International Journal of Women's Health and Wellness is an international, open access, peer-reviewed journal that publishes information on all aspects of the science of women. The main objective of the journal is to set a forum for education, and exchange of opinions, and to promote research and publications globally. The Journal provides a platform for all clinicians, surgeons and health professionals to contribute their findings and help raise awareness among the community on women's healthcare including but not limited to gynecology, obstetrics, and breast cancer. We aim to publish the highest quality clinical content via open access platform providing the readers free, immediate and unlimited access.

International Journal of Women's Health and Wellness is an international, open journal which accelerates research updates on discovery and innovation in Obstetrics, Gynecology, Gametogenesis Fertilization, Implantation and Early development of Embryo, Normal Labour, Anatomical and Physiological Changes in Female Genital Tract during Pregnancy, Pharmacology of Drugs used during Pregnancy, Post-partum period, Development of Placenta, Amniotic Fluid, Anatomy of Fetus, Puerperium - Normal, Malpresentation & Malposition of Labour, Abnormal Puerperium, Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Physiology of Menstruation, Ovulation, Fertilization, Menopause, Endometriosis, Contraception, Cervical Cancer, Family Planning, etc. Manuscript in the form of such as Original Article, Reviews, Mini-Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports, Perspectives/Opinions, Letters, Short Note, and Commentaries are accepted for publication. All articles published in the journal are subject to a rigorous peer review process. It encourages authors to publish their work in detail to disseminate the updated research findings.

 
Journal Information

Title: International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness

ISSN: 2474-1353

Editor-in-chief: Erich Cosmi

NLM title abbreviation: Int J Womens Health Wellness

ISO abbreviation: Int J Womens Health Wellness

Other titles: IJWHW

Category: Womens Health

DOI: 10.23937/2474-1353

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email: contact@clinmedjournals.org

 
Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510106

Profile and Spatialization of Pregnant Women with Gestational Syphilis and Congenital Syphilis in a Municipality in South Brazil

Elenir Terezinha Rizzetti Anversa Daros dos Santos, Nicassia Cioquetta Lock, Sandra Trevisan Beck, Luciane Silva Ramos, Valeria Parecida da Rosa and Teresinha Heck Weiller

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 07, 2019

Congenital Syphilis (CS) is one of the most serious adverse outcomes in pregnancy, avoidable through early detection and treatment of the pregnant woman and her sexual partner. During this period, 128 cases of GS and 73 cases of CS were notified. The frequency of notifications during the studied period increased from 2.3% to 39.2% for GS and from 1% to 41% for CS. Only 23.4% of the pregnant women’s partners with GS were treated during antenatal care. Considering the number of GS and CS cases n...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510105

Patient and Provider Communication Regarding Exercise during Pregnancy in a Rural Setting

Maire Blankenship, Kim Link, Samantha Henry and Rachel Tinius

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 07, 2019

Women in rural settings are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. One potential way to improve pregnancy outcomes in rural settings is through physical activity promotion. However, given the disparities in prenatal care, women in rural areas may not receive information from their health care provider regarding physical activity during pregnancy. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patient and provider communication in a rural setting (from both patients' and providers...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510104

Preventing Unwanted Pregnancies in Schizophrenia: The Importance of Patient Education

Smita Agarkar MD and Teresitta Velez BA

Article Type: Short Note | First Published: October 03, 2019

The importance of contraception education and family planning is often underestimated by physicians providing care to people with schizophrenia. When compared to the general population, women with schizophrenia tend to have a higher rate of lifetime sexual partners and low utilization of contraception. While women with schizophrenia have a comparable number of pregnancies to the general population, these pregnancies are significantly more likely to be unplanned and more importantly, unwanted. In...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510103

The Experiences of Jordanian Employed Women in Health Sector after Returning from Maternity Leave a Qualitative Study

Ola Naiem Alfuqaha and Ruqayya Zeilani

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 26, 2019

Women have played a very important part in the labor force and the term “feminization” has become very common in workplace. In Jordan the latest figures of the Public Institution for Social Security for the year 2012 indicate that the proportion of women who were involved in the organization has been nearly 25% of all the organization participants, many factors influence the levels of women’s economic activity and which include both the legal frameworks and the socio-cultural perceptions (...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510102

Public's Knowledge, Attitudes, and Barriers to Seek Healthcare Regarding Postpartum Depression in the Western Region of Saudi Arabia

Ridha Albarakati, Abdullah Alabbasi, Raghad Khorshid and Tagwa Omer

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 14, 2019

Depression is a major mental issue affecting people of all ages around the world. According to The World Health Organization (WHO), depression will probably be the first risk factor contributing to illness, and is expected to be the instrumental reason for the highest disability levels surpassing any physical or mental disorder in the world. There is a notable gender difference when it comes to depression. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, women are more likely to have depres...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510101

Support and Secrecy: A Qualitative Study of Influences on Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking among Female Emirati College Students

Justin Thomas

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2019

We aimed to describe the behavior and perspective towards WTS among female Emirati college students and apply qualitative analysis to identify thematic influences that promote initiation and use. This study also explores attitudes towards the use of health-warning labels on tobacco products. The recordings of participants, were transcribed by a trained research assistant and cross-checked by a member of the research team. An initial transcript was coded around the main interview topics, and then...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510100

Knowledge of Safe Abortion and Associated Factors among Female Students in Debre Markos University, Amhara Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016: A Cross Sectional Study

Biru Abdissa, Abayneh Aklilu, Endeshaw Admasu and Sagni Girma

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 22, 2019

Unsafe abortion was recognized problem worldwide which accounts 7.9% and 10% of all maternal mortality in the world and Ethiopia respectively. Nearly all unsafe abortions (98%) occur in developing countries. Even though the abortion penal code of Ethiopia was amended in 2005, to permit safe abortion under a set of some criteria, there is high number of unsafe abortion rate nationally (28/1000) and among University students (65/1000), from which only 50% was safe abortion which may be due to the ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510099

Histological Modifications of Postmenopausal Vaginal Mucosa after Regenerative Solid State Laser Treatment: A Multicenter Study

D Dodero, F Frascani, M Angelucci, G Bernabei, E Merlo, F Locatelli, D Recalcati and F Murina

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 17, 2019

Vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) is a condition afflicting more than 50% of women and nowadays has changed his name in Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) due to the multiple aspects involved having an adverse impact on quality of life. Many treatment are now available and laser represent a new powerful option. The aim of this work is assess the histological effect of a new type of non-ablative laser, Solid State Vaginal Laser (SSVL), on vaginal tissue in women treated for GSM....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510098

Interventions for Pregnant Women against Malaria: A Mini Review

Ahmed Dahiru Balami, Salmiah Muhammad Said and NorAfiah Muhammad Zulkefli

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 03, 2019

Malaria remains highly endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, and about 25 million pregnancies are estimated to occur yearly in malaria-endemic regions of the sub-continent. Several interventions aimed at improving knowledge, attitude, and practice of malaria prevention, have been studied among different groups, only a few of which were among pregnant women. A systematic review of educational interventions in sub-Saharan Africa which included studies which focused on ITN, IPTp, home-based management and...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510097

Fast Track Colorectal Surgery for Deep Endometriosis: A Prospective Randomized Trial

Irene Gentile, MD, Roberto Rossini, MD, Marco Scioscia, MD, Davide Brunelli, MD, Marcello Ceccaroni, MD and Giacomo Ruffo, MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 01, 2019

