Health Exposure and Environmental Challenges of Households Living Nearby an Open Landfill System in Nigerian Urban Centre
Nnamdi C Ogbuehi, Maureen C Orji and Omobolaji O Afolabi
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 01, 2022
Urbanization and poor town planning have contributed to large waste generation, poor management, and landfill are sited close to the living environment; hence, high health risk. The study assessed households living near open landfills' health-related exposure and environmental challenges. The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among households living within a radius of 250m (Category A) and 500m (Category) from the landfill based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria....
Social and Economic Factors Behind Ebola in Sierra Leonne
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 16, 2022
The Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, caused by the Ebola virus, is a rare but severe disease and claims a fatality rate of 50%. Although its origins date back to the 1970s, the epidemic in 2014-2016 marked its most prominent appearance. Amongst the Central- and West- African regions which showed a spike in cases during this epidemic period, the infections in Sierra Leone stood to be the most severe in the region, totaling about 14,000 cases in the country alone....
Local Cutaneous Complication after Bacilli Calmette-Guerin Vaccine: Unusual Location
Nadine Kammoun, Khadija Sellami, Chaima Kouki and Hamida Turki
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 16, 2022
Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine may cause some cutaneous complications at the injection site. Their management is still unclear. Thigh swelling is a symptom of various benign and malignant conditions. Differential diagnosis is not easy, particularly if the causative disorder has not previously been reported....
High Seroprevalence of SARS-COV-2 Antibody before Covid-19 Vaccination in Nigerian Communities
Olaleye DO, Aminu M, Olusola BA, Segun TO, Faneye AO, Opayele AV, Odeh E, Sarki M, Dairo MD, Fagbamigbe AF, Egbuna HC, Ajuwon AJ, Omilabu SA, Achi CE, Odaibo GN and Arinola OG
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: September 07, 2022
This community-based study was conducted to determine the proportion of individuals in the population that had been infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and developed antibodies before the second wave and introduction of COVID-19 vaccines in Nigeria. Between December 2020 and March 2021, 2,244 markets sellers and shoppers aged ≤ 70 years across six states [two northern (Kano and Kaduna), two eastern (Ebonyi and Imo), and two western (Oyo and Lagos)] regions were enrolled in the study....
Poverty, Urban Environmental Factors and Spatial Distribution of Visceral Leishmaniasis in an Area of Recent Emergence in Inner Brazil
Jose Claudio Simao, PhD, Cassiano Victoria, PhD and Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza, MD, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 02, 2022
In an urban area of recent emergence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Brazil, the spatial distribution of both VL and VL-HIV coinfection was negatively associated with per capita income, population density, paving of streets, existence of sidewalks and drains for rainfall. Poverty and urban infrastructure deficits may influence VL emergence....
Prevalence of Ear Infections in Children (0 to 15 Years) of India: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Ragini Bhatia, Anil Chauhan, Kulbir Kaur, Monika Rana, Pranita Pradhan and Meenu Singh
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 23, 2022
In this review PRISMA guidelines (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis) were followed. We did extensive literature search in PubMed, Embase, Cinahl and Web of Science to identify relevant community based cross sectional studies that investigated the prevalence of ear diseases in children in India. We used STATA version 16.0 software to perform meta-analysis....
Attitudes and Barriers towards Adolescent Sexuality and Abortion Care in the Northern Part of Ghana
Alhassan Abibata, Musah Nihayatu, Joseph Owusu-Marfo, Ruth Nimota Nukpezah and Yaa Nyarko Agyeman
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 15, 2022
The adolescence period is generally perceived as being healthy, however, most adolescents in the Tamale Metropolisgo through this period with health challenges such as sexual and reproductive problems and unsafe abortion. This study aimed to determine the attitude and barriers toward Adolescent Sexuality and abortion in the Tamale Metropolis....
A Culturally Competent Patient Care: A Review of the CLAS Standards
Annalee A. Mora
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 16, 2022
Multiculturism is rapidly growing. It affects all aspects of society, including healthcare. A culturally competent healthcare system has a critical impact on meeting the needs of the diverse population that it serves. The national Culturally and Linguistic Approach Services (CLAS) standards have been developed and implemented as a tool to improve the quality of care, potentially transforming how we address disparities in healthcare. Motivated by a nationalized concern about societal impartiality...
Definition of Cut-Off Score between COVID-19 Acute Phase and Post-COVID-19 Syndrome: Indispensable Element to Consider in the Use of Instrumental and Clinical Tests
Nicolás Alberto Cely-Aldana, MD, Luisa María Benjumea-Gómez, MD, Ronald Antonio Solís-Amin, MD, Alix Sabec Freire-Duran, MD and Maria Paz Bolaño-Romero, MS
Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: April 11, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic has probably been the worst public health calamity of the 21st century. At the first peak of infection during the early to mid- 2020s, much was unknown about the pathophysiology, COVID-19 phenotypes, pharmacologic and supportive management, rehabilitation, and outcomes. With precision and celerity, several safe and effective vaccine prototypes were developed to achieve the desired herd immunity and reduce intensive care unit admission and death. Scales have also been design...