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Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention is an open access peer reviewed journal that focuses on all primary aspects of family health, medicine and disease prevention. JFMDP concentrates on wide range of clinical, medical, health Care Research, Therapies of Diseases, Evaluation of health care, Behavioral Change Communication, Behavioral Medicine, Concepts in Public Health, Demography, Documentation and Dissemination, Education Technology, Environmental Health, Environmental Sanitation, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Epidemiology of Specific Diseases, Family and Public Nutrition, Family Health, Family Health Administration, Family Planning, Family Practice, Health Care Delivery, Health Planning, Health Policy, Leadership and Management, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Mental Health and Education Technology, Occupational Health, Public Health, Public Health Administration, Public Health Law, Public Health Management, Reproductive and Child Health, Research Methodology, School Health, Social and Behavioral Science, etc.

Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention is a great platform for family physicians, practitioners, researchers in the field of health care, medicine and general practice. All articles published in the journal are subject to a stringent peer review process.


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These findings indicate that currently pregnant women cannot get daily-recommended choline from prenatal vitamins. Accordingly, considering the general prevalence, and higher rates of fetal alcohol exposure in various communities, the authors suggest prenatal vitamin makers incorporate more choline into prenatal multivitamins in order to ensure unborn fetuses are guaranteed optimal development .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510048

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Tongue necrosis is a rare manifestation of large to medium vessel vasculitis. It has rarely been reported in adults and children. We present two cases of tongue necrosis in adult and pediatric patients with pathologically different etiologies related to different subsets of vasculitis and review their clinical course. To our knowledge, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510047

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Urban young men (13-25 years old) who have sex with men (YMSM) are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations are to screen asymptomatic MSM for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neiserria gonorrheae (GC) based on sexual history. However, this approach misses asymptomatic .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510046

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Health authorities have increased the attention given to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in recent years. Even so, under-diagnosis and late diagnosis rates remain high. The aim of this study was to determine which factors allow to discriminate between people with COPD and which do not, trying to provide a simple .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510045

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A 15 month-old female was transferred to the emergency department from a gastroenterologist's office after a chest x-ray revealed an esophageal foreign body. The patient was undergoing evaluation for regurgitation of food and refusal to eat solid food for three months with their primary care physician. X-ray of the neck upon .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510044

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There is increasing awareness of perinatal health as a public health issue, while the antenatal period is a transitional time for parents-to-be and presents various opportunities to maximize health outcomes. The objectives of this scoping review were to identify non-pharmacological interventions in antenatal care, to examine the health outcomes and reductions .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510043

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The TTT program consisted of didactics and seminars to capacitate participants to become trainers in CRC prevention. This project was evaluated using three components: (1) training workshops; (2) community educational sessions; and (3) the participant's experience as a trainer. Pre - and post-tests on CRC screening knowledge were given to TTT .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510042

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GPs and nurse practitioners were invited to complete an online survey through advertisements in e-newsletters. The survey assessed participants' demographics, cervical screening practices and perceived barriers to screening according to the proposed new guidelines. Responses were on a 7-point Likert scale. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square for categorical variables .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510041

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Family members of people with chronic health problems can be affected by Burnout. A person who assists a suffering person, beyond the professional role, is indicated generally by the term 'caregiver'. The definition of Burnout in families is fairly recent, because the psychology of trauma has ignored a large segment of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510040

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Primary caregivers (PC) health and psychological well-being, in cases of children with disabilities must be studied for the high impact on life quality of both, caregivers and children. Our objective was to analyze the epidemiological profile of children with disabilities and their primary caregiver (PC), determine the presence and severity of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510039

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This was a cross-sectional study with patients and their family members diagnosed with OCD at a research clinic. The instruments used in this study were: the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI PLUS), the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DY-BOCS) and the Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive-Compulsive .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510038

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Heart failure (HF) is one of the most common chronic and disabling illnesses, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Readmission rate, one key indicator of healthcare quality and healthcare utilization, is prevalent in HF patients. Inconsistent evidences exist about the impact of rural health disparities on HF patients' readmissions. The purpose .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510037

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Good family nutrition is a major public health goal in the Caribbean but obesity is the dominant nutritional outcome in all age groups. Overweight/obesity prevalence in preschool children is up to 14%. For adolescents it is 30% and adults over 60%. Unfortunately, the region is far from where it needs to .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510036

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Foodborne illness affects about one in six Americans each year. Certain groups of people are particularly susceptible to foodborne illness, these include the very young, the elderly, pregnant women and people whose immune system is suppressed by disease or medication. These groups are most likely to incur infection and to suffer .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510035

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The prevalence of obesity and, consequently, obesity-related disorders is increasing globally, imposing a burden on health care and costs. Lifestyle interventions are the mainstay of treatment owing to the risks associated with surgery and medications. Although Islam advocates a healthy lifestyle and dieting, Muslim countries are also plagued by a rise .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510034

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This short communication highlights the need to screen for and identify the new DSM-5 proposed criteria of Neurobehavioral Disorders associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE). Emerging research has demonstrated that there are populations that at higher risk for this disorder owing to their social circumstances, i.e. the plethora of liquor stores .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510033

