Chronic Rhinosinusitis is Associated with Airflow Obstruction in Japanese Never-Smokers without Asthma
Keita Matsumoto, Tomotaka Kawayama, Takashi Kinoshita, Shuwa Minami, Kazuko Matsunaga, Masako Nagafuchi, Tomoaki Hoshino and Toru Rikimaru
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 22, 2015
Background: The relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and airflow obstruction is still unclear. This cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether CRS is an independent risk factor for airflow obstruction in never-smokers without asthma. Methods: One hundred fifty-eight subjects aged ≥ 40 yr without asthma were divided into 4 groups: 22 never-smokers with CRS, 27 smokers with CRS, 69 never-smokers without CRS, and 40 smokers without CRS. Subjects with airflow obstruction were compared among the groups, and the correlation between CRS severity and airflow obstruct...
Differences in Dietary Components and Oxidative Stress Markers between Cervical Cancer Patients and Matched Controls
Gabriela Gutierrez-Salmean, Mayra Acosta, Fabiola Arellano, Karolina Alvarez Altamirano, Veronica Ruiz-Manon, Guillermo M Ceballos-Reyes and Vanessa Fuchs Tarlovsky
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 03, 2015
Cervical cancer is a leading cause of death among women in developing countries. Diet has been suggested to play an important role in the pathophysiology of malignant tumors as an imbalance between dietary antioxidant intake and free radical production-from the inflammatory state results in oxidative stress, which may contribute to both initiation and progression of carcinogenesis. The aims of the present study were to assess the difference regarding dietary intake and oxidative stress plasmatic markers differences between cervical cancer patients and matched controls....
Management of a Refractory Malignant Pleural Effusion in a Patient with Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Case Report
Maria M Wilczynska and Helen E Davies
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 20, 2015
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a common presenting feature of underlying malignancy and frequently results in debilitating symptoms. In chemosensitive malignancies, such as lymphoma, small cell lung or ovarian cancers, chemotherapy is often considered the fist line treatment, however if unsuccessful, pleural intervention to achieve fluid control is required. This may include therapeutic thoracentesis, chest drain insertion, thoracoscopy, chemical pleurodesis, and use of an ambulatory indwelling pleural catheter (IPC) or a combination of the above procedures....
Reference Values of Pulmonary Function Tests for Rural Canadians
Chandima P Karunanayake, James A Dosman, Louise Hagel, Donna C Rennie, Joshua A Lawson, Punam Pahwa and Saskatchewan Rural Health Study Group
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: June 22, 2015
Background: Pulmonary function tests are used routinely to evaluate patients with respiratory diseases and those who are at risk of developing respiratory diseases. Lung function prediction equations are generally developed for urban populations and whether these differ on rural population is not well studied. There is limited information on prediction equations for rural populations. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to derive prediction equations for commonly used pulmonary function tests in a rural Canadian Caucasian population and to examine whether results of tests were comp...
Diagnosis and Management of Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma in a Woman with Prolapsing Cervical Mass
Elizabeth V. Connor and Paul A. Disilvestro
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 10, 2015
Background: Cervical rhabdomyosarcoma is very rare, comprising less than 1% of cervical cancers in adult women. Less than 40 cases of cervical rhabdomyosarcoma have been reported in adult women in the last 50 years. Due to the rarity of this disease, management guidelines are non-existent. Case: We present a 36-year-old woman who presented with pelvic pain and a vaginal mass. The mass was excised, and pathology confirmed poorly differentiated embryonal type rhabdomyosarcoma....
Clock Drawing Test (CDT): is Qualitative Analysis of the CDT Better to Screen Mild Cognitive Impairment than Quantitative Analysis?
Ji Hee Lee, Eung Seok Oh, Eun Hee Sohn and Ae Young Lee
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 06, 2015
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was originally used to describe a transitional state between normal condition and dementia. Revised and extended definition of MCI has been proposed that covers a broader range of cognitive impairment, distinct from normal ageing and from Alzheimer's disease. Despite the existence of reports regarding analyses of the Clock Drawing test (CDT) in Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia, those focusing on MCI subjects are still lacking. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of CDT and compare the results of quantitative and qualitative analy...
Uterine Tumour Resembling Ovarian Sex Cord Tumour (UTROSCT): Experience with a Rare Disease. Two Case Reports and Overview of the Literature
Brenda Hermsen, Fabrizio Bogliatto, Maaike Bleeker, Luciano Leidi, Hans Trum, Erika Comello and Christianne Lok
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 09, 2015
Background: Uterine tumour resembling an ovarian sex cord tumour (UTROSCT) is a rare neoplastic lesion. Patients are generally of reproductive age. Although conservative treatment to preserve fertility has been reported, literature on the optimal treatment on UTROSCT is scarce and only case reports or small case series are available. Aim: To describe the difficulties and resemblances of two different cases of UTROSCT in a pre- and post-menopausal woman in order to classify this uncommon tumour....
Retroperitoneal Lymphoma Presenting as Gynecologic Malignancy: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Devin Miller, Sarah Andiman, Elena Ratner and Diana English
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 04, 2015
Pelvic malignancy is commonly thought to represent a gynecologic primary on presentation. In reality, the differential diagnosis is wide and tumors which do not fit typical patterns on imaging or initial pathology can present a significant diagnostic dilemma as these patients may undergo radical gynecologic surgery unnecessarily. We present the case of a 63 year old female presenting with abdominal pain, back pain, weight gain, and hydronephrosis with acute kidney injury. She was initially admitted to the gynecologic oncology service due to a finding of a large tumor within lower abdomen and p...
Minimal Deviation Adenocarcinoma Associated with High-Grade Squamous Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Carlos Villegas-Cruz, Alhely Lopez Arias, Delia Perez Montiel, Jose Chanona-Vilchis, Luis Alonso Herrera Montalvo and David Cantu de Leon
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 30, 2015
Cancer of the uterine cervix is the second cause of cancer at the worldwide level in women, with an incidence of 529,409 new cases annually and is the third place in mortality with 274,883 deaths; in Mexico it represents the second cause of cancer in women with 10,186 new cases each year and the second cause of cancer-related mortality with 5,061 cases, second only to breast cancer....