Assistive Technology for Promoting Adaptive Skills of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Literature Overview
Fabrizio Stasolla, Adele Boccasini, Viviana Perilli, Rita Damiani and Vincenza Albano
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 25, 2015
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders are commonly described with emotional, intellectual, communicative and social impairments. They are frequently isolated and passive with few opportunities of positive and constructive interaction with the outside world. Accordingly, they may exhibit withdrawal, stereotypic and challenge behaviors. The aforementioned conditions might seriously hamper their social image and status, with negative consequences on their quality of life....
Mentalization Based Group Psychotherapy for Psychosis: A Pilot Study to Assess Safety, Acceptance and Subjective Efficacy
Fernando Lana, Susana Marcos, Laia Molla, Ana Vilar, Victor Perez, Mireia Romero and Josep Marti
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 16, 2015
Systematic reviews of psychodynamic psychotherapy for individuals with psychosis have reported mixed results. However, mentalization-based therapy (MBT), a manualized psychodynamic psychotherapy, has been proven effective in controlled studies in non-psychotic patients with severe mental disorders. Although MBT is currently being used to treat psychotic patients, to date no studies have evaluated outcomes and treatment-related adverse effects....
Can A Single Imagery Session Positively Change Sense of Wellbeing?
Jose Luis Rosario and Jose Roberto Leite
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 25, 2015
Mental imagery or cognitive imagery is a technique that can be used in the treatment of many psychological and affective disorders. Wellbeing in turn, is a global concern and related to the feeling of happiness, fulfilment and satisfaction in life. The hypothesis of the present study was that use of the imagery technique can change subjects' scores on the Ryff multidimensional Psychological Well-being (PWB) scale....
Data Mining Methods in Psychiatry
Article Type: Opinion | First Published: February 27, 2015
As known, univariate statistical models have strong assumptions such as normality and homogeneity of variance. When the assumptions are valid, univariate models have powerful results. Variables having certain properties evaluate by univariate model. Univariate models are made incorrect prediction generally, because these models not include the relationships between variables....
Multi-family Groups for First Episode Psychosis in an Adult Psychiatric Care Department: A Study Design
Rosini E, Calabro G, Mancinelli I, Pacifici MP, Pucci D, Caltagirone SS, De Pisa E, Narracci A, Girardi P and Comparelli A
Article Type: Short Report | First Published: February 21, 2015
Introduction: In 1958, Jorge Garcia Badaracco initiated weekly meetings between psychotic patients and their parents in Buenos Aires. On the basis of these experiences, he founded a new psychotherapeutic method, with an open setting based on multifamily groups (MFG), for patients affected by severe psychiatric illness. In Italy, there are several public psychiatric services in which MFG is followed, but there are few studies testing its validity. Herein, we describe a design study addressing the...
Effects of Readiness to Change, Quit History, and Health Perceptions on Depressive Symptoms among Young Adult Smokers
Dawn W. Foster, Georges E. Khalil, Samantha G. Farris, Till W. Barnighausen and Alexander V. Prokhorov
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 21, 2015
Background: The current study sought to evaluate the main and interactive effect of health perceptions, smoking quit attempt history, and readiness to change with respect to depressive symptoms among college student smokers. Method: The present data came from baseline data from a randomized trial and included 495 undergraduate students who reported smoking at least 1 cigarette per day. Results: A three-way interaction emerged between smoking quit attempt history, health perceptions, and readines...
Narcissism: It's more Complex than High Self-Esteem
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: January 30, 2015
Narcissism is often used synonymously with high or inflated selfe-steem. Indeed, narcissism is illustrated by individuals with grandiose self-views and a need for admiration. The origins of the term stem from Greek mythology where a young man named Narcissus became enamored with his reflection. However, individuals with higher levels of narcissistic traits make up a unique combination of high and vulnerable self-esteem. Since narcissism is more complex than high self-esteem, individuals with hig...
Assistive Technology for Children with Multiple Disabilities
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: January 24, 2015
Children with severe to profound developmental and/or multiple disabilities (i.e. combination of sensorial, intellectual and motor disabilities) are commonly described as quite passive and isolated, with few opportunities to interact positively with the surrounding world, dues to their general conditions hampering their social image, status and overall desirability. Thus, those children present a very limited behavioral repertoire, often exhibiting lack of speech, failing locomotion, stereotypic...