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Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment (JRDT) is an international peer-reviewed journal committed to promoting the best standards of scientific discoveries and education. It covers all aspects of medical specialty, which has the spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions, arthritic disease, and connective tissue disorders. JRDT publishes basic, clinical, and translational research.

JRDT is a newly launched journal which provides elaborate author benefits along with reliable copy rights policy. We are open to invite experts to join our editorial board of JRDT. All the articles pass through a dual review process in which two independent review comments followed by editor’s decision will be considered to publish the article. JRDT ensures the maintenance of its standards by publishing the high quality, original and new advances in its field.


Articles

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Scleroderma or Systemic sclerosis is a vascular and fibrotic disease with organ-based complications and high mortality and morbidity. Renal involvement can be quite varied and scleroderma renal crisis is the most severe manifestation. We report our experience. In February 2016 a 52-year-old male was admitted to hospital with pulmonary oedema and .. read more


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Objectives: This study aims to describe the clinical manifests, CSF features and brain MRI characters of patients with relapsing polychondritis (RP) and central nervous system (CNS) involvement presented as encephalitis. Methods: Seven cases with RP and CNS involvement were enrolled from 2011 to 2015. RP was diagnosed upon the modified McAdam .. read more


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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory heterogeneous disease presenting with acute flares, showing a prevalence of 0.5% in Spanish population according to the study EPISER and an annual incidence of 8.3 cases per 100,000 population, and that in the absence of optimal and individualized treatment causes a long-term severe disability. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510044

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Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare immune-mediated disease that may affect multiple organs. It is characterised by recurrent episodes of inflammation of cartilaginous structures and other connective tissues, rich in glycosaminoglycan. Clinical symptoms concentrate in auricles, nose, larynx, upper airways, joints, heart, blood vessels, inner ear, cornea and sclera. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510043

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Interferon-Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) in the past decade have become ubiquitous screening for tuberculosis (TB). Development of these interferon release tests helped screen for TB in patients at high risk, specifically those with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The blood test was designed to strongly stimulate interferon release when blood was exposed .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510042

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One hundred and fifty RA patients classified into two equal subgroups according to the presence of sicca symptoms, in addition to seventy five healthy controls. All patients were subjected to self-reported questionnaire about sicca symptoms, DAS 28, Unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR), Schirmer's test, ESR, CRP, RF, Anti- CCP, Anti-Ro, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510041

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Kneeling work leads to an additional risk of developing knee osteoarthritis (OA). Previous studies have primarily been based on radiography, but radiography is limited by its inability to visualize articular cartilage, in which the earliest signs of OA occur. The objective of this explorative study, based on available data, was to .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510040

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Research on the use of research in rheumatology practice is largely lacking. This study attempts to fill this knowledge gap by exploring the degree to which evidence-based practice (EBP) is implemented in clinical rheumatology practice and identifying individual and organizational factors that may potentially affect research use in the clinical environment. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510039

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This study provided experimental evidence that glucosamine sulfate decreases ADAMTS5 expression and apoptosis. In addition, ginger root and copper sulphate decreased pro-MMP1 expression by regulating NOX4 activity. Our data suggest the implication of Heme Oxygenase-1 in the molecular mechanisms. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510038

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A 30-year-Black African female was diagnosed with SLE when she presented with a Coombs positive haemolytic anaemia, lymphopenia, polyarthritis, oral ulcers and a malar rash. Her antinuclear antigen (ANA) was positive, she had hypocomplementaemia and she was HIV negative. She was commenced on oral corticosteroids (initially high dose 60 mg/day and .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510037

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Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada-syndrome (VKH) is a multisystemic, T-cell mediated autoimmune disorder which is characterized by bilateral granulomatous panuveitis with extraocular manifestations in the central nervous and auditory system as well as in the integumentary field. Neurological and auditory manifestations include aseptic meningitis, meningism, tinnitus and cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Integumentary findings can include alopecia, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510036

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Objective: To evaluate the association among genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase, oxidative stress, lifestyle habits and medication therapy in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Patients and methods: A total of 187 women (22-84 years) were studied: 81 patients with fibromyalgia (G1) and 106 individuals without the disease (G2). They had their peripheral .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510035

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease whose etiology is unknown, while its immunopathogenesis involves the participation of both genetic and environmental factors. Human leukocyte antigen DR4 (HLA-DR4) exhibits a strong association with RA in various populations and ethnic groups; in addition, a heightened frequency of HLA-DR1 among individuals with RA .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510034

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Although rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disease of articular joints, patients often suffer from co-morbid neuropsychiatric changes, such as anxiety, that may reflect links between heightened systemic inflammation and abnormal regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Here, we apply behavioral neuroscience methods to assess the impact of antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) on .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510033

