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© 2018 Pinto MD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

CASE REPORT | OPEN ACCESSDOI: 10.23937/2469-5734/1510072

Fibrous Dysplasia in Maxillary Bone: Case Report

Marcelo Domingues Pinto1, Gustavo Gaffrée Braz2, Roberto Gomes Santos3, Diego Polido4, Jonathan Rodopiano Paixão1, Hugo Solé de Melo1 and Roberto Almeida Elias5

1Department of Maxillofacial, Resident of the Hospital Municipal Lourenço Jorge, University Grande Rio, Brazil

2Department of Maxillofacial, Chief Director of Surgery Hospital Municipal Lourenço Jorge, Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil

3Department of Maxillofacial, Chief of Maxillofacial Service Hospital Municipal Lourenço Jorge, University Gama Filho, Brazil

4Department of Maxillofacial, Resident of the Hospital Municipal Lourenço Jorge, University Nova Iguaçu, Brazil

5Specialist in Maxilofacial by the State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Fibrous dysplasia is a benign lesion, congenital, recurrent character and etiology unknown, caused by a bone modeling disorder with constant alterations of the normal bone being replaced by immature fibrous tissue. The lesion may involve one or more bones being the maxilla the facial bone more affected. We report a case of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia in a male patient complaining of increased volume in the right genital region. In this case, Computed Tomography (CT) was the main radiographic examination to demonstrate the extension and radiodensity that the lesion assumes in the craniofacial bones, being therefore of fundamental importance in the surgical planning and in the longitudinal follow-up of the operated patient. The diagnosis was confirmed by anatopathology and the treatment of choice was osteoplasty. This article also aims to review the main clinical, radiological, histopathological, differential diagnosis and Fibrous dysplasia treatment.