Association of Race and Peripheral Artery Disease: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Cohort
Ericha G Franey, PhD, MPH, Donna Kritz-Silverstein, PhD, Erin L Richard, MPH, John E Alcaraz, PhD, Caroline M Nievergelt, PhD, Richard A Shaffer, PhD and Vibha Bhatnagar, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 24, 2020
This cross-sectional study included 11,992 Black or White participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort with PON genotyping. Ankle brachial index (ABI) was measured at baseline (1987-1989); PAD was defined as ABI < 0.90. Data also included demographic, health and behavioral information. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between race and PAD after adjustment for age, gender, BMI, education, smoking, high cholesterol, hypertension and diabetes. The ...
Nigerian Citrullus Lanatus Fruit and Seed Juice Reduces Cardiovascular Diseases Modifiable Risk Biomarkers in Normal Experimental Rats
Aminu Ibrahim, Hadiza Babaye, Murtala Ya'u, Kamaluddeen Babagana, Salisu Maiwada Abubakar, Jamila Mashi Ahmad and Abba Babandi
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: September 12, 2018
Dyslipidemia and imbalance of electrolytes are among the modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) which cause morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients. Consumption of fruits and their juices has been shown to be beneficial health wise by lowering risk of coronary artery/cardiovascular diseases, stroke and other degenerative diseases. The lowering effects and protective mechanism of these fruits are probably due to numerous beneficial nutrients and extra-nutrients found ...
The Iron Brake Dust Age and the Female Advantage
William J Rowe
Article Type: Editorial Article | First Published: August 08, 2018
The iron brake dust age began with the automobile in the 1890's. Until recently, although air pollution was considered a risk factor for hypertension, the studies lacked statistical significance and were considered controversial. However, a Japanese study, also published in the same year, 2016, showed that the key tracers of brake wear particles for example, iron and copper, were at emission levels comparable to traffic-related atmospheric environments....
Hypertension: Drug Adherence and Social Factors
Ana Correia de Oliveira and Paulo Santos
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 04, 2018
Hypertension is the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factor in the world, increasing significantly with aging. The treatment of arterial hypertension leads to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular events, such as stroke and heart disease. In the adult population, the prevalence of hypertension is about 30 to 45%, varying between countries. In 2010, more than 1.3 billion adults age ≥ 20-years-old were hypertensive worldwide, representing an estimated global age-standardized prevalence o...