International Archives of Urology and Complications (IAUC) is an international peer-reviewed journal committed to promoting the best standards of scientific discoveries and scientific knowledge. IAUC is an open access journal explored article properly intended for approaching specialists who performs clinical, medical reviews, and does research on elaborate fields of Urology from scholarly open accessed attributes with specified sub fields of modern urology, andrology, female urology, reconstructive surgery, and medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiology, incontinence, transplantation, endourology, pathology, infertility, as well as relevant basic science issues and urology complications.
International Archives of Urology and Complications is an open access journal which provides elaborate author benefits along with reliable copy rights policy, and exceptional rebates. We are open to invite experts in the field to join our Editorial board of IAUC. IAUC also includes original empirical and theoretical research and trends to enable policy makers to make informed decisions, as well as to identify health care trends.
Title: International Archives of Urology and Complications
Editor-in-chief: Ajay Singla
NLM title abbreviation: Int Arch Urol Complic
ISO abbreviation: Int Arch Urol Complic
Other titles: IAUC
Category: General Medicine
Peer review: Double blind
Review speed: 3 weeks
Fast-track review: 10 days
Publication format (s): Electronic and print
Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide
Publication type(s): Periodicals
Publisher: ClinMed International Library
Country of publication: USA
Contact email: email@example.com
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510086
Polyorchidism: A Rare Cause of Testicular Torsion
Juliana Villanueva Congote, MD, Stefania Prada, Juliana Arenas, Daniela Varela, German Patino and Nicolas Fernandez
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 13, 2022
Polyorchidism is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract. Usually, it requires conservative management; however, this varies according to each patient. This report summarizes the possible clinical presentation and the feasible management options depending on the patients and testicular characteristics....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510085
Primary Radiation-Induced Sarcoma of the Penis: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Juliana Arenas Hoyos, Juan Guillermo Catano, Julian Serrano and Eugenio Meek
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 04, 2022
Primary penile sarcoma has an incidence of 0.6 in 100,000 patients in developed countries. Risk factors such as radiotherapy have been identified, which can generate mutagenesis of the irradiated tissue adjacent to the irradiation field....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510084
Losing Jacket of Guide Wire - A Rare Intraoperative Complication of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy - Method to Identify and Safely Remove it
Vipin Kumar, MS, M.Ch, Sajad Ahmad Para, MS, M.Ch and Sajad Ahmad Wani, MS, M.Ch
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 26, 2022
The prevalence of nephrolithiasis has been on rise worldwide and the Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has offered solution to any type of kidney stone. Although less invasive procedure, complications are known to occur during PCNL....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510083
Cadaveric Nephrectomy as a Part of Harvesting Surgery
Erkan Olcucuoglu, Muhammed Emin Polat, Sedat Tastemur, Yusuf Kasap, Kazım Ceviz and Mecit Celik
Article Type: Video Article | First Published: May 19, 2022
The best treatment option for end-stage renal disease is renal transplantation (RTx), and the organs for transplantation are supplied from living or deceased donors. Cadaveric donors are always more desirable because a single donor can provide more than one organ and also we do not harm a living person by giving anesthesia or removing one part of his/her body with surgery....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510081
A Case of Ruptured Intra-abdominal Germ Cell Tumor (Seminoma) of Undescended Testis with Hemoperitoneum in a 35-Year-Old Male
Erick James I Gastardo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 19, 2022
This is a case of a 35-year-old male who presented with signs and symptoms of direct tenderness on left and right lower quadrants of abdomen and was later diagnosed to be having ruptured intra-abdominal testicular seminoma with 2 liters of hemoperitoneum. Exploratory laparotomy and excision of intra-abdominal mass was done. Rupture of intra-abdominal testicular seminoma is a rare cause of abdominal pain with associated hemoperitoneum....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510080
Risk Factors for Vaginal Exposure in Women Requiring Mesh Sling Removal
Jacqueline A Chavez, Carlos Finsterbusch, MD, Dayron Rodriguez, MD, Himanshu Aggarwal, MD, Alana L Christie, MS and Philippe E Zimmern, MD, FACS, FPMRS
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 25, 2022
To evaluate risk factors for vaginal mesh exposure (VME) after mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement for urinary incontinence. This is a case-controlled retrospective study at a tertiary care center. An institutional review boardapproved database of women who underwent MUS suburethral excision procedure was reviewed. Demographic data, presenting symptoms, MUS placement technique, and location/size of exposure (none, < 1 cm, or > 1 cm) were collected for those who underwent MUS removal for symptomat...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510079
Comparative Effectiveness of Single-Dose of Fosfomycin vs. Cefoxitin Plus Ciprofloxacin as A Prophylaxis to Prevent Transrectal Prostate Biopsy Complications
JM Abascal Junquera, Lluis Fumadó Ciutat, Blanca Gasa Galmes, Santiago Grau Cerrato, Marcos Busto Barrera, Juan P Horcajada, Nuria Juanpere Rodero, Marina Munarriz Polo, Anna Sanromà Salvà, Laura Polaina Barroso, Carles Solà Marqués, Raquel Checa Sánchez and Lluis Cecchini Rosell
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 13, 2021
The antibiotic prophylaxis for prostate biopsy is not well established, usually is based on fluoroquinolones, but there is an increase of resistance. We explore the efficacy of Fosfomycin trometamol in comparison with ciprofloxacin plus cefoxitin as prophilaxis of this procedure. A total of 432 transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsies were performed: 241 patients received prophylaxis with cefoxitin 2 g i.v. 1 hour before the procedure combined with ciprofloxacin 750 mg p.o. 1 hour before ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510078
Vaginal Erosion of the TVT Band: Bimodal Management Including the Contribution of Coelioscopy
Messian GALLOUO, Bogdan PARIANU, Saleh Abdelkerim NEDJIM, Hissein HAGGUIR, Amine MOATAZ, Mohamed DAKIR, Adil DEBBAGH, Rachid ABOUTAIEB and Abdelkader TALAL
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 06, 2021
It’s about a 63-year-old patient who had benefited of a tension-free vaginal tape for stress incontinence at the age of 41. The procedure resulted in vaginal wall erosion revealed by repeated urinary tract infections, suspected by a digital per-rectal examination and confirmed by under-valve examination. The total removal of the strip was performed vaginally and laparoscopically. The post-operative course was simple. The sub-urethral sling (SUB) is a commonly used therapeutic device in urology...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510077
Juvenile Gangrenous Vasculitis of the Scrotum: A Case to Consider
