BMI, Waist Size, GFR: In African American Blacks
Clive O Callender, MD, Denee T Mwendwa, PhD, Georica Gholson, PhD, Regina Sims Wright, PhD, Larry Keen II, PhD, Babwande Adesibikan, MD, Serge Madhere, PhD, Victor Apprey, PhD, George Bonney, PhD, Miriam Michael, MD, Bomi Magnus-Lawson, MD, Gabriel Ivy, MD, Linda Idris-Suleiman, MD, Arturo Hernandez, MD, Olga Herren, MS, and Alfonso L Campbell, PhD
Article Type: Research article | First Published: April 10, 2019
Blacks have a greater need for kidney transplants than other American ethnic groups. Overrepresented on kidney transplant waiting lists (13%), they account for 35% of those waiting. Recent studies show that Black live donors are at greater risk for kidney failure, (44%) after donation, compared to other ethnicities. Explanations for these live donation data are few. While diabetic, hypertensive or morbidly obese Blacks are excluded as live donors; those overweight or obese are not. Participants included 214 Black community volunteers from the Washington, DC area. Physical exams, laboratory and...
FMTVDM/BEST Imaging Equally Applicable for Male Breast Cancer
Richard M Fleming, PhD, MD, JD, Matthew R. Fleming, BS, Tapan K Chaudhuri, MD, William C Dooley, MD and Andrew McKusick, BS Pharm
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: April 10, 2019
Prior to FMTVDM/BEST Imaging, diagnostic testing was limited to looking for breast cancer either using "qualitative" imaging defining disease as either present or absent, or semiquantitative methods which is also limited to the same yes you have breast cancer or no you don’t interpretation. These imaging methods include mammography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, as well as other SPECT/Planar and PET imaging approaches and as such are associated with sensitivity and specificity problems. These tests are further limited when imaging dense breast tissue or when breast implants exist either for augmentat...
FMTVDM/BEST Imaging for Women with Breast Implants and Dense Breasts
Richard M Fleming, PhD, MD, JD, Matthew R Fleming, BS, Tapan K Chaudhuri, MD, William C Dooley, MD, and Andrew Mc Kusick, BS Pharm
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: April 08, 2019
Prior to FMTVDM/BEST Imaging, diagnostic testing was limited to looking for breast cancer either using "qualitative" imaging defining disease as either present or absent, or semiquantitative methods which is also limited to the same yes you have breast cancer or no you don't interpretation. These imaging methods include mammography, ultrasound, CT, MRI, as well as other SPECT/Planar and PET imaging approaches and as such are with associated sensitivity and specificity problems. These tests are further limited when imaging dense breast tissue or when breast implants exist either for augmentatio...
Five Years Survival Trend and Outcome among HIV Infected Children Followed Up in the Pediatric Department in a Tertiary Hospital
Adedemy JD, Agbeille MF, Agossou J, Noudamadjo A, Kpanidja G, Aisso U, Chabi Biaou A, Lalya HF, Seydou L and Koumakpaï-Adeothy S
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 08, 2019
HIV infection still contributes significantly to high leatlity among infant and child. The aim of this work was to assess survival rate after five years of routine follow up among HIV 1-infected children in the pediatric ward of the Parakou Teaching Hospital. It was a descriptive cohort study with analytical purpose covering Five years from 2011 to 2016. It focused on 89 HIV 1-infected children. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival probabilities. The survival trends were compared with Log-rank test. Cox regression test was used to identify factors associated with child deaths....
Predictive Value of Cerebrovascular Reserve in Patients with Carotid Artery Stenosis for Choosing Treatment Strategy
Аliev VA, Semenyutin VB and Panuntsev GK
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 08, 2019
The choice of treatment of carotid artery stenosis is firstly based on assessment of the degree of stenosis and embologeneity of the atherosclerotic plaque. But even in "good-risk" population it is still difficult to identify the patients who are particularly at high threat of stroke and would most benefit from carotid reconstruction. Along with common criteria numerous studies also focus on a prognostic role of a cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) and its state which allows to carry out more objective and pathogenetically substantiated selection of cases for surgical and medical treatment. The pre...
The Relation between Functional Play and Other Forms of Cooperation and Word Learning in ASD
Christina F Papaeliou, Kokonitsa Sakellaki and Asimenia Papoulidi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 08, 2019
This study focuses on the relation between functional play and other aspects of cooperation with language, especially vocabulary production, in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Ten children with ASD (mean CA 54.1 months) were compared with 10 typically developing (TD) children matched for mental and language age (mean CA 17.1 months). Children's behaviors were assessed from video-recordings during spontaneous mother-child play. Results demonstrated that children with ASD take significantly less initiatives for joint attention and spent significantly less time in Elaborated Functio...
Applications and Limitations of Magnetic Resonance Defecography in Evaluation of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Disorders
Megha Kumra MBBS, Sushil G Kachewar MD, DNB, PH.D and Dilip L Lakhkar MD, DMRD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 06, 2019
Functional disorders of the pelvic floor are common healthcare problems owing to increased incidence of obesity, pelvic surgeries, childbirth, heavy physical exertion etc. In the past, fluoroscopic defecography was used in their diagnosis, but it had its limitations like radiation exposure. Endoanal sonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) were also used to assess the pelvic pathologies but they could not assess the pelvic floor function. Magnetic Resonance Defecography (MRD) is a new modality that has come up over the years which allows dynamic imaging of the pelvic floor during defeca...
Being Unprepared for Nuclear Terrorism Would Lead to Panic and Fear in America
Robert Cancro, Kenneth Blum and Eric R Braverman
Article Type: Perspective Type | First Published: April 06, 2019
Chernobyl demonstrated that iodine-131 (131I) released in a nuclear accident can cause malignant thyroid nodules to develop in children within a 300 mile radius of the incident. Timely potassium iodide (KI) administration can prevent the development of thyroid cancer and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and a number of United States governmental agencies recommend KI prophylaxis. Current pre-distribution of KI by the United States government and other governments with nuclear reactors is probably ineffective. Approximately two billion people are at risk for iodine deficiency disorder (ID...
Antifungal Resistance of Candida Species in Bacolod City, Philippines
Alain C Juayang, Joseph Peter T Lim, Zeith Ceve B de los Reyes, Mary Dane B Tuante, Zia Isabel P Batiles, Jan Frances Nichole V Guino-o, Francis Raphael A Villanueva and Gemma B de los Reyes
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 05, 2019
Candida species, a group of opportunistic infection-causing microorganisms, has shown an increasing pattern of resistance against certain antifungal drugs through time. Thus, this retrospective study was conducted to describe the antifungal resistance of Candida species isolated from a tertiary hospital in Bacolod City, Philippines from July 2017 to July 2018. A total of 184 Candida species were isolated from clinical specimens with C. albicans (61%) having the highest frequency followed by C. tropicalis (15%). Most of these Candida species were isolated from older adults (78.26%) and mid adul...