Kaltsatou A, Kenny GP, Flouris AD (2018) The Impact of heat waves on Mortality among the Elderly: A Mini Systematic Review. J Geriatr Med Gerontol 4:053.


© 2018 Kaltsatou A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

REVIEW ARTICLE | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/2469-5858/1510053

The Impact of heat waves on Mortality among the Elderly: A Mini Systematic Review

Antonia Kaltsatou1, Glen P Kenny2,3 and Andreas D Flouris1,2*

1FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece

2Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada

3Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ontario, Canada


The aim of this systematic review was to review the recent literature regarding the effect of heat waves on mortality in elderly adults. A systematic search of the literature, was conducted by two reviewers during March 2018, using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus). The PRISMA guidelines were used for the quality assessment of the published studies. The literature search identified a total of 345 articles, while only 24 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in this analysis. Overall, the results from these studies show that, although recent advances in technology allow scientists to predict heat waves, thereby enabling health agencies to alert the public with heat advisories, the number of heat wave-induced deaths remains high. The underlying reasons for these increases in heat-wave-induced mortality remains unclear, highlighting the need for developing evidence-based thresholds for the activation and implementation of actions plans to protect the health of heat-vulnerable elderly populations.