Arlene Rodríguez González, Andrea Orosa Andrada, Jorge Salgado Novoa, Susana Rodríguez Rey, Ana Fandiño Argibay and Venancio Chantada Abal
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021
Juvenile gangrenous vasculitis of the scrotum is a rare entity that appears in young men, characteristically after an infection of the upper respiratory tract. We present the case of a 27-year-old male patient who presented with fever and scrotal ulcer after pharyngotonsillar symptoms. The differential diagnosis with other entities that present with scrotal ulcer is proposed, including Fournier’s gangrene and vascular ulcer secondary to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Juvenile gangrenous va...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510076
Massive Hematuria in the Heterozygous Sickle Cell Disease: A Report of Two Cases
Ndéye Aïssatou BAGAYOGO, Babacar SINE, Mbaye DIAW, Amath THIAM, Babacar DIAO and Alain Khassim NDOYE
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: March 10, 2021
Hematuria in patient with sickle cell disease (SCD) results from microthrombotic infarction in the vasa recta and peritubular capillaries of the renal medullar, with extravasation of blood in the collecting tubes. These were 2 patients with heterozygous SCD with highly abundant macroscopic hematuria. The patients were 23 and 31 and had a clotting total hematuria. They were both anemic with good renal function. Cystoscopy had found bleeding from the left kidney in both patients. Uro-tomodensitome...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510075
Urinothorax Following Microwave Ablation of a Renal Mass
Matt Miller, HBA, Blake Hamilton, MD and Keith Quencer, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 11, 2020
Percutaneous ablation of renal masses is an alternative to partial nephrectomy. The three main techniques for ablation of these masses are Radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation and microwave ablation. We report a case of an 83-year-old man who underwent microwave ablation of a renal mass complicated by delayed development of an urinothorax eventually necessitating nephrectomy. Urinothorax following percutaneous renal ablation has not previously been described in the published literature. Compare...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510074
Post PCNL Renal Pseudoaneurysm and AV Fistula: Single Institution Analysis
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 18, 2020
PCNL has been accepted as a minimally invasive gold standard treatment for renal calculi. Though PCNL is a minimally morbid procedure yet it is fraught with rare but significant complication of post-procedural hematuria. Massive hematuria due to renovascular injury has been reported in 0.3-1% of patients following PCNL. Persistent hematuria can be life-threatening if not managed on emergency basis. Almost all renal punctures for PCNL are associated with vascular injury - some trivial and self-re...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510073
Primary Melanoma of the Bladder at Puerperium: Case Report
Rubio Galisteo JM, Gomez Gomez E, Valero Rosa J, Salguero Segura J, Pineda Reyes B, Gonzalez T, Barbudo Merino J, Ruiz Garcia JM and Requena Tapia MJ
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 19, 2020
Primary malignant melanoma of the urinary bladder is a sporadic disease and very little described in the literature. A 39-years-old female at the end of her pregnancy without previous history of skin disease was presented with hematuria after cesarean and with constitutional syndrome. After the study, the patient was diagnosed with metastatic bladder melanoma. Other locations of primary injury were ruled out. The patient died a month and a half after the diagnosis....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510072
Chinese Traditional Cupping Therapy to Treat Fat Liquefaction at SNM Surgery - Case Report
Linxi Yang, Weilin Fang, Ying Wu and Jiayi Li
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 27, 2020
Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a minimally invasive technique to modulate spinal reflexes that influence the bladder, bowel, sphincter, and pelvic floor to improve and restore voiding and storage functions. It includes two phases of surgery and patients with symptomatic relief during stage I are permanently implanted with a sacral pulse generator. The most common adverse events are change in stimulation, implant site pain, and infection. However, there are no reports of fat liquefaction at the ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510071
Complications of Laparoscopic Versus Open Nephrectomy for Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis: A Contemporary Series
Neel Raval, Justin Benabdallah, Leslie Selden L, Joel Vetter, Ramakrishna Venkatesh R and Robert S Figenshau
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 15, 2020
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) has historically been managed with open nephrectomy. In the era of minimally invasive surgery, a small number of reports have evaluated the use of a laparoscopic approach in XGP, with variable results. We evaluated the complications of nephrectomy for XGP over the last 18 years. This represents one of the largest series to date comparing laparoscopic and open nephrectomy for XGP....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510070
Authors Response: Letter to Editor: Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations Following the Insertion of Mid-Urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Unit's Experience - Saidan, et al. 2019
Dalia Saidan, Veenu Tyagi, Paraskeve (Voula) Granitsiotis and Karen Guerrero
Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: April 08, 2020
It has come to our attention that a letter has been published following publication of our article, Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations Following the Insertion of Mid-urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Units Experience - Saidan, et al. 2019, by one of our colleagues, and we would be grateful for an opportunity to reply. Our published paper relates to a small retrospective case-series of women undergoing surgery for management of their urinary tract mesh perforation only. It theref...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510069
Radical Prostatectomy versus External Beam Radiotherapy - Indication and the Way to the Decision: A Cumulative Non- Interventional Unicentric Retrospective Trial of about 20 Years
Wolf-Diether U Boehm, Rainer Koch, Michael Froehner, Stefanie Wenzel, Carmen Werner, Alexander Mehnert and Manfred P Wirth
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 06, 2020
From the clinical reality of a private consultation, a non-interventional, parallel, two-armed, non-randomized study was started in close cooperation with the Regional Clinical Cancer Register Dresden for the period 1996-2016, in order to objectively define the allocation algorithms for the primary therapy decision RPE vs. ERBT retrospectively in the curative setting for clinically, localized to locally advanced tumor. Furthermore, the implications of this decision on the result should be review...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510068
Letter to Editor: Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations Following the Insertion of Mid-urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Unit's Experience - Saidan, et al. 2019
Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: December 25, 2019
