Current Issue

Original Article Open Access

Supine Sleep during Polysomnography and the Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Dandan A, Dettenmeier P, Chang J and Espiritu JRD
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: Since the supine position worsens obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by promoting upper airway collapse, patients may avoid supine sleep in order to mitigate its effects. However, the avoidance of supine sleep during polysomnography (PSG) may result in a missed diagnosis of OSA. This study aims to examine the association between the presence/absence of supine sleep and the diagnosis of OSA during PSG.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410087

Case Report Open Access

An Incidental Case of Pulmonary Amyloidosis

Fatih Uzer and Hulya Dirol
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: Amyloidosis is characterized by extra-cellular deposition of an insoluble fibrillary protein, amyloid in organs and tissues. It is classified as either primary or secondary based on the presence of concomitant diseases, ranging from chronic infection or inflammation to malignancy and as limited or systemic based on the extent of organ invasion. The clinical and radiological manifestations of amyloidosis are varrious and often nonspecific, making amyloidosis a diagnostic challenge.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410086

Research Article Open Access

The Effect of Atorvastatin on Right Ventricular Function in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Hoorak Poorzand, Fariba Rezaeetalab, Masoud Sadeghipour Marvy, Aida Javanbakht, Monavar Afzalaghaei and Majid Jalalyazdi
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: Inflammation has an important role in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and statins are believed to have anti-inflammatory effects beyond low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction. This study aimed to assess the effect of statin on the function of the right ventricle and inflammatory markers in COPD patients.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410085

Original Article Open Access

Visual HRCT Score to Determine Severity and Prognosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Ricardo Peris Sanchez, Estrella Fernandez-Fabrellas, Gustavo Juan Samper, Maria Luisa Domingo Montanana and Lidia Navarro Vilar
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is an essential technique for the diagnosis and follow-up of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but it is not routinely used to evaluate severity. A semi-quantitative HRCT score was developed to determine its relation with physiologic variables, to assess severity and fibrosis progression, and to establish prognostic factors.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410084

Case Report Open Access

A Case of Primary Pulmonary Artery Intimal Sarcoma

Chiyo Yano, Masaki Tominaga, Keisuke Miwa, Yoshiko Naito, Yuki Sakazaki, Takuma Koga, Masaki Okamoto, Tomotaka Kawayama, Tomoaki Hoshino, Reiji Muto, Koichi Ohshima and Masanori Hisaoka
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: A 28-year-old Japanese woman complained of right chest pain, fever, and cough. Chest radiography revealed consolidation in her right lower lobe with a pleural effusion. She was diagnosed with pneumonia and treated with antibiotics, but her condition did not improve. She was referred to our hospital for evaluation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a large saddle filling defect extending into the right pulmonary artery as well as the proximal lower lobe pulmonary artery branch.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410083

Case Report Open Access

An Asymptomatic Haemorrhagic Pleural Effusion Mimicking Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Young Woman with Thoracic Endometriosis Syndrome: A Case Report

Vipula R Bataduwaarachchi, Jayani Jayawardhana, Champa Weerasinghe, Aflah Sadikeen, Roshana Constantine and Kirthi Gunasekara
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: A young woman presented with an asymptomatic recurrent right sided pleural effusion. Pleural fluid full report showed neutrophilic and haemorrhagic effusion. Adenosine deaminase level in the pleural fluid was elevated and the Mantoux test was positive. Microbiological diagnosis was negative, and she was started on anti-tuberculous therapy on clinical grounds for extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Diagnostic Thoracoscopy revealed characteristic appearance suggestive of thoracic endometriosis which was confirmed by histology.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410082

Research Article Open Access

Tuberculosis Diagnosis in Private Independent Laboratories in Kampala- Uganda Implications for TB Control in the City

D Lukoye, D Okello, S Namatovu, A SSebagereka, K Mutesasira, Mabumba Eldad, M Nandala and P Suarez
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 2

Abstract: Tuberculosis remains the greatest killer globally. Uganda, one of the highest TB burden countries has a rapidly growing private medical sector. Although a large proportion of patients first seek care from the private sector, there is very little if any literature about participation of private independent laboratories in diagnosis of TB. We aimed at assessing this and the extent to which diagnosed TB patients are linked to care.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410081

Original Article Open Access

Respiratory Disorders in Aluminum Extrusion Workers

Ammar Awad Elshiekh Elmajzoup, Abdel Rouf Ahmed Abbas Elbadawi and Faiz Abel Wahab Mohammed
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 1

Abstract: The present study determined the prevalence of work-induced respiratory symptoms among Sudanese extrusion workers in an aluminum (Al) extrusion plant where the health effects of exposure duration, S-Al, and U-Al concentrations were evaluated. A total of 109 workers were enrolled in our study. Ambient Al fumes was estimated using a flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer (Varian, Spectr AA-250).

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410080

Review Article Open Access

Fibrosing Mediastinitis: A Review of Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Management

Abraham O Kuranga, Andrea M Eubank and Mark R Bowling
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 1

Abstract: Fibrosing Mediastinitis (FM) is a rare but increasingly recognized complication that has been mainly associated with chronic pulmonary histoplasmosis, granulomatous diseases, infections and autoimmune processes. Symptoms vary depending on compromised structures, mainly structures within the mediastinum. This review will focus on the etiology, clinical presentation and management of fibrosing mediastinitis based on multiple case series published to date.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410079

Case Report Open Access

Different Perspective in Managing Airway Obstruction Secondary to Giant Tracheal Pyogenic Granuloma

YT Liew, KN Lorna Ting, AB Zulkiflee and N Prepageran
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 1

Abstract: Pyogenic granuloma, or lobular capillary haemangioma is common in skin and mucosal surface such as oral cavity. It hardly occurs in tracheal mucosal, and even more rare to cause life threatening tracheal obstruction. Surgical excision is the mainstay of treatment with multidisciplinary support.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410078

Review Article Open Access

A Review of the Benefits, Challenges and the Future for Interfaces for Long Term Non-Invasive Ventilation in Children

Nicki Barker, Matt Willox and Heather Elphick
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 1

Abstract: Long Term Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) is increasingly common and is benefitting children with a wider range of conditions. It improves quality of life and life expectancy and reduces hospital admissions and length of stay. Children are at risk however of adverse effects caused by NIV interfaces such as skin injury, facial flattening and eye problems.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410077

Case Report Open Access

Case Report of Lipoid Pneumonia: An Unusual Etiology of a Lung Cavity

Sravanthi Nandavaram and Dragos Manta
Int J Respir Pulm Med Volume 5, Issue 1

Abstract: Lipoid pneumonia is an uncommon non-infectious condition that results from the accumulation of lipids of animal, vegetable or mineral origin, in the lungs. Most often it is a result of aspiration from altered swallowing or cough mechanism. Children with palatal abnormalities debilitated older adults or adults with neurological or gastrointestinal disorders are commonly affected.

PDF   Full Text   DOI: 10.23937/2378-3516/1410076

Volume 5
Issue 1