Kidney diseases are emerging non-communicable ailments in Saudi Arabia and rest of the world. Among top ten diseases in 2017 in Saudi Arabia, chronic kidney disease was the 4th common cause of most of the deaths in the kingdom. Hence, the study aimed at determining the major concomitant chronic disorders and their association with kidney diseases in Hail region.
This cross-sectional, retrospective study was carried out in King Khalid Hospital, and King Abdullah International Foundation for Haemodialysis Project from March 2017 to April 2017. The data was collected retrospectively through a self-designed questionnaire based on the objective of the study. The data were entered in SPSS 16.0 and analysed using chi-squire test.
About 94% of the study participants were Saudis, and 76.8% of the patients were above 40 years of the age. More than one-third 66 (37.5%) of the patients with kidney diseases had diabetes mellitus and 101 (57.4%) had hypertension. Occurrence of kidney diseases were significantly associated with age (p = 0.004), gender (p < 0.001) and nationality (p = 0.025). Similarly, kidney diseases were significantly associated with comorbid diabetes mellitus (p = 0.006) and hypertension (p < 0.001).
Kidney diseases are one of the major complications among people over 40 years of the age in this region. Comorbidity such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity are significantly linked with kidney diseases.