It appears all women who had urinary tract perforation following mesh tape in the study underwent partial (rather than total) removal surgery, including the 8 women whose devices had been in place for less than 8 weeks. It is relatively easy to totally remove a device that had been recently implanted, before scar tissue is matured and removal becomes difficult. It is not clear whether separate groin incisions were employed during surgery to achieve total removal of the women’s trans obturator ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510067
Effect, Adverse Events and Re-operations after Tension-free Vaginal Tape Obturator Surgery
Silja Maigaard Axelsen, Rikke Guldberg Sorensen, MD, PhD and Susanne Axelsen, MD, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 18, 2019
Women with stress urinary incontinence can be offered an operation with mid-urethral sling. First, Tension- free vaginal tape was invented. Some years later, because of concerns about complications associated with this operation, the other minimally invasive procedure using the trans obturator procedure was introduced by Dr. J. de Leval in 2003. Since then, the diversity in methods gave rise to a discussion of both efficacy, complications and reoperations. In Denmark, the professional discussion...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510066
Nephrocutaneous Fistula after Microwave Thermal Ablation and Literature Review
Marius Anglickis, Giedre Anglickiene, Gintare Andreikaite, Lina Miklyciute and Edmundas Starolis
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 13, 2019
Nephrocutaneous fistula is a very rare complication of renal surgery. It may be associated with renal tumors, nonfunctional kidneys, staghorn calculi, renal trauma or chronic urinary tract infections. Because of widely used imaging techniques an early detection of small renal tumors has modified the management of kidney cancer. Nephron sparing surgical resection remains the standard of care for T1 tumors less than 7 cm. For patients who are not amenable for surgery, microwave thermal ablation (M...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510065
Retzius Sparing (RS) Robotic Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP) and Retzius Space Reconstruction Technique after RARP Improve Urinary Continence Compared to Conventional RARP (C-RARP): Systematic Review and Metanalysis
William Pertuz Genes, Maria Claudia bicudo, Pablo Miranda Machado, Pericles Rios Auad, Liseth Echavez Pacheco, Hamilton de Campos Zampolli, Igor Nunes da Silva, Daniel Coser Gomes and Marcos Tobias-Machado
Article Type: Research article | First Published: November 25, 2019
Several parameters are important to evaluate good oncological and functional results after robotic prostatectomy. We hypothesize that preservation or reconstruction of Retzius space can be valuable for better results outcomes, especially in terms of early continence recovery. In October 2018, electronic searches were conducted in the following databases: Cochrane, EMBASE, PubMed and Google Scholar. Manual searches in the reference lists of all the reviews and the relevant studies were identified...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510064
Skull Metastasis in Prostate Cancer: A Compilation of Four Cases along with Review of the Literature
Brahima KIRAKOYA Fasnewinde Aristide KABORE, Babagana Mustapha ABUBAKAR, Mohamed SIMPORE, Bienvenue Desire KY and Aïssata OUEDRAOGO
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 06, 2019
Skull metastasis in prostate cancer is rare and is seen in advanced cases. We study four cases seen in our facility with the aim of identifying challenges in making diagnosis and treatment of these patients. We also reviewed the literature. This study involved four men age 55, 65, 66 and 69 years. In two cases, the skull metastases were discovered during evaluation for primary skull swelling, no lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) at presentation. In the other two cases, skull metastases were di...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510063
Hormonal Evaluation of Adrenal Tumors: What the Common General Practitioner Should Know
Bruno Costa do Prado, Gustavo Silva Schafascheck and Alana Rocha Puppim
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 17, 2019
Adrenal tumors may be a benign finding or imply a high level of morbidity and mortality due to their hormonal activity, or to a possible malignant histology. Medical literature indicates that this condition is due to the improvement of the technique and dissemination in a wide range of imaging methods, increasing considerably the diagnosis of adrenal nodules and its immediate treatment. When treating a patient with adrenal tumors, the main concern of the professional should be to establish if th...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510062
Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection in Men Treated with Transurethral Resection of the Prostate for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
J Stangl-Kremser, S Bronimann, M Abufaraj, C Pozo, SF Shariat and G Schatzl
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2019
Our cohort comprised 96 consecutive patients treated with TURP for obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic enlargement suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia. We collected relevant data of our cohort including demographic data, comorbidities, past medical history presence of preoperative indwelling transurethral catheter and histopathology of prostate chips after resection were assessed for each patient. Patients’ charts were also reviewed to ascertain the ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510061
Holmium Laser Lithotripsy: In-Vitro Investigation of Optimum Power Settings in Fragmentation, Dusting and Propulsion and Stone Breaking Times
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2019
An experimental urinary system model was created. Stones previously taken during the operation were used for the procedure. For this purpose, stones with Ca-oxalate and Ca-phosphate were used. Kidney and ureter model was prepared under laboratory conditions. Irrigation catheter with a lumen of 15 mm was used for the ureter model. 9F rigid ureterorenoscope (Storz/Germany) was used to reach the stone. DORNIER MEDILAS H SOLVO/30 W-Germany laser was used for stone crushing. 275 and 550 microfibers w...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510060
Case Report on Adult Wilms Tumor and Review of the Literature
Alvaro Sanchez Gonzalez, MD, Joseba Salguero Segura, MD, Victoria Gomez Dos Santos, PhD, Julia Carrasco Valiente, PhD, Ana Martinez Lopez, MD, Javier Burgos Revilla, PhD and Maria J Requena Tapia, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 07, 2019
On December 2014, elective left radical nephrectomy with loco-regional lymphadenectomy and right lobe partial hepatectomy was performed. Despite a good initial evolution, an urgent open hepaticojejunostomy was performed on the 4th postoperative day, as the patient started with elevation of cholestasis enzymes, as well as coluria and acolia, and CT scan described intrahepatic bile duct dilatation and pneumoperitoneum. Afterward, the patient evolved favorably, being discharged on January 2015....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510059
Lower Urinary Tract Mesh Perforations following the Insertion of Mid-urethral Tapes or Transvaginal Mesh: A Tertiary Unit's Experience
Dalia Saidan, Veenu Tyagi, Paraskeve (Voula) Granitsiotis and Karen Guerrero
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: June 01, 2019
Mesh perforation of the urinary-tract is a rare complication of midurethral tapes for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and transvaginal mesh for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We review the outcomes of women presenting to our tertiary service. This retrospective review identifies patients presenting to our unit between January 2011 - June 2017....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510058