Application of fast track protocols in laparoscopic colorectal surgery has been assessed in oncological cases with contrasting results. This study was to assess the feasibility and advantages in a group of young women suffering from bowel endometriosis. Over one year, 227 women were recruited for this prospective randomized study on fast track protocol for laparoscopic surgery for bowel endometriosis. Patients were allocated to a perioperative fast-track or conventional care in a 1:3 ratio and c...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510096

Sexually Transmitted Disease and Leukorrhea in a Rural South Asian Himalayan Community: A Study of Perceptions and Barriers to Treatment

Shobana L Ramasamy and Sonia Chery MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 29, 2019

Leukorrhea, or vaginal discharge, is often a primary presenting symptom of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in women of rural Himalayan communities of India. Given the rising prevalence of leukorrhea in these communities, understanding the baseline knowledge and barriers to treatment among women and health-workers is imperative to improving awareness and implementing effective treatment....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510095

Influence of Maternal BMI and Maternal Weight Gain during Pregnancy on Maternal and Perinatal Outcome - A Retrospective Data Analysis of Pregnancies during 2004 and 2014

Kundu S, Kaukemueller L, von Kaisenberg C, Hillemanns P, Soergel P, Kuehnle E and Staboulidou I

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 06, 2019

The aim of this study was to describe the influence of maternal pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and maternal weight gain during pregnancy on perinatal and neonatal outcomes. Retrospective analysis of singleton pregnancies > 37 weeks of gestation delivered between 2004 and 2014. Fetal anomalies and intrauterine deaths have been excluded....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510094

Unmasking Hidden Recurrent Cancers using FMTVDM/BEST: The Fleming Cancer Hypothesis

Richard M Fleming, PhD, MD, JD, Matthew R. Fleming, BS, Tapan K Chaudhuri, MD, William C Dooley, MD and Andrew McKusick, BS Pharm

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: April 24, 2019

Prior to FMTVDM/BEST Imaging, diagnostic testing was limited to looking for breast cancer either using "qualitative" imaging defining disease as being present or absent, or semiquantitative methods which are also limited to the same yes you have breast cancer or no you don't interpretation. These imaging methods include mammography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, as well as other SPECT/Planar and PET imaging approaches and as such are associated with sensi...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510093

FMTVDM/BEST Imaging Equally Applicable for Male Breast Cancer

Richard M Fleming, PhD, MD, JD, Matthew R. Fleming, BS, Tapan K Chaudhuri, MD, William C Dooley, MD and Andrew McKusick, BS Pharm

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: April 10, 2019

Prior to FMTVDM/BEST Imaging, diagnostic testing was limited to looking for breast cancer either using "qualitative" imaging defining disease as either present or absent, or semiquantitative methods which is also limited to the same yes you have breast cancer or no you don’t interpretation. These imaging methods include mammography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, as well as other SPECT/Planar and PET imaging approaches and as such are associated with sen...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510092

FMTVDM/BEST Imaging for Women with Breast Implants and Dense Breasts

Richard M Fleming, PhD, MD, JD, Matthew R Fleming, BS, Tapan K Chaudhuri, MD, William C Dooley, MD, and Andrew Mc Kusick, BS Pharm

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: April 08, 2019

Prior to FMTVDM/BEST Imaging, diagnostic testing was limited to looking for breast cancer either using "qualitative" imaging defining disease as either present or absent, or semiquantitative methods which is also limited to the same yes you have breast cancer or no you don't interpretation. These imaging methods include mammography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, as well as other SPECT/Planar and PET imaging approaches and as such are with associated sensi...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510091

HR-MRI of the Breast at Intervals of Maximum 24 Months: Influence on Tumor Stage at the Time of Diagnosis

Uwe Fischer, M Hollstein, S Luftner-Nagel, F Baum and S Wienbeck

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 04, 2019

Tumor size, the histology and immunhistochemical parameters as well as the lymph node status at the time of diagnosis have a relevant influence on the prognosis and the long time-survival of breast cancer. In this context, invasive carcinomas under 10 mm in size, which most often exhibit a N0-lymph node status, have an excellent 10-year-tumor-free survival rate of 98%. With respect to intraductal breast tumors, this rate increases to 100% if adeq...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510090

Relationship of Socioeconomic Status Indicators to Obesity in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Middle-Aged Women: A Population Study

Shirley AA Beresford, Deborah J Bowen, Alyson J Littman, Denise L Albano, KC Gary Chan, Shelby L Langer, Wendy E Barrington and Donald L Patrick

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 28, 2019

Obesity rates differ between Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women in the United States, with higher rates among Hispanic women. Socioeconomic processes contribute to this disparity both at the individual and the environmental level. Understanding these complex relationships requires multilevel analyses within cohorts of women that have a shared environment. In population-based samples of Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women from the same neighborhoods, we evaluated within each ethnic group...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510089

Development of In Vitro Fertilization, a Very Important Part of Human Reproductive Medicine, in the Last 40 Years

Marte Myhre Reigstad and Ritsa Storeng

Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: February 22, 2019

It is estimated that, worldwide, over 8 million babies are born following infertility treatment with in vitro fertilization (IVF) since the birth of world's first IVF baby 40 years ago. Recent estimates suggest that by year 2100, 400 million individuals or 3% of the world population may be alive as a result of IVF and other fertility treatments. The developments within infertility treatment using techniques and procedures that evolved from initially animal and lately human research are enormous....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510088

Level of Maternal Satisfaction and its Determinants at Health Facilities in Mizan-Aman Town, Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab, Wasihun Adraro Ambo, Tariku Regea and Addisu G/Mariam

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 04, 2019

Maternal satisfaction on institutional delivery service is the most frequently reported indicator in the evaluation of the quality of maternity services. While increasing service availability and maintaining acceptable quality standards, it is important to assess maternal satisfaction with care in order to make it more responsive and culturally acceptable, ultimately leading to enhanced utilization and improved outcomes. Maternal satisfaction determines the level of institutional delivery servic...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510087

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: What Crucial Information can Imaging Add to the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis?

William M McGarry and Sonya Bhole

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 03, 2019

Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, with many distinct subtypes having extremely different presentations, biological aggressiveness, and response to therapy. Triple-negative breast cancer is a subtype with significant clinical implications because of its poor prognosis and aggressive behavior. It has distinct imaging features, often presenting as a mass with typically benign features on mammography and ultrasound and more suspicious finding...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510086

Magnitude of Home Delivery and Associated Factors among Antenatal Care Booked Mothers in Delanta District, South Wollo Zone, North East Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study, March 2018

Tilahun Wodaynew, Bekana Fekecha and Biru Abdisa

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 13, 2018

Home delivery is childbirth in a non-clinical setting that takes place in residence than in health institution. Globally, every day more than 800 women died due to complications during pregnancy or childbirth. In Ethiopia, few are known about the factors that affect women's place of delivery after utilization of antenatal care service. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of home delivery and associated factors among anten...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510085

Oncofertility: An Area of Reproductive Medicine Capable to Protect the Fertility of Cancer Patients

Ana Flavia Bezerra da Silva, Thais Perez Leal, Amanda Torres Panta and Deborah de Melo Magalhaes Padilha

