Citation

Banu MR (2018) Nurses Attitude and Self-Efficacy in Smoking Cessation Care to Hospitalized Patients. Int Arch Subst Abuse Rehabil 1:001. doi.org/10.23937/iasar-2017/1710001

Copyright

© 2018 Banu MR. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

RESEARCH ARTICLE | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/iasar-2017/1710001

Nurses Attitude and Self-Efficacy in Smoking Cessation Care to Hospitalized Patients

Banu MR*

Mental Health Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), India

Abstract

Today tobacco is the common form used for smoking. Worldwide, tobacco consumption is estimated to kill 1,000 million in the 21st century. Persons with mental illness consume about 33% of the tobacco used and nearly 46 million adults with mental illness have a smoking rate 70 percent higher than those without. Admission to the hospital provides an excellent opportunity for patients to quit smoking. A good knowledge of the hazards of smoking and cessation intervention alone is not adequate for a nurse, but a positive attitude and high self-efficacy are two eyes to provide a better practice. A cross-sectional descriptive study was done to assess nurses' attitude and self-efficacy showed that the mean and SD was 29.3 ± 5.698 and 35.87 ± 5.883 respectively; 17 (21%) and 64 (79%) subjects had negative and positive attitude respectively; 16 (19.8%) and 65 (80.2%) subjects had less and more self-efficacy respectively. When the two domains (gender and smoking status of the subjects) were associated with experience at Centre for Addiction Medicine (CAM) unit using chi-square test, the study participants possessed a positive attitude and more self-efficacy irrespective to the associated variables. However, subjects with experience at the Centre for Addiction Medicine (n = 27), females (n = 19) and non-smokers (n = 78) scores were comparatively high. Fortunately, there was a significant score (χ2 = 3.894, p = 0.048) in the self-efficacy of the subjects who had experience at Centre for Addiction Medicine. The study also revealed that the higher the attitude on smoking cessation care, higher the self-efficacy (r = 0.674, p = 0.001) among the nurses.