Huseyin Ozgur Kazan, MD and Bulent Erol, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 13, 2019
Small microorganisms are colonised in various sites of human body including urinary tract. Although they could not be determined by standard culture techniques, up-to-date it has been suspected that urinary system is not out of any microorganisms. Simply, total of these microorganisms form urinary microbiome. Contribution to well being of tract or cause of diseases and which microorganisms play the role are questions to be answered. Bladder cancer recurrence, prostate cancer ethiology, relations...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510057
The Impact of the Rigid Catheter Guide on Trocar Injury during Mid-Urethral Sling Placement
Amin Tavakoli, BS, Azadeh Nasiri, MD and Felicia Lane, MD
Article Type: Research article | First Published: April 29, 2019
Our goal was to identify general risk factors associated with trocar bladder injury during a retropubic mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement and evaluate the effect of using the rigid catheter guide on cystotomy rates. This is a retrospective cohort with nested case control study of 291 patients who underwent a MUS procedure between January 2002 and December 2012 at a single academic medical center. Logistic regression was used to conduct multivariate analysis to predict bladder injury....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510056
Using Modified Clavien-Dindo's Classification System for Reporting Postoperative Complications of Transvesical Prostatectomy at Souro Sanou University Teaching Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina-Faso)
Adama Ouattara, Abdoul Karim Pare, Aristide F Kabore, Boukary Kabre, Amidou Bako and Mickael Rouamba
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 26, 2019
Hundred patients (100) presenting a complication after BPH surgery were included in this study in a total of 312 open prostatectomies performed. The post-operative complication rate was 32%. Seventy percent of the patients had at least one complication. Grade I and Grade II complications according to the modified Clavien's classification system were the most represented (87%). Two patients (2) died in the immediate postoperative period (Grade V). The presence of urethral catheter before surgery ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510055
Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder: Rare Entity Associated to Poor Prognosis
M Chraibi1 and M Barqui
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 08, 2019
Neuroendocrine Small cell Carcinoma (SCC) of the urinary bladder is a rare tumor. Pure Small Cell Carcinoma is uncounted from 0.5 to 1% of all primitive urinary tumors. The diagnosis is based on transurethral resection. The old age, and smoking are putative risk factors. A genetic predisposition is unknown. Pure SCC of the bladder display metastasis and lymph nodes. Viscera and vertebral bones are the most common sites of the metastasis. Painless gross hematuria is the most common clinical featu...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510054
New Parameters in Evaluation of PSA Decrease after Antibiotherapy; PSA half-life and PSA-ENT2.5
Oktay OZMAN and Zubeyr TALAT
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 01, 2019
Antibiotherapy has shown a clinically significant decrease in PSA levels in some patients. However, the clinical benefit of this decrease, which would increase the diagnostic efficacy of PSA, has not yet been established. To our knowledge, PSA half-life and PSA-ENT2.5 (expected normalization time according to 2.5 ng/mL cut-off value) were unexamined parameters. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of PSA-ENT2.5 and PSA half-life after antibiotherapy for predicting prostate cancer...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510053
Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy in Patients with Locally Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Initial Experience
Alper Bitkin and Lokman Irkilata
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 06, 2019
In this study, we evaluated the results of laparoscopic nephrectomy cases performed in patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma. Between July 2015 and December 2018, 14 patients underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for locally advanced renal tumor. The duration of operation, blood loss, duration of hospital stay, perioperative complications and follow-up time were evaluated. Nephrectomy improves survival in patients with locally advanced renal tumors. Although the laparoscopic approach ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510052
Endoscopic Vesicoureteral Reflux Treatment Outcomes in Patients with Voiding Dysfunction
Elif Altinay Kirli, Cagatay Dogan, Mehmet Hamza Gultekin, Zubeyr Talat and Bulent Onal
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 28, 2019
Voiding dysfunction (VD) increases the frequency of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Subureteric injection is an effective method for the treatment; however, the presence of VD may affect the success rates. This study evaluated the results of single-session endoscopic treatment in patients admitting with VD symptoms who were diagnosed with VUR, and the effect of compliance to VD treatment on these results. The data regarding patients who were being followed up for non-neurogenic VD diagnosis and who...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510051
A Brief Look at the Examination of Kidney Biopsies under Transmission Electron Microscope
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: December 24, 2018
Ultrastructural examination using the transmission electron microscope (TEM) has been used for diagnostic purposes in the evaluation of renal pathologies for more than 40 years. Previous studies have reported that electron microscopic ultrastructural examination makes a contribution of at least 25% in the diagnosis of renal pathologies, particularly including glomerulopathies such as nephrotic syndrome and minimal change disease. Several new glomerulopathies such as human immunodeficiency virus ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510050
Penile Prosthesis Surgery in Italy: Personal Experiences, Complications and Considerations after 552 Cases
Diego Pozza, Mariangela Pozza and Carlotta Pozza
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 19, 2018
The Implant of Penile Prostheses (Silicone, Malleable, Inflatable) represents an efficient solution for patients affected by Erectile Dysfunction (ED) and penetrating incapacity who do not respond to the other treatment modalities (PDE5i, PGE1, Vacuum Systems). Patients with penile prostheses regain the spontaneity of intercourses without having to assume drugs, to introduce mechanically medical substances or to activate complex mechanisms. Just like the whole field of prosthetic surgery, introd...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510049
Female Hypospadias and Urinary Incontinence: Surgical Solution of a Little-Known Entity
Mario Lima, Niel Di Salvo, Tommaso Gargano and Giovanni Ruggeri
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 23, 2018
We describe the case of a female patient referred to our Institution for urinary incontinence likely due to hypospadias. As a matter of fact, her clinical history was way more complex. She was born at term, with no prenatal diagnostic suspicions. After toilet training achievement, between 2 and 3 years old, her mother noticed a continuous urinary dripping during day and night hours. Simultaneously, she started suffering from well-documented recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs). She was firs...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510048
