Glyceryl Trinitrate Patches: A Modern Treatment for Tendinopathies
Yusuf Assem and Manit Arora
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 23, 2015
Tendinopathy encompasses a variety of conditions that develop within tendons in response to overuse, characterized by pain and dysfunction. These include disorders of the Achilles tendon, patellar tendon, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle and the rotator cuff. Historically, most of these disorders have been attributed to tendinitis or inflammation of the tendon, however recent histopathological work has lent support to tendinosis as the underlying pathology....
Exergaming to Improve Physical and Mental Fitness in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Pilot Study
Claudia L. Hilton, Allison Attal, John Best, Tim Reistetter, Pete Trapani and Diane M. Collins
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 18, 2015
Although not included as core characteristics of autism spectrum disorders (ASD), children and adolescents with this diagnosis often experience executive function (EF) and motor impairments. This study investigated the use of a speed-based exergame called the Makoto arena as an intervention strategy to improve EF and motor performance in in 17 school-aged children and adolescents with ASD. All areas of EF improved, with significance in the overall global executive composite and in the metacognit...
Effects of Pitching a Simulated Game on Upper Extremity Kinematics in Youth Baseball Pitchers
Gretchen D. Oliver and Hillary A. Plummer
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: August 09, 2015
Overuse injuries in youth baseball players have increased exponentially with the insurgence of participation in the sport. It has been estimated that 5 million children (6-17 years) participate in organized youth baseball in the United States. Additionally, it has been documented in a survey of 476 youth pitchers (9-14 years) that roughly half reported either shoulder or elbow pain while pitching, thus leading researchers to speculate overuse injury. As overuse injuries are continuing to be appa...
Paediatric Hip Pain: A Rare Injury
Raj Subbu and Fares Haddad
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 07, 2015
Paediatric hip pain in young athletes can be a diagnostic challenge for clinicians. The anatomy of the paediatric pelvis and surrounding structures varies considerably to that of an adult and therefore is predisposed to different types of injuries which can lead to future deformities if not managed appropriately. Unlike adult pelvic fractures, which have set guidelines and management strategies, less research exists on these injuries in the paediatric context and more specifically in the sportin...
Effect of Hypercapnic Severity on Plasma Ammonia Accumulation and Respiratory Exchange Ratio during Incremental Exercise
Takahide Kato, Takaaki Matsumoto, Atsuko Tsukanaka, Masataka Nakano, Ryo Ito, Masato Amano, Marc Cole and Stanley M Yamashiro
Article Type: Original Investigation | First Published: July 20, 2015
Blood lactate (La) and ammonia (Am) concentrations are widely accepted markers of metabolism not only in clinical studies but also during exercise. Elevations from normal resting levels of both are observed in exercise and associated with deleterious effects such as fatigue. A decrease in blood La concentration during exercise under hypercapnic conditions was previously reported, and La threshold (LT) was unchanged by hypercapnia....
Physiologic Responses to Two Distinct Maximal Cardiorespiratory Exercise Protocols
Rebecca D Larson, Gregory S Cantrell, Carl J Ade, John W Farrell III, David J Lantis, Monica A Barton and Daniel J Larson
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 05, 2015
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare physiologic responses elicited by a ramp protocol to those elicited by a staged protocol. Methods: 57 subjects were recruited and consented to be tested on two separate occasions across one week using a magnetically braked cycle ergometer. Expired gases were collected using a calibrated metabolic cart....