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Tumour-necrosis-factor (TNF) inhibitors, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA), have non-specific (placebo effect) and specific effects. This meta-analysis appraises these effects within the first 3 months of treatment. Data were collected from ACR 20, 50 and 70 scores at week-24 from RA patients receiving TNF-blockers or a placebo after methotrexate (MTX) .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510032

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Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare form of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis, with multifaceted clinical presentations. There are currently fewer than 550 cases reported in the literature. This case illustrates the protean manifestations of ECD with multisystem involvement, including skeletal and extra skeletal (cutaneous, cardiac, pituitary, retroperitoneal, and pulmonary) manifestations .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510031

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Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, severe connective tissue disorder characterized by a microangiopathy and excess deposition of connective tissue matrix in the skin and internal organs. Skin involvement is the most conspicuous manifestation of SSc, and based on its extent two distinct disease subsets are recognized, diffuse cutaneous (dcSSc) and .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510030

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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory, complex, multisystem autoimmune disease of multifactorial origin. It is characterized by a large set of antibodies, especially antinuclear antibodies. Its incidence rate varies from 1 to 10 per 100,000 persons/year and its prevalence rate is 20-70 per 100,000. It is a more frequent .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510029

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Large volume effusions as a manifestation of active systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is rare, and when it does occur, it is usually associated with complications of chronic lupus disease, such as nephrotic syndrome, constrictive pericarditis, heart failure or Budd-Chiari syndrome. Massive serositis as a presenting feature of SLE is rare. We .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510028

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Resolvin D1 (RvD1) and its aspirin-triggered epimeric form (AT-RvD1) are endogenous lipid mediators (derived from docosahexaenoic acid, DHA) that control the duration and magnitude of inflammation in models of complex diseases. Our previous studies demonstrated that RvD1-mediated signaling pathways are expressed and active in salivary glands from rodents and humans. Furthermore, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510027

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The juvenile-onset spondyloarthropathies begin at age of 16 years or younger and are associated with the HLA-B27 allele. They are classified as the enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) subgroup of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) by the international league of associations for rheumatology (ILAR) [1]. Although the adult form has inflammatory low back pain .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510026

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The clinical significance of creatine kinase [CK] levels in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies [IIM] has varied between studies. CK levels continue to be the most sensitive laboratory marker for muscle disease in IIM but vary depending upon the disease entity. The goal of this article was to further elucidate the clinical significance .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510025

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Peripheral blood samples were taken from 30 RA patients and 20 healthy volunteers, as controls. Ex vivo correlates of disease severity, such as C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide and rheumatoid factor, and immunological activation, such as interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17 and IL-6 were measured biochemically. Factors derived from the .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510024

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Objective: Fatigue has been intensively studied in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, previous studies have mostly included patients with long-term disease who have been treated with corticosteroids. We investigated fatigue in corticosteroid-naive patients with early-stage SLE. Methods: Forty-three SLE inpatients without neuropsychiatric SLE manifestations and 30 healthy control subjects .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510023

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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune inflammatory disease, with several different clinical manifestations. Its annual incidence is about 5 cases per 100000 inhabitants. The prevalence is around 52 cases per 100000 inhabitants. The gastrointestinal tract may be affected, either by the disease itself or by adverse reactions of medications .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510022

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A 41-year-old man presented with clinical features of eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) confirmed on biopsy. The patient responded to high-dose prednisone but subsequent steroid sparing medication including methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, etanercept, golimumab and rituximab failed to deliver steroid sparing response. Tocilizumab provided rapid and sustained improvement in the patient's symptoms and signs. Withdrawal .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510021

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Rhabdomyolysis and inflammatory arthritis are common rheumatologic conditions that manifest in people of all ages. Proximal muscle weakness associated to rhabdomyolysis is frequently the initial presentation of inflammatory myopathies such as dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyosistis (PM) both, extensively described in literature to be related to paraneoplastic process. Inflammatory arthritis has been .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510020

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Clinical gout begins as an acute intermittent and intensely painful arthritis that can progress to a chronic, inflammatory, destructive condition. The initial episodes may last several days and are often followed by pain-free, inter-critical periods that may last months to years. Chronic gouty arthritis is manifested by shorter inter-critical periods, boney .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510019

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Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is one of the most frequently seen rheumatic diseases in clinical practice. Its treatment is defied by the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS)/ European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR). A flowchart is designed to easily understand this treatment strategy. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510018

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We describe a patient who suffered an atypical periprosthetic femoral shaft fracture two years after surgical treatment for a typical osteoporotic femoral neck fracture. This patient had been suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA), steroid-induced diabetes, and steroid-induced osteoporosis, and had undergone long term administration of glucocorticoids (GCs), bisphosphonates (BPs), and active .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510017