Adrenocortical Carcinoma in a Young Patient: Report of a Rare Case and Review of the Literature at King Abdulaziz University Hospital
Sultan Almuallem, Shahad Abualhamael, Hala Mosli, Hisham Mosli and Murad Aljiffry
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 31, 2018
Adrenocortical tumors are rare neoplasms with poor prognosis and with an incidence of one in one million population. They are categorized as either functional (hormone-secreting) or silent and as either benign or malignant. We are reporting a very rare case of huge (16 cm) adrenocortical carcinoma in a 19-years-old male patient who presented with a progressively increasing right abdominal mass and uncontrolled systemic blood pressure for 2 years. Clinical exam was unremarkable for syndromic feat...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510047
Supporting Evidence, Potential Adverse Effects, and known Drug Interactions of the Complementary Alternative Medicines which are Frequently used by Prostate Cancer Patients
Harmeet Deol, Alan Truong, Tibebe Woldemariam, Xiaodong Feng and Ruth Vinall
Article Type: Research article | First Published: October 18, 2018
A significant number of prostate cancer patients use complementary alternative medicines (CAMs) as an adjunct to their conventional treatment. Examples of CAMs that are frequently used by prostate cancer patients include green tea extract, lycopene, and pomegranate fruit extract. In many cases there is little if any clinical study-based evidence to support the efficacy of CAMs in this setting, and, importantly, some CAMs can cause serious adverse effects when taken a high doses and/or have signi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510046
Br, Fe, Rb, Sr, and Zn Levels in the Prostatic Secretion of Patients with Chronic Prostatitis
Vladimir Zaichick and Sofia Zaichick
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 12, 2018
Chronic prostatitis (CP) is an internationally important health problem of the man, particularly in developed countries. The aim of this exploratory study was to evaluate whether significant changes in the levels of Zn and some other trace elements of prostatic fluid exist in the inflamed prostate. Prostatic fluid levels of Br, Fe, Rb, Sr, and Zn were prospectively evaluated in 33 patients with CP and 42 healthy male inhabitants. Measurements were performed using 109Cd radionuclide-induced energ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510045
Mehmet Solakhan and Ersan Bulut
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 11, 2018
Penile cancer is the most rarely observed cancer among male urogenital system tumors and is observed at an annual rate of 1/100000. Penile cancer risk increases significantly with increasing age, poor hygiene, and the presence of a foreskin. The most frequently observed type is the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Clinical examination of the inguinal lymph nodes is critical, as nodal involvement is a poor prognostic feature. Patients with T2 or higher-grade tumors and lymphovascular invasion are a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510044
Case of Penile Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor in a Twenty-Year-Old Male with Neurofibromatosis Type 1
Orchid Djahangirian, Ngoc-Anh Tran, Lilibeth Torno and Antoine Khoury
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 11, 2018
The patient's past medical history was significant for juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) that was treated at the age of three years with chemotherapy, total body irradiation and splenectomy and bone marrow transplantation. The patient was clinically diagnosed with NF1 on the basis of multiple café au lait macules, cutaneous neurofibromas, and axillary and inguinal freckling. At the age of 19 years, imaging performed to evaluate a two-week history of coughing revealed a right paratracheal ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510043
Pure Primary Small Cell Carcinoma of Urinary Bladder: An Extreme Rarity
Sanjay Kumar, Namita Bhutani, Sant Prakash Kataria and Rajeev Sen
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 19, 2018
Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder is an extremely rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of all cancers arising from the bladder. Since the tumor is very rare, pathogenesis is uncertain. The tumor shares similar histological features with the small cell carcinoma originating at the other sites in body. However, its similar clinical features like the conventional transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, tendency to present at a advanced stage and low immunoreactivity to the conventio...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510042
Case Report: Fournier Gangrene Following Circumcision
Faisal Ghumman, Carlon Fitzpatrick, Seemin Nazad, Mishal Iqbal, Haider Iftikhar and Danielle Alexander
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 13, 2018
D.T. a 42-year-old male with no significant past medical history underwent circumcision for recurrent Balanitis using the sleeve technique. The procedure was uncomplicated, however a few adhesions with hyper-vascularity were found between the foreskin and the glans. No antibiotic prophylaxis was given intraoperatively. Good haemostasis was achieved with bipolar diathermy....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510041
-2proPSA and Prostate Health Index Usefulness for the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer for PSA Range between 3 and 10 ng/ml
J Juan Escudero, A Duran-Rivera, E Escudero, A Montoro, M Fabuel del Toro, M Ramos de Campos and E Lopez Alcina
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: Augsut 08, 2018
The prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a kallikrein protein family member and since the 1990s has been used as a biochemical marker for the early diagnosis of PCa. Since the introduction of PSA, we have witnessed the migration of this tumor to initial stages diagnosis, with a subsequent decrease in mortality. Even though PSA use is constantly challenged due to its low specificity, especially in what is known as the PSA grey area (between 4-10 ng/dL range), PSA is still the most utilized tumor ma...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510040
The Impact of ABO Blood Group on Biochemical Recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy
Shahait M, Fares S, Mukherji D, Hout M, Bachir BG, Khauli R and Bulbul MA
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 11, 2018
The ABO antigens are expressed on the surface of red blood cells, epithelial cells, and endothelial cells. The association between different ABO blood group and several conditions such as VTE, CAD, and several neoplasms is well documented in the literature. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of ABO blood group on the biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510039
Suture Technique and Complications following Paediatric Testicular Fixation
Caroline Smith and Prasad Godbole
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 25, 2018
Testicular torsion occurs in 1:4000 males between the ages of 11 and 16 years of age (original data). In the case of detorsion and salvage of testes bilateral fixation is to be recommended due to the anatomical configuration predisposing to intra-vaginal rotation around the suspensory cord containing the testicular vessels. Though fixation is mandated by BAPU and ESPU references method of fixation remains surgeon preference....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510038
Is Routine Uroflowmetry Necessary following Hypospadias Repair?
