Knowledge and Perceived Susceptibility of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) among Saudi Female Teachers
Ibtisam AL-Tamimi, MD, MPH and Amen Bawazir, MD, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 18, 2020
The purpose of this study was to examine the current knowledge levels, health beliefs, personal risk factors, and health-promoting behaviors related to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among female Saudi teachers in Riyadh city. This study featured a cross-sectional descriptive design. A survey method was used to collect data from 400 women teachers who were randomly selected from ten public schools in five regions of Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect data......
Coping with Shortage of Ventilators in COVID-19 Pandemic: Indian Context and Exploring Effective Options in Countries with Limited Healthcare Resources
Rajit Jhingan, M.B.B.S, M.D, Vidushi Sharma, M.B.B.S, M.D, Prem Parkash Khosla, M.B.B.S, M.D, Deepak Bhasin, M.B.B.S, M.D and Harpal Singh, M.B.B.S, DA
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: May 25, 2020
At the very outset, it needs to be well understood that early assessment and anticipating the need for non-invasive measures will halt progression of disease into ARDS. This will not only reduce the chances for invasive ventilation but also aid in early weaning, thereby decreasing the overall ventilator use. COVID-19 patients should ideally be managed in negative pressure isolation rooms, but most public hospitals would not have this facility. The next best thing is to manage these patients in c...
Is India's Health Care Infrastructure Sufficient for Handling COVID 19 Pandemic?
Dr. Abhishek Singh, M.D, Dr. Preeti Deedwania, MD, Dr. Vinay K, MBBS, Dr. Apala Roy Chowdhury MD and Dr. Puneet Khanna, MD
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: May 18, 2020
In the last week of December 2019, the first case of pneumonia caused by a novel corona virus in Wuhan city, China, was diagnosed. Person to person transmission of novel coronavirus was confirmed by china on 21 January 2020 with more than 200 diagnosed cases and 4 death. On 30th January 2020, WHO declared the Chinese outbreak of COVID-19 to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern posing a high risk to countries with the poor health care system...
Racial and Geographic Differences in Hospitalizations for Pediatric Opioid Use Disorders
Wanqing Zhang, PhD, MD, Paul R. Chelminski, MD and Dore R. LaForett, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 21, 2020
Opioids present unprecedented threat in the United States. Hospitalizations associated with opioid use disorders (OUD) among US children have doubled in the last decade. Important racial disparities in OUD have recently been noted. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of race in hospitalizations associated with OUD among children and adolescents across the 4 US Census Bureau-defined regions....
In vitro Effects of Probiotics on Clostridium Difficile Toxin Production and Sporulation
Valeria De Las Casas, Sam Miller, Herbert DuPont and Zhi-Dong Jiang
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 09, 2020
Strains 052 and 055 showed the greatest toxin- neutralization activity for C. difficile 43255, while neutralization against toxin of strain 027 was seen only by BS, 055 and CVS. Of interest, the least active probiotic, PC, contained 10 different probiotic strains, demonstrating that containing more probiotic strains may not confer more activity. All probiotics showed anti-sporulation effects against C. difficile strain 087 strain, while the most active inhibitors of sporulation for C. difficile ...
Factors Associated with the Nutritional Status of Schoolchildren in the Main City of Benin Republic, Sub-Saharan Africa
Colette S Azandjeme, Florence Alihonou, Charles J Sossa, Ulrich Gbatcho, Fabien Gounongbe, Michel Makoutode and Victoire D Agueh
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 05, 2020
This was a cross-sectional study conducted in July 2016. It involved data collection regarding food and nutritional knowledge, nutritional habits and practices, physical activity level and health status which were obtained using survey research. The study took place in four schools from the Friendly School of Nutrition Initiative (FNSI) in Cotonou and focused on schoolchildren aged from eight to eleven (n = 182). Anthropometric data including weight and height were collected, BMI indices weight-...
Efficacy, Effectiveness and Efficiency in the Health Care: The Need for an Agreement to Clarify its Meaning
Enrique Burches, MD, PhD and Marta Burches, MD
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: January 25, 2020
There is great interest in ensuring that health system resources are used effectively. Dictionary says efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency are synonymous. Curiously, it is in many scientific fields where there has been imposed an artificial interpretation of these terms. Efficacy, in the health care sector, is the capacity of a given intervention under ideal or controlled conditions. Effectiveness is the ability of an intervention to have a meaningful effect on patients in normal clinical con...
Evaluation of the Level of Knowledge of the Population and Risk Factors Related to Leptospirosis in an Endemic City
Bruna Helena Kipper, Carlos Efrain Stein, Thais Helena Szabo Castro, Bruna Carvalho da Silva, Catiane Baumgartel, Kaiane Pereira, Milena Capo dos Santos and Marina Cardoso Fernandes
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2020
Leptospirosis is an infectious-contagious zoonosis caused by gram-negative bacteria, a spirochete of the genus Leptospira. It is largely related to high rainfall levels, accumulation of litter, presence of rodents and lack of basic sanitation. The present study aimed to verify the level of knowledge of the population and the risk factors of leptospirosis in a region frequently affected by floods in Blumenau/Santa Catarina/Brazil, as well as the control of rodents carried out by the interviewees....
