Some Important Facts about the Periodontal Disease
Ambarkova Vesna, PhD, MSc, DDS
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: March 04, 2019
The periodontal disease is the most common chronic inflammatory disease of microbial origin, which acts on the supporting tooth tissues, including the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. The most common form of periodontal disease is the mild form of gingivitis, which is the precursor of periodontitis as the most severe disease in this group and is defined as the apical extension of gingival inflammation, affecting parodontium. The parodontium is a specialized connective tissue that surrounds the root of the tooth and has a role in fixing the tooth for the jaw bone, in the amortization of ...
Two Case Reports of Emergency Stenting of Superior Vena Cava Obstruction Following Cardiac Surgery
Putri Yubbu, Ong Yun Jin, Mohd Amin Itam, Hamdan Leman and Koh Ghee Tiong
Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: March 04, 2019
Superior vena cava (SVC) obstruction is a recognized complication following cardiac surgery that may result in significant clinical sequelae if not treated early. Transcatheter stenting is rapidly becoming the treatment of choice, considering its reduced post-procedure morbidity and faster recovery time. In early postoperative vascular lesion, primary stenting is preferred over balloon angioplasty...
Relationship of Socioeconomic Status Indicators to Obesity in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Middle-Aged Women: A Population Study
Shirley AA Beresford, Deborah J Bowen, Alyson J Littman, Denise L Albano, KC Gary Chan, Shelby L Langer, Wendy E Barrington and Donald L Patrick
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 28, 2019
Obesity rates differ between Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women in the United States, with higher rates among Hispanic women. Socioeconomic processes contribute to this disparity both at the individual and the environmental level. Understanding these complex relationships requires multilevel analyses within cohorts of women that have a shared environment. In population-based samples of Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women from the same neighborhoods, we evaluated within each ethnic group a) The association of individual-level socioeconomic status (SES) with body mass index (BMI); and b...
Effectiveness of Three Treatment Strategies on Quality of Life for Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Multidisciplinary Approach as Key to Success
Eloy Ovando-Sanders, Lilia Patricia Bustamante-Montes, David Gustavo Rodriguez-Cisneros and Rafael Gonzalez-Alvarez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 27, 2019
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the highest prevalence problems of public health. LBP affects up to 85% people worldwide. Somebody will be affected at less in one point of his life. LBP represent an enormous economic burden on society; its total cost includes: Direct medical costs, work absenteeism, insurance, lost production and disability benefits. Current treatments range from bed rest, physiotherapy, oral analgesic, muscle relaxants, injection of corticosteroids, local anesthetic, surgery, cell based therapies aiming repair a herniated intervertebral disc and an emerging technique which use ...
The Level of Satisfaction of Diabetic Patients with Healthcare Personnel Attending Outpatient Health Clinics in Jamaica
Paula Barrett-Brown, Donovan McGrowder and Dalip Ragoobirsingh
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 23, 2019
The burden of diabetes mellitus is increasing in low-income and middle-income countries, and it is a major contributor to premature mortality. The care of patients with diabetes mellitus is multidisciplinary and involves a number of healthcare personnel. Effective communication between diabetic patients and healthcare personnel influence self-management and health outcomes. The study evaluated the diabetic patient's assessment of the communication skills of the healthcare providers, as well as an assessment of the patients' understanding of the health information....
Development of In Vitro Fertilization, a Very Important Part of Human Reproductive Medicine, in the Last 40 Years
Marte Myhre Reigstad and Ritsa Storeng
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: February 22, 2019
It is estimated that, worldwide, over 8 million babies are born following infertility treatment with in vitro fertilization (IVF) since the birth of world's first IVF baby 40 years ago. Recent estimates suggest that by year 2100, 400 million individuals or 3% of the world population may be alive as a result of IVF and other fertility treatments. The developments within infertility treatment using techniques and procedures that evolved from initially animal and lately human research are enormous. Some of the technological advances in reproductive medicine have also contributed to developments a...
Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma during Complete Remission of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (M4Eo) Exhibiting Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Gene Rearrangement and Inv(16)
Kodai Kuriyama, Hiroki Hosoi, Masaya Shimanuku, Toshiki Mushino, Shogo Murata, Akinori Nishikawa, Shinobu Tamura, Nobuyoshi Hanaoka and Takashi Sonoki
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 25, 2019
In previous studies, it has been reported that 10-20% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases showed immunoglobulin heavy chain gene (IGH) rearrangements, a genetic hallmark of B-cell differentiation. However, the clinical significance of this is uncertain. Here, we report a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after complete remission (CR) from AML that exhibited an IGH rearrangement. The patient was diagnosed with AML (M4Eo) with inversion of chromosome 16 [inv(16)]. Interestingly, the AML cells showed a monoallelic IGH rearrangement, as detected by the Southern blot analysis. The rea...
A Medical Case Masquerading as Surgical Pathology in an Individual Living with Diabetes
Ravikumar Ravindran and Kofi Obuobie
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 21, 2019
Diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain in a young type 1 diabetic can be a challenging task and involves a wide array of differential diagnosis. Most commonly the pain is thought to be secondary to diabetic neuropathy. It becomes even more problematic if there is significant weight loss, if extensive investigations have not found any organic pathology and if the pain does not fit into any pattern of diabetic neuropathy. We present such a case where a young 21-years-old female diabetic had lost 16 kgs in 6 months due to diffuse left sided abdominal pain with radiation to the back. It was also a...