036
Ozgul Baygin, Tamer Tuzuner, Ipek Erdemir and Nagehan Yilmaz
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 23, 2016
Oral midazolam is one of the most frequently used agents for the preceding anesthesia induction. The injectable form of midazolam can also be given orally. However, the bad taste of it has negative effects on ingestion of the drug. In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the effect of drinks which were added to mask the bitter taste of midazolam on drug acceptance and inducing a trouble free anesthesia....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510035
Flavia Almeida Barbosa, Alexandre Barboza, Daniel Jogaib Fernandes and Carlos Nelson Elias
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2016
Depending on application, different materials can be addressed for screws, including commercially pure titanium when osseointegration is desired or different other types of titanium alloys when just a temporary implantation period is planned. Because in most cases, these devices are outlined for limited time, primary stability is prioritized instead of osseointegration potential....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510034
Pita A, Dimosiari G, Marinou G and Tsitrou E
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 03, 2016
Developmental enamel defects can cause a number of problems to patients. Tooth sensitivity, loss of aesthetics and functionality of the involved teeth are some of the many problems reported by patients. This clinical report aims to present a treatment modality for developmental enamel defects following a very conservative approach to restore functionality and aesthetics....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510033
Cameron YS Lee, Kristin L Lee, Kirk Y Hirata and Jon B Suzuki
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 17, 2016
In the treatment of bone metastases from breast cancer, bisphosphonates are considered the cornerstone of treatment to prevent adverse skeletal related events. Intravenous bisphosphonates reduce bone resorption by inhibiting osteoclast function. However, osteonecrosis of the jaws is a commonly reported side effect with intravenous bisphosphonates to treat malignancies, such as breast cancer and restricts their clinic use. New targeted therapies have recently been introduced to improve progressio...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510032
Gustavo C Belmonte, Leandro A Holgado, Roger William de Labio, Patricia Sammarco Rosa, Rosimeire Segato, Josianne T Fukasawa, Bruno Solano de Freitas Souza, Ricardo Ribeiro dos Santos, Oswaldo Baffa, Spencer L M Payao and Angela Kinoshita
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 24, 2016
In recent decades, the search for better techniques and materials for the treatment of bone defects in dentistry has been intense. As a result of several studies, many techniques have been described, and a wide variety of filling materials have been suggested to enhance and accelerate bone regeneration. Such materials, known as graft materials, may be obtained from individuals themselves (autologous) or from an external source of natural or synthetic origin (heterogeneous), which can be used in ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510031
Ianculovici C, Blinder D and O Peleg
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: July 12, 2016
The recurrence rate of 112 cases of Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor (KCOT) were analyzed with regard to their location, size, locularity and treatment. 36 patients (32.1%) presented recurrence. Multilocular KCOT measuring more than 3.5 cm presented higher rate of recurrence. When the initial treatment was enucleation with peripheral ostectomy the recurrence was located in the periphery of the initial tumor. When the treatment was marsupialization followed by enucleation and peripheral ostectomy, ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510030
N AlAsseri and M AlSaeed
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 05, 2016
Noonan syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition with variable phenotypic expressions including short stature, distinct craniofacial features, congenital heart anomalies, and developmental delay. The main craniofacial features include hypertelorism with a downward slanting of the palpebral fissures, ptosis, low-set posteriorly rotated ears, deeply grooved philtrum and a high arched palate....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510029
Ceren Gokmenoglu, Mustafa Cihan Yavuz, Elif Sadik, Varol Canakci and Cankat Kara
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: June 03, 2016
Various techniques have been attempted in the past to truly regenerate the lost bone structures. Owing to its stimulatory effect on angiogenesis and epithelialization, concentrated growth factor (CGF) is an excellent material for enhancing bone healing. The purpose of these case series is to document the beneficial role of CGF in the healing of different bone defect areas. This report describes four female patients presented with (lateral cyst on tooth 22; periimplantitis on mandibular left firs...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510028
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 29, 2016
Immediate implant placement has gained popularity because it can reduce treatment time, number of surgeries and post-extraction bone loss. Following tooth extraction, socket area shows series of physiologic processes, during the recovery time that passes between tooth extraction and the placement of the implant, the majority of the amount of bone resorption and gingival remodeling is confirmed, which is usually the cause of biological, aesthetic and functional damage....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510027
