International Journal of

Virology and AIDSISSN: 2469-567X

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510053

Occult HBV Infection in Pregnant Women in Northern Benin

Massimo De Paschale, Cristina Ceriani, Teresa Cerulli, Debora Cagnin, Serena Cavallari, Joseph Ndayake, Dieudonne Zaongo, Kouma Diombo, Gianbattista Priuli, Paolo Vigano and Pierangelo Clerici

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 18, 2019

Occult infections (OBIs) due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) are identified by the presence of HBV DNA without surface antigen (HBsAg). The population prevalence of HBsAg is high in Benin, but there are no data concerning the presence of OBIs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of OBIs using samples taken from 220 pregnant Beninese women for the purposes of a previous study of the prevalence of HBV markers. Twenty-four women were HBsAg positive (group I); of the 196 HBsAg negative wom...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510052

Multi-Center Study on the Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 Co-Infection among Pregnant Women in Nigeria

Olayemi MATTHEW, Teclaire NDOMB, Joseph ONAKEWHOR, Bitrus MATAWAL, Esosa OSAGIE, Alashle ABIMIKU and Man CHARURAT

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2019

Substantial proportions of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa are associated with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection hence the magnitude of infection in the population suggests the expected course of HIV epidemic. We determined prevalence of genital herpes as a result of HSV-2 and its associated factors among pregnant women in Nigeria. A total of 2,362 sera of pregnant women aged 18-49 years attending two different antenatal clinics in two communities in Nigeria were analysed us...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510051

Silent Transmission of HTLV-2 in an Endemic Area of Northeastern Brazil: Report of 10 Cases and Review Literature

Graca Maria de Castro Viana, Helaine Dias Guimaraes, Saphyra Medeiros Salem, Augusto Viana Arouche Santos and Jamilly Gonçalves Zani

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 21, 2019

HTLV 2 is endemic among Amerindians and has been reported in intravenous drug abusers in the USA, Europe, and Asia. The most important indigenous communities in Brazil are distributed in the states of Amapá, Pará, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia and Maranhão. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HTLV-2 in the state of Maranhão. Ten patients attended at a referral hospital who presented confirmatory Western blot serology for HTLV-2 were analyzed. All seropositives were asymptomatic and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510050

Prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Syphilis Infections among Patients in a Psychiatric Hospital in Ghana

Benedict Osei-Tawiah, Theophilus B Kwofie, Mohamed Mutocheluh, Richard Ephaim, and Emmanuel Awusah Blay

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 18, 2019

In developing countries like Ghana, people with serious psychiatric disorders do not have equal access to health care as normal non-mentally challenged people do. Moreover, mental health care generally focuses on physical health screening, health education, and improving access to treatment in primary and secondary care to the detriment of sexual health needs including prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Studies have shown the risk of blood-borne virus infections such as HIV, hepatiti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510049

The First Human Immunotherapy Trial with a Viral Oncolysate Vaccine Induced a Large Number of Granular Lymphocytes Later Recognized as 'Natural Killer Cells'

Joseph G Sinkovics

Article Type: SHORT COMMUNICATION | First Published: March 16, 2019

The first visualization (and photographic records) of what has become known much later as human "natural killer cells" (NK) was initiated in 1969 at the Section of Clinical Tumor Virology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Hospital, Houston TX. A clinical hematopathologist suggested that those cells were monocyte-like (M); another viewed them as 'unusual lymphoblasts'. The cells in question were much larger than the already known cytotoxic T lymphocytes...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510048

Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Co-Infection among HIV Infected Adult Patients on HAART in Ogun State, Nigeria

Enitan Seyi Samson, Adekunbi Oluyemisi Ajike, Ihonge John Cletus and Olumide Abiodun

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 13, 2019

Respiratory tract infections with more than one organisms are common in immunosuppressed patients, especially those who are Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive. Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most important and dangerous pulmonary bacterial pathogens with global impact. This present study assessed the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis co-infection and associated risk factors among HIV infected Adult Patients on Highly A...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510047

Isolated Duodenal Variceal Bleeding Caused by Liver Cirrhosis: One Case Report

Lili Liu, Rui HUA, Yu Pan and Junqi Niu

Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: February 25, 2019

Isolated Duodenal varices (DV) as a rare manifestation of portal hypertension in the absence of esophagogastric varices. The clinical features of DV include middle-aged men and commonly with a history of liver disease, repeatedly, a large number of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding with or without esophageal varices. An initial bleed from a duodenal varix often confers a poor prognosis. This is a case of isolated duodenal variceal bleeding....

Volume 6
Issue 1