Cutaneous Rash: A Clinical Manifestation Prior to Respiratory Symptoms of Covid-19 Infection
Cameron Y.S. Lee, DMD, MD, PHD, MPH, MSEd
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 06, 2021
The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic continues to surge across the globe with no signs of slowing down. SARS-CoV-2 infections (Covid-19) affect multiple organ systems with varied clinical presentation. Common clinical respiratory signs and symptoms associated with Covid-19 include fever, cough and shortness of breath. However, clinicians should be aware that cutaneous rashes could be the only clinical sign and symptom. Recognition of cutaneous rashes without other symptoms should be consi...
Use of Acetazolamide in the Postoperative Care of Endoscopic Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Closure
J Nuyts, J Demeestere, M Jorissen and L Van Gerven
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: December 31, 2020
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are defined as leaks without identifiable etiology, often presenting as spontaneous rhinorrhea. This is thought to be a variant of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Spontaneous CSF leak closure often requires surgery, which has proven to be less successful than their non-spontaneous counterparts. There is growing evidence that active intracranial pressure (ICP) management in the postoperative care can improve success rates. We aim to give an ...
Segmental Spinal Dysgenesis: Case Report and Literature Review
Alejandro Vargas-Moreno, María Fajardo-Montes, Diego Miguel Rivera-Mariño and Juan Carlos Acevedo-González
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: December 26, 2020
Full-term female-neonate, delivered by cesarean section without complications, with prenatal ultrasound documentation of bilateral congenital talipes equinovarus and suggestive imaginological signs of a non-specific thoracolumbar spine malformation. At the time of birth, the physical examination reflected the presence of a dorsal complex cutaneal appendix covered by skin, associated with lower limbs hypertonia and bilateral talipes equinovarus. There were no respiratory alterations. MRI images o...
Spontaneous Resolution of Sub-Acute Subdural Haematoma
Krishan Kumar Sharma and Asgar Ali
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 26, 2020
As per Guidelines for surgical management of Traumatic Brain Injury by Brain Trauma Foundation & The Congress of Neurological surgeons, surgery is indicated in Acute subdural haematoma if CT scan shows midline shift > 5 mm, or haematoma thickness > 10 mm regardless of patient’s Glasgow coma scale score. However, nothing specified separately for sub-acute subdural haematoma. Mostly same criteria are being followed for selecting patients for surgery in sub-acute and chronic subdural haematoma. S...
Endoscopic Surgery in Malignant Rhinosinusal Tumors
Eduardo Figueroa, Candelaria Serrano and Carlos Santiago Ruggeri
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 30, 2020
In this study, we describe our experience in the treatment of malignant rhinosinusal tumors and establish factors related to their prognosis. To determine the local control and the survival rates in patients with malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity treated by endonasal endoscopic surgery. All patients who had malignant tumors of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses who were treated by an endonasal, cranionasal or combined endonasal an external approach in the ENT Departm...
Medication Adherence and Associated Factors in Management of Hypertension in Shashemene Referral Hospital, Ethiopia
Gemmechu Hasen and Awel Abdo
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: December 26, 2020
Despite the availability of effective treatment, over half of the patients being treated for hypertension drop out of care entirely within a year of diagnosis. Adherence to antihypertensive medication is an effective step for controlling blood pressure and preventing complications. This study is aimed to assess medication adherence and associated factors in the management of hypertension in Shashemene Referral Hospital, South Ethiopia. Hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess...
Treatment of Scar Contracture with Intralesional Jet-Assisted Injection of Hyaluronic acid
Daniel Cassuto and Yuri Vinshtok
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: December 30, 2020
Scar hypertrophy and keloid transformation very often present the cause of contracture. All current options for medical treatment of contracture have failed to give an immediate or near-time relief. In this case series we implemented a jet-injection method for intralesional delivery of hyaluronic acid and successfully achieved relief of surgical and burn scar contractures. The liquid jet permits an easy and tolerable penetration of hyaluronic acid into firm scar tissue. Biomolecular effect of HA...
Hemimaxillofacial Dysplasia/Segmental Odontomaxillary Dysplasia (HD/SOD): An Updated Review of 65 Cases and Report of an Unusual New Case
Kıvanç Kamburoğlu, Nurver Karslı, Ayşegül Köklü and Ömer Günhan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 31, 2020
The aim of the present review was to analyze the literature and describe the clinical and radiographic features of HD-SOD. In addition, an unusual new case which was thought to be a subtle type of HD-SOD, involving a girl, was presented with detailed characteristics of HD-SOD. All HD-SOD cases published between 1987 and 2020, along with the present case, making a total of 66 cases, were evaluated according to criteria which included gender, age, and location of the lesion, clinical and radiologi...
Serum Vitamin D Levels in Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Lagos, Nigeria
Anyanwu AC, Olopade OB, Onung SI, Odeniyi IA, Coker HAB, Fasanmade OA and Ohwovoriole AE
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 30, 2020
The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) continues to climb in many parts of the globe in association with the rise in Obesity. In parallel to the increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, evidence indicates a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency Worldwide. Areas with high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency have been associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes. The reported prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among subjects with Type 2 diabetes mellitus ra...
Diabetic Foot Profile in Patients under Regular Haemodialysis
Nasreddine Boughallaba and Habib Ksouri
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 23, 2020
Diabetic foot syndrome that affects patients under regular haemodialysis is a complex mechanism mainly based on patient metabolism, neurosensitive abnormalities, and plantar pressure dysfunctions. Our work is based on a descriptive cross-sectional and multicenter study conducted during 45 days and concerning 43 diabetic patients among a total of 193 patients undergoing regular haemodialysis in three haemodialysis centers in Tunisia. Data collection relied on patients clinical records, all data w...