Prenatal is Still Neglected in Resource-Limited Areas despite the Use of Tests That Optimize the Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases in Brazil
Galileu Barbosa Costa, Raquel Gois Bastos, Ney Cristian Amaral Boa Sorte, Antônio Conceição da Purificação, Beneli Miranda dos Santos, Bernardo Galvão-Castro, Sara Nunez Vaz, Lauro Juliano Marin and Sandra Rocha Gadelha
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: June 05, 2020
Vertically transmitted infections are caused by a diversity of pathogenic microorganisms, and pregnant women are routinely screened to evaluate the risks and reduce the burden of general disorders in their unborn. We assessed the seroprevalence of syphilis, toxoplasmosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV and Human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV) in pregnant women using public healthcare services in two main cities in South region of Bahia State, Brazil. Blood samples were collected using filter paper cards fr...
Risky Behaviors among HIV Serodiscordant and Seroconcordant Couples in Yaounde-Cameroon
Constantin Tchakounte, Thibau Flaurant Tchouangueu, Marie Nicole Ngoufack, Leaticia Grace Yatchou, Salomon Tchuandom Bonsi, Jean Olivier Ngono Djang, Etienne Philemon Atabonkeng, Jules-Rogers Kuiate, Alexis Ndjolo and Céline Nkenfou Nguefeu2
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: April 20, 2020
Serodiscordant HIV couples are an important source of HIV spread in sub-Saharan Africa. To limit the transmission of HIV within couples, UNAIDS has defined many strategies, including unconditional treatment of the infected partner, systematic condom use, assisted reproduction, regular screening of the negative partner. In Cameroon, there is little information on the follow up of HIV serodiscordant and seroconcordant couples. The purpose of this work was to describe risky behaviors within serodis...
Complete Manuscript Title: Viral Hepatitis B Vaccination Status of a Medical Laboratory Staff in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, West Africa
Agathe Dotia-Kone, Timothee Ouassa, Roseline Affi-Aboli, Arlette Emieme, Mathieu Kablan and Andre Inwoley
Article Type: Brie f Report | First Published: September 30, 2019
Health care professionals working in laboratories located in Africa are supposed to deal with many potentially infectious fluids in a context of high prevalence for infectious diseases and particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV). The goal of this study was to evaluate the seroprotect ion against HBV and possible contact with the virus before vaccination in the staff of a laboratory specialized in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. Fifty out of 59 professionals were included in the study. Anti-HB...
HIV and Hepatitis Coinfection among HIV-1 Infected Individuals in Republic of the Congo
NIAMA Roch Fabien, MOUNDOSSO Thierry Stephane, PEMBE ISSAMOU MAYENGUE, BAYONNEKOMBO Edith Sophie, OSSIBI IBARA Roland Bienvenu, DIAFOUKA Merlin, MAHAMBOU NSONDE Dominique, LOUZOLO Igor, LOUKABOU Bongolo Nadia Claricelle, DZABATOU-BABEAUX Angelie Serge Patrick, MALOUMBI Marie Genevieve and PARRA Henri-Joseph
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 06, 2019
HIV and Hepatitis co-infection is common and contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality in persons living with HIV (PLWH). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of this co-infection in patients receiving second-line antiretroviral therapy in Pointe-Noire and Brazzaville. A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and July 2014 to collect demographic data and perform blood sampling from consenting patients who came for routine visits in sites that provide...
Two Cases with Kawasaki Diseases and Adenoviral Infection: An Etiology or Association?
Tuba Giray, MD, Suat Biçer, MD, Ahmet Saç, Yiğit Moğol, Öznur Küçük, Defne Çöl, Zerrin Yalvaç and Yeşim Gürol, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 27, 2019
Although etiology of Kawasaki disease has not been precisely determined, it has been speculated that there was an association with a variety of bacterial and viral agents because of the seasonality of this disease. Some viruses including human adenovirus have been isolated from patients with Kawasaki Disease. Adenoviral infection may mimic Kawasaki disease clinically but it may also be detected in patients with Kawasaki disease....
Occult HBV Infection in Pregnant Women in Northern Benin
Massimo De Paschale, Cristina Ceriani, Teresa Cerulli, Debora Cagnin, Serena Cavallari, Joseph Ndayake, Dieudonne Zaongo, Kouma Diombo, Gianbattista Priuli, Paolo Vigano and Pierangelo Clerici
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 18, 2019
Occult infections (OBIs) due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) are identified by the presence of HBV DNA without surface antigen (HBsAg). The population prevalence of HBsAg is high in Benin, but there are no data concerning the presence of OBIs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of OBIs using samples taken from 220 pregnant Beninese women for the purposes of a previous study of the prevalence of HBV markers. Twenty-four women were HBsAg positive (group I); of the 196 HBsAg negative wom...
Multi-Center Study on the Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 Co-Infection among Pregnant Women in Nigeria
Olayemi MATTHEW, Teclaire NDOMB, Joseph ONAKEWHOR, Bitrus MATAWAL, Esosa OSAGIE, Alashle ABIMIKU and Man CHARURAT
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2019
Substantial proportions of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa are associated with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection hence the magnitude of infection in the population suggests the expected course of HIV epidemic. We determined prevalence of genital herpes as a result of HSV-2 and its associated factors among pregnant women in Nigeria. A total of 2,362 sera of pregnant women aged 18-49 years attending two different antenatal clinics in two communities in Nigeria were analysed us...
Silent Transmission of HTLV-2 in an Endemic Area of Northeastern Brazil: Report of 10 Cases and Review Literature
Graca Maria de Castro Viana, Helaine Dias Guimaraes, Saphyra Medeiros Salem, Augusto Viana Arouche Santos and Jamilly Gonçalves Zani
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 21, 2019
HTLV 2 is endemic among Amerindians and has been reported in intravenous drug abusers in the USA, Europe, and Asia. The most important indigenous communities in Brazil are distributed in the states of Amapá, Pará, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia and Maranhão. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HTLV-2 in the state of Maranhão. Ten patients attended at a referral hospital who presented confirmatory Western blot serology for HTLV-2 were analyzed. All seropositives were asymptomatic and...
Prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Syphilis Infections among Patients in a Psychiatric Hospital in Ghana
Benedict Osei-Tawiah, Theophilus B Kwofie, Mohamed Mutocheluh, Richard Ephaim, and Emmanuel Awusah Blay
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 18, 2019
In developing countries like Ghana, people with serious psychiatric disorders do not have equal access to health care as normal non-mentally challenged people do. Moreover, mental health care generally focuses on physical health screening, health education, and improving access to treatment in primary and secondary care to the detriment of sexual health needs including prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Studies have shown the risk of blood-borne virus infections such as HIV, hepatiti...