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Aims & Scope

Trauma Cases and Reviews is an open access peer reviewed journal that publishes articles on all aspects of multiple injury severity causing substantial damage and it's quick management in transport and initial estimation of extent of injuries to codify a course of treatment, in order to counter loss of life.

Journal publishes original research articles, reviews, cases, clinical studies and commentaries focusing on initial effective diagnosis techniques, prevention and management of injuries and prognosis. All the articles pass through a dual review process in which two independent review comments followed by editor decision will be considered to publish the article. Journal ensures the maintenance of its standards by publishing the high quality, original and new advances in its field.


Articles

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There have been rare documented instances where blunt-force trauma has been suspected to cause a delayed disease process that manifests days or weeks after the initial injury. This is a case report of a 30 year old male who suffered blunt chest trauma during a motor vehicle accident. On hospital day .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510047

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We here in present our experience with the rare injury of main pancreatic duct because of the blunt trauma and managed by pancreatico-enterostomy. A 35-year-old male patient presented with a motor vehicle accident and was diagnosed isolated pancreas main duct ınjury by blunt trauma. Computerized tomography (CT) was used as a .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510046

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Isolated dislocation of the tarsal navicular bone is a rare lesion. The mechanism of this specific trauma is still not well to understood, due to the strength needed in different ways and directions for its occurrence, in a complex way. Few cases of an isolated dislocation of the navicular reported in .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510045

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While the vascular anatomy to the lower extremity is fairly consistent, anatomical variants do exist. One such variant is the arteria peronea magna. This anatomic variant results in single vessel arterial flow to the foot through an enlarged peroneal artery with unique distal branching. The focus of interest in this vascular .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510044

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Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury in healthy individuals. This paper presents two case reports of patients of bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture, who were misdiagnosed as muscle weakness of quadriceps with contusion of the knee joint. Subsequent physical examination showed a supra-patellar gap, moderate hemarthrosis of both knees, and failure .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510043

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We report two cases of isolated Tillaux fracture and Volkmann fracture without other associated ankle fractures. The case of Tillaux fracture was a 15-year-old female who tripped and fell over during a 400 m hurdle running competition. Preoperative radiographs and CT scans showed Salter-Harris type III, an isolated Tillaux fragment, with .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510042

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We report unusual subtrochanteric non-union and metalwork failure after an index procedure of a trochanteric entry-point-locked cephalomedullary nailing. We treated this non-union case successfully with the exchange of a thicker and longer intramedullary (IM) nail, supplemented by autologous iliac crest bone graft and bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP-7). We think the .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510041

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Purpose: The cyst-like defect following a fracture is an uncommon lesion with a few cases described in the literature. We want to present a series of 5 cases showing up in different locations, with treatment required for one of the defects. Methods: We present a series of 5 cases of cyst-like .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510040

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A comprehensive approach to wound care is critical when in the wilderness where definitive care may be hours, days or weeks away. The limitation of resources and the variety of acute traumatic wounds presents a management challenge. Resources for wilderness experiences with wound care are sparse. We developed an adaptable curriculum .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510039

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Fracture neck of femur (NoF) is a rare injury but represents a serious condition in low-income countries. It results from major or minor-repetitive trauma(s) or from different pathological conditions such as parathyroid or renal dysfunction, antiepileptic medication, seizure and tumors. Similarly to other hip fractures, the diagnosis of this condition can .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510038

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Osteochondrosis has been found in most of the bones of the body. We report a rare case report of bilateral osteochondrosis of medial cuneiform and tarsal scaphoid. A five year-old white child with a completely benign medical history presented with bilateral foot pain. Radiographical studies showed a bilateral irregular outline and .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510037

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Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a relatively rare idiopathic proliferative disorder affecting the synovium of joints, bursae and tendon sheaths. Knee and hip are the most affected joints. We report two cases of unusual locations in two young male soccer players (17 and 13 years old): distal tibiofibular joint and pes anserine .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510036

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Compartment syndrome is an extremely rare complication described in association with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Previous reports have described this complication as a result of extravasation of fluid into dependent compartments. One proposed mechanism is from a capsular defect that allows irrigation fluid to flow from the joint into lower .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510035

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A 76 year old right hand dominant male retired anaesthetist presented with a painful and swollen right wrist after falling from standing height, landing on the ulnar aspect of his out stretched right hand. The injury was closed and the limb was neurovascularly intact. He had a previous distal radius fracture .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510034

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Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis (TMJA) is a severe disease which affects the function of oral and maxillofacial system. It leads to mouth opening limitation, facial deformity and OSAHS in the severe cases. The most common cause of ankylosis involves trauma, most frequently associated with condylar fractures. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510033

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Simultaneous tibial plateau and diaphyseal tibial fractures are a rare occurrence and have seldom been reported in the literature. Each fracture requires a different surgical approach, which creates challenges for the operating physician. Tibial plateau fractures require anatomical reduction and restoration of the joint line in order to achieve rigid fixation .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510032

