Sarcoidosis Presenting as a Case of Pulmonary Thrombotic Disease- An Unusual Presentation
Muhammad Haseeb ul Rasool, MBBS, Sara Z Khan, MD and Pervaiz Iqbal, MD, FCCP
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 24, 2022
Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory disease involving multiple organ systems for which the inciting stimulus is unknown. It is characterized by elevated markers of inflammation and disseminated granuloma in the affected organs. Factor V Leiden deficiency has been long associated with an elevated risk of thrombosis, however, it has been observed in the patients having sarcoidosis, a secondary inciting stimulus is required to trigger the thromboembolic phenomenon, as to date only a few cases of ...
A Novel Approach to Confirm Endotracheal Tube Depth Using Ultrasound Color Doppler: A Cadaveric Model
Ariel Daube, MD, Leroy Phillips, MD, Erin West, MS, Lorraine Ng, MD, Lindsey T Chaudoin, MD, Arthur Smerling, MD and David Kessler, MD, MSc
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2022
Proper endotracheal tube (ETT) depth must be confirmed immediately after intubation. We developed a novel point-of-care ultrasound examination called the cuff puff (CP) and hypothesized it would accurately confirm appropriate ETT depth in a cadaveric model. CP comprises visualization of cuff inflation using color Doppler sonography. On a single fresh frozen cadaver, a well-positioned tube was defined as the tip lying between 6.5 cm below the vocal cords and 3 cm above the carina. The ETT was pla...