Comparison of Ziehl - Neelsen (ZN) Staining and Fluorescent (FL) Staining in Suspected Cases of Tuberculosis
Rekha Bhandari, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Aarti Kotwal and Anuradha Kusum
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 18, 2021
A total of 200 clinically suspected cases of tuberculosis were included in the study. All the cytological specimens procured were smeared and stained for both ZN and FL staining. A part of the sample was used for Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) culture. Patients on ATT were excluded from the study. The maximum cases were in the age group of 21- 30 years. In 57% cases, patients were male with M:F ratio of 1.3:1. The sensitivity of FL (95.83%) was more as compared to ZN (91.67%). The difference in the case...
Autopsy and Medicolegal Evaluation in a Case of Sudden Maternal Death from Pulmonary Embolism
Pawan Mittal, Prateek Karagwal, Meenu Gilotra, Amrita Kulhria, Abhishek Saini and Saurabh Juneja
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 18, 2021
Pregnancy and the postpartum period carry high risk of thromboembolic phenomenon which increases manifold postpartally. Multiple predisposing risk factors, usually acting in combination, add up to this risk. All three of the Virchow’s triad conditions predisposing to vascular thrombosis, i.e., endothelial injury, venous stasis and hypercoagulability, are present in pregnancy. The deaths caused by pulmonary embolism may become the subject of medicolegal investigation due a sudden and unexpected...
A Review of the Sub-Classification of Lymph Node Biopsies Reported as Reactive Lymphadenitis at Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya
Chepkorir Cynthia Chemonges, Nyagol Joshua, Massimo Granai, Stefano Lazzi, Joseph Rugumu Ndungu and Lorenzo Leoncini
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 25, 2021
Lymphadenopathy is common in both adult and paediatric patients in Kenya. It has a broad differential diagnosis, the most common being non-specific reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. Prevalence and morbidity of malignancies in early stages, such as micro lymphoma in reactive lymphadenitis remains poorly investigated. This study evaluated the histopathologic patterns of lymph node biopsies reported as reactive lymphadenitis at Kenyatta National Hospital between 2013-2019. Formalin fixed paraffin embe...
Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Breast: A Case Report and Review of Literature
Omotayo JA, FWACP, Abiyere OH, FWACS, Erinomo OO, FMCPath and Soremekun AI, FMCPath
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 20, 2021
Pure squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is very rare. Strict histological criteria must be followed before the diagnosis can be made. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and/or its appendages in which the squamous cell carcinoma is a portion should be excluded. Areas of metaplastic change in an otherwise ductal carcinoma should not be diagnosed as pure squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma from other parts of the body with metastasis to the breast should also be excluded. It is a b...
Prevalence of Incidental Thyroid Nodules at Necropsies Performed at a Division of Postmortem Inspection in Brazil
Gilberto Mendes Menderico Jr, PhD, MD, Leonardo Salgado Alves, MD, Layla Riva Ismail, MD, Pedro Estefan Otaviani Bernis, MD, Larissa Cichello Benassi, MD, and Rodrigo Lopes Pessoa da Silva, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 08, 2021
Thyroid nodules are prevalent in the general population, especially in women and the elderly. Often, the diagnosis of nodular lesions is incidental, representing a very common finding, and usually these lesions are not clinically important since few of them carry a malignant neoplasm. Despite the low incidence of malignancy, it is imperative to exclude the presence of thyroid carcinoma. This report aims is to identify the prevalence of thyroid nodules in the population of Baixada Santista (a geo...