Odontogenic Keratocysts Associated with Dental Displacement for Orbita Floor: Case Report
Marcelo B Bastos, Mariana MM de Carvalho, Daiana CP de Santana, Priscila V Fialho, Luis CC dos Santos, Alana D Barboza, Diego M de O. Barbosa and Alexandre M Seixas
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 14, 2019
The odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a benign pathology that presents characteristics of aggression and local recurrence. The WHO considered it as an odontogenic tumor in 2005, but in the most recent classification in 2017 it was once again considered as an odontogenic developmental cyst. Most of the time it presents a symptomatically, but the patient can report the pain symptomatology. The aim of this article is to report a clinical case of OKC on maxilla describing its characteristics and forms...
The Prevalence of Work-Related Muskuloskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) and Related Factors among Occupational Disease Clinic Patients
Zeynep DOGRUL, MD, Nejdiye MAZICAN, MD and Meral TURK, Prof. Dr.
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 28, 2019
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) are one of the common health problems of employees. WRMSDs are impairments of bodily structures such as muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments, nerves, bones and the localised blood circulation system, that are caused or aggravated primarily by work and by the effects of the immediate environment in which work is carried out. The aim of this study is; to determine the prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorders and the related factors such as...
Determinants of Children Under-Five Mortality in Cambodia: Analysis of the 2010 and 2014 Demographic and Health Survey
Vanthy L, Chhorvann C, Bunleng H and Sopheab H
Article Type: Original Articl e | First Published: October 14, 2019
Despite declining rates for children under five years of age (U5M) in the last ten years, developing countries continue to challenge to meet Sustainability Development Goals (SDG) target, including reducing neonatal mortality to 12 deaths, and U5M to 25 deaths per 1,000 live births, by 2030. Cambodia, located in Southeast Asia, recently been reclassified by the World Bank as a lower middle-income country. Cambodia U5M has declined over the last decade, and Cambodia achieved the Millennium Develo...
Paradigm Shift in Healthcare through Technology and Patient-Centeredness
Abdulrahman Mohammed Al Muammar, Zakiuddin Ahmed and Abdullah M. Aldahmash
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2018
Amidst the background of numerous challenges confronting the healthcare sector (such as rising costs, chronic disease upsurge and issues related to patient safety), this narrative review aims to shed light on the opportunities provided by patient-centered care and technology use as a means to improve and reshape the healthcare sector. The evolution of technology use in healthcare from telemedicine to the present era of connected health is highlighted and discussed as a pertinent emerging model t...
Maternal Obesity and Risk for Birth Defects in an Urban and Rural in the Northern State - Sudan
Mohana Faroug Attia
Article Type: Orginal Research | First Published: October 27, 2018
In Sudan, obesity is increasing at an alarming rate especially in urban areas, becoming a social and medical concern. In pregnancy, overweight is associated with high risk of maternal death and many significant complications. Varied research and papers have also reported an increased risk of abnormality in offspring of obese and overweight pregnant woman. At the same time, carrying out an ultrasound examination on obese pregnant woman is a difficult task, due to the impaired acoustic window. Thi...
Health Benefits of Physical Exercise as a Lifestyle Habit in Asian Men and Women
Victor HH Goh
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2018
Total body composition and bone scans were analyzed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Exercise intensity scores were computed using the Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET). Handgrip strength was measured using a dynamometer. Various hormones and metabolic parameters were measured and cognition function tests and data regarding general health and sexual functions were collected....
A Test (Test_a)° for the Assessment of Headache
Alessandra De Rose and Roberto Verna
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 22, 2018
This report contains the main results of a quantitative research aimed at testing, through the administration of multiple-level questionnaires- patients (n = 2500) and physicians (n = 100), a simple tool for detecting the individual perception of recurrence and the severity of the symptom of headaches and how it is dealt with in terms of drug use and the use of appropriate reference health structures (general practitioner and headache centers). The ultimate goal of the project is to develop a to...
Contextual Perspectives on Heroin Addiction and Recovery: Classic and Contemporary Theories
Sarah Callahan and Leonard A Jason
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 25, 2018
Drug use and recovery have received considerable attention from social scientists over the past few decades. Earlier theoretical explanations of drug abuse evaluated constructionist paradigms of stratification, labeling, and Marxist theories. However, many studies involving heroin use continue to focus on person-centered risk factors surrounding use and, to a lesser extent, recovery processes....
A Preliminary Study on the Effects of Parental Accommodations on Frequency of Sickness in Children
Lauren Harrison and Mary B Short
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 18, 2018
Common childhood sicknesses, such as infections, colds, stomachaches, and headaches are inevitable for all children. The influence parents have on their sick children has been well studied in chronic illness populations; however, few studies have examined these associations among general sickness conditions in children. This study examined how parental accommodations and other parental variables affected frequency of sickness and functioning during sickness in children. ...
Impact of the Pesticides in the Environment and Public Health: The Case of Yucatan, Mexico
Angel G Polanco Rodriguez
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: February 24, 2018
Actually, it is important the water conservation to prevent high impact on the public health, as well as the application of the environmental regulations, especially when there is a high fragility for water pollution in the ecosystem, particularly in developing countries. Throughout the world, there are rules and regulations that indicate the Maximum Permitted Limits of organochlorine pesticides (OCP) residues in water, which must be monitored so that the water quality does not exceed these limi...