Lee Jin Han, Asma Alhusna Abang Abdullah and Nurul Asyikin Yahya
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 12, 2016
A self-administered questionnaire was answered by 261 fixed orthodontic patients. The questionnaire addressed two aspects: socio-demographic characteristics and oral hygiene practices. Socio-demographic variables included age, gender, race, level of education, and smoking status. Oral hygiene practices were assessed through questions on the type and frequency use of toothbrush, other cleaning measures used daily and professional mechanical tooth cleaning (PMTC) during the orthodontic treatment p...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510026
Adam P McCormick, Robert J Kanas, Mark Orton and Ted Rice
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 24, 2016
Recurrence of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) or herpes zoster (HZ) is a relatively common cutaneous eruption among the elderly (> 60 yrs.) or immunocompromised patients. It usually presents as an exanthematous pruritic rash that becomes vesicular, pustular or ulcerative. HZ commonly involves a unilateral thoracic dermatome. When the trigeminal nerve is involved, a unilateral eruption in the oral cavity and ipsilateral side of the face may occur following a division of the trigeminal nerve. In rare...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510025
Duong T Tran, Isabel C Gay and Muhammad F Walji
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 16, 2016
Using the CDC/AAP definition, the ranges of relative bias of moderate and severe periodontitis prevalence were 6.8% to 18.1% and 28.4% to 41% in absolute value for the PMPE protocols, respectively. With half-reduced CDC/AAP definition, half-mouth four-site protocol provided small absolute bias (4.2%) and relative bias (11.4%) for the estimates of moderate periodontitis prevalence; corresponding biases for severe periodontitis were -1.1% and -8.2%....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510024
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 11, 2016
Evidence suggests that oral health effects and dysphagia remain chronic conditions for patients who undergo radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy ([chemo]RT) following diagnosis of head and neck cancer (HNC), however, there is limited outcome data beyond 1-2 years post-treatment. The aim of the current study was to investigate the long term patient outcomes at 5-6 years post- (chemo)RT using patient-reported functional measures. A secondary aim was to examine the extent of services accessed,...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510023
Peggy J Maillet, Denise H Zwicker, Shauna M Hachey, Lindsay N Mason and Martha GS Brillant
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 03, 2016
The objective of the study was to determine circumstances under which student clinician injuries occur at the Dalhousie University Dental Clinic. Necessary policies and procedures may then be recommended and implemented to decrease the frequency of such occurrences. This study reviewed student injury reports collected from 1999-2013. Data collated included: student gender, program of study, instrument causing injury, location of injury, year, month, day, and time....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510022
BurCak Kaya, Omur Polat-Ozsoy, Seda Erken and Faik Serhat Ozsoy
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 18, 2015
Tooth extraction is often preferred to obtain a satisfying functional and esthetic result in orthodontic treatment and its effects on dentofacial structures has been searched for years. Until the late 50's the term extraction almost meant the removal of all four first premolars. Later, alternative extraction sequences such as upper and lower second premolars or second premolars from one arch and first premolars from the other were accepted....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510021
BENTO Gabriela, HADDAD Marcela Filie and Mariano Ronaldo Celio
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 25, 2015
Nowadays, implant-supported prostheses has been evidenced and shown to have excellent results. One of the reasons for dental treatments is to maintain natural healthy functional teeth throughout the lifespan. However, when this is not possible, dental autotransplantation can be an option. This method has some advantages when compared with other ways of oral rehabilitation such as avoiding jaw development changes, representing a conservative treatment. It could be called "biological prosthesis".....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510020
Yemitan Tolulase Abosede and Adediran Virginia Efunyemi
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: November 18, 2015
Taurodontism involves enlargement of the body of the tooth and shortening of the roots. This anomaly could be an isolated trait, or could be in association with other anomalies or may be a component of a syndrome. This study aims to determine the prevalence of taurodontism in mandibular molars of a Nigerian sample. The objectives are to test the hypotheses that there is no gender preference in taurodontism, and that there is no preference for either left or right side of the mandible....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510019
Max Andrup, Jesper Elenius, Eusebio Ramirez and Mats Sjostrom
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 18, 2015
