International Journal of

Sports and Exercise MedicineISSN: 2469-5718

Current Issue

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510103

Glenohumeral Rotational Angles May Affect Outcomes of Cross-Body Stretch: A Randomized Controlled Crossover Pilot Trial

Koya Mine

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 27, 2018

Various stretching techniques have been proposed to prevent or improve Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit (GIRD) and Posterior Shoulder Tightness (PST). Cross-body stretch is one of the most common methods to address GIRD and PST. The current evidence is unclear with regards to the influences of glenohumeral rotational angle during cross-body stretch....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510102

High Level Cycling Performance 10 Years after Cardiac Transplantation

Grazzi Giovanni, Totti Valentina, Myers Jonathan, Mosconi Giovanni, Gambaretto Camilla, Sambri Vittorio, Trerotola Manuela, Nanni Costa Alessandro and Sella Gianluigi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 23, 2018

Cardiac Transplantation (CTX) is a treatment option for selected individuals with end-stage heart failure. However, long-term outcomes are limited by the development of cardiovascular complications, and coronary allograft artery disease is the main cause of death in Heart Transplant Recipients (HTR) five years after intervention. Training programs among HTR are recommended in the early post-operative period as well as in the long term....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510101

'Stick to it' - Exercise Programmed Adherence as the Main Determinant of Successful Weight Loss Interventions

Santiago Tavares Paes and Renato Marques Bianchini

Article Type: Perspective Article | First Published: August 04, 2018

The regular practice of physical exercise can improve the functioning of energetic systems, increasing metabolic efficiency, which reduces the progression of the pathological effects of obesity. The increase in energy expenditure secondary to physical exercise occurs by stimulating the metabolic reactions and the enhancement of energy substrate use by active exercised muscles. There are many metabolic factors activated by exercise....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510100

What Factors Can Increase the Metabolic Effects of Regular Practice of Physical Exercises in Obesity?

Santiago Tavares Paes

Article Type: Communication | First Published: August 04, 2018

Physical exercise has been used as an important tool in the prevention and treatment of obesity by developing physical qualities that positively alter body composition, metabolic activity and by attenuating the comorbidities associated with excess weight. An inverse association has been demonstrated between physical activity level and development of obesity....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510099

Understanding the Behaviors and Attitudes of Athletes Participating in the 2016 Rio Olympics Regarding Nutritional Supplements, Energy Drinks, and Doping

Sulaiman Omar Aljaloud

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 14, 2018

Our research team traveled to Brazil to collect the data for this study. Olympic athletes participating in the 2016 Rio Olympics were randomly selected to participate in this study. Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire, and this activity took about 20 minutes. The survey contained nine questions including frequency of use, knowledge, and perception of nutritional supplements, energy drinks, and doping. Descriptive statistics were run to summarize the data collected and the results...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510098

Identification and Validation of the Lactate Threshold Velocity using the Y-Intercept and Slope of the Fit Curve (YIS Method)

Emma Swanwick, David B. Pyne, Bernard Savage and Martyn Matthews

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 11, 2018

Although the Lactate Threshold (LT) has lost some of its status as a marker of exercise intensity, the LT does mark a metabolic transition that, when we are looking to explain energy timelines, can provide an important perspective. This paper is the first of a series looking to clarify and transform how we monitor intensity of exercise. As such we need to create a more robust method of identifying LT....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510097

Nutritional and Pharmacological Strategies of Bodybuilders in Preparation Period for Competition

Amanda Assenheimer, Igor Brandao, Mauricio Schüler Nin and Rafael Longhi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 09, 2018

Fifteen athletes were evaluated: 60% (n = 9) males and 40% (n = 6) females, with a mean age of 27 years. Regarding nutrients, carbohydrates had a mean intake of 1.68 g/kg body weight, mean protein content was 3.68 g/kg body weight, and lipids were 20.4% of the Total Energy Value. Protein and lipid intakes were not statistically significant, but when the carbohydrate consumption was compared, there was a statistical difference between the sample values and the recommended ranges. The use of Anabo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510096

Trends in Gambling Behaviour among NCAA College Student-Athletes: A Comparison of 2004, 2008 and 2012 NCAA Survey Data

Rayna M Sansanwal, Jeffrey L Derevensky and Thomas S Paskus

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 05, 2018

Student-athletes represent a vulnerable subgroup of the college student population with regards to engagement in high-risk behaviours, including gambling. Three large samples of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes in 2004 (N = 20,587), 2008 (19,942), and 2012 (N = 22,935) were surveyed about their gambling behaviour and attitudes....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510095

Oxygen Uptake, Carbon Dioxide Production, Minute Ventilation and Heart Rate during Post Exercise Recovery in Healthy and Unmedicated Elderly and Young Men

Paulo Farinatti, Felipe A Cunha, Walace Monteiro, Nadia L Silva and Gabriela Venturini

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 05, 2018

This study investigated the influence of aging and effort intensity upon oxygen uptake (V.O2), carbon-dioxide production (V.O2), minute ventilation (V.E) and Heart Rate (HR) during postexercise recovery. Young (YG: n = 16; 24 ± 2 yr) and older (OG: n = 18; 63 ± 1 yr) groups performed cycle ergometer exercise bouts at 100%, 75%, and 40% of maximal work rate, preceded by 30-min resting assessment....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510094

Exercise and the Eye: A Call for Prospective, Outcomes-Based Research Collaborations between Exercise Physiologists and Ophthalmologists

David M Kleinman

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: July 05, 2018

The benefits of physical activity on health are becoming increasingly understood. Evidence suggests regular exercise leads to better overall heath, lower blood pressure, less chronic pain, reduced risks of cardiovascular events, and improved cognitive functioning. These factors overlap with ophthalmic health, and loss of vision is one of the most feared health consequences patients describe....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510093

Attitude of Burundi Doctors Regarding Physical Activity Prescription in Case of Musculoskeletal Problem Related to Pregnancy

NGAYIMBESHA Adrien, BIZIMANA Jean Berchmans, GAKIMA Marie Stella and NZISABIRA Felix

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 04, 2018

In the absence of medical or obstetrical complications, pregnancy should be a period of joy for every woman. However, during this period, many physiological and anatomical changes occur, and which impose a negative impact on woman's health. The gradually changing body and increasing weight of the pregnant woman cause noticeable alterations in her posture and in the way her walks....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510092

Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Joint and Graft Infection following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery

Harin Parikh, Aubrey Armento, Tessa Mandler and Jay Albright

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 04, 2018

Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is an uncommon postoperative complication of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstruction, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa even more rarely implicated as the infectious organism. Previous reports of P. aeruginosa SSI's outline hospital-associated etiologies such as inadequate sterilization of surgical instruments, but it is known that the organism can be found in public areas such as swimming pools and hot tubs....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510091

Changes in Lifestyle, Exercises, Possible Mechanisms and Associations with Prostate Cancer

Mauro Sergio Perilhao, Roberta Luksevicius Rica and Danilo Sales Bocalini

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 09, 2018

Prostate cancer is characterized by overgrowth of the prostate, followed by a decrease in the size and intensity of the urinary stream, which is considered a major cause of illness and death worldwide. Its etiology is unknown. Physical activity and sedentary lifestyles are placed in the context of lifestyle, which has been studied since researchers realized that changes in one's living influence the onset of prostate cancer....

Volume 4
Issue 3