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Gamma nail is a safe internal fixation device widely used for treatment of pertrochanteric fractures. Cut out of lag screw has been reported to be the most frequent mechanical complication. Penetration of acetabulum and intrapelvic migration of the lag screw of the gamma nail is an extremely rare complication. We report .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510031

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A 65-year-old male with a history of an oligodendroglioma (for which debulking surgery in 2012) was presented in our emergency department by ambulance paramedics after he had fallen in his kitchen. Initial examinations revealed an awake, hemodynamically normal patient with a knife penetrating the medial side of his face, just below .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510030

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We report clinical and 18 - FDG PET features of a 58 years old woman found in cardiac arrest after an attempt of hanging. The patient was resuscitated and transferred to our Emergency Intensive Care Unit (ICU), where she was treated for 23 days and then she was discharged to a .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510029

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Radial head fractures are responsible for 2 to 5% of adult fractures. Especially problematic is the treatment of dislocated and unstable fractures which often have a worst prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in the treatment of radial head .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510028

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Overlooked spinal injuries and delayed diagnosis are still common in traumatized patients. The management of trauma patients is one of the most important challenges for the specialist in trauma. Proper training and early suspicion of this lesion are of overwhelming importance. The damage control orthopaedics, diagnosis and treatment algorithm applied to .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510027

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Sepsis, defined as infection-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), is the leading cause of death in non-cardiac critically ill patients. In the United States, nearly 200,000 deaths per year are attributed to sepsis. Worldwide, as many as 20 million people may experience sepsis annually, with a mortality rate of about 35%. .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510026

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Severe injury, infection and hemorrhage all cause insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. Insulin resistance blocks glucose entry into cells and the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA impairing cellular energy production. During insulin resistance, glucose cannot enter muscle and fat cells nor can the cell metabolize the lactate given in lactated Ringer's .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510025

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We reviewed and summarized fifteen cases associated with liver injury following chest compression for CPA reported in Japan. In some cases, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was administered by medical assistants such as doctors or medical technicians, but in other cases, CPR was given by bystanders. Five patients were male and eight were .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510024

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We report a case of 66 years-old male with left leg pain that began six months earlier. The pain was aggravated by sitting or climbing stairs but was relieved in the standing position. The physical examination was consistent with a left radiculopathy without sensory or motor deficit. His initial MRI lumbar .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510023

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We report a case of 51 years-old male with no past medical history, who was brought to our Hospital after falling from a 10 meters high roof. He had 15 points at Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and a completely normal neurological examination. A whole body computerized tomography (CT) scan was performed .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510022

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Motor Vehicle Crashes (MVCs) are a leading cause of traumatic intracranial injuries which often have devastating impacts on morbidity and mortality. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is one type of head injury that is identified on post-traumatic computed tomography (CT) scans. IVH is observed less frequently in patients with head trauma, however it .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510021

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Treating fractures of the proximal femur remains a controversial problem. Fractures of the femoral neck occur almost exclusively amongst the elderly (fractures due to bone frailty associated with osteoporosis), whereas fractures in younger people are due to high-energy trauma. The current treatment trend in clinical practice and the literature for these .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510020

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The first priority in the management of comminuted mandibular fractures is the prevention of acute upper airway obstruction. Each division of mandibular fractures may cause respiratory obstruction. Among the variety of such fractures, split fracture of the symphyseal lingual cortical plate has a significant influence on the oropharyngeal and laryngopharyngeal airway .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510019

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Ray amputation is a good option in failure or no possible replantation, or in cases of useless finger or stump. Index ray amputation poses a decrease in grip strength, but does not represent a major impairment to the usual activities because its role in precision and key pinch can be adopted .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510018

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We report a case of a previously healthy 29-year-old male who experienced a severe traumatic brain injury with right temporal extracerebral intracranic hematoma and splenic injury after massive trauma sustained after a car accident. The patient was on his bike, he missed a red traffic light, and a car invested him .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510017

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Orbital floor blowout fractures may cause severe facial asymmetry, particularly when combined with panfacial fractures with wide bone defects. Surgical repair recommendations depend on multi-disciplinary clinical evaluation and digital imaging to assess the amount of soft tissues herniation, the infraorbital nerve and rectum inferioris muscle entrapments, the ocular bulbus dislocation, and .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510016

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Objectives: Ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures [IFNSF] are uncommon. The existing literature is characterized by a diversity of small reports with a lack of consensus. We performed a systematic review to examine the epidemiology and diagnosis of this injury. Methods: Nineteen databases were used to find articles published between .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510015

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A 76 years old patient suffered a motor vehicle accident and was brought to our hospital with neck pain and an occipital wound. On the initial polytrauma computed tomography (CT) an isolated spinous process fracture of C6 with hematoma among the posterior soft tissues was diagnosed as well as fracture of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510014