Caroline Smith and Prasad Godbole
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 25, 2018
Uroflow parameters post hypospadias repair are known to remain poor initially but most improve with time. There is a recognised group of patients who develop late deterioration of flow and may require surgical intervention, but at present there are no standardised guidelines as to length and nature of follow up....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510037
Outcome of Varicoceles Scrotal Sclerotherapy in Infertile Patients with Recurrent Varicocele
Mazen A Ghanem, Essa A Adawi, Manal A Safan and Ashraf A Ghanem
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 14, 2018
A total of 54 patients with persistent or recurrent varicocele and impaired semen quality underwent ASS for the treatment of a varicocele. The parameters for evaluation every 6 months after redo surgery included semen parameters, serum levels of inhibin B, FSH, total testosterone, testicular volume, postoperative complications and spontaneous pregnancy rates....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510036
Role of High Midline Levator Myorrhaphy in Prolapse Repair: Long-Term Results
Yuefeng (Rose) Wu, Alana L Christie, Feras Alhalabi and Philippe E Zimmern
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 07, 2018
Pelvic organ prolapses (POP) is widely prevalent and leads to more than 300,000 surgeries in the United States costing more than $1 billion annually. Vaginal vault prolapses (VP), prolapse of the vaginal apex, can be a result of cardinal and utero-sacral ligaments laxity and/or damage. The risk of VP increases with advancing age and number of vaginal deliveries. VP has a prevalence of 0.2% to 43% in various studies, with a recurrent prolapse rate of 5 to 34% and reoperation rate of 5-26% dependi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510035
A Randomized Double-Blind Crossover Trial of Intradetrusor Injection of Botulinum A Toxin for Severe and Refractory Idiopathic Detrusor Overactivity in Women
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 08, 2017
Intradetrusor injection of onabotulinum A toxin (BTX-A) is an effective regimen for the highly prevalent condition in women of overactive bladder. The optimal dose of BTX-A has not been definitively established. Women (n = 13) with overactive bladder including urge incontinence refractory to at least two different oral/transdermal anticholinergic regimens and who had idiopathic detrusor overactivity were randomized to 100-unit and 200-unit doses utilizing a double-blinded crossover design....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510034
Embolization in the Treatment of a Major Retropubic Hemorrhage Following Tension-Free Vaginal Tape: A Case Report and Literature Review
Margrethe Foss Hansen, Mads Henrik Carstensen, Jens Prien-Larsen and Lars Alling-Møller
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 20, 2017
55-year-old para 2 woman was brought to the emergency department following insertion of a tension-free vaginal tape complaining of lower abdominal pain and vertigo. The subsequent angiography localized a significant bleeding from the right obturator artery and a retropubic hematoma 17.5 cm × 10.0 cm in size....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510033
Evaluation of Functional Bladder Recovery in Patients with a Chronic Foley Catheter for Urinary Retention: A Randomized, Prospective, Blind and Comparative Study with 18 Months of Follow-up
João Antonio Pereira-Correia, Rodrigo Furtado Miranda, Gustavo Fiedle, Marco Antonio de Azambuja Corsetti and Valter José Fernandes Muller
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2017
To analyze the repercussions of chronic Foley catheter use in patients with urinary retention on the functional recovery of the bladder following corrective surgery....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510032
Aggressive Angiomyxoid Tumour - A Very Rare Pathologic Finding in the Urinary Bladder Co-existing with Pregnancy
OBI-NJOKU OBINNA, Coscione Alberto and Hiten Patel
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 02, 2017
The bladder is an uncommon site for an aggressive Angiomyxoid tumour. We present a case of a 23-year-old primigravida who suffered no urinary symptoms and was referred due to an incidental bladder finding on ultrasound scan and went on to have a rigid cystoscopy and resection of lesion which was confirmed by histology to be an aggressive Angiomyxoid tumour....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510031
Bilateral Renal Papillary Hypertrophy: A Rare Cause of Benign Essential Hematuria Endoscopic Diagnosis and Management
Alexander Birk, Achanking Afiadata and Jyoti Upadhyay
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2017
Benign essential hematuria is an idiopathic gross hematuria of renal origin without evidence of radiographic, histologic, or functional abnormalities of the kidney. Although the natural history for benign essential hematuria often is spontaneous resolution of symptom, some severe cases may require treatment for control of persistent hematuria....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510030
Case Report about a Primary Bladder Lymphoma
Nina Combaz and Annette Kuhn
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2017
Primary isolated bladder lymphoma represents around 0.2% of all extranodal Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma and less than 1% of all bladder tumours. Clinical representation may be unspecific and correct diagnosis is essential for the appropriate treatment....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510029
Abdominal Approach for Vesicovaginal Fistulas: Outcomes and Risk Factors for Failure
Amy Y Li, Joseph E Papin, Anne M Suskind, Anne P Cameron, J Quentin Clemens and John T Stoffel
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2017
We retrospectively examined surgical outcomes for Vesicovaginal Fistulas (VVF) repaired through an abdominal, transperitoneal approach. Failure of VVF repair was defined as any urine leakage from the repaired fistula tract after hospital discharge....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510028
Serious Complication after Laser Treatment of Ureterocele in an Infant
Stanislaw Warchol and Teresa Dudek
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 24, 2017
Endoscopic decompression has been recently suggested as the first line treatment of ureterocele in children, including laser transurethral incision. We report a case of a unique but very serious complication after simple ureterocele puncture using a holmium laser in an infant....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510027
Managing the Elderly with Urinary Incontinence and Dementia
Si Ching LIM
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2017
The elderly patients with dementia are often challenging to manage, especially if they have urinary incontinence. There are many causes for urinary incontinence and among the elderly with dementia, the problem is often not related to abnormalities of the lower urinary tract....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510026
Impact of Pneumoperitoneum on the Post-Operative Renal Function and Level of Acute Kidney Injury Markers: Comparison between Laparoscopic and Open Nephrectomy
Amjad Shalabi, Omri Nativ, Mustafa Sumri, Bishara Bishara, Wisam Khoury, Hoda Awad, Ofer Nativ and Zaid Abassi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 24, 2017
As laparoscopic surgery becomes more widespread, understanding the adverse effects of pneumoperitoneum becomes more important, especially in patients subjected to laparoscopic unilateral nephrectomy. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of pneumoperitoneum on the remnant kidney after laparoscopic nephrectomy compared to open surgery....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510025
Orchitis the Strange, the Rare and the Unusual: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Pace Gianna, Benzone Stefano and Pola Lisa
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 07, 2017
Orchitis are classified as granulomatous and non-granulomatous orchitis. Several agents are responsible for inflammatory and infective diseases of the testis, causing orchitis. The most common clinical features are scrotal swelling, mass and/or pain. The diagnosis is mainly histological because clinical and sonographic aspects may be not conclusive....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510024
Ureterocele: Review of Presentations, Types and Coexisting Diseases
Donghua Xie, Boris Klopukh, Guy M Nehrenz and Edward Gheiler
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 07, 2017
Ureterocele is swelling in one of the ureters that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder, which can block urine flow. An ureterocele usually occurs in the lower part of the ureter, where the ureter enters the bladder. Ureteroceles are equally common in both left- and right-side ureters. Some persons with ureteroceles are asymptomatic. Often, the diagnosis is made later in life due to kidney stones....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510023