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 13, 2018

Cancer, also called malignant neoplasm, is a disorder which can be manifested in almost anywhere in the body as a result of errors in the cell cycle control machinery, resulting in the formation of tumors. Although the pursuit of a cure is still a top priority for cancer research, the concern about the side effects that the treatment of the disease can produce is an important factor that must be taken into account. One undesirable consequence is infertility, since patients are subordinate to the...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510084

Vulvar Pruritus: Variability of Clinical Evaluation and Management

Sarah L Bedell, Ashli A Lawson, William F Griffith and Claudia L Werner

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 30, 2018

We characterize the evaluation and initial management of patients with vulvar pruritus, including elements of history-taking, physical examination, laboratory testing, and treatments. We propose an algorithm for approaching this common clinical problem in a systematic way. A retrospective chart review of patients with vulvar pruritus who presented to Gynecology or Vulvology Clinic at Parkland Health and Hospital System in 2012 informed this descriptive study....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510083

Effects of Premenstrual Syndrome Related Psychiatric Disorder on Physical and Mental Health Status of Adolescents- A Short Review

Zeng Haoran, Li Xiang Ning and Swapna Boddu

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 24, 2018

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disorder in adolescents in the reproductive age and share features with a number of psychiatric disorders. Moreover, it has a negative impact on emotions and their performances. Since many factors influence the development of this syndrome, we sought to examine and analyze the various social, behavioral, physical and psychological issues associated with PMS in this short review. Moreover, through this study, we recommend the need to have an effective healt...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510082

Mothers and Pediatricians: Self-Power Versus Knowledge

Simone De Carvalho and Jose Martins Filho

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018

Data collection was realized through a questionnaire sent to participants via e-mail and recorded the interview. A total of 200 mothers from a virtual community in the social network participated in the research. The answers were transcribed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject method. The analysis was supported by the qualitative research perspective, from the Social Representation Theory. The following categories were obtained through data analysis: (1) Being prepared to discuss pedia...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510080

Neonatal and Maternal Short-Term Outcome after Emergency Caesarean Section in Comparison to Elective and Second Stage Caesareans: Results of A Retrospective 10-Year Survey

Staboulidou I, Beslic J, Kuehnle E, v Kaisenberg C, Hillemanns P and Schippert C

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 27, 2018

The aim was to compare the neonatal and maternal short-term outcome after an emergency caesarean to the outcome after an elective and after a second stage c-section. A possible impact of the weekday and time of the day as well as the incision-to-closure time within the overall collective and the decision-to-delivery time regarding emergency caesareans on neonatal and maternal outcomes was examined. In the majority of cases a decision-to-delivery time of 20 minutes in a clinic with Level I care i...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510079

Insight into Audit Reports on the Causes of Maternal Deaths in Poor Health Settings: The Case of North Kivu Province in Democratic Republic of Congo

Woolf Kapiteni, Celestin Mamba and Justin N Kadima

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 17, 2018

Maternal mortality is a major public health problem in the world and particularly in developing countries. Understanding the causes and responsibilities remain capital when action is needed by policymakers and practitioners or by caregivers. The objective was to analyze audit data reported on maternal deaths and highlight the major causes of mortality as well as responsibilities. We analyzed 48 cases of maternal deaths that were reported to the health information bureau of the province of North ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510078

Postnatal Care Service Utilization and Associated Factors among Mothers Who Delivered in Shebe Sombo Woreda, Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

Fantaye Chemir, Melkamu Gelan and Makeda Sinaga

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

Postnatal care is a critical period for both mothers and newborns survival. But, post-natal care is yet neglected; little attention and an effort have been paid by health care providers and policy makers in developing countries. Post-natal care service utilization is still low and maternal mortality rate is high. However, studies on postnatal care service utilization and associated factors are lacking in the study setting. Therefore, the aim of t...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510077

Health Beliefs as Predictors of Breast Self-Examination Behavior

Fatemeh Mousavi, Parisa Shojaei and Sam Homasan

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the frequency of getting such health screenings as breast self-examination among a group of women and to identify the role of health beliefs in predicting breast self-examination (BSE). The data were collected from a convenience sample of 225 women covered of the clinics in northwest of Tehran. The participants completed the demographic questions and Champion Health Beliefs Scale (CHBS) designed to measure patients' perception on breast self-ex...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510076

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Related to Pap Smear Test among Iranian Women

Fatemeh Mousavi, Parisa Shojaei and Hoda Aryan

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 24, 2018

The Pap smear is a reliable, inexpensive and effective screening test for cervical cancer; the second most common cancer among women worldwide. We aimed to determine women's knowledge, attitudes and practice towards Pap smear in women live at the northwest of Tehran city. This study, was carried out on 334 outpatient Iranian women in winter 2018. A questionnaire including demographic characteristics (10 questions), knowledge (10 questions), attitudes (5 questions) and practice (2 questions) towa...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510075

Guidelines for Management of Analgesics after Caesarean Section: Cognitive Survey

Eleonora Storti, Silvia Vaccari, Raffaele Bruno, Alba Ricchi, Jessica Buffagni and Isabella Neri

Article Type: Clinical Trial | First Published: August 18, 2018

The term puerperium is used to indicate a time span that varies from six to eight weeks after childbirth, necessary for the woman's body to return to the conditions it was in before the pregnancy. Independently of its actual duration, the puerperium is a very delicate phase of the woman's life, with possible physical and psychological implications. What characterises this period is also the experience of pain. It is therefore important that all h...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510074

Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Students of Mizan Aman College of Health Science, Southwest Ethiopia: Cross- Sectional Study

Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab, Nega Yimer Tawi, Israel Darkiab, Fikadu Debele and Wasihun Adraro Ambo

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 18, 2018

Risky sexual behavior is a behavior related to sexuality which increases the susceptibility of an individual to reproductive health problems like Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, abortion and psychological distress. Young people's are at higher risk of practicing risky sexual behaviors due to their risk taking behavior. The rate of risky sexual behaviors is increasing in developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this st...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510073

Epidemiology of Dysmenorrhea among University Students in Egypt

Nesreen AA Shehata, Ahmed E Arafa, Hamada A Abd El Wahed, Ashraf S Fahim and Gaber K Hussein

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 11, 2018

Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynaecological symptom among young women. It results in negative physical and psychological consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of dysmenorrhea and detect the sources of knowledge about menstrual disorders among female students in Beni-Suef University, Egypt....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510072

Dose All Fetal Intracranial Hemorrhage Has a Bad Prognosis?

