Changes in Lifestyle, Exercises, Possible Mechanisms and Associations with Prostate Cancer
Mauro Sergio Perilhao, Roberta Luksevicius Rica and Danilo Sales Bocalini
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 09, 2018
Prostate cancer is characterized by overgrowth of the prostate, followed by a decrease in the size and intensity of the urinary stream, which is considered a major cause of illness and death worldwide. Its etiology is unknown. Physical activity and sedentary lifestyles are placed in the context of lifestyle, which has been studied since researchers realized that changes in one's living influence the onset of prostate cancer....
Feet and Footwear: Applying Biological Design and Mismatch Theory to Running Injuries
Michael Wilkinson, Richard Stoneham and Lee Saxby
Article Type: Opininon Article | First Published: May 07, 2018
The Endurance-Running hypothesis proposes that natural selection has shaped humans into endurance-running specialists. Running-related-injury rates between 20-79% suggests modern humans are prone to injury in this species-specific movement pattern. This opinion piece offers a novel perspective on high-injury prevalence in human endurance running, focussing on evolutionary mismatch between modern athletic footwear and evolved foot structure and function....
Effects of a Slashpipe Training Intervention on Postural Control Compared to Conventional Barbell Power Fitness
Nicolas Kurpiers, Teresa Rovelli, Christin Bormann and Tim Vogler
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 26, 2018
Postural control is essential to maintaining balance and stability under health-related aspects. In the past several training concepts have been recommended for the enhancement of postural control. One of these concepts is the so-called 'Slashpipe' training, which uses a pipe partly filled with liquid in order to complete exercises similar to those found in barbell power fitness programs. However, evidence for the benefits of this intervention is rare. The aim of the study was to investigate the...
The Metabolic Cardio-Respiratory Effects of Abdominal Electrical Muscle Stimulation
Craig E Broeder, Amanda J Salacinski, Steve Mauk and Dimitria Vandarakis
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 25, 2018
Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) has been studied in athletes, healthy, and diseased populations mainly focusing on muscle strength and body composition. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the metabolic and cardiovascular effects of acute EMS at rest and steady-state walking (3.5 mph & 5% grade) in healthy adults. Thirty-eight subjects (M = 19, F = 19) volunteered and completed resting and steady-state exercise trials with and without EMS in duplicate on separate days (test...
Meniscal Pain: US Guided Meniscal Wall Infiltration Versus Partial Meniscectomy, a Comparative Study
Clement Marion, Marc Bouvard, Alain Lippa, Patrice Gardes, François Lavalle and Igor Benezis
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 18, 2018
The increasing increase in the name of meniscal lesions leads to a reflection on their charge price. The aim of a treatment is to relieve the pain and to allow, as a priority, the smooth running of the daily and professional activities. The concept of meniscal economy is expanded by the medical community. We compared the benefit of infiltrations of the meniscal wall with the arhroscopic meniscectomy....