Orthognathic surgery, a standard procedure used to improve intermaxillary relationship, surgically moves either one or both jaws. However, statistics for frequency and indications for orthognathic surgery in Sweden are non-existent. This study examines indications, frequency, and surgical techniques for orthognathic surgery performed in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) clinics in Sweden. In 2011, a questionnaire survey was sent to all OMFS clinics in Sweden to collect data on gender and age...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510018
Menini M, Dellepiane E, Pesce Paolo, Zunino P, Bevilacqua M, Drago C, Baldi D and Pera P
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 09, 2015
Introduction: Proper oral hygiene and diet are important considerations for success in implant prosthodontics. However, detailed hygienic and dietetic guidelines for patients rehabilitated with implant-supported, immediate loading prostheses are lacking in the literature. Methods: The authors have developed a dietary and hygienic protocol for patients rehabilitated with implant-supported, full-arch, immediate loading prostheses in order to avoid occlusal overloads during osseointegration and opt...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510017
Diogo Lofgren C, Johansson D, Bohlin L, Sahlstrom A and Christersson C
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 03, 2015
To understand the protective functions of saliva secreted from different glands in the masticatory process, it is of interest to study its viscoelastic properties. Characterization of saliva samples are not that easily performed in a clinical setting, since most of the experimental techniques and instruments available are developed for research purposes. The aim of this study was to characterize how the viscoelastic properties of saliva can be measured and monitored using two laboratory instrum...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510016
Henri Kazuo Nakamura, Guilherme Piragine Contador, Jose Arthur Mauricio de Oliveira, Humberto Oswaldo Schwartz-Filho, William Cunha Brandt and Caio Vinicius Roman-Torres
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 16, 2015
Among the factors that should be considered for the rehabilitation of atrophic jaws is mainly the anatomy of edentulous jaw, which offers trouble installing fixtures in view of the proximity to the maxillary sinus and nasal cavity. There are several possibilities to rehabilitate atrophic arcs, autogenous grafts, distraction osteogenesis, angled and short implants have been widely used in clinical practice. Thus, advanced surgical techniques are disclosed in the literature, such as the all-on-fou...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510015
V. Tamara Perchyonok, Shengmiao Zhang, Tatiana Souza, Nickolas Basson, Desigar Moodley and Sias Grobler
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 12, 2015
In the last few decades, tissue engineering has emerged as a promising multidisciplinary approach for the repair and regeneration of damaged bone tissue. The craniofacial structure consists of bone, cartilage, soft tissue, nerves, and blood vessels. The major materials used in craniofacial tissue engineering are natural and synthetic polymers, ceramics, composite materials, and electrospun nanofibers....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510014
Mahmoud Darweesh, Hesham El-Sharkawy, Omar N Fadhil and Ola M Maria
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 13, 2015
Periodontal diseases are inflammatory disorders that affect 10-15% of the population worldwide and represent one of the major causes of tooth loss. Such diseases result from complex interactions between periodontal pathogens and the host immune response. Owing to the high prevalence, scientists have been attracted to research aimed to treat periodontal diseases; however, treatments are always challenging. Conventional treatment of periodontitis focused on reducing the pathogens by standard scali...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510013
Koray Soygun, Murat Unal, Ali Ozer, Evrem Gulnahar and Giray Bolayir
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 09, 2015
The aim of this study was to investigate three aged (with thermocycling and distilled water) bulk fill composites' (X-tra base, Surefil SDR flow, Tetric EvoCeram) surface microhardness levels. 4mm diameter and 2 or 4mm thickness composites' samples were polymerized by a halogen light and a blue-light emitting diode (n = 10). A Vickers microhardness tester was used to evaluate the microhardness at the top and bottom surfaces of every specimen. When the measurements of bottom parts were evaluated,...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510012
Luis Miguel Gonzalez-Perez, Pedro Infante-Cossio, Marta Sanchez-Sanchez, Carlos Valdivieso-del-Pueblo and Marta Robles-Garcia
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 07, 2015
The existence of two mandibular impacted molars with confronted occlusal surfaces is extremely rare. When the two mandibular molars are surrounded by a single dental follicle, an entity called 'kissing molars' (KM) is formed. After the first description of KM by Van Hoof in 1973, very few cases have been reported in the literature. Therefore, knowledge about the etiopathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnostic and therapeutic options for KM is limited. The present study is based on a literatu...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510011
Yavuz Findik, Timucin Baykul and Ummugulsum Alkis
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 03, 2015
