Asafa MA, Ogunlade O, Bolarinwa RA, Bisiriyu LA, Asafa ST (2019) ABO Blood Group: Its Relationship with Anthropometric Parameters Among Young Adult Nigerians of Yoruba Ethnicity. Int J Blood Res Disord 6:040.


© 2019 Asafa MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

RESEARCH ARTICLE | OPEN ACCESSDOI: 10.23937/2469-5696/1410040

ABO Blood Group: Its Relationship with Anthropometric Parameters Among Young Adult Nigerians of Yoruba Ethnicity

Asafa MA1*, Ogunlade O1, Bolarinwa RA2, Bisiriyu LA3 and Asafa ST4

1Department of Physiological Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

2Department of Haematology and Immunology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

3Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

4Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria



It had been established that ABO blood group system associated with some diseases or disorders. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of ABO blood group on anthropometric indices among apparently healthy young adults of Yoruba ethnicity.


Eighty apparently healthy young adults who were purposely selected participated in the study after screening for the ABO blood groups following the standard protocol. They were divided into four equal groups; 20 in each of blood groups A, B, AB and O who were age- and sex- matched. The weight (kg) and height (cm) of the participants were measured following standard protocol. Body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA) were estimated from weight and height using Quetelex and Mosteller formulae respectively. Chi square was used to compare grouped data while comparison of means of parameters among the four blood groups was done using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). A p-value of < 0.05 was taken statistically significant.


Out of the total 80 participants, 15% were males. The mean ± SD of height (m) of participants with blood groups A, B, O and AB were 1.65 ± 0.06, 1.63 ± 0.08, 1.62 ± 0.08 and 1.63 ± 0.08 (F = 0.349, p = 0.790) respectively. The mean ± SD of weight (kg) of the participants with blood group A, B, O and AB were 56.15 ± 8.71, 56.00 ± 11.21, 57.10 ± 12.73 and 58.05 ± 10.35 (F = 0.154, p = 0.927) respectively. The mean ± SD of BMI in kg/m2 for blood groups A, B, O and AB were 20.74 ± 3.22, 20.86 ± 2.91, 21.79 ± 5.10 and 21.91 ± 4.21 (F = 0.472, p = 0.703) respectively while the mean ± SD of BSA (m2) for blood group A, B, O and AB were 1.60 ± 0.12, 1.59 ± 0.19, 1.60 ± 0.18 and 1.62 ± 0.15 (F = 0.098, p = 0.961) respectively.


Blood group AB is associated with weight, BSA and BMI than any other blood group.