Assessment of Dental Caries and Oral Health Challenges of School-Age Children in Rhino Camp Refugee Settlements in Arua, Uganda
Robert Kagabo, PhD, MSW, MPH, Tejinder P Singh, BDS, MDS, MPH, Caren J Frost, PhD, MPH and Lisa H Gren, PhD, MSPH
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 09, 2019
Oral health remains a global public health concern. Limited available research indicates there is a link among poor oral health, socio-economic status, and other health disparities. However the oral health challenges among refugee children in African refugee camps has had negligible exploratory attention. Two primary schools were selected from Rhino Camp Refugee Settlements in Arua, Uganda. Participants were from only one class at each of the selected schools. This cross-sectional study was comp...
Classification of the Methods of Local Anesthesia and Special Features of Vascular-Diffuse Injection
Petrikas AZ, Medvedev DV, Yakupova LA, Efimova OE, Chestnyh EV, Kulikova KV and Sazonova KA
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 19, 2019
The main feature of modern injection methods of dental anesthesia is in the local venous spreading of the anesthetic in the near-toothed spongy substance of the bone and dental pulp. The vascular mechanism is controlled by the epinephrine anesthetic solution and patient vegetal system. Spongy dental anesthesia is universal, highly effective, relatively safe, easy to implement and increasingly widespread. Classification proposed by us is the division of injection methods of anesthesia into tradit...
Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of White Spot Lesions Related to Orthodontics
Sitki Sarper Temel and Burcak Kaya
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 05, 2019
The purpose of this review article is to examine the etiology, incidence and classification of white spot lesions in association with their prevention and treatment methods. White spot lesions are opacities that occur by demineralization of enamel under the surface and cause esthetic problems. Orthodontic treatment increases the risk of white spot lesion occurrence by creating areas difficult to clean and prone to plaque accumulation around orthodontic attachments. Therefore, application of suit...