The Radiology Research Situation in the Philippines: Identifying the Barriers and Limitations for Future Directions
Joanna Marie D Choa, MD and Mariaem M Andres, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 14, 2020
This descriptive-cross sectional study was conducted under the approval of an institutional review board with informed consent of the participants. The study involved a nationwide scope of radiology residents and employed the use of a validated 34-item printed questionnaire with informed consent form. Respondents were asked to grade their level of agreement with the statements using a Likert Scale. A space for free-text comments and/or opinions was provided at the end of the survey. Appropriate statistics were employed in the analysis of data. Trainees agreed that research should be part of th...
Association between Sociodemographic Factors and Sleeping Patterns from Infancy to Four Years of Life in Saudi Community
Gigi Sam, Sarah Zinaf, Maha Hamoud and Noora Inad
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 13, 2020
Sleep is a prime factor of healthy development and has been associated with emotional, behavioural, and cognitive development. This study investigates sleep parameters and associated sociodemographic characteristics in a population-based online method in Saudi children from infancy to four years of life. A Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) for sleep assessment was made available to participants through the web link in Arabic language and were filled by the mothers. The target population were divided into three age groups: 0-11 months, 1-2 years, and 2-4 years. Questions related to demogr...
Methotrexate Associated Toxicity: An Alarming Benign Entity
Cristiana F Martins, Bruno Loureiro, Catarina Magalhaes, Isabel Rodrigues, Monica Costeira, Ana Maia, Augusto Ferreira, Catia Sousa and Tereza Oliva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 13, 2020
An 11-year-old girl with lymphoblastic lymphoma, who presented a history of leukoencephalopathy, which mimicked stroke one week after receiving high doses of intravenous methotrexate. The patient’s symptoms completely improved within two days without sequels. Ten days after a new administration of methotrexate presented right-side hemiparesis and dysarthria. Again, with full resolution. Brain magnetic resonance scan was indispensable for diagnosis. The patient was discharged home without neurological symptoms. Neurotoxicity associated with methotrexate is transient and most patients continue...
Prosthodontic Rehabilitation of a Cleft Patient with Andrews Bridge: A Case Report
Rachana Chaudhary, Dinesh Kumar, Amit Khattak, R K Yadav, Anup Gopi and Dhruv Sharma
Article Type: Resear ch Article | First Published: February 19, 2020
Complete aesthetic surgical replacement of the lost tissues is difficult and unpredictable, particularly when a greater degree of the residual ridge has been lost due to trauma, congenital defects or other pathologic process. When treating cleft-palate patients with congenital or acquired defects, the Andrews bridge permits rehabilitation with a fixed-removable partial denture when conventional methods are contraindicated. This system permits the replacement of the lost teeth as well as supportive structures necessary for proper aesthetics. It provides access to an oral-nasal fistula when one ...
The Role of Neurostimulation in the Treatment of Epilepsy- A Commentary on the State of Its Use and Its Potential Worldwide
Arun Swaminathan, MD
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 22, 2020
Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) represents the earliest and longest used method of neuromodulation for epilepsy. Implanted and transdermal VNS approaches have both been used and the implanted technique has been proven to be more superior and has become the procedure of choice. VNS implants offer a good treatment option for generalized, multifocal and inoperable epilepsies and are often preferred by patients who wish to have the least invasive option used in them. The VNS also offers relatively good results in patients with focal epilepsies that may be unable or unwilling to undergo more invasive...
Origami-Induced Alignment of MNP Inside of DNA Nanotubes
Adele Rafati, Ali Zarrabi and Pooria Gill
Article Type: Original article | First Published: February 20, 2020
The advent of nanotubes in the nanotechnology world has led to significant advances in a number of biological and materials application, due to their structural properties such as the surface to volume ratio and potential to surface carrying or inside capsulation any materials. Among the various types of nanotubes, DNA nanotubes, due to their unique characteristics, such as precis controllability and programmability in shape/size/length/diameter and its biological origin compared to different types of nanomaterial, can be the suitable candidate for template patterning alignment and precise org...
Effect of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG on the Number and Differentiation of T Lymphocytes in the Intestine of Early Weaned Piglets
Seria Masole Shonyela, Bo Fong, Wentao Yang, Guilian Yang and Chunfeng Wang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 20, 2020
In recent years, with the rapid development of Chinas breeding industry, the weaning age of piglets is also in advance. The weaning time of piglets determines the number of piglets per year and the reproduction rate of sows. At the same time, the earlier weaning the piglets, the lower the production cost. However, early weaning of piglets will have a series of adverse effects on piglets. First of all, piglets will suffer from malnutrition due to early weaning, and their growth and development will be affected. Secondly, breast milk contains a large number of antibodies. Early weaning will caus...
Simplified Neutrophil Isolation Protocol
Antonio Muniz-Buenrostro, Alma Y Arce-Mendoza, Edgar I Montes-Zapata, Rubi C Calderon- Melendez and Maricruz J Montelongo-Rodriguez
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 13, 2020
Neutrophils are the most abundant leukocytes in humans and among the first cells to arrive on the site of inflammatory immune response. Due to their key role in inflammation, neutrophil functions such as locomotion, cytokine production, phagocytosis, respiratory burst and release of extracellular traps are extensively studied. In the presentstudy, we present a simplified neutrophil isolation protocol which has excellent reproducibility and low cost. Taken together, our findings point to the fact that this protocol can be used in any lab around the world, but is mainly focused in labs with low ...
Total Flavonoid Extract of Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf) Harms (Meliaceae) Inhibits the Pro-Inflammatory Function of Asthmatic Patients Neutrophils
Oumar Mahamat, Guessom K Oulianovie, Tume Christopher and Kamanyi Albert
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 12, 2020
Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide affecting approximately 300 million individuals. Asthma or anaphylaxis are allergic diseases essentially characterized by eosinophilia and mast cells release histamine which is responsible for the production of IgE. Nevertheless, neutrophils are highly implicated and it is demonstrated in about 50% of asthma cases. Consecutive to bronchial allergen challenge for example, there is an influx of neutrophils in proximal and distal airways. In asthmatic patients, neutrophils are known to be hyperactive, characterized by a production of num...
An Atypical Soft Tissue Mass on the Dorsum of the Foot: A Case Report
Kirmanj Atrushi PGY-3, DPM
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 17, 2020
Evaluating and treating soft tissue masses is a component of podiatric practice that few will be able to avoid. Indeed, of all soft tissue masses, ganglion cysts appear to be the most common. Many of these can be adequately treated with fine-needle aspiration. However, in other cases, surgical excision may be indicated, particularly when the cyst is pressing against a nerve or similarly sensitive structure. In this case report we seek to analyze one case of a painful soft tissue mass that was originally diagnosed as a ganglion cyst, had failed fine-needle aspiration, and was analyzed under MRI...