International Archives of

Public Health and Community MedicineISSN: 2643-4512

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710024

Out of a Silo, Into Everyday Healthcare: Nutrition Inclusion in Medicine

S. Anuradha and Dhastagir Sultan Sheriff

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 02, 2019

Healthcare in India is undergoing a change that will meet the demands of the citizens from the village to the metropolitan city level. The National Health policy announced in 2017 is focused on "wellness" of patients and guarantees healthcare with suitable insurance to cover from primary to tertiary care. Ayushman Bharat Mission is a policy that promotes healthcare with a center-state co-operation. Program Indra Dhanush aims to cover immunization of children in rural and urban areas including th...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710023

Out of a Silo, Into Everyday Healthcare: Nutrition Inclusion in Medicine

Julie Babyar, RN MPH

Article Type: Narrative Review | First Published: June 12, 2019

Nutrition science is currently viewed as part of healthcare, in a separate silo Nutrition science is currently not fully integrated into medicine. Food safety, malnutrition, access and quality issues, chronic conditions and obesity are all components of nutritional health, nutritional health is not viewed as a specialty partner with everyday presence. Additionally, research on nutrition is unorganized and lacking....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710022

The Association between Male Circumcision and HIV Infection in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Gazimbi MM, Magadi MA and Kruger C

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 08, 2019

Although both traditional and medical male circumcision are now being promoted as part of strategies for HIV prevention in Africa, particularly in countries with low circumcision prevalence, there are debates on the efficacy of male circumcision in the prevention of HIV at both individual and population levels....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710021

Marriage and Fertility Issues: Ethical Dilemma Faced by Gay with HIV/AIDS in the Context of Chinese Culture

Lin Zhang, Lei Shen, Wei-Ti Chen, Meiyan Sun, Wenxiu Sun, Zheng Zhu and Hongzhou Lu

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2019

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a kind of serious infectious disease caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the report of World AIDS Day of 2015, the UNAIDS estimated that there are 3690 million HIV affected people and AIDS patients, including 200 million people newly infected with HIV and 1.2 million AIDS-related death that year. There are 15.8 million people living with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy as of June 2015. According to the latest AIDS report: by the...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710020

Risk of Legionellosis from Exposure to Water Aerosol from Industrial Cooling Tower

Margita Spalekova, Martina Kotrbancova, Miriam Fulova and Danka Simonyiova

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 05, 2019

Community-acquired cases of Legionella infection or even outbreaks can be attributed to inhalation of aerosols from devices such as hot water system, cooling towers, hot tubs, industrial equipment and indoor fountains. Legionellae survive in water in temperatures between 20°C and 50°C and tend to colonize particularly water systems rich of sludge, rust, biofilms and amoebae where they can multiply. Cooling towers (CT) in industry are used as heat-transfer devices in which warm water is...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710019

Knowledge, Practices and Perceptions Regarding the Follow-Up of HIV-Exposed Infants in Cambodia: Perspective of Mothers and Providers

Kunthea Soch, B POCH and Chanbora Chea

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 24, 2019

Cambodian Ministry of Health (MoH) is working towards the elimination of mother-to-child transmission (eMTCT) of HIV by 2025. According to national policy, following the antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive pregnant women (PW), HIV-exposed infants (HEI) are given antiretroviral prophylaxis for six weeks (PMTCT Guideline 2011), followed by a first PCR test (PCR1) and cotrimoxazole (CTX) prophylaxis at six weeks of age, and later followed with an HIV-antibody test (AB-Test) at 18 months. Based ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710018

Being Unprepared for Nuclear Terrorism Would Lead to Panic and Fear in America

Robert Cancro, Kenneth Blum and Eric R Braverman

Article Type: Perspective Type | First Published: April 06, 2019

Chernobyl demonstrated that iodine-131 (131I) released in a nuclear accident can cause malignant thyroid nodules to develop in children within a 300 mile radius of the incident. Timely potassium iodide (KI) administration can prevent the development of thyroid cancer and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and a number of United States governmental agencies recommend KI prophylaxis. Current pre-distribution of KI by the United States government and other governments with nuclear reactors is p...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710017

Opioid Dependence and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Colonization or Infection in Hospitalized Patients in Florida: A Retrospective Study

Carmen Smotherman, Lori Bilello, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Julie Merten and Saran Wells

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 07, 2019

Prescriptions for opioid medications has increased during the past two decades. In 2016, there were 17,087 deaths involving prescription opioids, or approximately 46 deaths per day. This is a significant increase from 15,281 in 2015 (p < 0.05). The use of injectable opioids are often associated with skin infections, such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The purpose of this study is to examine the association between opioid dependence and MRSA colonization or infection in ho...

Volume 3
Issue 1