Sahar H Abdulghani

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2018

Fetal intra-cranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a rare complication diagnosed during pregnancy with subsequent fetal neurological sequelae or death. Hemorrhage can occur anyplace in fetal cranium it can take within the subarachnoid, subdural, intraparenchymal place and Intra-ventricular hemorrhage (IVH), which considered the most identified hemorrhage prenatally....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510071

The Droopy Breast and Treatment Modalities

Petrus V van Deventer

Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: May 24, 2018

The main disadvantage of using a silicone prosthesis would be the foreign body reaction, causing encapsulation of the prosthesis with connective tissue, which, in some instances can cause hardening and/or deformation of breast shape. Regardless of the type of prosthesis used, be it gel filled, saline filled, smooth or textured surface, capsular contraction can still occur. Four different grades can occur ranging from grade 1 (almost natural to touch) to grade 4 (a deformed, hard and painful brea...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510070

Uterine Rupture during Subsequent Pregnancy following Adenomyomectomy - Report of Five Cases and Proposal for Prevention

Masato Nishida, Yasuo Otsubo, Yuko Arai, Ryota Ichikawa, Yuzuru Kondo, Hiroya Itagaki and Miyako Sakanaka

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 19, 2018

The risk of uterine rupture is a major concern for women who become pregnant after undergoing an adenomyomectomy. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of uterine rupture and improve the surgical procedure used for prevention....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510069

Psychosocial Health Level and Quality of Sexual Life in Women with Fibrocystic Breast Disease

Kadriye Aldemir, Aysel Gurkan, Feride Taskin Yilmaz, Sevinc Kaymaz and Gulbahtiyar Demirel

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 12, 2018

Anxiety about the fibrocystic disease of breast and the formation of cancer can lead to some psychosocial and sexual health problems in women. In this context, this study was conducted to determine the level of depression and sexual life quality of women with fibrocystic disease of breast....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510068

Factors Associated with Premenstrual Syndrome and its Different Symptom Domains among University Students in Lebanon

Christy Costanian, Zeina Akiki, Zeinab Rabah, Safaa Daou and Shafika Assaad

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 21, 2018

This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and examine the characteristics of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) among female university students. It also aimed to determine the factors associated with the affective and somatic domains of PMS....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510067

Transabdominal Cerclage: Different Indications, Optimal Outcome. Two Case Reports

Yasser Sabr and Sara W Yousef

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 16, 2018

Transabdominal placement of a cerclage at the cervicoisthmic junction appears to be a safe and effective procedure for reducing the incidence of spontaneous pregnancy loss in selected patients with cervical insufficiency, we reported a case series of two woman with different indications for abdominal cerclage. Case 1 is a 25-years-old woman gravida 2 para 0 abortus 1 known case of hypoplastic upper and lower vagina who had 2 vaginal repair (vaginostomy) and had abdominal cerclage for short cervi...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510066

A Qualitative Examination of a Mothers' Swim Program: What Keeps Them Coming Back and How Does it Improve Their Psychological Wellbeing?

Angela Huntsman, John K Parker and Geoff P Lovell

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 28, 2018

Exercise is widely accepted as an effective activity for alleviating the impact of psychosocial challenges associated with motherhood. However our current understanding of how to help mothers adhere to exercise and how it affects positive psychosocial outcomes is lacking....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510065

Association between Intervention Delivery Approach for Postnatal Depression and its Subsequent Adherence

Omobolanle Omisade, Alice Good and Tineke Fitch

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 12, 2018

Recent research on providing support for women with postnatal depression indicates that many women poorly comply with treatment or show only moderate improvement in depression. This paper reviews evidence on the association between intervention delivery approach for postnatal depression and its subsequent adherence....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510064

Breast Cancer Prevention and Treatment in Women with Severe Mental Illness

Mary V Seeman

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 27, 2017

Breast cancer is an important cause of death in women with severe mental illness. Patient factors, provider factors, and social factors contribute to increased incidence and delayed diagnosis as well as delayed and substandard treatment in this population....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510063

A-FABP Decreases in the Wean Milk of Nursing Women with a Family History of Breast Cancer

Bing Li, Jiaqing Hao, Xiaofang Yan, Maiying Kong and Edward R Sauter

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 09, 2017

Adipocyte/Macrophage Fatty Acid Binding Protein (A-FABP) is linked to breast cancer. Proteins up regulated in breast cancer tissue are often increased in milk from women with and at increased risk of developing breast cancer. We measured A-FABP in human milk from 76 lactating women based on a) Phase of lactation...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510062

Determinants of Health Care Decision Making Autonomy among Mothers of Children Under Five Years in Ghana: Analysis of 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey

Henry Ofori Duah and Isaac Adisah-Atta

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 26, 2017

The important role of women's health care decision making autonomy in enhancing the well-being of women and their families cannot be undervalued. As such, this study sought to examine the determinants of health Care decision making autonomy among mothers of children less than five years in Ghana using the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey dataset....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510061

Risk Stratification Models to Predict Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy: Additive Value of Standard Electrocardiography

Monica Trapasso, Enrica Angeli, Paolo Verdecchia, Gianpaolo Reboldi and Fabio Angeli

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 13, 2017

Hypertension disorders complicate up to 10%-11% of all pregnancies and remain leading causes of poor outcome, including placental abruption, organ failure, cerebrovascular accident and disseminated intravascular coagulation. These disorders are also associated with increased risk of perinatal death, fetal intrauterine growth restriction, and prematurity/preterm delivery....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510060

Laparoscopic Versus Laparotomy Approach in Surgical Treatment of Endometrial Cancer: Pelvic Lymphadenectomy Results

Eduardo Gonzalez-Bosquet and Carlos Lozada

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 25, 2017

Case control retrospective study of 226 women treated of early endometrial cancer. 79 patients in the laparoscopy group and 147 in the laparotomy group. Variables analyzed in both groups were patient age, body mass index, duration of follow-up, FIGO 2009 surgical stage, tumor grade, histopathologic type, number of lymph nodes yielded, operating time, postoperative hospital admission, perioperative and postoperative complications, conversion to la...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510059

Psychosocial Well-Being Indicators of Pregnant Women of the Ethnic Mexican Teenek

RA Castillo-Reyther, SI Lara-Rodriguez, M Galarraga-Robledo, J Lumbreras-Marques, M Salas-Barraza, YI Hernandez-Rayon and F Vazquez-Alaniz

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 18, 2017

Pregnancy is a period of physiologic and physics changes in addition of cultural, social, religious and emotional influences. The type of violence during pregnancy period can be physical, sexual, emotional or psychological. ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510058

The Design and Application of Health Asset Practice Methods and Tools: A Case Study

Irene Podolak, Marion Birnstill, Karen Manson, and Gaurav Mehta

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 31, 2017

Health systems in the developed world are becoming unsustainable and health inequalities continue to widen around the globe. Applying asset-based approaches offers a new way of enhancing tangible and intangible collective attributes, such as: building capacity, strengthening resilience, and empowering individuals, communities and systems to promote women's and men's health and impact social change....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510057

Disrespectful Maternity Care: A Threat to the Maternal Health 2030 Agenda in Jamaica

Cynthia Pearl Pitter, Sandra Latibeaudiere, Tania Rae and Lorna Owens

Article Type: Opinion | First Published: August 18, 2017

Amidst advance action to increase positive pregnancy outcomes globally, sufficient focus and considerations have not being given to the human element, specifically the interpersonal relationships between care providers and the childbearing family. The attitude and behaviours of healthcare practitioners are critical to the overall delivery of quality maternity care and the mother's experience during childbirth....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510056

Resolution of Uterine Arterio-Venous Malformation Followed by Uneventful Pregnancy after Administration of Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Agonist Concomitantly with an Aromatase Inhibitor and Tranexamic Acid

George A Vilos, Angelos G Vilos, Basim Abu Rafea, Ghadeer Al-Shaikh S, Yasser Sabr and Hazem Al-Mandeel

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 11, 2017

Uterine Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVM), also referred to as uterine vascular malformations, arteriovenous fistulae or shunts, consist of a cluster of abnormal interconnections between the arterial and venous system in an area of the endomyometrium. The vast majority of uterine AVMs are encountered in reproductive aged women following pregnancy, and they are thought to represent a delayed or failed resolution of the utero-placental bed and its...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510055