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The growing elderly population requires special consideration for high-risk medical and surgical care related to traumatic injury. The aim of our study is to evaluate the impact of multidisciplinary care program on outcomes in elderly trauma patients. In addition, the impact of the extremes of age on outcomes was evaluated in .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510013

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A previously well 7 year old female was struck by a car traveling 60-70 kms/hr while crossing the street on her bicycle. She had no helmet on at the time of the collision, was thrown 15 feet and landed on her head according to witnesses at the scene. Initial assessment .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510012

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A mangled limb in a pediatric patient produces therapeutic dilemma whether to amputate or salvage greater than in adult. We herein present a case of a 10 year old child with high energy injury to both lower limbs. The bone muscle and skin segment of the limb planned for amputation has .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510011

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Fractures at the thoracolumbar junction are the most commonly encountered spine injuries in developing countries. Despite the devastating consequences for those with concomitant neurologic deficits, within hospitals having limited resources there remains an attitude akin to 'therapeutic nihilism'; i.e. simply keeping these patients at prolonged bedrest and then bracing them, while .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510010

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A 21-year old African American male presented with a single gunshot wound to the left posterior chest inferior and medial to the scapular spine. EMS performed a left needle thoracostomy for tension pneumothorax. In the trauma bay, the patient was hemodynamically stable with a GCS 15 and moving all extremities. A .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510009

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The frozen blood products will eliminate or reduce the severe adverse events of mortality and morbidity associated with the current FDA approved red blood cell products, platelet products and plasma products. The universal donor group O positive and O negative frozen RBC, group O leukoreduced single donor frozen platelets, and AB .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510008

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A reconstructive orthopedic bone plate was submitted for analysis. Traditional failure analysis methods were used to assess the mode of the plate failure. Metallographic investigation of the plate was carried out in this report. Since limited data was available in the literature and clinical data related to subject demography, date of .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510007

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With the advent of advances in endovascular techniques and interventional radiology, the treating physician has added very useful and relatively less invasive methods of managing otherwise complex traumatic injuries compared to open surgical techniques. One such application is in the treatment of acute traumatic solid organ injuries, and some of the .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510006

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A 54-year-old male patient presented at our emergency department in the sequence of a motorcycle accident, which caused an open fracture of the left elbow, classified as type IIIB of Gustilo and Anderson. The X-ray showed comminuted fractures of distal humerus and proximal ulna with bone loss from both epiphysis. He .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510005

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In a 7-year old patient with a right cruris Grade 1 open fracture, an external fixator was applied using hydroxyapatite-covered Schanz screws. After 6 weeks the fixator and screws were removed. Two months after the removal of the fixator, the patient presented with pain in the proximal of the medial pin .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510004

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Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a widespread public health concern in the U.S. as it affects almost four million children annually. The adverse consequences of CM can be seen across development from attachment disturbances and developmental delays in infancy to an increased risk for conduct and emotional problems in later childhood and .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510003

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Fractures of the mandibular condyle and neck are very common with well recognized anatomical features. This patient sustained an anatomically unusual right condylar head fracture with subluxation secondary to ictal myocontraction where there was no fall or facial trauma during or after the seizure. Investigation suggested an underlying disturbance in bone .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510002

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Electricity is an indispensable part of a comfortable modern life. However, multipurpose electricity use in daily life increases the risks of accidents, injury or death. High-voltage (>1000 volts) electrical burns cause the greatest tissue damage and sequelae, as well as the largest number of deaths. To minimize the functional effects caused .. read more


10.23937/2469-5777/1510001

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Editor-in-Chief

William Min
Director of Orthopaedic Trauma Research
Gwinnett Medical Center
Georgia, USA
Tel: 1-678-312-2663


International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology (ISSN: 2377-4630)
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders   (ISSN: 2469-5696)
International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5866)
International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-3419)
International Journal of Clinical Cardiology (ISSN: 2469-5696)
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-584X)
Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports (ISSN: 2378-3656)
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International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2377-3634)
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention (ISSN: 2469-5793)
Journal of Genetics and Genome Research (ISSN: 2378-3648)
Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology (ISSN: 2469-5858)
International Journal of Immunology and Immunotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3672)
International Journal of Medical Nano Research (ISSN: 2378-3664)
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International Archives of Nursing and Health Care (ISSN: 2469-5823)
International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-346X)
International Journal of Oral and Dental Health (ISSN: 2469-5734)
International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2469-5807)
International Journal of Pediatric Research (ISSN: 2469-5769)
International Journal of Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine (ISSN: 2378-3516)
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5726)
International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine (ISSN: 2469-5718)
International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy (ISSN: 2469-570X)
International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice (ISSN: 2378-3397)
Trauma Cases and Reviews (ISSN: 2469-5777)
International Archives of Urology and Complications (ISSN: 2469-5742)
International Journal of Virology and AIDS (ISSN: 2469-567X)
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