International Journal of

Respiratory and Pulmonary MedicineISSN: 2378-3516

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410165

A Unique Presentation of Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Varun Srivatsav, MD and Kelsey Tallon, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 10, 2021

Pulmonary langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a diffuse lung disease that primarily affects young adults, with cigarette smoking playing a significant role in developing the disease. Patients with PLCH present with characteristic CT chest findings of small irregular nodules and upper zone cysts. Previously, larger nodules greater than 10 mm and cavitation have only been reported a few times in the literature. We describe the case of a 69-year-old male who presented with dyspnea, non-producti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410164

Pneumonia Due To Stenotrophomonas maltophila in the Immunocompetent Patient: A Case of Environmental Exposure

Ana Cardoso

Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: December 10, 2021

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multi-resistant gram-negative bacterium, an opportunistic agent generally associated with nosocomial infections, particularly in immunocompromised patients, being usually found in the intensive care setting. However, its prevalence in patients without predisposing risk factors is very rare. We have identified and successfully treated a healthy, immunocompetent patient who developed a community acquired severe S. maltophilia pneumonia. We report the case of a 24-...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410163

Prevalence and Outcomes of Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease at a Tertiary Level Hospital in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: A Retrospective Review

Salah Tanish, Kennedy Nyamande and K de Vasconcellos

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 10, 2021

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications among patients with scleroderma. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Little is known about the epidemiology of scleroderma associated ILD in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, we aimed to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with scleroderma -ILD. A retrospective electronic chart review was conducted of patients with systemic sclerosis seen between January 2010 and Decem...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410162

Diagnostic Challenges of Binax Urinary EIA for Detection of Legionella pneumophila

Christian Lee, MSc, Heather N Yerdon, BS and Bolaji Akinbola, MD, MSc

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2021

A middle-aged African American male with a history of stage 2 chronic kidney disease status post double kidney transplant was admitted after developing symptoms of respiratory infection during the peak of COVID-19. The patient rapidly developed acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Differentials for the patient included COVID-19, opportunistic infection such as mycoplasma, and legionella. During the admission, the patient had numerous infectious disease screening tests run including a COVID-19 te...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410161

Presence of a Hernia Sac Does Not Impact Lung Perfusion in CDH

Akila B Ramaraj, MD, Guy Jensen, MD, MPH, Bre Anna Kinghorn, MD, MS and Rebecca A Stark, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2021

There are variable long-term pulmonary outcomes of children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Diagnostic modalities evaluating pulmonary function can be limited by patient compliance. Pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy is a diagnostic tool to evaluate lung development in younger children. Presence of a hernia sac is known to correlate with less severe disease but little has been reported on any correlation with lung size and function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relatio...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410160

Streptococcus Constellatus Empyema Presenting With Undulant Fever Pattern- A Case Report and Literature Review

Bistees George, BS, BA, Nouman Tanveer, DO and Michael Boyars, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 29, 2021

Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG), or milleri group streptococci (MGS), is an uncommon group of bacteria that has been increasingly affecting the adult population. It is an interesting organism in that it is intensely pyogenic when pathogenic-much in the same character as Staphylococcus aureus. SAG includes three species: Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus constellatus. Members of the SAG are usually part of the indigenous oral, gastrointestinal, and genitour...

Volume 8
Issue 3