Aspermia: A Review of Etiology and Treatment
Donghua Xie, Boris Klopukh, Guy M Nehrenz and Edward Gheiler
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 18, 2017
Aspermia is the complete lack of semen with ejaculation, which is associated with infertility. Many different causes were reported such as infection, congenital disorder, medication, retrograde ejaculation, iatrogenic aspemia, and so on. The main treatments based on these etiologies include anti-infection....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510022
The Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Andrology
Donghua Xie, Boris Klopukh, Guy M Nehrenz and Edward Gheiler
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 13, 2017
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy is a supplemental treatment, in addition to the converntional approach, for patients with an underlying ischemic process. In Andrology, HBO is a therapeutic approach supplemental to surgical and medical options for some patients, mainly reported in the treatment of perineal necrotizing fasciitis (Fournier's gangrene). There were also case reports of successful management using the HBO therapy for posttraumatic ischemic injury, infertility caused by varicocele, hyd...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510021
Ileus as First Sign of De Novo Neuroendocrine Prostate Cancer
Mads Ryo Jochumsen, Bjorn Agerbo Sahlholdt and Jorgen Bjerggaard Jensen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 13, 2017
A 73-year-old man with almost no previous medical history was admitted acute with stomach pain, distended abdomen, stop of defecation and feculent vomiting. The patient had been constipated for three months and about a month before admission, a coloscopy was performed presenting no findings. Computed Tomography (CT) showed mechanical bowel obstruction and a huge malignantly transformed prostate gland as the triggering cause....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510020
New Insights into the Chemical and Isotopic Composition of Human-Body Biominerals. II: COM Kidney Stones from Greece
Dimitra Athanasiadou, Athanasios Godelitsas, Dimosthenis Sokaras, Andreas-Germanos Karydas, Elisavet Dotsika, Stelios Xanthos and Maria Gamaletsou
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 10, 2017
Kidney stone disease (urolithiasis) is a serious health problem, involving more than 5% of the population, especially in developing countries. Urolithiasis, the formation of urinary calculi in the kidney, bladder and/or urethra, can be attributed to several risk factors related to geographical region, gender and dietary habits....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510019
Age-Related Changes in Concentration and Histological Distribution of 54 Trace Elements in Nonhyperplastic Prostate of Adults
Vladimir Zaichick and Sofia Zaichick
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 18, 2016
Objective: To clarify a possible role of prostatic trace elements in an etiology of age-dependent gland diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Methods: The variation with age of the 54 trace elements concentration in prostatic parenchyma and the relationship of these trace elements with basic histological structures of nonhyperplastic prostate glands of 65 subjects aged 21-87 years was investigated by an instrumental neutron activation analysis combined with inductive...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510018
The Effect of Prostate Biopsy on Erectile Functions
Ali Atan, Ersin Koseoglu and Altug Tuncel
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 26, 2016
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy among men in the United States of America (USA). Tissue samples should be taken from different parts of prostate by transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy (TPND) and these samples should be examined histopathologically for the diagnosis of PCa. In recent years, the serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) measurement and number of prostate biopsies performed have become more frequent....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510017
Factors Predicting Pleural Complication Following Upper Pole Access Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Treewattanakul C, Kittirattakarn P, Chongruksut W and Lojanapiwat B
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 20, 2016
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) via upper-pole access can be achieved either supracostally and subcostally. The supracostal access is associated with a higher rate of pulmonary complication. We studied the factors, which predict the pulmonary complication following upper pole access PCNL and postoperative outcomes of patients with pulmonary complication....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510016
Tubo-Ovarian Abscess in Second Trimester of Pregnancy after Transvaginal Oocyte Retrieval: Challenges in Management
Andrikopoulou M, Apostol DO R, Becker A and FR Nezhat
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 05, 2016
A 39-year-old primigravida female presented at 16 weeks gestation, with new onset of severe abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting. Her medical history was significant for infertility and ovarian endometrioma during oocyte retrieval. Current gestation was complicated by an emergent laparoscopy with drainage of a ruptured endometrioma in the first trimester. On examination, she had acute abdomen and sonogram showed a viable pregnancy and a 10 cm left adnexal mass. Emergent laparoscopy was perfor...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510015
Mesothelioma of the Tunica Vaginalis Testis: Case Report and Review
Ruiz Hernandez M, Fabuel Alcaniz JJ, Gutierrez-Pecharroman AM, Romio de las Heras E, Rodriguez-Patron Rodriguez R, Varona Crespo C and Burgos Revilla FJ
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 20, 2016
A 93-year-old man with chronic hydrocele and no history of asbestos exposure underwent a hydrocelectomy, which revealed several nodules in the tunica vaginalis. The histopathological diagnosis was malignant mesothelioma, requiring a second procedure. A radical inguinal orchiectomy with hemiscrotectomy was performed, reporting tumor-free surgical margins; therefore, no adjuvant treatments were given. Three months postoperative, the patient continued asymptomatic, scrotal examination was normal, a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510014
Anatomic, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects of Circumcision Accidents in Yaounde, Cameroon
Mouafo Tambo FF, Ditope JJ, Fossi G, Fadi S, Nyanit Bob D, Mbouche L, Andze OG and Sosso MA
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 06, 2016
This was a retrospective and descriptive study, of all children who presented with complications related to circumcision over a period of 10 years, dating from (September 2005 to September 2015) at the pediatric surgery service of the Yaounde Gyneco-obstetric and Pediatric hospital. Included in this study were all male children patients aged between 0 to 15 years managed for a circumcision accidents in our center. Excluded from the study were; circumcision accidents that occurred in patients wit...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510013
Penile Subcutaneus Stone Implant: An Unusual Case Report
Serdar Toksoz and Yalcin Kizilkan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 31, 2015
Men in some areas of Asia have a long history of inserting or implanting various objects into their penises. Artificial penile implant are inert objects inserted beneath the skin of the penis. Objects placed under the skin of the penile shaft may include plastic beads made from toothbrushes, silicon, metal pellets, glass, ivory, precious metals, marbles or pearls. Some men believe that penile implants enhance the sexual pleasure. Subdermal implants placed under the skin of the penis can provide ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510012
Salvage Buccal Urethroplasty after Prior Open Intervention: 10 Year Experience
Mimi Zhang, Benjamin Carpenter, Richard Bihrle and Matthew J Mellon
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2015
Urethral stricture disease is a complex urologic problem with multiple etiologies and multiple surgical approaches. Although there is no one single technique employed for all types of strictures, buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty (BMU) has proven to be a versatile surgical option for the reconstructive urologist since its first use in the 1940s. Although there are multiple large, single-center experiences with buccal urethroplasty, only recently have short and long term results become available...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510011
Unmasking of an Ectopic Ureter after Insertion of Tension-Free Vaginal Tape
Stephanie BM Tan, Greg Malone and Judith TW Goh
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 23, 2015
