Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations of Late Revelation
Adil ZEGMOUT, Abdelhalim BOUCAID, Youness AMCHICH, Yassir BENBABA, Hicham SOUHI, Hanane EL OUAZZANI, Ismail Abderrahmane RHORFI and Ahmed ABID
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 29, 2020
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are scarce and hard to diagnose. We report a case of a very late discovery at an advanced age. Recent vascular imaging techniques (Three-dimensional Computed Tomographic Angiography) have largely contributed to their diagnosis. The patient is treated with arterial embolization which is effective and carries a low complication rate in skilled hands. This case illustrates the clinical circumstances of diagnosis, the diagnostic algorithm, and the differential d...
Robert Maximos and Lisa N Glass
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 26, 2020
The use of immunotherapy agents is expanding in oncology patients. These medications, known as checkpoint inhibitors, promote patient T-cell based immune responses against malignancy. The currently available classes include PD-1 inhibitors, PDL-1 inhibitors and CTLA4 inhibitors. As the use of the immunotherapy agents is increased, more knowledge of adverse reactions is gained. Immune related adverse events in multiple organ systems may occur. The most common toxicities associated with checkpoint...
Effect of Traffic-Related Air Pollution on Lung Function in Taxi Drivers: A Cross Sectional Study
Loubna Tayara, Fida Charif, Ali Hajj Diab and Ali Toufaily
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 03, 2020
We conducted a cross sectional analytic study that included 120 employees and 200 taxi drivers recruited from the 4 main taxi stations in the Greater Beirut area. Fifty taxi drivers were recruited randomly from each taxi station as well as 30 employees working in stores near every station. We assessed their respiratory symptoms by using a modified version of a standardized questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests were performed using an ambulatory validated spirometer (COPD6, Vitalograph)....
Rheumatoid Arthritis Associated Interstitial Lung Disease in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: A Retrospective 5-Year Review
Hosam Ghammo, Mohammed Mitha, Catherine Connolly and Kennedy Nyamande
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 25, 2020
The demographic distribution, symptom profile and treatment outcomes in Rheumatoid arthritis associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) has not been well described in South Africa due to a paucity of data. The aim of the study was to determine the demographic profile of the disease, symptom and radiological presentation, as well as treatments used and their outcomes at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital (IALCH), a specialised public government hospital treating the majority of patients wi...