Gingivectomy Approaches: A Review
Millena Mathias Peres, Tais da Silva Lima, Idiberto Jose Zotarelli Filho, Igor Mariotto Beneti, Marcelo Augusto Rudnik Gomes and Patricia Garani Fernandes
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2019
Many patients seek dental offices for a beautiful, harmonious smile to boost their self-esteem. At present, there is a great search for oral aesthetics, where the harmony of the smile is determined not only by the shape, position, and color of teeth but also by the gingival tissue. The present study aimed to establish the etiology and diagnosis of the gingival smile, with the alternative of correcting it with very safe surgical techniques such as gingivectomy. The procedure consists in the elimi...
Impact of Cannabis on the Port of Entry-Oral Tissues: An Overview
Harpreet Singh, Joseph Katz, Wafaa Saleh and Seunghee Cha
Article Type: Systematic Review Article | First Published: September 04, 2019
While there is a recent surge in the publications describing the beneficial effects of cannabis in chronic pain control and anti-seizure effects there is a dearth of reporting on the potential side effects of marijuana particularly in the oral cavity. Since the oral cavity is the main port of entry of cannabis, the aim of this review paper is to inform and educate importance to the dental professionals and public about the negative effects of chronic cannabis use in the oral cavity. The continuo...
Prevalence of Dental Amalgame in Uninassau School of Dentistry Clinic
Ana Kaline da Silva Pereira and Lívia Andrade Rodrigues
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 02, 2019
The dental amalgam is any alloy consisting of mercury, in which we can also find silver (Ag), tin (Sn) and copper (Cu) in its conventional filings. This type of restorative material is the focus of discussion in several countries, raising a great discussion about the continuity or elimination of its use, the reasons are: For the sake of offering little aesthetics or for providing possible risks for the dentist and the patient, due to the presence of mercury in its composition, since it is a vola...
Use of Platelet-Rich Plasma in Autogenous Bone Graft in Implantology
Gleycielly da Mota Oliveira Souza, Carolina de Lima Borges, Rosa Natalia Rendall dos Santos Ratis and Vivian Kelly Leite Pedrosa
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 02, 2019
The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in implantology has potentiated bone regeneration and the healing process, reducing postoperative period, inflammatory process and blood loss. The objective of this study is to verify, based on the literature, the use of PRP in bone regeneration in autogenous grafts, to show its indications and benefits in bone formation and techniques used. A literature review was performed on the efficacy of PRP in autogenous bone grafts in implantology. The databases used...
Pharyngeal Airway Changes Following Extraction versus Non-extraction Treatments of Class II Division 1 Growing Patients
Pariyakorn Sukniyom and Smorntree Viteporn
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 12, 2019
There are several treatment modalities for Class II division 1 malocclusion, but there are only few studies exploring the treatment effect upon pharyngeal airway. The study aimed to compare the effects of extraction versus non-extraction mechanics on pharyngeal airway after treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion. Before treatment, the extraction group exhibited lower skeletal maturation, less retrognathic mandible, more protrusive incisors, wider oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal airway, s...
Cheiloplasty in Functional Aesthetic Treatment for Bilateral Double Lip: Case Report
Taysnara Ismaeley de Andrade, Danilo de Moraes Castanha, Joelma Silva de Andrade, Diogo de Oliveira Sampaio and Carlos Frederico de Farias Batista
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 29, 2019
The double lip is a rare and benign developmental alteration characterized by increased lip tissue, specially of the upper lip. Its etiology is linked to congenital factors, such as Ascher Syndrome, or being acquired by labial trauma. The main related complaint is the aesthetic, and the diagnosis is predominantly based on the clinical aspect. The hormonal exams are part of the differential diagnosis. Regarding the treatment, there are several techniques of surgical excision but the elliptical in...
Association between Pathogens and Periodontal Status of Chinese Women during Pregnancy and within One Year after Delivery
Zhen Huang, Zhibin Chen, Lu He, Yueqin Sha and Jun Kang
Article Type: Clinical Research Article | First Published: May 29, 2019
The aim of this study is to compare the detection of periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity of pregnant and non-pregnant women in the childbearing age and to understand the influence of pregnancy status on the ecology of periodontal pathogens. Non-stimulated whole saliva samples were collected from a total of 84 pregnant women (including 29 during the first trimester, 29 in the second trimester, 26 at the end of pregnancy), 33 postpartum women, who were chosen randomly. The plaque index (PlI),...
Case Report: Molar Intrusion with Temporary Anchorage Device
Israel K, Gonzalez N and Ximena Toledo Pinto
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 29, 2019
A clinical case report of the 2 mm. intrusion of tooth 1.6 and the rehabilitation of the space left by the extracted tooth 4.6 with a single implant and crown. Four micro screws were installed in relation to tooth 1.6, two buccal and two in the hard palate. The tooth was intruded in a period of six months with two power chains anchored to cross-shaped micro screws. The chains were replaced every 21 days. The implant to replace tooth 4.6 was also placed and after six months tooth 1.6 was in posit...
Treatment of Edentulousness by Combined Implantation and Reduced Dentures: A Case Report
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 27, 2019
Finding the optimal solution for total numbness, which would satisfy all the principles of the modern dental profession, and thus the patient itself, is still a matter of the skills of a surgeon and prosthetist, but also a compromise with the patient, which should in no way compromise with the postulates of dental implantology. This is a presentation of the care of a 65-year-old patient who appeared in a private dental clinic for the solution of total heartlessness, among which the implant-prost...
Assessment of Dental Caries and Oral Health Challenges of School-Age Children in Rhino Camp Refugee Settlements in Arua, Uganda
Robert Kagabo, PhD, MSW, MPH, Tejinder P Singh, BDS, MDS, MPH, Caren J Frost, PhD, MPH and Lisa H Gren, PhD, MSPH
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 09, 2019
Oral health remains a global public health concern. Limited available research indicates there is a link among poor oral health, socio-economic status, and other health disparities. However the oral health challenges among refugee children in African refugee camps has had negligible exploratory attention. Two primary schools were selected from Rhino Camp Refugee Settlements in Arua, Uganda. Participants were from only one class at each of the selected schools. This cross-sectional study was comp...
Classification of the Methods of Local Anesthesia and Special Features of Vascular-Diffuse Injection
Petrikas AZ, Medvedev DV, Yakupova LA, Efimova OE, Chestnyh EV, Kulikova KV and Sazonova KA
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 19, 2019
The main feature of modern injection methods of dental anesthesia is in the local venous spreading of the anesthetic in the near-toothed spongy substance of the bone and dental pulp. The vascular mechanism is controlled by the epinephrine anesthetic solution and patient vegetal system. Spongy dental anesthesia is universal, highly effective, relatively safe, easy to implement and increasingly widespread. Classification proposed by us is the division of injection methods of anesthesia into tradit...
Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatment of White Spot Lesions Related to Orthodontics
Sitki Sarper Temel and Burcak Kaya
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 05, 2019
The purpose of this review article is to examine the etiology, incidence and classification of white spot lesions in association with their prevention and treatment methods. White spot lesions are opacities that occur by demineralization of enamel under the surface and cause esthetic problems. Orthodontic treatment increases the risk of white spot lesion occurrence by creating areas difficult to clean and prone to plaque accumulation around orthodontic attachments. Therefore, application of suit...