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Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG) is a rare complication of malaria. The ischemic changes begin distally and progress rapidly to cause irreversible tissue necrosis requiring amputation in almost all cases. We report a case of a 21-years-old female with malignant malaria complicated by SPG. Our treatment regimen includes corticosteroids in addition to .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510016

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Anxiety is a very common psychological syndrome occurring in the adult population either as a trait or specific condition, and/or in response to a variety of situations, especially adverse health conditions. This narrative review examines the extent to which anxiety may preside among adults with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis, regardless of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510015

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We report a case of MAS occurring during the initial presentation of sJIA treated with high dose anakinra. Excess interleukin-1 can lead to the clinical and laboratory findings of sJIA and MAS, and the up regulation of interleukin-6. Uncontrolled production and activation of macrophages and T lymphocytes lead to MAS manifestations, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510014

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Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by inflammation of synovial joints and production of autoantibodies such as Rheumatoid Factor and antibodies directed against modified proteins - i.e. anti-citrullinated peptides antibody (ACPA). Carbamylation, as a post translational modification, has been recently associated to RA since anticarbamylated protein antibodies .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510013

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It is a matter of fact that the inflammatory pathogenesis does not explain all the skeletal manifestations of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), and the development of bone involvement is sometimes unconnected from the clinical scores of inflammation. On the basis of recent studies, we would like to make a point of the .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510012

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Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) is a rare group of inherited lysosomal storage disorders that is associated with multiple symptoms including joint stiffness, misshapen bones, reduced hand function, frequent otitis media, 'thickened' facial features, hearing problems, vision problems and heart complications. We conducted this study to determine how many (if any) children that come .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510011

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What is a diagnosis, but recognition of a phenotype? The term spondyloarthropathy is much debated, with alternative appellation suggestions. Spondyloarthritis and spondylarthritis have been suggested, but there has also been a movement to separate peripheral and axial disease, with the latter referred to as axial spondyloarthropathy. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510010

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Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory disease of immunological origin which has been correlated with higher cardiovascular risk. Although the risk factors are not clear, many cardiac alterations have been described, such as conduction disturbances, coronary heart disease, aortic root dilation, cardiac valve alterations, and ventricular diastolic dysfunction. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510009

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Bone remodelling is characterized by a balance between bone resorption and bone formation. The osteoblasts are responsible for bone synthesis and the osteoclasts for bone resorption. A finely adjusted interaction between molecular mechanisms results, via cytokines, hormones and growth factors, in homeostasis of bone metabolism. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510008

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The therapeutic scope of inflammatory rheumatic diseases and of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in particular, has increased dramatically over the last twenty years leading to incredibly better chances for the patients. Simultaneously disease activity assessment has become more and more important, not only to document the patient's disease course, but also for .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510007

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Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILDs) also known as Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease (DPLD), include a large group of lung diseases characterized by various patterns of inflammation and fibrosis on high-resolution CT and in lung biopsy. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510006

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Autophagy plays a central role in various disease processes. However, its contribution to inflammatory arthritides such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unclear. We observed that autophagy is engaged in the K/BxN serum transfer model of RA but autophagic flux is severely impaired. Metformin is an anti-diabetic drug that has been shown .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510005

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Non-operative treatment of knee osteoarthritis has gained special interest between patients and orthopedic surgeons, not only to alleviate pain and improve function, but also to postpone joint replacements. Projections showed an increase of 673% in the number of arthroplasties to be performed in the United States through 2030. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510004

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Upper back pain (UBP) is the pain experienced at the thoracic spine region. Spinal pain prevalence is 66 per 100 people and15% them is UBP. Although it is so frequent, it is less studied than neck or low back pain.It can be seen at any period of life, from childhood to .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510003

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The basic idea of this editorial was to try to propose new techniques and laboratory measurements for future incorporation into a new score for identifying an acutely inflamed osteoarthritic knee joint. In the area of research, defining clinical status was always a hurdle to proper patient recruitment because working on quiet .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510002

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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a long-term chronic disease that is characterized by the deterioration of cartilage in joints resulting in stiffness, pain and impaired range of motion. OA is a disease that is associated with ageing. However, there are various factors e.g. obesity, lack of exercise, genetical abberations, occupation, trauma and gender .. read more


10.23937/2469-5726/1510001

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Editor-in-Chief

Bruce M. Rothschild
Professor
Department of Medicine
Northeast Ohio Medical University
USA


International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology (ISSN: 2377-4630)
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders   (ISSN: 2469-5696)
International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5866)
International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-3419)
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International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2469-5807)
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