Evaluation of Corneal Transparency in Diabetic Patients Aged 60 Years and Over
Luling Yang and Xuemin Li
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 16, 2020
The corneal densitometry analysis results varied between different age groups. In the 60 to 69 age group, the anterior layer at zone 0 to 2 mm had better corneal clarity in controls than in DM patients. Corneal densitometry values were markedly higher in diabetic eyes compared with control eyes in 70 to 79 age group when considered by central zones of total cornea at the 2 to 6 mm. The corneal transparency increased in 80 to 89 years DM patients in the majority of corneal zones. Besides, a weak ...
Eliminating the Health Disparity of the Diabetic Foot: A Continuing Public Health Crisis for African Americans and Latinos
Jacqueline E Sharpe, PhD, RN, CHES
Article Type: Review article | First Published: April 30, 2020
The aim of this paper is to maintain attention to the plight of prevention of the diabetic foot ulcer, particularly for those racial/ ethnic minority persons who must not be overlooked for healthcare measures that can save their lives, and for healthcare providers to not allow ones inability to pay be a rejection for not preserving that life and quality of life. The release of the 2020 National Diabetes Statistics Report for the United States continues to show that the ethnic minority groups, ag...
Diabetes in Latin America: Prevalence, Complications, and Socio- Economic Impact
L Sinisterra-Loaiza, A Cardelle-Cobas, AG Abraham, MN Calderon, MA Espinoza, LG Gonzalez- Olivares, M Gotteland, A Pazos-Sierra, S San Martin, A Cepeda, JJ Gagliardino and IBEROBDIA Project Group
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2019
To review and update epidemiological data on type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Spain and four Latin American countries: Colombia, Mexico, Chile, and Argentina. Literature was reviewed by a search of PubMed, publications of the Ministry of Health, World Health Organization, International Diabetes Federation, and other public health agencies of each respective country. Of the five countries above, Mexico (13.6%) had the highest prevalence of diabetes, followed by Spain (10.4%). Within these countries, sign...
More Than Just 1200 Foot Care Nurses in America are Needed for 30.3 Million People Who Have Diabetes
Jacqueline E Sharpe, PhD, RN, CHES
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: September 23, 2019
There is an outstanding group of registered nurses who specialized in the care of wounds and working with DFUs. Since there are only about 1200 of them in the US and 30.3 million people who have diabetes, these nurses need some help and that help can come from the community. Looking at the increasing number of people with diabetes and their need to know preventive care information, there is no time better than this for community organizing and community building for health and wellness. One does...
Is it Time to Review the Role of Continuous Glucose Monitoring Systems in Diabetes Management?
Le Minh Quang, MSc, MD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 19, 2019
Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) and self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) are widely used as standardized measurements in diabetes management. HbA1c is a measure of the mean blood glucose level over a period of 8-12 weeks. This index is easy to measure, relatively inexpensive and internationally standardized. HbA1c helps to predict the complications, particularly microvascular complications in patients with diabetes. However, because HbA1c represents only an average measure of glucose levels, it does n...
Continuous Glucose Monitoring Guided Assessment of Concentrated 200 IU/Ml rDNA Human Premix 30/70 Insulin in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Hemant Thacker, MD, MRSH, FACE, FACP, Jothydev Kesavadev, MBBS, MD, FRCP, Shahu Ingole, Jayesh Rajgopal and Rishi Jain
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 22, 2019
Many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are on insulin analogues which are costly as well as usage of higher units of insulin on a daily basis increases the cost of the monthly therapy. Concentrated insulin are a way forward for patients who needs higher units of insulin especially Human insulin which address the issues of higher cost and the need for higher concentration in the same or lesser volume of insulin. However, data on 24-hour glycemic control with concentrated insulin in In...
Pancreatic Autoantibodies in Sudanese Children with Newly Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Yahya Rabab Mahdi, Urwa Hashim and Abdullah MA
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 13, 2019
Immunepositive type one diabetes mellitus is the commonest cause of diabetes in children worldwide. Seronegative cases are said to be more common among black Africans. In a previous study in Sudan 46% of cases were found to have positive GAD antibodies. The aim of this study was to find out the prdevalence of pancreatic autoantibodies among multiethnic group of newly diagnosed Sudanese children by testing for multiple antibodies and to see how common are seronegative cases as reported in black A...
Prevalence of Proteinuria among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Dhamar Governorate, Yemen
Abdulqawi Ali Al-Shammak, Abdullatif Daiffallah Ali and Hussein Al Jermozy
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 09, 2019
Diabetic nephropathy remains the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Microalbuminuria is the first clinical sign of renal dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus. A urine total protein: creatinine ratio (TPCR) is a convenient and inexpensive measure of proteinuria and could be used to predict the presence of microalbuminuria in diabetic patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated risk factors of proteinuria among type-2 diabetic p...
