The Relationship of Self-Reported Psychosocial Protective Factors to Characteristics of Adolescent Psychiatric Patients
Shady S Shebak, MD, Tenzing Yangchen, MD, Katherine Shaver, MS and J Eric Vance, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 08, 2020
Studies of the phenomenon of psychosocial resilience in the lives of a subset of high-risk individuals have suggested that certain psychosocial protective (resiliency) factors moderate the impact of biopsychosocial risk factors as they contribute to the development of mental illness. Resilience can be defined by factors which are present in high-risk individuals who have escaped illness, but not necessarily present in low-risk individuals who have never been ill. Some studies have provided evidence that certain protective factors can moderate the progression and functional outcome of mental il...
Management of Temporomandibudar Joint Ankylosis with Costo-Chondral Graft Application: Case Report and Review of Literature
Nikolaos Kolomvos, Agamemnon Chliaoutakis and Nikolaos Papadogeorgakis
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 12, 2020
The term ankylosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is derived from the Greek word meaning stiffening of a joint due to disease process and referred to describe a permanent movement disfunction of the mandible caused by the fusion of joint surfaces by bone, fibrous or mixed tissue, bilateral or unilateral. When the cause of the ankylosis is extra-articular is referred to as pseudoankylosis or false ankylosis, while when caused by intra-articular problems referred to as true ankylosis....
Association of Eating Behavior and Parental Body Mass Index with Obesity of Primary School Children: A Case Study in Hai Phong City, Vietnam
Khue Minh Pham, Phuc Thanh Pham, Cuong Nam Nguyen and Nam Quoc Nguyen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 13, 2020
Obesity in children has adverse effects on both health and psychology. Obesity is known to be influenced by environmental factors and genetic factors, as well as the interaction between genes and environment. Hai Phong city located in the northern part of Vietnam has rapid economic growth and urbanization. Along with the development, the percentage of obese children has increased. To date, there have been no studies on the relationship between risky factors and obesity in children in this city. The present study aimed to explore the association of eating behavior and parental BMI with obesity ...
Upper Gastric Obstruction Related to a Fibrous Scare after Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band
Tresor Monsere Modia, MD, Marie Dior, MD, Msc, Daniela Calabrese, MD, Henri Duboc, MD, PHD and Benoit Coffin, MD, PHD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 06, 2020
A 31-year-old woman who carried a laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity presented chronic postprandial vomiting and lack of efficacy with weight recovery three years after surgery. The adjustable gastric band was removed but symptoms did not improve. Morphologic and functional tests demonstrated a functional obstruction 5 to 6 cm below the oeso-gastric junction, probably related to a fibrous scare, which could explain symptoms. Laparoscopic procedure confirmed the diagnosis, the scare was surgically removed and food intolerance symptoms resolved rapidly....
Primary Thyroid Lymphomas: A Report of Five Cases
Hajar Haoufadi, Mohamed Chehbouni, Youssef Rochdi, Hassan Nouri and Abdelaziz Raji
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: February 12, 2020
Primary thyroid gland lymphoma is a rare condition, accounting for only 2% of extranodal lymphomas, usually occurring in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis. Among these lymphomas, B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most frequently encountered, while Hodgkin’s disease and T-cell lymphomas are extremely rare. Through this paper, we report 5 primary thyroid lymphoma cases, diagnosed in our department in a period of 6 years (Jan 2012 to Dec 2017), all of them were B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas. Primary thyroid lymphoma is very uncommon, representing about 5% of all thyroid malignancies, its cli...
Dog Scratch Fever Secondary to Capnocytophaga Species in a Patient Without Risk Factors
Linda C Klumpp, MD, Gustine Liu-Young, MD, James Craig, MD, Leonard Hamera, MD, Jeffrey Jordan, MD, Srinivas Dantuluri, DO and Sunoj Abraham, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 12, 2020
Capnocytophaga is a rare bacteria found in the saliva of canines. C. canimorsus is present in the oral cavity of 67-86% of dogs. In vitro growth requires specialized media. Patients who are immunocompromised are at greatest risk for infection. There are no clinical trials examining the duration of antibiotics. Capnocytophaga species is a very rare fastidious, slow growing gram negative rod found in the saliva of canines and felines. It belongs to the genus flavobacteriacea, a capnophilic facultative anaerobe. In vitro growth requires a specialized media containing, high iron and carbon dioxide...
Aeromonas Hydrophila Infection in an Immunocompetent Patient Leading to Necrotizing Fasciitis
Asish Regmi and Pushpa Khanal
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 10, 2020
We present to you the case of 77 YO female with PMH of DM, A fib and recent H/O ascending cholangitis and cholecystectomy complicated by ruptured gallbladder with bile peritonitis and JP drain placement. After the discharge she was having diarrhea and was tested positive for C diff and was started on oral vancomycin. Almost about 2 weeks after the discharge she started to develop sudden onset of right leg pain, because of that she was taken to the ED of outside hospital where there was a suspicion of DVT, but duplex came out negative. So was send to our center for further evaluation and manage...
Early Blood Brain Barrier Traversal by Trypanosoma Brucei Brucei Strains: A Phenomenon of Laboratory Strains or Field Strains as Well?
Monica Namayanja, Gloria Grace Akurut and George W Lubega
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: February 08, 2020
Trypanosoma brucei brucei in mice, the experimental model of African Trypanosomiasis, is known to begin crossing the blood-brain barrier between 9-13 days post-infection, which is also considered the commencement of the late stage of the disease. A few recent reports however, reported traversal as early as two hours to a few days. In these reports laboratory strains were used thus this study sought to find out if this early brain invasion is phenomenon of laboratory strains or also field isolates. In this study the blood-brain barrier traversal of three Trypanosoma brucei brucei strains: A fie...
Systematization of Functional Training Sessions to Benefit Physical Fitness for Daily Activities in Older People
Antonio Gomes de Resende-Neto and Marzo Edir Da Silva-Grigoletto
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 10, 2020
Tools applied today in the Functional Training (FT) have long been used in general fitness programs, but systematic use and scientific interest are recent phenomena. Thus, there are many methodological conflicts and divergences in the prescriptions of this method. For example, some studies have associated FT with the use of instability in many exercises, while others use unstable bases in a small portion of training, or simply do not use. Thus, there is still an absence of a systematic FT model in the studies available in the literature, and for this reason the objective of this editorial was ...
A Novel Combined Methodology for Isolation and Detection of Circulating Tumor Cells based on Flow Cytometry and Cellular Filtration Technologies
Nikolaos G Grigoriadis, Konstantinos A Kyritsis, Melpomeni G Akrivou, Lefki-Pavlina N Giassafaki and Ioannis S Vizirianakis
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 08, 2020
Cancer cell presents a dynamic nature that evolves over time in its microenvironment through a complicating molecular and cellular interaction network. Despite the progress already achieved in the imaging technologies and the molecular tools used for tumor cell diagnosis and treatment approaches, metastasis still remains a major hindering factor that limits clinical outcomes. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) present the potential in providing critical information to understand the metastasis process, the tumor cell and genome heterogeneity, in a way to overcome cancer therapy bottlenecks and imp...