Plasma cell neoplasm is characterized by a monoclonal neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells and solitary plasmocytoma of bone (SPB) is a localized form. SPB is most frequently seen in vertebrae and secondarily in long bones. Its presence in jaws is extremely rare. Here we report a unique case of plasmacytoma in the left side of mandible, a chronology for diagnosis of the lesion is also reviewed along with clinical, and radiographic evidence....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510010
Binbin Yu, Chun Fan, Ximei Xiao, Jiajia Song, Chenglong Ji and Chunyang Zhang
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 24, 2015
This report showed that the placement of immediate implants in presence of a pre-existing infected cyst may not be necessarily contraindicated if appropriate clinical procedures like antibiotic administration, meticulous cleaning, and alveolar debridement are performed before implant surgical procedure. Immediate placement of implants for replacement of teeth with the pre-existing infected cysts is a predictable treatment and can be indicated for replacing teeth lost. This report regards the imm...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510009
Ana Claudia Santos de Azevedo Izidoro, Gislaine Cristine Martins, Cristian Higashi, Christiana Zander-Grande, Lidia Yileng Tay, Joao Carlos Gomes, Nara Hellen Campanha and Janaina Habib Jorge
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 23, 2015
Aim: The aim of this case report is to demonstrate the efficacy of the combination of two techniques of dental bleaching (inside and outside) to deal with the aesthetics of the smile. Material and methods: The intra-bucal examination showed the presence of a fistula in the vestibular region of the tooth 11 and a darkening of the tooth crown....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510008
Gotfredsen K, Gram M, Ben Brahem E, Hosseini M, Petkov M and Sitorovic M
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 25, 2015
The esthetic result has become more attention and one important aspect to obtain a good esthetic result is to obtain the most optimal shade of the prosthetic reconstruction. The shade is of greatest importance when patients judge the quality of the restoration especially in the anterior region. The ideal shade is the shade from the natural, neighboring teeth....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510007
Aysegul Apaydin and Muhammed Salahattin
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 13, 2015
Ectopic mandibular third molar is a rare condition, and information about its causes and characteristics is limited. Its etiology has not yet been completely clarified. This article reports two cases of ectopic mandibular third molar and reviews the literature on the clinical signs and symptoms and management of this condition....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510006
Apa Juntavee, Niwut Juntavee, Jiranan Paleekoup, Phillip Millstein and Behrouz Abedian
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 11, 2015
It is shown that sealant bondage to occlusal areas, a key factor in success and effectiveness of dental sealants, can be greatly influenced by the placement technique used in such operations....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510005
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: March 26, 2015
The pressure for scientific production, the allowances of the modern cybernetic world, and insufficient ethical research training of researchers have led to an increasing number of retractions, including in the area of oral sciences. In 2006, a famous oncologist admitted that he had falsified data in three published papers; consequently, he was investigated for other misconduct in science....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510004
Curtis Gregoire, Clayton Davis, Martin Bullock and Thomas Steeves
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 19, 2015
This case report is the third ever reported of a recurrent intraoral osseous choristoma. The lesion had manifested twice in the left mandibular buccal vestibule of a 63-year-old Caucasian female. The patient was treated with wide local excision on both occasions. We believe that the lesions may have arisen as a result of previous trauma, although the exact etiology of the lesions is unknown. Interestingly, the recurrent lesion contained satellite nodules of bone, which suggests that the osseous ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510003
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: March 02, 2015
Dental implants are increasingly used for the treatment of complete and /or partial eduntulism. Related literature search revealed that dental implants are associated with high survival rates of close 92-98% after 10 years. The success of implant therapy is very close associated with the appropriate patient selection....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510002
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 28, 2015
Endoscopic surgery began to progressively replace a more invasive open surgery, with minimal or no damage to surrounding healthy tisssues, and a more favorable post-operative period. Since then the concept has been influencing many other medical disciplines, including dentistry and consequently endodontics....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510001
James L. Borke
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 23, 2015
It is my distinct honor and pleasure to have my remarks included in the inaugural issue of The International Journal of Oral of Dental Health. With the accelerated rate of change brought on by global connectivity and the rapid advance of new technologies, the birth of this 21st century journal addressing current issues in oral and dental health is a welcome addition to the field for clinicians and researchers alike....
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