Axis Metastasis, Atlantoaxial Dislocation and Cervical Syringomyelia: A Case Report
Ismail Latifaci, MD, Selcuk Gozcu, MD and Ahmet Celal Iplikcioglu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 19, 2020
Syringomyelia associated with atlantoaxial dislocation is usually described in patients with complex craniovertebral junction anomaly. However, atlantoaxial dislocation without craniovertebral junction bony anomaly very rarely causes syringomyelia. In this report, we describe a case of syringomyelia associated with atlantoaxial dislocation secondary to metastatic tumour of the axis vertebra. Syringomyelia is characterized by the presence of a fluid filled cystic cavity within the spinal cord. Ce...
Ossified Cephalhematoma: How to Differentia it from Intradiploic Hematoma: Case Report
Selçuk Gözcü and Ahmet Celal İplikçioğlu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 18, 2020
Ossified cephalhematoma is rare and usually occur in newborns due to birth injury. Some ossified cephalhematomas can resorb spontaneously while others require surgery because of cosmetic reasons. Simple excision of new bone is usually sufficient. It should be also differentiated from another clinical entity called intradiploic hematoma which requiers surgery. In reported cases, of infant intradiploic hematoma cases clinical and radiologicial findings are similar to those of ossified cephalhemato...
Cerebral and Cerebellar Ischaemia in Pituitary Apoplexy: A Case Report
Nimetullah Alper Durmus, Iddi Kassım Mkopi and Ali Kurtsoy
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 19, 2020
Pituitary apoplexy followed by cerebral ischaemia is very rare and life-threatening clinical syndrome. Ischemia is a rare complication after pituitary apoplexy. Cerebral ischemia due to pituitary apoplexy has been linked to two mechanisms; this can occur through one of two mechanisms- direct compression of the artery or vasospasm caused by vasoactive factors/agents released from haemorrhagic or necrotic material of the pituitary adenoma....
Management and Outcome of Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia in a Tertiary Neurosurgical Centre, Nigeria
Nasiru Jinjiri Ismail, Ali Lasseini, Aliyu Muhammad Koko and Bello B Shehu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 16, 2020
Fibrous dysplasia is an aberration in normal bone development that results from a defect in osteoblastic differentiation and maturation originating in a mesenchymal precursor; it’s characterized by foci of abnormal fibro-osseous proliferation that can affect any area of the calvaria. Craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is a rare condition that can presents with craniofacial swelling and disfigurement. Usually, cranial computerised tomography scan is needed for radiological evaluation and excision a...
Dura Based Rhabdoid Glioblastoma Masquerading as Meningioma: A Rare Case Report
Baliga V, Ganapathy S and Pandey P
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 16, 2020
There are quite a few entities which can present as dura- based masses. Most common being meningioma, others are gliosarcomas, solitary fibrous tumor, leiomyosarcoma, haemangiopericytomas and melanocytomas. Recently, a number of neoplastic and non-neoplastic entities have been reported that radiographically and clinically mimic meningiomas. This is a rare case of glioblastoma with rhabdoid features presented as dura-based tumor. Even though the imaging helps to narrow down the diagnostic possibi...
The Imaging Features of AIDS-Related Primary CNS Lymphoma; Case Series and Literature Review
Shunsuke Yanagisawa, Yuya Sakakura, Shota Ozaki, Ryuichi Noda, Yuta Tamai, Makiko Fujitani, Masato Inoue and Tetsuo Hara
Article Type: Case Series and Literature Review | First Published: May 01, 2020
Primary CNS lymphoma is rare primary brain tumor. Meanwhile there are given number of acquired immune deficiency syndrome related primary CNS lymphoma. This brain tumor was reported that it showed ring enhancement in contrast MRI or CT. Here we analysed six acquired immune deficiency syndrome related primary CNS lymphoma cases. All cases showed ring enhancement in contrast MRI. The central low uptake and peripheral high uptake were observed in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET, and these imaging featur...
Management Options in Patients with Trapped Temporal Horn: Case Report and Critical Review
Joel Caballero-García, Carlos Aparicio-García, Misael López-Sánchez and Jhohana Linares Benavides
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 18, 2020
A 58-year-old woman with a previous history of partial resection for a parietal glioblastoma in another center and trapped temporal horn is presented. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was done with completely resolution of the temporal lobe entrapment. Trapped temporal horn is a rare condition, and many different surgical approaches have been described. Ventriculoperitoneal shunting remains the standard treatment and has some particularly advantages in patients with malignant tumors. The ideal treat...
Cranial Intraosseous Angiolipoma: Case Report and Literature Review
Katherine M Morgan, MD, PhD, Simon Hanft, MD and Zhenggang Xiong, MD, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 08, 2020
Angiolipomas are slow-growing, soft tissue tumors consisting of mature adipocytes and thin-walled blood vessels. While most Angiolipomas are subcutaneous lesions in the trunk and upper extremities, intraosseous angiolipomas are rare at cranial site. We present the case of a 61-year-old female with an enlarging lesion in the left frontoparietal skull following minor head trauma. Radiography confirmed an expansile, enhancing, spiculated bony lesion in the left frontoparietal calvarium with extensi...
An Unusual Case of Paraspinal Schwannoma Causing Undiagnosed Low Back Pain
Ismail Kaya, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 24, 2020
Paraspinal schwannomas are relatively common but hardly classified subject of spinal neurosurgery. We present a rare and unclassified case of paravertebral schwannoma that causes non-discogenic low back pain. A 45-year-old Caucasian female came to our clinic with low back pain. Her pain steadily worsened for two years. Her physical exam showed right straight leg raise positivity at 45-degree angle but provocation test negative. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass in the paravertebral muscle...