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Introduction: Despite the increasing recognition of the importance of health literacy, there is a lack of evidence regarding the use of a brief health literacy assessment for population-based, state-led surveys. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of adding a health literacy measurement tool to the Kansas Behavioral .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510032

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Nigeria has the third highest number of people living with HIV and prevalence among young women 15-24 years is high. Beauticians constitute a high risk group since their work involves the use of sharp instruments. This study was carried out to assess how female beauticians perceive HIV and their prevention of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510031

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The objectives of this study were to elucidate family interaction and psychophysical health among families with members who have Turner Syndrome (TS) through structural equation modeling (SEM), and to investigate differences among patients and their fathers and mothers related to family support, functioning, and hardiness, and mental and physical health. Subjects .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510030

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We investigated midlife-elderly patients enrolled for echocardiography and the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and coronary artery disease (CAD). This was a cross sectional study. Patients (n = 236) enrolled for echocardiography (ECG) over the age of 30 were selected regardless of their chief complaint and those presented with chest .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510029

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Actinomycosis is an infectious disease with a world-wide distribution caused by anaerobic and microaerophilic bacteria residing in the oral cavity. Actinomycosis is often difficult to diagnose as it can mimic numerous infectious and noninfectious diseases. It is nowadays uncommon in Europe and the possibility that we may face a patient with .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510028

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Colorectal cancer (CRC), the 3rd most common cancer type worldwide, results in almost 700,000 deaths from cancer annually. In the United States, there are an estimated 134,490 new cases of CRC diagnosed in 2016, and approximately 49,190 Americans will die from CRC. Risk factors include: advancing age; male gender; Ashkenazi Jewish .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510027

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Chronic diseases disproportionately affect ethnic and racial minorities. Pacific Islanders, including the Marshallese, experience some of the highest documented rates of type 2 diabetes. Northwest Arkansas is home to the largest population of Marshallese outside of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and many migrants are employed by the local poultry .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510026

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Properly addressing patients' social problems in clinical decisions is central to the widely advocated delivery of bio-psychosocial care. Against the backdrop of a wealth of scientific studies describing social determinants acting upon health status, this position paper aims to orient general practitioners in the practical management of these determinants. This paper .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510025

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Rhabdomyolysis is a condition resulting from the release of large quantities of myocyte breakdown products into the circulation, following injury to striated muscles. It is a clinical and biochemical syndrome, defined as an elevation of serum creatine kinasa activity (sCK) to at least 10 times the normal upper limit followed by .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510024

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On the occasion of the bicentenary of the birth of the stethoscope we pay homage to this brilliant invention. The stethoscope may be the one instrument common to all doctors and also several health professionals, no other symbol so strongly identifies a doctor than a stethoscope dangling around the neck. Until .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510023

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Introduction: Worldwide as well as in Ethiopia abortion is one of the top lead causes of maternal death. Unwanted pregnancies which end up in abortion occur due to contraception method non use or misuse. To decrease unintended pregnancies and avoid repeated abortions advancing immediate post abortion contraception is crucial. Objective: To .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510022

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Gallstone formation is due to a complex interaction between genetic and nongenetic factors. Genes are estimated to account for only about one-fourth of the overall gallstone risk, while metabolic/environmental factors are at least partially modifiable in stone-free risk groups, acting by primary prevention measures on diet, lifestyle and/or the environment or, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510021

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Background: Oral health is a significant health challenge in the United States. The aim of the study is to investigate California physicians' knowledge and opinion of the interface between oral and overall health as well as their recommendations for strengthening the oral and overall health interface. Method: The questionnaire, a self-addressed, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510020

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Stress is a transactional process affected by psychological traits that commonly affect the performance of college students independent of nationality and race. However, Hispanic and Black students tend to perceive more stress in the academic context as a result of many factors, especially insitutional oppression. Many students, including minorities, lack sufficient .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510019

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Medical students described a variety of scenarios they experienced in their first two or three years of medical school and 17 quotes from the narratives were selected from 130 stories. There were four dominant themes identified from student narratives that were related to communication. These categories included information management, active listening, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510018

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Most young Latina ED patients were unconcerned about risk of HIV infection in spite of their reports of HIV sex risk behavior. Latinas who were RAPS4 positive were more likely to report HIV sex risk behavior, but they had no greater concern about their HIV risk and no greater use of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510017

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Inadequate health literacy is a common problem that contributes to poor patient-provider communication. Health literacy screening and specific provider communication practices may be important in clinics where patients are at high risk for inadequate health literacy. This study assessed patients' health literacy and their perception of provider communication practices in a .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510016

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It is common to assume that colleges and universities provide service to the public. In the U.S., these institutions are granted tax-exemption on this assumption. In times long past, education, in itself, may have been a public service. But it isn't that anymore as the unintended consequences of progress degrade human .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510015

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Researchers has shown that dietary patterns of many college students predispose them to future health problems and the epidemic of overweight and obesity is prevalent among many students in the United States. Getting community college students off the path to diet related diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510014