Clinical and Histopathological Comparison of Two Historical Series of 142 Wertheim-Meigs Operations Performed in a Reference Center in Brazil

Roney Cesar Signorini Filho, Leandro Freitas Colturato, Guilherme Bicudo Barbosa, Thaiane Silverio Fatibello Rosa and Luiz Henrique Gebrim

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 12, 2017

Cervical cancer is the third-leading cause of death from cancer in Brazilian female population. Treatment depends on the clinical stage of the disease according to the classification of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510054

Women's Healthcare Decision-Making Autonomy by Wealth Quintile from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Lee Rose, Kumar Jessica, and Al-Nimr Amer

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2017

The UN Millennium Declaration in September 2000 was a milestone in history that marked a commitment of world leaders to a global partnership of time-bound targets for 2015 that became known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). MDG3 to promote gender equality and empower women included targets to eliminate gender disparities in the realms of education, employment, and government....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510053

Acute High-Intensity Exercise Improves Mood during the Second Trimester of Pregnancy

K Keen, J Maples, B Cooley, A Olenick, M Blankenship, D Hoover and R Tinius

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 29, 2017

High-intensity exercise is safe and effective for low-risk pregnant women and their developing babies; however, little is known about the psychological effect of an acute bout of high-intensity exercise among pregnant women. The goal of this study is to examine maternal mood in response to an acute bout of high-intensity exercise....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510052

Reversible Posterior Encephalopathy Syndrome in Patient with Acute Intermittent Porphyrin: A Case Report

Ya Duan, Shan Kang, Jian Zhao and Zengjun Tang

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 24, 2017

Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP) is a metabolic disease caused by an inherited deficiency of heme biosynthesis. Acute attacks of AIP during pregnancy are very rare. However, it presents the obstetrician with challenging problems. Prompt diagnosis and early detection of the disease are crucial for the appropriate treatment and favorable prognosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510051

Emergency Obstetric Kits: Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Health Care Providers

Nguefack Felicitee, Dongmo Roger, Djoumessap Djoyou Christine Marquise, Ourtchingh Clovis, Neh Flora, Dongmo sylvestre, Nana Njotang Philip, Ntsama Junie Annick and Tatah Sandra

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: April 15, 2017

More than half (58.6%) of the staff interviewed were nursing assistants. The EOK for deliveries do not contain non-sterile examination gloves, while those for cesarean sections do not have analgesics. However, most staff (72.8%) declared the delivery kit was complete; just as 74.1% declared the cesarean sections kit was complete....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510050

Child Care among Primiparous and Multiparous Women in a Birth Cohort Study

Flavia Francoso Genovesi, Rosangela Aparecida Pimenta Ferrari, Sandra Mara Maciel, Jose Carlos Dalmas, Alexandrina Aparecida Maciel Cardelli and Debora Fernanda Vicentini Bauer

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 13, 2017

There was a statistical association was found between age group (p < 0.0001), schooling (p < 0.0001) and parity. Primiparity among young women (78.3%) and schooling ≥ 8 years (85.3%), having a partner (p = 0.039), paid occupation (42.5%) and upper and middle classes (22%). Almost all women from both groups had exclusively breastfed in the maternity hospital (p = 0.071)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510049

Physician Perceptions on the Prevalence of Illegal Abortions in Grenada

Chatura Nagaradona and Martin S Forde

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2017

Unsafe abortions are performed in countries where abortions are illegal. Preventing unsafe abortions is one of the easiest ways to improve women's health. Gaining an understanding of the perceptions of physicians to illegal abortions can be used to recommend policy changes that can positively impact on women's health....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510048

A Pilot Study of Patient Motivation for Postpartum Contraception Planning During Prenatal Care

Lindsay M Goad, Heather R Williams, Mackenzie S Treloar, Colleen K Stockdale and Abbey Hardy-Fairbanks

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 29, 2017

Short interpregnancy interval increases maternal and infant morbidity. Improved postpartum contraceptive education and planning may reduce these risks by allowing adequate birth spacing. However, the readiness and acceptance of women to discuss contraception plans during pregnancy is unknown....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510047

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Infertile Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Prospective Series

Dania Al-Jaroudi, Saadia Jamaat, Ouhoud Kaddour, Tariq Wani and Ahmed Al-Badr

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2017

The aim of this study is to investigate the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in women with PCOS. A prospective study of 31 women with PCOS was observed at the Reproductive Endocrine and Infertility Medicine Department (REIMD) at Women's Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City (KFMC) from April 2010 to August 2011....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510046

Examining Cervical Cancer Screening Utilization Among African Immigrant Women: A Literature Review

Adebola Adegboyega, Mollie Aleshire and Ana Maria Linares

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 22, 2017

Globally, 530,000 women per year are diagnosed with cervical cancer, and approximately 275,000 die from the disease. Routine cervical cancer screening may reduce the burden of cervical cancer morbidity and mortality through early detection and improved treatment outcome....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510045

Survey of Breast Cancer Incidence in the Middle East and the United States

Barbara G Silverman, Hoda Anton-Culver, Freddie Bray, Stevens Lisa, Eser Sultan, Nimri Omar, Pavlos Pavlou, Kevin Ward, Haris Charalambous, Anna Demetriou, Argyrios Ziogas, Ariana Znaor, Lital Keinan-Boker and Chang Jenny

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 20, 2017

Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Regional comparisons of breast cancer incidence can shed light on population and health care factors that contribute to differences between countries. We surveyed breast cancer incidence in four population based cancer registries in the Middle East to identify factors associated with regional variations in breast cancer incidence....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510044

Overview of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer: A Huge Challenge to Science

Francine Carla Cadona, Alencar Kolinski Machado, Marco Aurelio Echart Montano, Charles Elias Assmann and Ivana Beatrice Manica da Cruz

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 10, 2017

Cancer incidence and cancer-related deaths are dramaticallys rising worldwide. In women, current estimates show high incidence of breast cancer (BC). BC is considered the second most frequent cancer-related death causer in women worldwide, responsible for millions of deaths each year. However, BC early diagnosis improves treatment success and increase survival rates. Physical examination, mammography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging are te...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510043

Knowledge and Use of Folic Acid among Women Attending the high-Risk Prenatal Clinics at the Adults University Hospital in Puerto Rico

Stephanie Rivera-Segarra, Lizzie Ramos-Tollinchi, Natalia Cardenas-Suarez and Josefina Romaguera

Article Type: Cross-sectional Descriptive Study | First Published: December 14, 2016

Pregnancies affected with neural tube defects (NTDs) are mostly associated to maternal deficiency of folic acid (FA). Although supplementation is recommended for all women of childbearing age, the incidence of NTDs in Puerto Rico has not shown a significant decrease....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510042

Breast Cancer Screening Program in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: Is There a Need for a National Program?

