Pilot Study on Frequency in Schoolchildren with Parasitism
Osvaldo Batista Rojas, MSc
Article Type: Research Ar ticle | First Published: January 15, 2020
Among infectious diseases, those produced by intestinal parasites are an important health problem for man. To characterize intestinal parasitism clinically and epidemiologically in young patients. An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the Clinic 11 of the Finlay Polyclinic with schoolchildren diagnosed with intestinal parasitisms from the Hermanos Montalvo Primary School January-May 2019. There was a predominance of the male sex with 91%, with the age group most affected being 17 to 22 years for 60.7%. 19.6% of the patients came from primary school. Abdomin...
Relationship between BMI at Discharge and ADL Ability in Integrated Community Care Ward
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 22, 2020
Low BMI is a poor prognostic factor. Previous studies have reported that daily body activity (ADL) ability is difficult to improve if the body mass index (BMI) at admission is low, but the relationship between BMI at discharge and ADL ability has not been clarified. Therefore, we aimed to clarify that ADL ability is low when BMI at discharge is low. A cross-sectional study of patients who were admitted to an integrated community care ward and underwent rehabilitation. Patient information was investigated from medical records. BMI: Less than 20 kg/m2 was defined as a low BMI group, and more th...
Incidence, Microbiological Spectrum and Outcomes of Infective Peritonitis in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients
Vivek Sood, Vivek Kumar, Raja Ramachandran, Shefali Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Manish Rathi, HS Kohli1 and KL Gupta
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 20, 2020
Peritoneal dialysis related peritonitis is a major risk factor for drop-out of patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Data on factors affecting outcome of chronic peritoneal dialysis related peritonitis and microbiology is limited. In this regard, a retrospective, observational study was conducted at Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, wherein we reviewed medical records of chronic peritoneal dialysis patients for 3 years between 01 July 2015 and 30 June 2018. We abstracted data pertaining to social, demographic and clinical characteris...
Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland in a Patient with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: A Case Report
Geun-Jeon Kim, MD, Dong-Hyun Lee, MD, Chul-Woo Yang, MD, PhD and Dong-Il Sun, MD, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 22, 2020
We report the co-occurrence of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the parotid gland. A 33-year-old male presented with a parotid gland tumor of benign appearance. After surgery, the patient’s serum creatine kinase level exceeded 20,000 IU/L (normal, 50-200 IU/L); his potassium level was also high (7.2 mEq/L), as were his aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase levels. Genetic testing revealed the deletion of exons 10-29 on chromosome Xp21, and the patient was diagnosed with DMD. The resected specimen revealed eviden...
Electrical Cardioversion: A Review
Max E Valentinuzzi, EE, PhD and Luis Aguinaga Arriascu, MD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 23, 2020
Atrial fibrillation (AF), not to be confused with atrial flutter, is the term used to describe an irregular or abnormal heart rate. While AF and atrial flutter are similar, AF has more serious health implications such as an increased risk of having a stroke or a blood clot (thrombosis). The resting heart rate of someone without AF is usually between 60 and 100 beats per minute but this number is usually over 100 in AF. It is usually the result of an underlying condition such as hypertension (high blood pressure) or having an overactive thyroid but may develop for no known reason. In this circu...
Evaluation of the Level of Knowledge of the Population and Risk Factors Related to Leptospirosis in an Endemic City
Bruna Helena Kipper, Carlos Efrain Stein, Thais Helena Szabo Castro, Bruna Carvalho da Silva, Catiane Baumgartel, Kaiane Pereira, Milena Capo dos Santos and Marina Cardoso Fernandes
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2020
Leptospirosis is an infectious-contagious zoonosis caused by gram-negative bacteria, a spirochete of the genus Leptospira. It is largely related to high rainfall levels, accumulation of litter, presence of rodents and lack of basic sanitation. The present study aimed to verify the level of knowledge of the population and the risk factors of leptospirosis in a region frequently affected by floods in Blumenau/Santa Catarina/Brazil, as well as the control of rodents carried out by the interviewees. The data were collected through questionnaires applied to a sample of 270 interviewees and the resu...
Accuracy of Orthopedic Shoulder Test in Detecting Rotator Cuff Tears and Retears: A Narrative Review
Brian H Goldman, DO, Alejandro Carmona-Casillas, BS, Greg Galvin, DO, Jorge Benito, DO, Phong Truong, DO and Pedro J Tort-Saade, MD
Article Type: Narrative Review Article | First Published: January 23, 2020
The purpose of this review is to discuss the accuracy of orthopedic tests in detecting rotator cuff tears and retears, while developing new, more sensitive and specific clinical exam tools. With the ever-increasing population and consequent increased incidence of shoulder pathology, there is a vertical trend in medical cost as physical diagnosis is evermore substituted by imaging diagnosis. Unfortunately, clinical examination maneuvers have demonstrated variable specificity and sensitivity for primary rotator cuff tears, leading to the dependance of imaging modalities. Currently, there is no c...
Effect of RF Fields during Pulse on Rotational Diffusion: Influence on Spectral Density
Dennis J Sorce
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 13, 2020
The effect of the applied RF field in an NMR experiment on the magnitude of the Spectral Density for a Dipolar Relaxation Mechanism is demonstrated theoretically. The effect is shown with Sin Cos Pulse as a concrete example. The order of magnitude of the magnetic moment where these effects will be significant for typical Rf amplitude values is derived. The effect may be of utility in providing an alternate method of control for MRI Tissue Contrast applications with further development. In contemporary NMR methodologies, it is common to find experimental scenarios where the relaxation of the ma...
Wunderlich Syndrome: A Rare Syndrome Caused by a Polyarteritis Nodosa
Leandro Tristao Abi-Ramia de Moraes, Monica Arnaldi and Sergio Furlan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 30, 2019
Wünderlich syndrome (WS) is a rare condition, in which spontaneous nontraumatic renal hemorrhage occurs into the subcapsular and perirenal spaces and was described for the first time by Bonet in 1700. The etiology of the entity is very diverse, including benign or malign neoplasms, vascular diseases, infectious and inflammatory kidney diseases, and could be combined with some diseases. Clinically the syndrome is characterized by the classic Lenk's triad. We describe a case of WS in a 37-years-old woman with loss of strength in the right superior limb for three months. After admission in the h...
Serum Copeptin Levels in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Ebru Sengul Parlak, MD, Habibe Hezer, MD, Emine Arguder, MD, Hatice Kilic, MD, Murat Alisik, MD, Gokhan Yalciner, MD, Mehmet Ali Babademez, MD, Ozcan Erel, MD and Hatice Canan Hasanoglu, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 06, 2020
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important public health concern with numerous consequences at the societal level, including motor vehicle accidents, increased cardiovascular morbidity, metabolic dysfunction, and behavioral and cognitive deficit. OSA is characterized by a decrease in, or complete cessation of, airflow despite ongoing efforts to breathe, and is related to oxygen desaturation and sleep fragmentation. The prevalence of OSA has been estimated at 14% in men and 5% in women...