Examining the Effects of Exercise and Practice on the SCAT3, and Association between Mood, Pain & SCAT3 Symptom Report
Ashley E. Paxton and Catherine Willmott, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 15, 2019
In the field of sports medicine, concussions can be one of the most complex and difficult injuries to diagnose, assess and manage. This is due to the signs and symptoms often being subtle, varied and non-specific with only 10% of sport-related concussions resulting in a loss of consciousness. A multidimensional assessment model which encompasses the athlete's concussion history, presenting symptoms, cognitive capability, balance, comorbidities or other complicating factors has been suggested as best-practice. The Sports Concussion Assessment Tool, 3rd Edition (SCAT3) has been recommended inter...
Biopsychosocial Stressors in Pre-liver Transplant Patients: A Case Series
Mahdod Eftekar, MD, FRACGP, FRANZCP
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: April 13, 2019
Liver transplant candidates undergo multiple stressors due to the complexity of the medical, social and psychological circumstances about the transplantation. These stressors may predispose candidates to psychiatric disorders or acopic responses. Authors looked at the medical documents of 43 transplant candidates referred from Jan 2015 to May 2018 retrospectively. The biopsychosocial stressors extracted from the psychiatrist and social worker's notes....
Staphylococcemia due to Cosmetic Doping: An Important Etiology of Fever of Undetermined Origin
Ronisie Duarte de Oliveira, Raquel Rodrigues Ferreira Rocha de Alencar, Bruno Vianei Real Antonio, Andre Luiz Tiuba Mendonca and Aryadine Allinne Machado de Miranda
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 13, 2019
A new problem, called cosmetic doping, has been inserted globally for some decades, and has grown in importance in Brazil in recent years, affecting athletes and non-athletes. The cosmetic doping consists in the use of oily substances by the intramuscular route to increase volumetrically the muscle, which can lead to the formation of oil deposits in the muscle, called oleomas, necrosis, physical deformities and even death. We present a 31-year-old male patient who sought the emergency room with a complaint of daily fever for 5 months of sudden onset, intermittent character, higher temperature ...
Public and Environmental Health Effects of Plastic Wastes Disposal: A Review
Okunola A Alabi, Kehinde I Ologbonjaye, Oluwaseun Awosolu and Olufiropo E Alalade
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 12, 2019
Since 1950 to 2018, about 6.3 billion tonnes of plastics have been produced worldwide, 9% and 12% of which have been recycled and incinerated, respectively. Human population increase and consistent demand for plastics and plastic products are responsible for continuous increase in the production of plastics, generation of plastic waste and its accompanied environmental pollution. We have reviewed in this paper, the most relevant literatures on the different types of plastics in production, the hazardous chemical constituents, prevailing disposal methods and the detrimental effects of these con...
Occupational Dog Allergy among Police Dog Trainers
Gulin Gokcen Kesici, MD, Arzu Karataş, MD, Ilhan Unlu and Engin Tutkun
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 12, 2019
Occupational allergy is an important health problem. This study was aimed to reveal the prevalence of dog allergy and other common allergy and allergic symptoms in police dog trainers. Fifty-six police dog trainers and 150 workers as control group were included in this study. Medical records of dog trainers including respiratory, skin, eye symptoms and physical examinations and skin prick test results are compared with the medical records of control group. To predict skin prick test (SPT) positivity to dog allergen, binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis of all potential...
Use of Mouthguards by Amateur Basketball Athletes in Greece and The USA
Elena-Lito Exarchou, Ioannis Kotsanos and Nikolaos Kotsanos
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 11, 2019
Mouthguard use reduces the consequences of oral trauma in sports with intense physical contact. The use of mouthguards is recommended by the Academy for Sports Dentistry for all sports involving physical contact and collision, and by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry for sports in which orofacial injury can occur, e.g. basketball. The aim of this study is to evaluate mouthguard use and relative knowledge by male amateur Greek and collegiate American basketball athletes....
Identification of PSEN1 and PSEN2 Gene Variants and Clinical Findings with the Literature
Nadide Cemre Randa, Elçin Bora, Esra Ataman, Ozlem Oz, Gorsev Yener and Ayfer Ulgenalp
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 11, 2019
Alzheimer's disease is an age-related and irreversible disease and characterized progressively decline in cognitive functions such as memory, speech, executive functions and visual-spatial skills. Currently, there is no a simple and definitive diagnosis method for clinical management. It is possible to diagnose with 85-90% accuracy with clinical assesment and neuropsychological tests. The precisely-known risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease are aging, family history, and the presence of the Apolipoprotein E Ɛ4 (APO E4) allele. Alzheimer's disease is usually sporadic and about only...
Assessment of the Degree of Stress during Pediatric Ground Transport
Carme Alejandre, MD, David Vila, PhD, Ana Olego, M Jose Tovar, Angels Llorens, Marta Hernandez, M Paz Larrosa and Elisabeth Esteban, PhD
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: April 11, 2019
A total of 220 patients were included, of whom 135 were male (61.4%) with a median age of 2.5 months (IQR 3 days-21 months). Median transfer time was 29 minutes (IQR 13-52 minutes). Sixty-three patients needed non-invasive ventilation (28.6%). The median score before the transfer was 16 (IQR 15-19) and after it 16 (IQR 14-18). In 23 cases (10.5%) patients were accompanied by their parents in the ambulance; no statistically significant differences were observed in the value of the score (p 0.959). Sucrose was used in 45 patients (20.5%) and some type of sedation in 31 cases (14.1%). Statistical...
Magnitude of Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Adult Hypertensive Patients Attending in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia, 2018
Degena Bahrey, Tekleweyni Mariye, Gebreamlak Gebremedh, Ayehu Kassa, Alem Girmay, Girmay Teklay, Hagos Tasew, Hagos Berihu and Yohannes Ashebir
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 10, 2019
A total of 578 hypertensive patients were taken from cardiac follow-up. Among the hypertensive patients the magnitude of cardiovascular risk factors was 212 (36.7%). The magnitude of each cardiovascular risk factor was high. Magnitude of overweight and obesity was 33.7%. Concurrently 30.4% had habit of taking high salt diet and 27.3% were patients with dyslipidaemia. Patients with less physically active were 89.1% and 23.5% were consuming alcohol regularly. Whereas 15.9% was smoker. This study also showed that 43.3% had uncontrolled blood pressure among the hypertensive patients. After adjustm...
Frank-Ter Haar Syndrome, Report of a Case with a Novel Mutation from Iran
Z Hadipour, F Hadipour, H van Bokhoven, R Hennekam and Y Shafeghati
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 10, 2019
Frank-ter Haar syndrome is a genetic disease that is transmitted by autosomal recessive pattern with characteristic features such as megalocornea or glaucoma, a developmental delay and multiple congenital anomalies. It was first recognized as a separate entity by Frank, et al. and subsequently confirmed by ter Haar, et al. The main characteristics are brachycephaly, wide fontanels, prominent forehead, hypertelorism, prominent eyes, megalocornea with or without glaucoma, full cheeks, small chin, bowing of the long bones, and flexion deformity of the fingers. Protruding, simple ears, and promine...