Split Fracture and Displacement of Mandibular Lingual Cortical Plate of Mandibular Symphysis Requires Fixation
Masaki Fujioka, Kenji Hayashida and Hiroto Saijo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 3, 2015
The first priority in the management of comminuted mandibular fractures is the prevention of acute upper airway obstruction. Each division of mandibular fractures may cause respiratory obstruction. Among the variety of such fractures, split fracture of the symphyseal lingual cortical plate has a significant influence on the oropharyngeal and laryngopharyngeal airway spaces, and causes a markedly restricted ventilatory function. As the bony fragment is pedicled to the geniohyoid and genioglossus ...
Third Metacarpal Shortening Osteotomy to Improve Hand Appearance after Index Ray Amputation
Perez-Garcia A, Cavadas PC, Lorca-Garcia C, Thione A and Aranda F
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 2, 2015
Ray amputation is a good option in failure or no possible replantation, or in cases of useless finger or stump. Index ray amputation poses a decrease in grip strength, but does not represent a major impairment to the usual activities because its role in precision and key pinch can be adopted by the third finger. The cosmetic aspect is highly acceptable; however, after this procedure, the long finger loses its central position in the hand, which leads to a less natural appearance....
A Rare Cause of Lower Airway Obstruction Due to Inhalation of Illicit Drug Packet
P Ruggiano, MC Ferraro, A Franci, N Stanflin, M Bonizzoli, A Peris and Filippo Socci
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 23, 2015
We report a case of a previously healthy 29-year-old male who experienced a severe traumatic brain injury with right temporal extracerebral intracranic hematoma and splenic injury after massive trauma sustained after a car accident. The patient was on his bike, he missed a red traffic light, and a car invested him and threw him 4 meters away. In the prehospital setting, the patient was found with GCS 3, with pupils equals, round and reactive to light with good hemodynamics. The medical emergency...
Orbital Floor Reconstruction in Facial Asymmetry: A Clinical Case
Maglione Michele, Sossi Davide, Paolo Cecchini and Rizzo Roberto
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 21, 2015
Orbital floor blowout fractures may cause severe facial asymmetry, particularly when combined with panfacial fractures with wide bone defects. Surgical repair recommendations depend on multi-disciplinary clinical evaluation and digital imaging to assess the amount of soft tissues herniation, the infraorbital nerve and rectum inferioris muscle entrapments, the ocular bulbus dislocation, and the ocular diplopia. A second surgery intervention may be required particularly when the orbital floor frac...
Motive8! Feasibility of a Text Messaging Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Knee Osteoarthritis
Holly Blake, Anna L. Roberts, Mark E. Batt and Jonathan P. Moses
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: November 28, 2015
27 people (6 male, 21 female; aged 25-81 years) with knee osteoarthritis received 4 text messages per week, for 6 weeks. Telephone surveys were conducted at baseline and 6 weeks to measure physical activity levels and beliefs, including self-efficacy for exercise, barriers and benefits of exercise, social support and pain. Participants completed physical activity diaries. Process evaluation included participant perceptions of the intervention and 'real-time' data on intervention fidelity (automa...
Prediction of Performance in Vasaloppet through Long Lasting Ski-Ergometer and Rollerski Tests in Cross-Country Skiers
Erik Mygind, Kristian Wulff, Mads Rosenkilde Jensen and Jorn Wulff Helge
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 09, 2015
The main purpose was to investigate if long lasting cross-country (c-c) test procedures could predict performance time in 'Vasaloppet' and secondly the effect of a 16 weeks training period on a 90 min double poling performance test. 24 moderate trained c-c skiers participated in the study and completed Vasaloppet. All skiers carried out pre and post training tests in a 90 minutes ski-ergometer double poling test and a 120 minutes test and a 120 minutes on a closed paved circuit. 19 skiers provid...
Antropometric Measures and Physical Habilities for Elders Practioners of Physical Activities Programs on West of Parana
Jacques Macsue, Possamai Leonardo Trevisol, Nogueira Edinaldo JS, Paganotto Maykon and Dorst Debora Goulart Bourscheid
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2015
Aging is the last phase of adulthood characterized by the set of physiological changes, reduced physical abilities and basic skills such as strength and balance. However studies show that physical exercise is highly important in improving and maintaining physical fitness. Thus this study aimed to correlate the strength of arms and legs with circumference of left and right leg and balance. This study included elders participants of exercise projects for seniors existing in Cascavel and Four Bridg...
The Original Compared with Terminal in Anterior or Posterior Cruciate Ligament Tear
Denglu Yan, Yancheng Song, Zhaojie Wang and Zhi Zhang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 29, 2015
Background: It currently remains unclear why the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is most commonly torn from its proximal attachment on the femur and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is torn from its distal attachment on the tibia. This study is designed to evaluate the difference of ligament attachment in bone through a comparison of the origin with the terminal ends in both the ACL and PCL. Methods: A sample population of 203 knee patients was assessed through magnetic resonance imaging (...
Physiologic Changes and Nutrient Intake in Female Participants during a Simulated 80.5 Kilometer Ultramarathon Run: A Pilot Study
R Scott Van Zant, Justin Grogg, Jennifer Schoon, Jason Exposito and Meghan Carroll
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 8, 2015
Purpose: To frequently examine body weight (BW), blood parameters, nutrient/fluid (N/F) intake, urine output and vital signs of recreational female runners completing a simulated ultramarathon. Methods: Three participants completed an 80.5 km run on a closed 8.1 km course. BW, blood glucose (BG), N/F intake and urine output were measured 24 hr pre- and post event. Complete blood count was measured 1 hr pre-and post event. BW, HR, SBP, DBP, BG, blood lactate (BL), RPE, lower extremity (LE) VAS pa...