Citation

Resende-Neto AG, do Nascimento MA, da Silva DRP, Netto RSM, De-Santana JM, et al. (2019) Effects of Multicomponent Training on Functional Fitness and Quality of Life in Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Sports Exerc Med 5:126. doi.org/10.23937/2469-5718/1510126

Copyright

© 2019 Resende-Neto, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

RESEARCH ARTICLE | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/2469-5718/1510126

Effects of Multicomponent Training on Functional Fitness and Quality of Life in Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Antônio Gomes de Resende-Neto1*, Matheus Amarante do Nascimento2, Danilo Rodrigues Pereira da Silva1, Raquel Simões Mendes Netto1, Josimari Melo de Santana3 and Marzo Edir Da Silva Grigoletto1

1Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil

2Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil

3Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to analyze the effects of twelve weeks of multicomponent training on functional fitness and quality of life in elderly women.

Methods

Sixty-two older women were randomized into a multicomponent group (MG: n = 32, 65.28 ± 4.96 years) or a stretching group (SG: n = 32, 64.40 ± 3.68 years). MG performed joint mobility exercises, walking, muscle strength exercises and intermittent activities. SG has performed flexibility exercises with minimal physical effort. In order to verify the functional fitness, the Senior Fitness Test battery was used and the quality of life was verified by means of the WHOQOL BREF questionnaire in the pre and post 12 weeks of training. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) 2 × 2 for repeated measures was used for comparisons between groups for all variables.

Results

At the end of the intervention, MG presented statistically significant improvements in all variables in relation to the initial values. When compared to SG, promoted statistically significant adaptations in the variables: balance/agility (p = 0.001, +11.92%), lower limb strength (p = 0.001, +20.62%), upper limb strength (0.001, +17.72%), cardiorespiratory capacity (p = 0.021, +6.19%) and quality of life (p = 0.031, +7.95%). However, in posterior chain flexibility and shoulder mobility, no differences were observed between groups (p ≥ 0.05).

Conclusion

This multicomponent protocol is efficient to improve functional fitness and quality of life in physically active elderly women, suggesting its use in physical exercise programs.