Usefulness of Shortwave Diathermy in Acute Rhinosinusitis
Talal Al Jeraisi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 13, 2020
Rhinosinusitis prophylaxis can be done by routine intake of liquids, exercise and a healthy diet. To prevent Rhinosinusitis, it is instructed that events like exposure to passive smoking or smoking can be abstained as much as possible. There is also a multiple range of substitute treatment for sinusitis like normal saline solutions, acupuncture, Ayurveda etc. The short wave diathermy is an effective treatment for rhinosinusitis when applied properly. They are exposed in to the nasal cavity throu...
A Rare Case of Actinomyces odontolyticus Infection after Injection Laryngoplasty with Deflux
Sean P Chislett, MD, Jordan Kalathia, BS, Alla Y. Solyar, MD, Alexander P Limjuco, MD and Donald C Lanza, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 12, 2020
To identify the prevalence of Barrett’s esophagus (BE) in patients with nasopharyngeal reflux (NPR) presenting to a tertiary rhinology practice in 2017, and to assess for any correlation with the presence of symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Demographic data, self-reported symptoms and relevant past medical history were compiled from a standardized intake questionnaire. Symptoms were grouped into 3 categories: NPR, laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and GERD. Descriptive and nonp...
Evaluation of Microbial and Nutritional Values of Commercially Packaged Soymilk Sold in Akure, Nigeria
Oluwole Olakunle Oladele and Prudent Oseyomon Ofure
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 18, 2020
The branded samples were coded HL, GD, VT and SF while a soymilk locally produced (unbranded) served as control. Microbial counts and isolation was carried out using pour plate technique. Microbial count was carried out with a digital colony counter (Gallenkamp model). Morphological and biochemical characteristics were used in the identification of bacteria isolates while fungal isolates were identified based on their cultural morphology and microscopy. Results showed that the bacterial counts (...
A Rare Etiology for Injection Related Gluteal Abscess
Arunpandiyan Veerpandiyan, MBBS, DNB, Balaji Subramanian Srinivasa Sekaran, MBBS, Haji Mohammed Rahamathullah, MD and Aravindhan Veerapandiyan, MD
Article Type: Letter to the Editor | First Published: November 18, 2020
Chromoblastomycosis is a rare, chronic, indolent, granulomatous fungal infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by dematiaceous fungi. Chromoblastomycosis, though can be found throughout the world, is most prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions. Primary lesions appears as an erythematous papule or a warty growth that gradually enlarges to various forms and sizes. The infection most frequently affects lower extremities, especially feet and shins, but can rarely affect buttocks, tru...
A Survey of Vitamin Intake amongst Hearing and Hearing- Impaired Female Students in Saudi Arabia: A Pilot Study
Susan Amin and Maha Al-Shammari
Article Type: Orginal Article | First Published: November 19, 2020
Previous international research shows severe vitamin deficiencies in people with hearing loss. Hearing loss is improved for many people when vitamins such as A, B, C, D, E and K are replaced. This was a cross sectional study involving 64 hearing students and 42 hard of hearing female students aged 18-21 in a university in Saudi Arabia. Food intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. Vitamin levels were calculated for each food and compared to the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for...
Breastfeeding Initiation among Women with Preeclampsia with Severe Features Superimposed On Diabetes Mellitus
Leandro Cordero, MD, Michael R Stenger, MD, Mark B Landon, MD and Craig A Nankervis, MD
Article Type: Orginal Article | First Published: November 14, 2020
Timely delivery and magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) remain mainstays in the treatment of preeclampsia with severe features (PSF) which may be superimposed on preexisting conditions such as diabetes mellitus (PDM). Preeclampsia associated with premature delivery, severity of condition and mother-infant separation increase the risk of breastfeeding (BF) initiation failure. BF initiation rates for women with PDM were significantly lower than those for women with PSF alone. Although intention to BF was si...
Parasitaemia in Asymptomatic Bantu and Baka Pygmy People Living in the East Region, Cameroon
Gangueu Djape Clotilde Diane, Yondo Jeannette, Noumedem Anangmo Christelle Nadia, Nkouayep Vanessa Rosine, Atiokeng Tatang Rostang Joel and Mpoame Mbida
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 11, 2020
Asymptomatic malaria constitutes a silent threat to an efficient malaria control strategy. The aim of this study was to assess the level of malaria parasitaemia tolerated by asymptomatic individuals in Baka pygmies and the Bantus of the East Region, Cameroon. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among asymptomatic Bantu and Baka pygmies from 6 months aged to 76-years-old. A questionnaire was used to collect information from 1032 consenting participants about ethnicity, gender, a...
Prevalence, Intensity and Effects of Anthelminthic Drug Efficacy on Gastrointestinal Helminths in Nkambe, North West Region Cameroon
Bup R Manjuh, Khan P Vincent, Noumedem AC Nadia and Yamssi Cedric
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 11, 2020
Parasitic infections are major health problems worldwide. These parasitic infections are caused by Helminths and Protozoans. High prevalence is mostly in people with low socio-economic status and this is due to lack of hygiene and sanitation. This study aimed at providing systemic data that will be used to determine the prevalence, intensity and the efficacy of anthelminthic drugs (Albendazole 400 mg and Mebendazole 500 mg) against gastrointestinal helminths among the population of Nkambe. Quali...
A Rare Case of an Ascending Aorta and Aortic Arch Aneurysm with an Aberrant Right Common Carotid Artery and a Proximal Descending Aortic Ectasia
Mikhail M Olalo, MD and Syril Bren P Guillermo, MD, FPCP, FPCC
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 12, 2020
Ascending aortic aneurysms are asymptomatic and are usually discovered as an incidental finding on chest imaging. However, larger aneurysms can present with symptoms resulting from compression of surrounding structures including the trachea, bronchi, and the esophagus which can result in hoarseness, cough chest pain or back pain. The presence of an aortic arch anomaly, specifically an aberrant right common carotid artery, in a background of an aortic arch aneurysm is extremely rare with a worldw...
Carotid Paragangliomas Related to Form Involving Multiple Systems (Syndromes and Diseases): A Systematic Literature Review
Francisco S Lozano-Sánchez MD, PhD, Angel Muñoz MD, PhD, José A de las Heras MD, PhD, Rogelio González-Sarmiento, MD, PhD and M Begoña García-Cenador MD, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 12, 2020
Carotid paragangliomas are infrequent tumours, generally single, non-functional and benign. Nevertheless, the biology of these tumours occasionally means they are bilateral, multicentric, functional and malignant. Such infrequency and the different ways they manifest themselves pose a diagnostic/ therapeutic challenge that is reflected in the final outcomes. According to the Shamblin classification, 75% of carotid paragangliomas are either Type I (tumour smaller than 4 cm, weakly attached to the...