Biomedical Applications of Natural Polymer Based Nanofibrous Scaffolds
Preethi GU, Manu M Joseph, Unnikrishnan BS, Shiji R and Sreelekha TT
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 17, 2015
Nanotechnology is one of the most popular branches of science in the current decade where nanofiber scaffolds (NS) attain principal attraction. NS are composed of several nanometer to micrometer diameter fibers similar in nature to collagen, keratin and elastin fibers of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and helps in cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation. NS with desired features can be fabricated using various chemical, physical and biological methods such as electrospinning, phase separation, self-assembly, templating etc....
Cross-Cultural Research on Internet Addiction: A Systematic Review
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 29, 2015
Internet addiction (IA) is the most studied behavioral addiction. However, few studies have been conducted that simultaneously include several countries to attain an inter-cultural and international perspective on the phenomenon. The aim of this systematic review is to observe the characteristics of cross-cultural IA studies, in order to explore (i) their classification, (ii) the cultures involved, (iii) the IA issues treated, and (iv) the commonalities and differences among cultures. For this review the PsycINFO scientific database was selected to make searches without restrictions. Out of 23...
Flaxseed Oil Decreases Craving for Chocolate: Preliminary Results
Pedro Luis Prior, Anna Carolina Ramos, Jaqueline Kalleian Eserian, Jucara Zaparoli and Jose Carlos Fernandes Galduroz
Article Type: Brief Communication | First Published: October 22, 2015
Chocolate is recognized as a type of food that contains many psychoactive components. Many studies have shown that some people may present compulsive symptoms such as the difficulty in resisting the urge to consume chocolate. On the other hand, there is evidence that omega 3 deficiency results in a dopaminergic hypofunctioning of the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways related to reinforcing effects. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the effects of flaxseed oil (rich in omega 3) on chocolate consumption and craving....
Cyberaddictions and Gambling Addiction: A Reflection on Social Markers and Paths of Intervention
Amnon Jacob Suissa
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 30, 2015
The concept of cyberaddiction is far from being unanimously accepted by scientists. The same is true of addiction to videogames or to Facebook. While certain researchers wished to see this condition included in the DSM-5, others question the operational and practical basis for the diagnostic criteria. Some see cyberaddiction as a problem linked more to time management, to brain deficits, to an impulse-control disorder or to psychosocial conditions while others consider it to be a pre-existing comorbidity....
Prevalence of Anti-Gastric Parietal Cell Antibodies and Vitamin B12 Deficiency in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Matthew B Carroll and Christopher M Tessier
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2015
Recent studies are lacking in assessing presence of both the anti-gastric parietal cell (GPC) antibody and concurrent vitamin B12 deficiency in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients in the era of more aggressive disease modifying therapy. We recruited patients to one of three arms: those with RA, autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), and no known autoimmune disorder (controls). A one-time serum assessment of vitamin B12 level, methylmalonic acid, and anti-GPC antibody level was performed....
Management of Occupational Shoulder Injuries in Primary Care
Glenn Brown, Kayne Park and Ryan T Bicknell
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 28, 2015
The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body and is comprised of an intricate complex of muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Due to thismobility and heavy reliance on arms, shoulder injuries are one of the most debilitating and common disorders afflicted in the workplace. They have been categorized as a high impact injury by the workplace safety and insurance board (WSIB) of Ontario due to the long recovery and return to work (RTW) times....
Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in Patient with Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Churg and Strauss): A Probable Central Nervous Localisation of Vasculitis
Lescuyer Sylvain, Rondeau-Lutz Murielle, Martinez Camille, Rakotoarivelo Hanta-Nirina and Weber Jean-Christophe
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 22, 2015
We report the case of a 43 year-old patient with Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). He was diagnosed with EGPA because of asthma, naso-sinusal polyposis, asymmetrical peroneal neuritis, general signs, eosinophilic count at 4000/mm3, CRP at 50 mg/l and positive pANCA with anti-MPO specificity at 74 U/ml. Arteriography was normal. He was treated by methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide. Remission was complete. EGPA is a rare primary vasculitis. Only seventeen cases of central nervous haemorrhages have been reported. EGPA may be revealed by an acute neurologic manifestation as in seven (41%) repor...
Target Frequency Analysis of functional MRI Data
Michael A. Frolich, Paul Jung and Shannon Starr
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 2, 2015
The field of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has grown in usage, applications, and complexity. The results of a general linear model (GLM) analysis vary from one investigator to another as they depend on image preprocessing, model choices and physiological assumptions. There is a need for a simple, efficient and consistent analysis method. Methods: We propose the target frequency analysis (TFA) as an intuitive, computationally efficient method to analyze data from block design fMRI experiments. We illustrate its utility with a traditional auditory experiment and develop the theore...
Evaluation of Zinc, Vitamin B12, Folic Acid and Iron Levels and Thyroid Functions in Patients with Chronic Telogen Effluvium
Pinar Ozuguz, Seval Dogruk Kacar, Ozlem Ekiz and Semsettin Karaca
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 21, 2015
Telogen effluvium (TE) is a hair disorder characterized by abrupt onset, diffuse, self-limited and excessive shedding of club hairs. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum zinc, vitamin B12 and folic acid levels as well as parameters of iron metabolism and thyroid functions in patients with chronic telogen effluvium (CTE) and compare the results to those of the controls. Methods: In this study, a total of 260 patients with CTE who were admitted to the outpatient dermatology clinic of our hospital were retrospectively evaluated....