ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.



  Last Updated: October 19, 2020

ClinMed Archive

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Articles Published

All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3001/2/1/1024

Current Pharmacotherapy Strategies and Considerations for the Cognitive Dysfunction Associated with Schizophrenia: A Mini Review

Hikaru Hori, Reiji Yoshimura, Asuka Katsuki, Kiyokazu Atake and Jun Nakamura

Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: March 19, 2015

Cognitive dysfunction associated with schizophrenia is a core symptom that is strongly related to functional levels. In fact, cognitive dysfunction in patients with schizophrenia is due to a combination of the cognitive impairment induced by schizophrenia itself and that induced by the medications that psychiatrists prescribe. It is difficult to differentiate between the two sources, and at present, no medications have a large effect size in terms of improving the cognitive dysfunction induced b...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410023

Experimental Use of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) to Treat Tinnitus in a Deaf Patient

Sarah M. Theodoroff and Robert L. Folmer

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 24, 2015

A 28-year-old deaf female patient underwent 10 sessions of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as a participant in a placebo-controlled clinical trial for treatment of tinnitus. Trial participants received 2000 pulses of rTMS per session at a stimulation rate of 1 Hz. The neural target for rTMS was auditory cortex within Heschl's gyrus. The primary outcome measure was the Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI); secondary outcome measures included a Visual Numeric Scale (VNS) for selfrat...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/2/2/1025

Retention of Finger Blood Flow against Postural Change Has the Potential to Become a New Indicator of Sympathetic Block in the Upper Limb - A Preliminary Study

Toshihiko Nakatani, Tatsuhito Miyamoto, Tatsuya Hashimoto and Yoji Saito

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 23, 2015

Increased skin temperature and decreased sweating are used to identify the adequacy of sympathetic block in the upper limb. This, however, requires a thermography device to precisely evaluate skin temperature and a diaphoremeter to measure sweating. Baroreflexes elicited by postural change induce a reduction in peripheral blood flow to sustain systemic blood pressure and cerebral blood flow. We hypothesized that sympathetic blockade in the upper limb results in minimal changes in finger skin blo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410022

Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy on Left Ventricular Diastolic Function

Kammoun Ikram, Marrakchi Sonia, Jebri Faten and Kachboura Salem

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 23, 2015

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) improves systolic performance in Heart Failure (HF). However, the effects of CRT on Left Ventricular (LV) diastolic function were variable and not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on LV diastolic filing pattern and the relation between the diastolic filing pattern and the response to CRT....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510001

Electromyographic Cross-Spectral Analysis of Antagonist Muscle Coactivation

Travis W. Beck

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2015

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to compare the responses for traditional EMG amplitude measures with those from the crossspectrum approach for assessing agonist-antagonist interaction, and (2) to examine changes in the agonist-antagonist interaction for the elbow flexors and extensors with increases in movement velocity. Eighteen healthy, college-aged subjects (mean SD age = 21.8 2.7 yrs) volunteered to perform maximal, concentric isokinetic contractions of the dominant elbow fle...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510003

A Comparison of Prostatic Acinar Adenocarcinoma Gleason 3+4 versus 4+3 in Different Laboratory Practice Settings

Celia Maria Jesuino Bittencourt, Daniel Abensur Athanazio, Andreia Carvalho dos Santos, Erica Curvelo Dantas Senna, Tania Maria Correia Silva and Luiz Antonio Rodrigues de Freitas

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2015

Objective: To evaluate Gleason 7 tumors from radical prostatectomy specimens that were stratified by 3+4 and 4+3 status, focusing on the clinical and morphologic features. Methods and results: In the first series of 20 Gleason 7 tumors processed by total embedding, cases with 4+3 status were associated with a higher proliferation index. In a second series of 106 Gleason 7 tumors processed by partial embedding, 4+3 status was associated with higher preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen lev...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3397/1410020

Prospective Analysis and Technical Recommendations for Repair of Small Ventral/Umbilical Hernias Using the Ventralex Hernia Patch

Kejia Wang and Christophe R. Berney

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 12, 2015

The aim of this study was to examine the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of the technique, and to address the possible limiting factors. Methods: Open mesh repair following strict surgical methodology was performed on 100 consecutive patients with small ventral/ umbilical hernia defects of 1-3cm in diameter between April 2007 and December 2012. Short-term clinical outcome was obtained at 2- and 6-week post-operative visits, and long-term results were assessed by telephone interview with s...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510004

Recurrent Osseous Choristoma Involving the Mandibular Buccal Vestibule: A Case Report

Curtis Gregoire, Clayton Davis, Martin Bullock and Thomas Steeves

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 19, 2015

This case report is the third ever reported of a recurrent intraoral osseous choristoma. The lesion had manifested twice in the left mandibular buccal vestibule of a 63-year-old Caucasian female. The patient was treated with wide local excision on both occasions. We believe that the lesions may have arisen as a result of previous trauma, although the exact etiology of the lesions is unknown. Interestingly, the recurrent lesion contained satellite nodules of bone, which suggests that the osseous ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3397/1410019

The New Paradigm for the Treatment of Chronic Pancreatitis

Rainer W.G. Gruessner

Article Type: Opinion | First Published: March 10, 2015

Effective treatment of chronic pancreatitis remains one of the greatest surgical challenges to date. Th incidence of chronic pancreatitis ranges from 3 to 10 cases per 100,000 populations per year worldwide. In the United States alone, more than 50,000 hospitalizations per year are caused by this disease. Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory process, progressive and irreversible in nature that eventually leads to complete destruction of pancreatic parenchyma and ductal structures....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-2951/1410023

Erythropoietin Treatment Improves Peak VO2 and Oxygen Uptake Efficiency Slope without Changing VE vs. VCO2 Slope in Anemic Patients

Ayumi Goda, Haruki Itoh, Yoshiko Ebi, Kumiko Kondo, Tomoko Maeda and Toshitsune Shimada

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 20, 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate the improvement in hemodynamic, metabolic, and ventilatory response during exercise along with the improvement of anemia with EPO treatment in anemic hemodialysis patients. Methods: Thirty-seven hemodialysis patients with anemia (48.8 +/- 13.6 years) received EPO (1500 or 3000 unit, 3 times a week). Parameters measured prospectively before and after EPO treatment included hemoglobin, cardiac output by dye dilution method, echocardiography, and cardiopulmonar...

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