Muna M Baslaim, Iman H Baroum, Budoor A Salman, Basma S Baghlaf, Muayad A Al-Farsi and Nada M Ghouth

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 12, 2016

A national screening program for breast cancer in Saudi Arabia is well accepted by the society. Healthcare providers of all specialties need to be oriented with the importance of public awareness and the impact of screening. A well-structured screening program tailored to the local parameters may help discover breast cancer cases at an early stage. ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510041

Impact of Body Composition on Optimal Competitive Body and its Consequences on Athletic Performance in Healthy Young

Zerf Mohammed, Mokkedes Moulay Idris, Hamek Bagdad, Houar Abelatif and Bengoua Ali

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 23, 2016

Body composition is one of the primary factor influence athlete's performance. Whereas several studies have reported that higher BMI is associated with reduced levels of physical performance, in addition, other results demonstrated that BMI is an accurate best tool to use as an indicator of body fatness in the general population where the relationship between BMI and physical performance has not been clarified....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510040

Malignant Epignathus with Intra Cranial Extension: A Very Unusual Case

Aynur Mustafa, Zehra Bozdag, Neslihan Bayramoglu Tepe and Huseyin Caglayan Ozcan

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 16, 2016

Epignathus or oropharyngeal teratomas are extremely rare congenital neoplasms that arise from the oral cavity or pharynx. Teratomas commonly occur in sacrococcygeal region. However, less than 5% occur in the head and neck. Malignant teratomas account 5%-30% of all teratomas. We present an unusual case of immatureoropharyngeal teratoma that arises from sphenoid with intracranial extension, in a 22 weeks female fetus. There are many types of head a...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510039

Use of Oral Contraceptives and Breast Cancer Survival

Emelie Nilsson, Stina Olsson, Henrik Thorlacius and Salma Butt Tuna

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 10, 2016

Data was collected from Malmo Diet and Cancer Study, with baseline examinations between 1991 and 1996. Out of 17035 women who completed all study parts, 765 women with incident breast cancer were included in this study. Kaplan Meier and Cox Proportional Hazards analyses, with 95% confidence intervals (CI), were used to study OC in relation to breast cancer-specific and overall survival. All analyses were stratified on age at diagnosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510038

Inclusion of Sexual and Reproductive Health in Managing Humanitarian Emergencies in Senegal

Ndiaye P, Niang K, Thiam O, Maro JP and Sambou A

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 03, 2016

The evaluation focused on the past 15 years. Interviews with key informants were conducted at three ministries (Health and Social Welfare, Interior, Armed Forces), the Executive Secretary of the National Council for Food Security, three UN agencies (WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA), and three health districts. The review analyzed nineteen national planning and/or programming documents....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510037

Birth Practices in Port Harcourt, Nigeria: A Retrospective Case Study Review

Faith Diorgu and Mary Steen

Article Type: Case Study Review | First Published: October 01, 2016

During a student nurse-midwives portfolio review in 2013, it was noted that a high proportion of women had a caesarean section and that all vaginal births were performed in a lithotomy position. The lithotomy birthing position is associated with increased risk of an episiotomy. This instigated the undertaking of a retrospective review of maternity case notes of 569 women, who gave birth at the two maternity hospitals in Port Harcourt, Nigeria in ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510036

Knowledge and Experience of Domestic Violence among Women in Kathmandu Metropolitan City of Nepal

Rajan Paudel, Uma Shahi Thakuri, Mohan Paudel and Dilaram Acharya

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 24, 2016

Domestic violence has emerged as one of the global social and medical concerns, particularly in developing countries. It has affected women from all spheres of life. The consequences of domestic violence are well documented across the world; however, there is still scanty literature related to the domestic violence exploring its knowledge and experience among Nepalese women....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510035

Recommendations for Caffeine Intake Reduction in Women with Urinary Incontinence: A Systematic Review of Literature

Marcela Gurovich, Cristhel K Fagerstrom, Maria J Prieto and Hugo Sanchez

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 22, 2016

Urinary incontinence (UI) affects millions of people around the world and affects quality of life (QoL). Even though public exposure to this problem in recent years through commercial advertisements has facilitated women seeking care, the frequency is still low. Prevalence of the condition varies according to study participants and measurement of UI. The different methodologies used across studies accounts for some of the variation....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510034

Cervical Cancer Screening in Rural Honduras: Health Survey and HPV Results among Health Fair Participants

Tracy L Onega, Julie E Weiss, M Scottie Eliassen, Jennifer A Alford-Teaster, Martha E Goodrich, Linda S Kennedy, Silvia Portillo, Marco Tulio Martinez Membreno, Roberto Armando Elvir Zelaya, Ana Barrientos, Mary D Chamberlin, Gregory J Tsongalis, Derek S Stenquist, Oscar Herrera, Miguel Angel Crespin, Camilo Mandujano, Rosario Lopez Madrid, Juan Fernando Paz, Heather B Steinmetz, Peace N Eneh and Suyapa Bejarano

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: September 12, 2016

Incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer can be reduced through education, prevention, and screening. Cervical cancer has the highest incidence of all female cancers in Honduras and is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Honduran women. We developed a survey to examine women's knowledge, barriers, and perceptions of cervical cancer among women attending a health fair (Jornada) in rural El Rosario, Honduras....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510033

Mechanisms in Self-Determined Exercise Motivation. A PhD Thesis Summary

Karin Weman Josefsson

Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: September 08, 2016

Regular physical activity and exercise bring about recognized health benefits and most Western countries have developed health recommendations, targeted information and programs to promote these behaviors. In spite of this, a large amount of the Western populations do not reach recommended levels of physical activity and exercise. Because people in general are most likely aware of these benefits, one way to understand the modest uptake would be t...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510032

'Cold Uterus' and Other Beliefs about Fertility on the US-Mexico Border

Allison M Gilbert, Jill A McDonald, Rebecca L Palacios, Ivan de la Rosa and Elynor Wilson

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: September 05, 2016

In the United States and Mexico, birth rates are higher along the US-Mexico border than in non-border areas. Socioeconomic and cultural factors have been studied in relation to fertility among US Hispanics, but study in the border region is limited. To better understand the complexity of fertility behavior along the border, we analyzed transcripts from previously conducted discussion groups that were broadly focused on reproductive health in the ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510031

Breastfeeding at Hospital Discharge among High Risk Obstetrical Patients

Leandro Cordero, Amneet Bajwa, Mona R Prasad, Reena Oza-Frank, Mark B Landon and Craig A Nankervis

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 23, 2016

Background: In the United States, at the time of discharge from the hospital, approximately 79% of the general maternal population started breastfeeding their infants. Less is known about breastfeeding among women with diverse high risk obstetrical (HROB) conditions, a group at high risk for low breastfeeding rates. Objective: To determine infant feeding preference and breastfeeding at the time of hospital discharge among HROB women who attended ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510030

Breast MRI Screening for the Clinician: Evolution to Current Evidence-Based Practice

R Jared Weinfurtner and Jennifer Drukteinis

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 15, 2016

The utility of MRI in the detection of breast cancer has evolved over the last few decades. It is now the most sensitive imaging tool available for the diagnosis of invasive breast cancer. There are drawbacks however, namely increased cost in comparison to screening mammography and decreased specificity. Thus, it is important to tailor the use of breast MRI to specific screening populations in order to maximize the benefit to drawback ratio. In t...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510029

Desquamative Inflammatory Vaginitis and Other Persisten Vaginitis: A Case Report

Miguel Angel Acosta-Benito

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 10, 2016

A 75% of women will have at last one episode of vaginitis, which can become persistent in more than a half of them. Its symptoms are disturbing and carry a psychological charge for patients. Although it is frequently caused by bacterial vaginosis, vaginal candidiasis or trichomoniasis, there is other aetiology that must be taken into account, as noninfectious vaginitis and atrophic vaginitis. Desquamative inflammatory vaginitis is a disease of un...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510028

