ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.



  Last Updated: November 21, 2020

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510176

Distinct Recovery Length and Multiple 1-RM Attempts for Both Upper and Lower Body Exercises

Estevao Scudese, Adolf Grotz, Cristiano Queiroz de Oliveira, Fabiana Rodrigues Scartoni, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Marzo Edir Da Silva-Grigoletto, Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas and Gilmar Weber Senna

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 02, 2020

The present study aims to verify the responses of different rest period lengths on multiple attempts of the 1-RM (repetition maximal) in the Bench Press (BP) and Leg-Press (LP) exercises. Fifteen trained men (83.38 ± 10.89 kg, 179.40 ± 6.70 cm, 22.40 ± 2.52 years, 11.93 ± 3.51% BF, 1.23 ± 0.16 kg relative strength [maximum bench press load]\kg [body weight]-1) performed a test and retest for load evaluation in both exercises. After load determination, subjects performed four more visits, wi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410145

The Potential Role of Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Managing COVID-19 Associated Lung Complications Review of Literature

Dunia Alhareth, MD and Sanaa Badour, MD, MSc

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 09, 2020

The outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the city of Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 21, 2020. As of June 16, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) has reported near eight million cases and half a million deaths worldwide. The majority of cases have spontaneously resolved. However, some have developed various fatal complications including organ failure, septic shock, pulmonary edema, severe pneumonia, a...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410144

Validity and Reliability of Greek Version of Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), Comparison of FOSQ with Questionnaires Measuring Sleepiness, Anxiety and Health Status

Maria Saroglou, Paschalis Steiropoulos, Theodora Drakou, Michalis Agrafiotis, Efi Vlachogianni and Stavros Tryfon

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 08, 2020

We developed the Greek version of the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (G-FOSQ) and investigated its reliability and validity in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) patients. This is a prospective study, included all 311 consecutive adults, who visited sleep laboratory of a tertiary hospital for evaluation of suspected OSAS in a year period. Participants underwent standard polysomnography study and completed a battery of questionnaires including the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410143

A Simplified Approach to Covid-19 Disease in Adult Patients for General Practitioners

Ehsan Yahia Sabry

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 08, 2020

The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) presents a challenge to all doctors worldwide for detection of disease, differentiating it from those with similar presenting symptoms. The initial evaluation of the patient with suspected Covid-19 disease is usually performed by general practitioners; who, unfortunately; as their knowledge about the on growing changing faces of this pandemic disease presenting sym...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4571/1710023

Clinical Phenotyping and Biomarkers in Kennedy Disease

Elina Millere, Dmitrijs Rots, Ieva Glazere, Gita Taurina, Natalja Kurjane, Viktorija Priedite, Linda Gailite, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg and Viktorija Kenina

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 10, 2020

Kennedy disease or spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a rare X-linked neuromuscular disease. Patients commonly present with muscle cramps, tremor, leg weakness, dysarthria, and dysphagia. We deeply phenotyped and evaluated the possible extent of affected systems in all Kennedy disease patients in Latvia (n = 5), neurophysiological studies, blood analysis was used in order to carry out molecular diagnosis and evaluate biochemical values. We analysed neurofilament light as possible biom...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5769/1510069

Highly Sensitive Cardiac Troponin T as a Biomarker of Myocardial Injury in Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

Rishika Das, RN Mandal, Anurag Agarwal, Sumod Kurian and Bhawna Mahajan

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 14, 2020

An observational cross sectional study was conducted at a tertiary care center over a period of one year (April 2017 to March 2018). Stable children with ACHD aged between 6 months to 5 years were selected as cases and age matched children without ACHD as controls. Echocardiography was done in all the patients with clinical findings of ACHD. A total of 83 children (55 cases and 28 controls) were enrolled. The severity of the ACHD was determined by the defect size and the pressure gradient across...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2376-346X/1410119

Atypical Bilateral Peripheral Drusen in a Forty-Year-Old Man: Case Report and Review of Literature

Ejike Egbu, Chidi Ihemedu, Ugochukwu Rex Eze and Johnpaul Okolo

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2020

Drusen are pathognomonic of some ocular pathologies such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), familial dominant drusen, best macular dystrophy (BMD) and optic nerve drusen. The presence of drusen in the peripheral retina may be an early sign of AMD. This article reports a rare case of peripheral retinal drusen occurring in a similar pattern in both eyes of a forty-year-old man with unaided visual acuity of 6/4 in each eye. Optical coherence tomography findings showed bumps between the reti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4466/1710029

Atypical Presentation of Delayed Onset Malignant Hyperthermia: Internist Needs to Be Aware Of

Mina A Gaballa, DO, Mohammed Z Shariff, MD and Mohammad A Hossain, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 03, 2020

Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare but potentially life threatening drug related reaction predisposed by genetic factors. Although most cases develop within the intraoperative setting, less commonly, delayed onset presentations have also been reported. With variability in symptoms and time of onset, definitive diagnosis of MH is challenging. Herein, we report a case of a 73-year-old man presented with severe oliguria in the setting of recent surgical procedure. He was found to have acute kidn...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710032

Coronary Artery Disease Risk Assessment in Sedentary and Active Patients: Medical Risk, Behavioral Psychology, and the Standard of Care

Vinay Mehta, MD and Timothy E Paterick, MD, JD

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 12, 2020

A practical approach to determining risk in sedentary and active patients for coronary artery disease. Identify how personal/family history, atherogenic risk factors, and coronary calcium are essential to determining and predicting risk potential. A comprehensive personal/family history, risk factor assessment and comprehensive physical examination are the foundation of risk assessment. Understanding the cognitive process of risk potential is critical to management strategies. Stress testing and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410323

Knowing When Not to Operate: Extravasation-Induced Necrosis in the Neonate

Maxim Geeroms, MD, Fabrice Rogge, MD, Rani Kronenberger, Bob De Frene, MD, Daan De Cock, MD, Luc Cornette, MD and Bob Casaer, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 09, 2020

Extravasation of infusion fluids is a frequent complication in the neonatal patient population. The authors report the case of a newborn infant who had a necrotic soft tissue lesion due to extravasation in the lower arm, and discuss the therapeutic options from a surgical point of view. Extravasation is the accidental leakage of infusion fluids in the subcutaneous tissues. Intravenous therapy can be required for a long period of time in premature infants and the intravenous access is hard to ach...

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