Postnatal care is a critical period for both mothers and newborns survival. But, post-natal care is yet neglected; little attention and an effort have been paid by health care providers and policy makers in developing countries. Post-natal care service utilization is still low and maternal mortality rate is high. However, studies on postnatal care service utilization and associated factors are lacking in the study setting. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess postnatal care service utilization and associated factors among mothers who delivered in Shabe sombo woreda, Jimma zone, Oromiya region, South West Ethiopia, 2018.
A community based cross-sectional study design was conducted in Shabe sombo woreda, Jimma zone. A total of 564 study participants were included in the study using simple random sampling technique. Data was collected from March 1 - April 1, 2018. Data was entered into Epi data version 3.1 and exported into SPSS version 23.0 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis was made in order to predict factors associated with postnatal care (PNC) service utilization.
The study revealed that the magnitude of PNC service utilizations is 58.5%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that, mothers with younger age (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 2.243, (95% CI: 1.066, 4.721), having antenatal care visit (AOR = 9.36, 95% CI: 5.605, 15.618), experiencing obstetric complication during pregnancy (AOR = 2.3373, 95% CI: 1.095, 5.142), who had information about PNC (AOR = 9.946, 95% CI: 6.009, 16.460) and appointed for PNC follow-up (AOR = 2.114, 95% CI: 1.289, 3.466) were more likely to utilize postnatal care services.
Though the finding showed that postnatal care service utilization was high when compared to other studies done in country, it was a lot behind from the national target of postnatal care service utilization in Ethiopia. The initiative of provision of information, education, counseling and communication both at the community and facility level should be strengthened.