Screening Mammography: A Continued Debate Over the Appropriate Guidelines

Danielle Sharek

Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: July 21, 2016

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer among American women, and approximately one out of every eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. Because screening mammography (periodic mammographic examination of both breasts in asymptomatic women to detect breast cancer) has been successful at reducing mortality from breast cancer by 30 to 40%, most medical organizations in the United States, have recomme...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510027

Socioeconomic Consequences of Maternal Death: A Qualitative Study in Bunia, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Danielle Deboutte, Timothy O'Dempsey, Brian Faragher and Amuda Baba

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 20, 2016

Background: High user cost is a known barrier to emergency obstetric care for the poor, contributing to excessive maternal mortality. Financial concerns about seeking healthcare may be compounded by an underestimation of obstetric risk and the cost of losing a wife. Methods: Focus groups investigated the cost of marriage, obstetric care and maternal death in Bunia, Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2008....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510026

Completion of Free Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Series at an Urban, Public Hospital

Sonia Guleria, Alexandra Jones, Lindsay Zimmerman, Kelly Stempinski and Ashlesha Patel

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 11, 2016

Completion of the three-dose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series has been challenging and cost may play a role. The objectives of this study were 1) to evaluate vaccine completion rates after receipt of first dose and 2) to determine factors associated with vaccine completion among women presenting at an urban, public hospital, where the vaccine was provided free of charge....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510025

Are Synthetic Slings for Stress Urinary Incontinence Safe?

Bela Kudish and Alexander Geoffrey Anderson

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: June 27, 2016

Urinary incontinence affects millions of women worldwide and is as common as hypertension, depression, or diabetes, with the prevalence estimated between 10 and 77%. The urinary incontinence rates vary by race or ethnicity and by age. Among the various types of urinary incontinence, bothersome stress urinary incontinence is reported to occur in 15% of women, arising commonly after a vaginal delivery, with urge urinary incontinence/overactive blad...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510024

Relationship between Socio Demographic Characteristics and HIV Indicators among Women in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia and Malawi Based on DHS Data

Samuel Kalibala, Erick Oweya and Lyson Phiri

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 25, 2016

In sub-Saharan Africa women have disproportionately higher HIV prevalence than men. This is in spite of the wide availability of HIV information, condoms and HIV testing services. UNAIDS has proposed that due to women's fear of stigma and rejection by their partners, women are not able to seek HIV testing and other HIV services. In order to inform targeted programming for women it is important to examine to what extent women in Africa have attain...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510023

Stealth Embolics for Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Alexandre Laurent, Laurence Moine, Laurent Bedouet and Michel Wassef

Article Type: Short Review | First Published: June 15, 2016

Once fibroid ischemia is achieved by the blockade of the uterine arteries with particles, there is no longer the need for these particles which act as permanent foreign bodies in the uterus. They generate inflammation and will compromise the physiological adaptation of the uterine arteries during pregnancy. After having played their role, the particles have to disappear. The time for resorbable biomaterials has come. Promising degradable microsph...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510022

A Pragmatic Approach to Hormonal Testing in the Assessment of Disorders of Female Reproduction

Robert L Reid and Bryden A Magee

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 04, 2016

When approaching a female patient with concerns about her reproductive health, it is important to first consider how a given hormonal test will guide diagnosis, impact treatment or define prognosis. Sometimes, the interpretation of hormone levels can cloud the clinical diagnosis. Careful consideration of the value and limitations of each test helps to streamline the path to diagnosis and the cost to the healthcare system. We review the utility of...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510021

Women's Risk of Food Insecurity

Tanya Lawlis and Maggie Jamieson

Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: June 02, 2016

Women are at high risk of becoming food insecure. While emergency food relief assistance is available, an underlying clientele culture and stigma combined with entrenched societal power inequality and gender role identification create barriers for women to access safe and nutritious food. This commentary aims to discuss this issue and provide suggestions on what needs to be done to ensure that those at highest vulnerability are food secure....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510020

Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Thought Control and Meta Cognitive Beliefs among Females Experienced Extramarital Affairs Trauma

Parisa Ghafoorian and Hossein Hasanabadi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 01, 2016

This was a quasi-experimental pre-post design with control and follow-up (45 days). Samples selected through purposive sampling method among one hundred fifty females (aged between 30-40 years old) complained their spouse infidelity in counseling clinics of Mashhad-Iran. Final samples comprised 30 female who were consented to participate in the study and replaced in control (N = 15) and intervention groups (N = 15) randomly. The Acceptance and Co...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510019

Diffuse Adenomyosis Treated by Laparoscopic Conservative Surgery: A Case Report

Mauro Monteiro de Aguiar, Helena Juliana Nagy, Marianna Fernandes Miranda, Karina Sampaio Cavalcanti and Lorena Jackson

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 18, 2016

Adenomyosis consists in a benign gynecological condition that is characterized histologically by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue in the myometrium. Clinically, it is characterized by dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain and even infertility. The failure of clinical treatment requires hysterectomy. However, conservative surgery has been proposed as a feasible and safe option for treatment of adenomyosis, when d...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510018

Abandoned Babies: Examination of Abandoned Babies' News in Turkey

Zekiye Karacam

Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: March 25, 2016

The aim of this study was to examine stories of abandoned babies' news published in newspapers in Turkey. In this retrospective descriptive study, infant deaths and abuse stories in newspapers published as Turkish examined. In the 80 news published between 01.01.2013 and 31.12.2014, 88 babies reported. Twenty eight (31.82%) of these babies were abandoned. Of abandoned babies, 25 had died, 23 were newborn, and most of them were abandoned by unmarr...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510017

Menstrual Pain Assessment: Comparing Verbal Rating Scale (VRS) with Numerical Rating Scales (NRS) as Pain Measurement Tools

Evans Paul Kwame Ameade and Baba Sulemana Mohammed

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 23, 2016

Management of pain is optimized if the pain is assessed with the appropriate measuring tool. Verbal rating scale (VRS) and numerical rating scale (NRS) are pain assessment tools. This study was aimed at determining if there is a correlation between VRS and NRS in menstrual pain assessment and the cut-off point of VRS categories on the NRS....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510016

Parental Bonding and Adult Attachment Style: The Relationship between Four Category Models

Kay Wilhelm, Inika Gillis and Gordon Parker

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 16, 2016

Early relationships formed between parent and child are thought to guide the child's feelings, thoughts and expectations in subsequent adult relationships. We examined the relationship between two four category models of perceptions of parenting and adult attachment style among a nonclinical cohort. Parenting style was assessed using the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and adult attachment, using the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510015

Women's Experiences in Accessing Reproductive, Maternal, and Child Healthcare Services in the Mopti Regions of Mali

Filio Degni, Brahima A. Diallo, Walid El Ansari, Reija Klemetti and Kathleen Valtonen

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 14, 2016

Mali is one of the West African nations facing public health challenges. The country ranks among the top 10 countries in which women face the highest risk of death during pregnancy and childbirth. Particularly during the armed conflict in 2012, in the northern regions of Mali, healthcare services were destroyed and afterwards the healthcare centers were no longer able to run in the normal way. Women's access to health services became a critical i...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510014

A Feminist Phenomenological Description of Depression in Low-income South African Women

