Complications of Laparoscopic Versus Open Nephrectomy for Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis: A Contemporary Series
Neel Raval, Justin Benabdallah, Leslie Selden L, Joel Vetter, Ramakrishna Venkatesh R and Robert S Figenshau
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 15, 2020
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) has historically been managed with open nephrectomy. In the era of minimally invasive surgery, a small number of reports have evaluated the use of a laparoscopic approach in XGP, with variable results. We evaluated the complications of nephrectomy for XGP over the last 18 years. This represents one of the largest series to date comparing laparoscopic and open nephrectomy for XGP....
Case Report on Adult Wilms Tumor and Review of the Literature
Alvaro Sanchez Gonzalez, MD, Joseba Salguero Segura, MD, Victoria Gomez Dos Santos, PhD, Julia Carrasco Valiente, PhD, Ana Martinez Lopez, MD, Javier Burgos Revilla, PhD and Maria J Requena Tapia, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 07, 2019
On December 2014, elective left radical nephrectomy with loco-regional lymphadenectomy and right lobe partial hepatectomy was performed. Despite a good initial evolution, an urgent open hepaticojejunostomy was performed on the 4th postoperative day, as the patient started with elevation of cholestasis enzymes, as well as coluria and acolia, and CT scan described intrahepatic bile duct dilatation and pneumoperitoneum. Afterward, the patient evolved favorably, being discharged on January 2015....
Huseyin Ozgur Kazan, MD and Bulent Erol, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 13, 2019
Small microorganisms are colonised in various sites of human body including urinary tract. Although they could not be determined by standard culture techniques, up-to-date it has been suspected that urinary system is not out of any microorganisms. Simply, total of these microorganisms form urinary microbiome. Contribution to well being of tract or cause of diseases and which microorganisms play the role are questions to be answered. Bladder cancer recurrence, prostate cancer ethiology, relations...
The Impact of the Rigid Catheter Guide on Trocar Injury during Mid-Urethral Sling Placement
Amin Tavakoli, BS, Azadeh Nasiri, MD and Felicia Lane, MD
Article Type: Research article | First Published: April 29, 2019
Our goal was to identify general risk factors associated with trocar bladder injury during a retropubic mid-urethral sling (MUS) placement and evaluate the effect of using the rigid catheter guide on cystotomy rates. This is a retrospective cohort with nested case control study of 291 patients who underwent a MUS procedure between January 2002 and December 2012 at a single academic medical center. Logistic regression was used to conduct multivariate analysis to predict bladder injury....
Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder: Rare Entity Associated to Poor Prognosis
M Chraibi1 and M Barqui
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 08, 2019
Neuroendocrine Small cell Carcinoma (SCC) of the urinary bladder is a rare tumor. Pure Small Cell Carcinoma is uncounted from 0.5 to 1% of all primitive urinary tumors. The diagnosis is based on transurethral resection. The old age, and smoking are putative risk factors. A genetic predisposition is unknown. Pure SCC of the bladder display metastasis and lymph nodes. Viscera and vertebral bones are the most common sites of the metastasis. Painless gross hematuria is the most common clinical featu...
New Parameters in Evaluation of PSA Decrease after Antibiotherapy; PSA half-life and PSA-ENT2.5
Oktay OZMAN and Zubeyr TALAT
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 01, 2019
Antibiotherapy has shown a clinically significant decrease in PSA levels in some patients. However, the clinical benefit of this decrease, which would increase the diagnostic efficacy of PSA, has not yet been established. To our knowledge, PSA half-life and PSA-ENT2.5 (expected normalization time according to 2.5 ng/mL cut-off value) were unexamined parameters. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of PSA-ENT2.5 and PSA half-life after antibiotherapy for predicting prostate cancer...
Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy in Patients with Locally Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Initial Experience
Alper Bitkin and Lokman Irkilata
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 06, 2019
In this study, we evaluated the results of laparoscopic nephrectomy cases performed in patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma. Between July 2015 and December 2018, 14 patients underwent laparoscopic nephrectomy for locally advanced renal tumor. The duration of operation, blood loss, duration of hospital stay, perioperative complications and follow-up time were evaluated. Nephrectomy improves survival in patients with locally advanced renal tumors. Although the laparoscopic approach ...
Endoscopic Vesicoureteral Reflux Treatment Outcomes in Patients with Voiding Dysfunction
Elif Altinay Kirli, Cagatay Dogan, Mehmet Hamza Gultekin, Zubeyr Talat and Bulent Onal
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 28, 2019
Voiding dysfunction (VD) increases the frequency of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Subureteric injection is an effective method for the treatment; however, the presence of VD may affect the success rates. This study evaluated the results of single-session endoscopic treatment in patients admitting with VD symptoms who were diagnosed with VUR, and the effect of compliance to VD treatment on these results. The data regarding patients who were being followed up for non-neurogenic VD diagnosis and who...