Effects of Fractionated Neem Leaf Extract (IRC) on Blood Glucose Level in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Wistar Rats
Okpe Aaron C, Shu Elvis N, Nwadike kenneth I, Udeinya Iroka J, Nubila, Nkoyo I and Aniagor Ebele N
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 04, 2019
This study evaluated the hypoglycaemic effects of fractionated neem leaf extract (IRC) on alloxan induced diabetic wistar rats. IRC dissolved in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) PH 7.2 was administered as 50 mg/kg, 500 mg/kg, 1000 mg/kg, 2000 mg/kg single doses and 5 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg repeated doses in the diabetic rats while in the normoglycaemic rats 100 mg/kg and 250 mg/kg were used respectively. The positive control groups received single and repeated doses of glibencla...
Comorbidity among Patients with Kidney Diseases in Hail Region, Saudi Arabia
Mukhtar Ansari, Majed Al-Adeem and Mohammed Alshakka
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 22, 2019
Kidney diseases are emerging non-communicable ailments in Saudi Arabia and rest of the world. Among top ten diseases in 2017 in Saudi Arabia, chronic kidney disease was the 4th common cause of most of the deaths in the kingdom. Hence, the study aimed at determining the major concomitant chronic disorders and their association with kidney diseases in Hail region. This cross-sectional, retrospective study was carried out in King Khalid Hospital, and King Abdullah International Foundation for Haemo...
The Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome in Saudi Community Based Hospital: A Retrospective Single Centre Study
Khalid S Aljabri, MD, FRCPC, FACP, Ibrahim M Alnasser, MD, Facharatz, Samia A Bokhari, MD, SBEM, Muneera A Alshareef, MD,SBIM, Patan M Khan, MD, MRCP, Abdulla M Mallosho, MD, Hesham M AbuElsaoud, MD, Mohammad M Jalal, MD, Rania F Safwat, MD, Rehab El Boraie, MD, Nawaf K Aljabri, MLT, Waleed O Bawzeer, MD, Mohammad A Melibari, MD, Bandari K Aljabri, MS, Arwa Y Alsuraihi, MS and Amjad I Hawsawi, MS
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 21, 2019
The burden of thyroid diseases in the general population and patients with Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is enormous. To estimate retrospectively the prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with MetS in Saudi community based hospital. We analyzed retrospectively 3632 participants whom are between the age 18 to 105 years. All patients were from the population of the Primary health centre at King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. All data were collected on the basis of a review of el...
Association of Serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone and Free Thyroxine with Urinary Albumin Excretion in Euthyroid Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Khalid S Aljabri, MD, FRCPC, FACP, Ibrahim M Alnasser, MD, Facharatz, Samia A Bokhari, MD, SBEM, Muneera A Alshareef, MD, SBIM, Patan M Khan, MD, MRCP, Abdulla M Mallosho, MD, Hesham M AbuElsaoud, MD, Mohammad M Jalal, MD, Rania F Safwat, MD, Rehab El Boraie, MD, Nawaf K Aljabri, MLT, Bandari K Aljabri, MS, Arwa Y Alsuraihi, MS and Amjad I Hawsawi, MS
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2019
The kidney is responsible for the excretion of thyroid hormones. The present retrospective study was conducted to find out the association of serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) with urinary albumin excretion in euthyroid subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Saudi community based hospital. We analyzed retrospectively 939 participants whom are between the age 20 to 96 years. All patients were from the population of the Primary health centre at King Fahad ...
The Level of Satisfaction of Diabetic Patients with Healthcare Personnel Attending Outpatient Health Clinics in Jamaica
Paula Barrett-Brown, Donovan McGrowder and Dalip Ragoobirsingh
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 23, 2019
The burden of diabetes mellitus is increasing in low-income and middle-income countries, and it is a major contributor to premature mortality. The care of patients with diabetes mellitus is multidisciplinary and involves a number of healthcare personnel. Effective communication between diabetic patients and healthcare personnel influence self-management and health outcomes. The study evaluated the diabetic patient's assessment of the communication skills of the healthcare providers, as well as a...
A Medical Case Masquerading as Surgical Pathology in an Individual Living with Diabetes
Ravikumar Ravindran and Kofi Obuobie
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 21, 2019
Diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain in a young type 1 diabetic can be a challenging task and involves a wide array of differential diagnosis. Most commonly the pain is thought to be secondary to diabetic neuropathy. It becomes even more problematic if there is significant weight loss, if extensive investigations have not found any organic pathology and if the pain does not fit into any pattern of diabetic neuropathy. We present such a case where a young 21-years-old female diabetic had lost 1...
SMART Population Screening and Management in Qatar
Samya Ahmad Al Abdulla, Dahlia Mustafa Hassan, Azza Mustafa Mohammed and Joelle Bevington
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 12, 2019
The SMART clinic was firstly established at Al Wakra Health Center in the Southern region of Doha, Qatar. At the clinic individuals were screened for type II DM and depending on the outcome, a specific pathway was designed for them to follow ensuring patients and their families remained on the correct health initiative. A cross-sectional study design was used to study adult Qatari nationals registered at Al Wakra Health center's Smart Clinic using data obtained between (Jan 2015-Jan 2016). The s...