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This study explores how frontline healthcare providers describe and understand the delivery of culturally competent care to underserved groups in three neighborhood primary health care practices. Data from fifty intensive interviews and observations at three field sites in a multi-year study are analyzed using grounded theory techniques. Findings show that providers .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510013

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Currently, The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that serial clinical examinations using the Ortolani and Barlow Technique be performed of the hips of all infants at birth and at well baby examinations until the child is of walking age-about 1 year of life. In addition, the AAP recommends hip imaging .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510012

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A single center, retrospective study was performed over an eighteen month period (January 2012 - June 2013) at a county hospital in San Bernardino, California. Methamphetamine use was defined as self-reported use or a positive urine drug screen (UDS) at admission for delivery. Preeclampsia was defined using the American College of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510011

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Neonatal outcomes of infants delivered by family physicians practicing obstetrics and obstetricians/gynecologists have been studied for years. Most of the studies comparing deliveries of family physicians and OB/GYNs have been limited to low risk pregnancies. Family physicians practicing obstetrics are often the only obstetrics providers in rural, underserved areas. They need .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510010

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Even though life expectancy has increased in industrialized countries, chronic diseases and mental illnesses are continuous health challenges. Thus, new strategies to further improve health must be implemented. Because family contexts are where health behaviors are usually learned, developed, maintained and changed, targeting family systems (rather than individual patients) is an .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510009

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Xerostomia, commonly referred to as dry mouth syndrome, is a result of reduced or absent salivary flow producing mucosal dryness. It can subsequently cause oral discomforts and alterations in taste, cracked and peeling lips, dry nasal passages, and a painful tongue. Its symptoms make tasks such as swallowing, speaking and sleeping .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510008

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Changes in living patterns typically result in changes in disease structures within a society. The 'epidemiological transition', which describes the shift from infectious to chronic diseases for example, is common as countries shift from agrarian to industrial lifestyles. Population levels of obesity for example change as societies become more developed, with .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510007

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Purpose: Mental health and psychosomatic problems are both widespread and disabling in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). There is a clear need for strategies to strengthen first line services for their treatment. Family ('systemic') therapy has been shown to be effective in this setting but there is a dearth of research .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510006

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The starting point of this contribution is the fact that budgets imposed by health policy makers induce rationing, causing inefficiencies in the market for medical services. In addition, inefficiencies spill over into the market for health insurance. In a second step, rationing itself is explained as the outcome of supply and .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510005

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Testosterone replacement therapy is currently contraindicated in men with a history of prostate cancer. Despite this, new data is emerging in multiple retrospective studies and case reports of testosterone replacement therapy use after treatment for prostate cancer with results that call into question the contraindication. The goal of this paper is .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510004

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This study summarizes the findings of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention REACH 2010 intervention's impact on reducing risk for cardiovascular disease among racial and ethnic groups living in the Atlanta Empowerment Zone (AEZ). In Fiscal Year 1999, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded several health efforts .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510003

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Purpose: Maternal/infant health outcome disparities continue to exist within the United States despite years of research and intervention. The need for collaborative community-based efforts was identified as an important strategy to improve birth outcomes. Objective: Evaluate the impact of a group prenatal education curriculum at increasing maternal health knowledge and decreasing .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510002

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Family medicine is expression of societal needs in terms of health and welfare standards. From newborn to elderly, all single members of the family are primary subjects for health strategies. Family physicians, practitioners, researchers in the field of healthcare, medicine and general practice are directly involved in first line to ensure .. read more


10.23937/2469-5793/1510001

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Contact our editorial office at: editorialoffice.jfmdp@clinmedlib.com


Editor-in-Chief

Giangaspero Massimo
Professor
Institute of Tropical Medicine
University of Teramo
Italy


Editor-in-Chief

Hui Rutai
Professor
Shandong University
Peking Union Medical College
Beijing Fuwai Hospital
China
Tel: 8613910218052


International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology (ISSN: 2377-4630)
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders   (ISSN: 2469-5696)
International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5866)
International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-3419)
International Journal of Clinical Cardiology (ISSN: 2469-5696)
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-584X)
Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports (ISSN: 2378-3656)
Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy (ISSN: 2469-5750)
International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2377-3634)
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention (ISSN: 2469-5793)
Journal of Genetics and Genome Research (ISSN: 2378-3648)
Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology (ISSN: 2469-5858)
International Journal of Immunology and Immunotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3672)
International Journal of Medical Nano Research (ISSN: 2378-3664)
International Journal of Neurology and Neurotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3001)
International Archives of Nursing and Health Care (ISSN: 2469-5823)
International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-346X)
International Journal of Oral and Dental Health (ISSN: 2469-5734)
International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2469-5807)
International Journal of Pediatric Research (ISSN: 2469-5769)
International Journal of Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine (ISSN: 2378-3516)
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5726)
International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine (ISSN: 2469-5718)
International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy (ISSN: 2469-570X)
International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice (ISSN: 2378-3397)
Trauma Cases and Reviews (ISSN: 2469-5777)
International Archives of Urology and Complications (ISSN: 2469-5742)
International Journal of Virology and AIDS (ISSN: 2469-567X)
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