Carla Dukas and Lou-Marie Kruger

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 29, 2016

In this feminist phenomenological study rich descriptions of the subjectively lived experience of depression, as recounted by ten low-income rural women themselves, were provided. Analysis of the data obtained through semi-structured interviews, highlighted that the depressed women in this community often articulated their psychological distress as bodily symptoms. Emotions of anger, anxiety and hopelessness were also more commonly experienced an...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510013

Understanding South Asian Immigrant Women's Food Choices in the Perinatal Period

G. M. A. Higginbottom, H. Vallianatos, J. Shankar, B Osswald and C. Davey

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 24, 2016

Food practices throughout the perinatal period have a profound influence on the health and wellbeing of a mother and her child. Following migration, pregnant immigrant women bring with them culturally-situated beliefs about appropriate eating behaviors, while simultaneously encountering new socio-cultural environments that can negatively affect their food choices. Research is needed to inform and improve the provision of culturally appropriate ma...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510012

Maternal Calcium Status in First Half of Pregnancy and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Kolsoom Safary, Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmed and Lida Moghaddam-Banaem

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 24, 2016

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The prevalence may range from 1 to 14% of all pregnancies depending on the population studied and the diagnostic tests employed. The most common result of GDM is macrosomia, which increases in several adverse outcomes during birth, such as shoulder dystocia, perineal lacerations, blood loss, and increas...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510011

A Novel Method to Treat Primary Anorgasmia: Vestibuloplasty: A Case Report

Omer Faruk Karatas, Ilknur Inegol Gumus, Omer Bayrak, Mehmet Erol Yildirim, Huseyin Badem and Ersin Cimentepe

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 26, 2016

In women, orgasm is defined as giving a feeling of happiness and fulfillment after sexual stimulation which is decreasing of vasocongestion; rhythmic contractions of uterus, anus and vagina muscles surrounding the pelvic region, also defined as a state of short term intense pleasure. Sexuality takes an important role and has an impact on the quality of life of the couples....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510010

The Effect of Erythropoietin on Ovarian Congestion during Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in Rats

C. Τsompos, C. Panoulis, K Τοutouzas, A. Triantafyllou, G. Ζografos and A. Papalois

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 25, 2016

Permanent or transient damage with serious implications on adjacent organs and certainly on patients' health may be due to tissue ischemia and reperfusion (IR). Important progress has been made regarding the usage of erythropoietin (Epo) Epoetin alfa [EPREX (151118) API] of Janssen-Cilag Pty Ltd with CAS Registry Number: 113427-24-0 which is human erythropoietin produced in cell culture using recombinant DNA technology, authorized by the European...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510009

Osteitis Pubis in a 30 Year Old Postpartum Recreational Runner: A Case Report

Dani Moffit, Tim Braun and Kurt Schiess

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 31, 2015

A 30-year old female recreational runner presented groin, hip adductors, rectus abdominis, and inguinal ligament pain. Previous history revealed the pain started three years prior, recently increasing with activities of daily living. After birth of her third child, pain increased so she could not perform daily tasks such as grocery shopping, and was unable to hold her children. Examination revealed normal gait, level iliac crests, and normal lumb...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510008

Using Intervention Mapping for Systematic Development of a Midwife-Delivered Intervention for Prevention and Reduction of Maternal Distress during Pregnancy

Yvonne Fontein-Kuipers, Evelien van Limbeek, Marlein Ausems, Raymond de Vries and Marianne Nieuwenhuijze

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 22, 2015

Maternal distress is a major concern for perinatal health. We define maternal distress as a spectrum consisting of a variety of psychological constructs that occur during the antenatal period. Maternal distress can be the result of pregnancy or birth or other non-pregnancy related experiences in a woman's past or present life. It varies in severity from stress, worry, and concerns to more serious feelings of unhappiness, anxiety and/or depression...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510007

A Mixed-Methods Evaluation of Potential Distribution Channels for the V Condom in South Africa

Jenni Smit, Nzwakie Mosery, Lavanya Pillay, Mags Beksinska, Letitia Rambally-Greener, Cecilia Milford, Maggie Kilbourne-Brook and Patricia S. Coffey

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 22, 2015

Increasing access to underutilized family planning methods is of global concern. The United Nations Commission on Life-Saving Commodities identified the female condom (FC) as one of 13 essential and overlooked commodities. Male and female condoms are currently the only effective method of dual protection against unintended pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A new ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510006

Does Human Papillomavirus Affect Pregnancy Outcomes? An Analysis of Hospital Data 2012-2014

Harpriya Kaur, Delf Schmidt-Grimminger, Steven W Remmenga, Baojiang Chen, KM M Islam and Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: December 8, 2015

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. Pregnant women are at higher risk of HPV infection because during pregnancy major physiological and immunological changes take place that modulate the functioning of the immune system and may cause changes in HPV replication. These changes may also make the clearance of HPV much more difficult. HPV infection can impair extra villious trophoblast inv...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510005

Racial Differences in Reasons for Failure to Receive Ovarian Cancer Treatment: An Analysis of National Cancer Database Cases (1998-2012)

Mary A Otoo, Kent Hoskins, Katherine C Brewer, Anna B Beckmeyer-Borowko, Caryn E Peterson and Charlotte E Joslin

Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: November 11, 2015

Non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) have poorer ovarian cancer survival rates than non-Hispanic whites (NHW). This difference is in part due to differences in treatment uptake. The objective of this study is to characterize racial differences in reasons for non-receipt of treatment among women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (OVCA) in the United States and Puerto Rico between 1998 and 2012....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510004

Pregnancy after Rape

Gerald D. Coleman

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 02, 2015

This essay provides a brief and broad overview of rape, leading to a discussion of pregnancy after rape. This discussion focuses on myths and misinformation as well as research-based evidence pertaining to the likelihood of pregnancy occurring due to rape, perceptions of rape-related pregnancy, abortion following rape-related pregnancy, and perspectives on appropriate health care responses to pregnancy due to rape....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510003

Interstitial Brachytherapy for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

Nathan Denlinger, Nicole Nolan, Kristin Bixel, Ritu Salani, Douglas Martin and Allison M. Quick

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 21, 2015

Retrospective analysis was performed on patients treated for cervical cancer at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center from 2000 to 2014. A total of 525 patients were identified and 52 of these patients received interstitial brachytherapy and were included in the analysis. All patients received external beam radiation. All patients were treated with low-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy, except for one patient who was treated with hig...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510002

Mother's Autonomy and Health Outcome in Nepal

Prem B Bhandari

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2015

This paper investigates the influence of women's autonomy and husbands' roles in decision making on the utilization of antenatal care, a primary indicator of women's health and well-being. Using data on 4,018 Nepalese mothers who had at least one birth within the last 5 years, I employ multilevel logistic regression and find that women's autonomy in decision making significantly and positively contributed to antenatal care visits. Similarly, join...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510001

Spontaneous Ruptured Heterotopic Fallopian Tube Pregnancy: A Challenging Case

Olga Grechukhina, Diana P. English, Wei Hong, Ravi Kaza and Elena Ratner

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 09, 2015

This is a case of a 39 year old gravida 4 para 2-0-1-2 patient who presented to the emergency room with 1 week history of worsening left sided abdominal pain associated with vaginal bleeding. She had a positive pregnancy test and transvaginal ultrasound demonstrated an 11x9x7cm retrouterine mass concerning for hemorrhagic debris but no adnexa were identified. Surgery was complicated by conversion from laparoscopy to low transverse laparotomy due ...

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