Ectopic ureters draining into a place other than the posterior-lateral aspect of the trigone is uncommon. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with the classic symptoms of normal voiding associated with continuous urinary leakage. We present a case of an adult female whose ureteric duplication was unmasked after insertion of tension free vaginal tape (TVT)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510010
An Unusual Cause of Massive Hematuria: Arterio-Ureteral Fistula, and Review of the Literature
Andrea Orosa Andrada, Ines Laso Garcia, Francisco de Asis Donis Canet, Jose Javier Fabuel Alcaniz, Luis Lopez-Fando Lavalle and Francisco Javier Burgos Revilla
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 21, 2015
Arterio-ureteral fistula is an uncommon diagnosis with a high rate of mortality. An early diagnosis is the key for a successful treatment and should be included in the differential diagnosis of patients with unexplained hematuria. We report a clinical case and a review of the literature....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510009
Prostate Cancer Survivorship: A Systematic Review
Sanchia S Goonewardene, Young A and R. Persad
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2015
Background: Due to advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment, the number of prostate cancer survivors is increasing. Yet, with this expanding cohort of patients, very little has been done to develop services. Objective: A systematic review was conducted to explore prostate cancer survivorship issues. This analysis will inform development of interventions. Discussion: The literature is reviewed and the way forward for survivorship discussed. We also identify possible themes for research....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510008
Late Complications of Duplex System Ureterocele; Acute Urinary Retention, Stone Formation and Renal Atrophy
Sipal Timucin Akdere Hakan and Bumin Ors
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 14, 2015
A 49- year-old woman was admitted to emergency department with a complaint of acute urinary retention. The investigation of the patient revealed right duplex system anomaly, ureterocele containing multiple stones and atrophic right kidney. After reliefing her urinary retention, endoscopic ureterocele de-roofing, two dj stents insertion and stones extraction were performed. The symptoms of the patient were relieved after treatment. The patient was asymptomatic at six month follow-up visit. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510007
Female Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) Surgery. Results at 24-Month Follow-Up
Rosita Aniuliene, Povilas Aniulis, Lina Slabsyte and Titas Telksnys
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 09, 2015
Women pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common pathology in urogynaecology. Given the fact that women's lifespan is increasing and society is aging, this disorder is becoming more relevant, moreover, it is embarrassing for the women involved. Literature points out that pelvic organ prolapse is common in middle age women and occurs in 50% of parous women, however, not all women require surgical intervention. Approximately, from 11 to 20% of all women may have the risk of surgical treatment for POP...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510006
Importance of Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening before and after Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Intravesical Bladder Instillation Treatment to Avoid Unnecessary Prostate Biopsy
Takehiko Okamura, Hidetoshi Akita, Kenji Yamada, Takahiro Kobayashi, Ryosuke Ando, Noriyasu Kawai, Keiichi Tozawa and Takahiro Yasui
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 29, 2015
The adverse effects of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) intravesical instillation therapy for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) vary widely, and can include BCG-induced prostatitis. In contrast, prostate cancer may occasionally develop along with bladder cancer. Therefore, if prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels increase after BCG therapy, a prostate biopsy should be performed to exclude prostate cancer....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510005
Repeated Intradetrusor Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections are Still Effective for Patients with Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity Secondary to Spinal Cord Injury in China
Hui Chen, Xing Hua Yang, Jing Wen Zeng, Ma Ping Huang, Qiu Ling Liu, Jie Bing Huang, Tian Hai Huang, Ke Ji Xi and Chong He Jiang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 20, 2015
Objective: To assess effective outcomes following repeated treatment with intradetrusor botulinum toxin type an in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). Methods: Patients with NDO secondary to spinal cord injury (SCI) were enrolled. Botulinum toxin type A 200 U detrusor injections by a rigid cystoscope were repeated....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510004
Outcomes of Two Different Meshes for Treatment of POP with a Concomitant Midurethral Sling for SUI: a Retrospective Cohort Study at 2 Years Postoperatively
Chenghe Wang, Zhong Chen, Guanghui Du, Tao Wang, Weimin Yang and Zhangqun Ye
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 25, 2015
Patients had pelvic organ prolapse (POP) often suffered stress urinary incontinence (SUI) simultaneously. We evaluated the outcomes of two different kits, Prosima and Avaulta pelvic repair systems, with a concomitant midurethral sling by treating the disease and compared the efficacies in a single center....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510003
A Comparison of Prostatic Acinar Adenocarcinoma Gleason 3+4 versus 4+3 in Different Laboratory Practice Settings
Celia Maria Jesuino Bittencourt, Daniel Abensur Athanazio, Andreia Carvalho dos Santos, Erica Curvelo Dantas Senna, Tania Maria Correia Silva and Luiz Antonio Rodrigues de Freitas
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2015
Objective: To evaluate Gleason 7 tumors from radical prostatectomy specimens that were stratified by 3+4 and 4+3 status, focusing on the clinical and morphologic features. Methods and results: In the first series of 20 Gleason 7 tumors processed by total embedding, cases with 4+3 status were associated with a higher proliferation index. In a second series of 106 Gleason 7 tumors processed by partial embedding, 4+3 status was associated with higher preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen lev...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510002
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 28, 2015
Urethral compression provided by a male sling is not a new concept. A variety of urethral compression procedures have been applied in an attempt to control urinary incontinence over the years. Most notable were the Kaufman procedures which used silicone gel prosthesis to compress the ventral urethra....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510001
Fournier's Gangrene and Prognostic Scoring Systems
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 17, 2015
A Fournier's gangrene (FG), a life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis of the male and female genitourinary tract was first described in the 1883. FG is an uncommon necrotizing fasciitis of genitalia and perineum that has high mortality and morbidity. Many predisposing factors have been reported, including perianal disease, urethral stricture, local trauma, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy. Systemic diseases such as cardiac failure, hypertension, and renal insufficiency may have an adverse effect...
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ClinMed Journals Index Copernicus Values
Clinical Medical Image Library: 93.51
International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine: 92.83
International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine: 91.84
International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness: 91.79
Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Treatment: 91.73
Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology: 91.55
Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology: 91.55
Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports: 91.40
International Archives of Nursing and Health Care: 90.87
International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research: 90.80
International Archives of Urology and Complications: 90.73
Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Renal Care: 90.33
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention: 89.99
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment: 89.54
Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy: 89.34
International Journal of Clinical Cardiology: 89.24
International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology: 88.88
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews: 88.42
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders: 88.22
International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research: 87.97