Join Us | Latest Articles | Contact

Journal Home

Editorial Board


Submit to this journal

Current issue

International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research

DOI: 10.23937/2469-5807/1510041

Images and Text Operation Records: Xi'an Agreement

Xiaopeng Yan, Liang Han, Xuemin Liu, Lin Fan, Zheng Wu and Yi Lv*

First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China

*Corresponding author: Yi Lv, MD, PhD, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 277 Yanta West Road, Xi'an Shaanxi Province, China, Tel: +86-29-82657541, E-mail:
Int J Pathol Clin Res, IJPCR-2-041, (Volume 2, Issue 3), Short Commentary; ISSN: 2469-5807
Received: April 07, 2016 | Accepted: June 26, 2016 | Published: June 30, 2016
Citation: Yan X, Han L, Liu X, Fan L, Wu Z, et al. (2016) Images and Text Operation Records: Xi'an Agreement. Int J Pathol Clin Res 2:041. 10.23937/2469-5807/1510041
Copyright: © 2016 Yan X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Operation notes are a very important part of a patient's medical record. They not only record the operation process during the surgery, but also objectively describe the organs lesions. They play a useful role in the referral disease communication, pathological diagnosis, medical practice education, and cases review. However, the current operation notes are hand-written texts therefore many deficiencies as follows: 1. It is difficult to describe the difficult and complicated operation process accurately with the hand-writte notes; 2. It is hard to objectively describe the degree of pathological changes of complex lesions and the relationship with the surrounding organs, which may reduce the basic value of the operation notes. It difficult for pathology doctors to comprehensively understand the disease and make an accurate diagnosis; 3. Due to the differences among doctors and departments in personnel medical professional knowledge and cognition. Text is difficult to realize the condition of accurate communication;4. For the innovation surgery and new implant materials, the text lacks of intuitive feelings.

Nowadays, with the development of medical informatization, image and character reporting system has been widely applied in areas such as clinical pathology diagnosis, imaging examination, endoscopy and therapy and interventional examination, making the clinical diagnosis and treatment standardize and improved. Those photos and videos of lesions and surgical operations have been widely used in academic exchanges but until now, the system has not yet been used for conventional surgery records. The disadvantages of text operation records have aroused the concern of some surgeons, who put forward the concept of digital operation notes [1-5].

In order to record the tissues, lesions and operation processes more accurately, objectively and in a detail way, providing real clinical data for the follow-up and subsequent treatment of patients, in Xi'an, January 2015, the Chinese medical association held the China surgical operative surgery branch committee meeting, and reached the "Xi'an Agreement" to promote and advocate the implementation of surgical operation records in China, which are presented as follows:

1. Ensure the patients informed consent and protect their privacy as much as possible; 2. The color images, which require more than 300 dpi of resolution and a width of 7.5 cm or more, should be captioned, and those key lesions or anatomical structures should be labeled; 3. The important and complicated operations need to record the location of incision, direction and length through pictures; those difficult endoscopy surgeries also need to show the number and position of trocars with pictures; 4. Before the lesion resection, data including lesion size, color, location and the relationship with adjacent organs, especially the tumor metastases and enlargement of lymph nodes, should be recorded through photos; 5. Record the conditions after lesion resection; 6. For reconstruction surgeries, the tissue condition before and after the reconstruction should be accurately recorded; 7. For those major or complex procedures, it is necessary to display the condition of wound bleeding and the position of implants before closing the abdomen; 8. Liquid samples should be retained in a transparent glass marked with a scale, and then pictures should be taken; for organization of viscera specimens, before taking photos, a ruler is needed to show the specimens' size; the section of a tumor should also be recorded for tumor specimens.

  1. Rhodes ND, Southern SJ (2002) Digital operation notes: a useful addition to the written record. Ann Plast Surg 48: 571-573.

  2. Michael A (1999) The digital op note. Winter BAPS Meeting 633.

  3. Haywood RM, Heaton M, Mcculloch TA, Sokal M, Perks AGB (2015) Operation notes illustrated with digital images. Sarcoma 9: 21-24.

  4. Magos A, Kosmas I, Sharma M, Buck L, Chapman L, et al. (2005) Digital recording of surgical procedures using a personal computer. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 120: 206-209.

  5. DiSaia JP, Ptak JJ, Achauer BM (1998) Digital photography for the plastic surgeon. Plast Reconstr Surg 102: 569-573.

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology (ISSN: 2377-4630)
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders   (ISSN: 2469-5696)
International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5866)
International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-3419)
International Journal of Clinical Cardiology (ISSN: 2469-5696)
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-584X)
Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports (ISSN: 2378-3656)
Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy (ISSN: 2469-5750)
International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2377-3634)
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention (ISSN: 2469-5793)
Journal of Genetics and Genome Research (ISSN: 2378-3648)
Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology (ISSN: 2469-5858)
International Journal of Immunology and Immunotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3672)
International Journal of Medical Nano Research (ISSN: 2378-3664)
International Journal of Neurology and Neurotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3001)
International Archives of Nursing and Health Care (ISSN: 2469-5823)
International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-346X)
International Journal of Oral and Dental Health (ISSN: 2469-5734)
International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2469-5807)
International Journal of Pediatric Research (ISSN: 2469-5769)
International Journal of Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine (ISSN: 2378-3516)
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5726)
International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine (ISSN: 2469-5718)
International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy (ISSN: 2469-570X)
International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice (ISSN: 2378-3397)
Trauma Cases and Reviews (ISSN: 2469-5777)
International Archives of Urology and Complications (ISSN: 2469-5742)
International Journal of Virology and AIDS (ISSN: 2469-567X)
More Journals

Contact Us

ClinMed International Library | Science Resource Online LLC
3511 Silverside Road, Suite 105, Wilmington, DE 19810, USA


Get Email alerts
Creative Commons License
Open Access
by ClinMed International Library is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License based on a work at
Copyright © 2017 ClinMed International Library. All Rights Reserved.