ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.



  Last Updated: October 20, 2020

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Articles Published

All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4045.1510054

Early Cardiovascular Events and Cardiovascular Death after Renal Transplantation: Role of Pretransplant Risk Factors

Jose Jayme G De Lima, MD, PhD, Luis Henrique W Gowdak, MD, PhD, Flavio J de Paula, MD, PhD, Elias David-Neto MD, PhD and Luiz A Bortolotto MD, PhD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 03, 2020

The purpose of this study was to verify the risk factors present in patients on the kidney transplant waiting list that may interfere with the incidence of CV events and death during the first 12 months after transplantation. Based on data collected prospectively during pre-transplant workup, a retrospective study was conducted including 665 patients followed up until death or completing 12 months post-transplantation. Endpoints were the composite incidence of CV events and death. The prevalence...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-461X/1710035

Daily Moxifloxacin, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, and Clofazimine in Nonresponsiveness Leprosy Cases to Recommended Treatment Regimen

Francisco Bezerra de Almeida Neto, MD, Rebeca Daniele Buarque Feitosa, OT and Marqueline Soares da Silva, RN

Article Type: Case Series | First Published: October 07, 2020

retrospective, observational case series study was conducted of 4 patients with multibacillary leprosy who presented to a specialized Leprosy health care. Between July 1, 2018, and July 31, 2020, they were treated with moxifloxacin, clarithromycin, minocycline, and clofazimine. A literature review was conducted on the clinical features and treatment of nonresponsiveness leprosy cases to regular MDT-MB. Four patients (3 male; mean [SD] age at treatment, 41 [22.6] years) with nonresponsiveness lep...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510067

Incidental Extra-Colonic Findings in CT Colonography at Riyadh Region

Muhannad Alanazi and Nasir Ahmed Ali

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2020

Computed tomography colonography (CTC) is a new radiologic technique for examination of the colorectum. The search for, analysis and interpretation of extra-colonic findings (ECFs) are a matter of permanent debate and review, given the arguments for and against them. To assess the prevalence and type of extracolonic findings (ECFs) in a screening population undergoing computed tomography colonography (CTC) in Riyadh region. This retrospective study was conducted in Riyadh region. To achieve the ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4571/1710022

Case Report: Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome Associated with a Chest Mass in a Pediatric Patient

William Im, Marla Sacks, Laura Goodman and Andrei Radulescu

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 02, 2020

Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome is a rare disease with an incidence rate of about one in one million per year worldwide. It is caused by granulomatous, nonspecific inflammation of the cavernous sinus, which results in severe headaches, eye pain, and ophthalmoplegia. This is the case of a previously healthy 10-year-old male with a family history significant for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Squamous cell carcinoma who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with an intense recurring headache and ophthalmo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4571/1710021

A Rare Case of Raised Alkaline Phosphatase - Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

Dhanuja Senn and Mehdi Mirzazadeh

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 02, 2020

Fibrous dysplasia is an uncommon, bone development abnormality characterized by the replacement of normal cancellous bone by fibrous tissue and immature woven bone. Classified according to the number of affected bones, fibrous dysplasia can affect any bones of the skeletal system, with long bones the most commonly documented site of involvement. Typically, diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological and histological findings. However, due to its broad clinical spectrum, it remains a therapeutic...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5769/1510068

Results in Neurodevelopment after Open Cardiac Surgery in Pediatric Patients

Adriana Nieto-Sanjuanero, Arturo Alejandro García-Ramírez, Ramón Gerardo Sánchez-Cortés, Joshua Rodrigo De la O-Vega, Arturo Gerardo Garza-Alatorre and Manuel Enrique De la O-Cavazos

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 03, 2020

Heart diseases are considered among the most frequent congenital malformations; they have a great impact on pediatric morbidity and mortality. Children with congenital heart disease present motor and neurocognitive deficits, as well as specific functions such as attention and executive functions can be affected. It is an observational, analytical, retrospective, and cohort study, in which 10 postoperative cardiac surgery patients with the use of an extracorporeal pump were recruited regardless o...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510117

Carica Papaya Mouthwash for Reducing Dental Plaque

Méndez J, DDs, Msc and Villasanti U, DDs, Msc

Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: September 30, 2020

Paraguay is a country that uses a lot of herbal products containing plants as active ingredients. The use of herbs is popular mainly to the reason that is safe and easy available. In the case of the mouthwash which is a complement to brushing, the use of Carica papaya has been studied. Nowadays the trend is to use natural health products due the quest for suitable and affordable alternatives. This is especially common in Paraguay, which is a country that uses a lot of herbal products containing ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510116

Comparison of Oral Findings of Common Variable Immune Deficiency and Nephrotic Syndrome Patients with Hypogammaglobulinemia to Healthy Individuals

Hulya Cakır Karabas, Ilknur Ozcan, Ozlem Guler, Muhlis Cem Ar, Arif Atahan Cagatay and Aydın Turkmen

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2020

A group of disorders featuring lower serum immunoglobulin levels is called hypogammaglobulinemia. Being a primary immune disorder, Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is characterized by primary hypogammaglobulinemia. Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is an entity associated with secondary hypogammaglobulinemia. Lower concentrations of immunoglobulins in saliva may attenuate oral health. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of salivary immunoglobulin concentrations on oral health in pati...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510115

Evaluating the Retention of Resin-Based Sealant and a Glass Ionomer Sealant among 7-10 Year-Old Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Ankita Gupta, MDS, Amit Agrawal, MD, Ami Rawal and Surendra Gujarkar

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2020

Over the past three decades, there has been a substantial improvement in the oral health of children as evidenced by declines in the prevalence and severity of dental decay because of the outstanding scientific advances in restorative materials and techniques as well as in the understanding of its principles. The fissures of permanent molars are usually the first tooth surfaces to be affected by caries in younger age groups as young permanent teeth have specific occlusal morphology with deep and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410128

The Effects of Red Blood Cells Parameters on HbA1c and Random Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetics Diagnosis

Esraa R Rashed, Tasneem A Alkout, Saja S Eltomy, Osama R Etekbali and Abdulhamid M Alkout

Article Type: Retrospective Study | First Published: September 30, 2020

Hemoglobin A1c levels and blood sugar is a diagnostic tests used for diabetes and to determine the developing of diabetic complications. The level of HbA1c is affected by factors such as the Haemoglobin, the age of RBCs in the blood circulation and the Hb glycation rate. The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the relationship of HbA1c levels and blood sugar with haemoglobin concentration, and RBC parameter during female clinic follow-up....

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