ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

ClinMed International Library


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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-346X/1410111

Lessons Learned from 23 Years of Experience in Testing Visual Field of Neurologically Impaired Children

BL Portengen, MD, Y Koenraads, MD, PhD, SM Imhof, MD, PhD and GL Porro, MD, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2019

Despite general difficulty to measure visual field (VF) in Neurologically Impaired (NI) children, the timely finding of a VF impairment may contribute to finding the right diagnosis and treatment as well as to explaining their visual behaviour to parents and caregivers. We describe the Standard Conventional Perimetry (SCP) and a potential gain in time to diagnosis of a visual field defect (VFD) when using a behavioural visual field (BVF) test. NI children who underwent SCP at the University Medical Center Utrecht were retrospectively analysed and scored with the examiner-based assessment of re...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3001/1410092

Biological Warfare and Snake Venom for Poliomyelitis and ALS: The Little Known Entwined History of Failed Ethics and a Reasonable Therapeutic Hypothesis

Victor M Rivera, MD, FAAN

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 14, 2019

This paper describes a complicated history taken place during World War II (WWII) when military intentions for acquiring biological weapon superiority knowledge was obtained in some cases through atrocious investigations in human beings disregarding ethical and moral principles. After the war, Murray Sanders (1910-1988), a young military officer and American scientist became incidentally entwined with the U.S. military concern over the Japanese bacteriological knowledge, unbeknown by the Allies that was being acquired through human experiments. In a second stage of his career (between 1949 and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4539/1710013

Part Two: Habit and Customs, Obesity and Parkinson's Disease

Muslimat Kehinde Adebisi, Li Xuezhong, Ehianeta Teddy and Liuyi

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 21, 2019

Keyword used in searching for similar articles on PubMed were, Obesity, hyperlipidemia, Metabolic syndrome (MetS), Neurodegenerative disorders, Parkinson’s diseases (PD). Papers from 2014-2019 related were compiled. Cases at Zhenjiang First people’s hospital similar was compiled to draw conclusions. I evaluated the association between years of diagnosis (YOD) of PD and BMI for both male and female patients and compared to controlled groups. There was a statistically significance between YOD of PD and BMI. Some motor symptoms such as dyskinesia increases energy expenditure and some of the m...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4539/1710012

Obesity may Increase the Prevalence of Parkinson’s Disease while Parkinson's may Reduce Obesity Index in Patients

Muslimat Kehinde Adebisi, Ehianeta Teddy, Mzee Said Abdulraman Salim, Liuyi, Abdul Nazif Mahmud, Aaron Gia Kanton and Abdullateef Taiye Mustapha

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2019

Currently Parkinson's disease is becoming more common among younger people of ages from 30-40 years. The incidence is higher among patients with higher BMI, some reports has it that Obesity is a risk factor for Parkinson’s disease while some reported that there is no relationship between obesity and Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease patient at the time of diagnosis has a above normal BMI but this goes below normal as the disease progresses. Therefore, it is important to explore the relationship between Parkinson’s disease and Obesity. 349 outpatients and inpatients with Parkinso...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710036

Surgical Management of Foot Macrodystrophia Lipomatosa in Adults: Case Report of Surgical Technique

Reema Alhussein and Mohammed Alshouli

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 02, 2019

Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare congenital anomaly causing localized or generalized gigantism. Characterized by an abnormal excessive growth of mesenchymal elements in particularly fibro-adipose tissue, bone, tendon, nerves and vessels. We report our experience in surgical management of a case with Macrodystrophia lipomatosa involving the second toe of the left foot. A through clinical and radiological assessment followed by surgical second ray amputation and soft tissue debulking of the left foot. On the literature review, we found that this disorder in not common in this age group and m...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410113

Effect of Antihypertensive Agents on Biochemical Parameters in Diabetic Patients in Taif - KSA

Niveen M. Daoud, Ola A. Qadi, Dania O. Al-talhi and Hanan Kamal Al-sharabi

Article Type: Clinical Study | First Published: October 21, 2019

Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are chronic medical conditions that frequently coexist. Our objective is to evaluate the effect of Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and Angiotensin II receptor blockers comparatively and in integration with Metformin, dipeptidyl 4 inhibitors and insulin on lipid profile, serum creatinine, liver enzymes and electrolytes in type II diabetic patients. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are chronic medical conditions that frequently coexist. Obesity, high sodium diet and inactivity are predisposing factors for both hypertension and non-insulin-dependent d...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3419/1410126

Cancer Patterns in Odisha - An Important Mining State in India

Sharmila Chatterjee, MBBS, MPH, CPH, Paul H Levine, MD, Surendra Nath Senapati, MD, Dipti Rani Samanta, MD and Pinaki Panigrahi, MD, PhD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 14, 2019

Odisha, a populous state and a major mining belt in India has high levels of environmental carcinogens. There is no population-based cancer registry in Odisha, thus giving no opportunity to develop systematic studies on important regional carcinogens. This paper highlights current patterns of cancer as seen at Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre (AHRCC), and provides the first opportunity to determine the most important research questions that could drive cancer control programs in Odisha. Two well trained data entry operators systematically reviewed medical records of identified cases and ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-2951/1410160

Safety of Hydrochlorothiazide in the Real World: A Commentary on the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA) Pronouncements

Valerio Massimo Magro, MD, Carla Coppola, MD, Eugenio Boccalone, MD, Michele Caturano, MD, Giovanni Scala, MD and Walter Verrusio, MD, PhD

Article Type: Commentaries | First Published: October 14, 2019

Thiazide diuretic drugs are the most commonly used molecules for the treatment of systemic hypertension. Despite their established role in the treatment of this disease, well recognized by the guidelines of national (such as the Italian Society of Cardiology - SIC - for example, which incorporates the directives of the European Society of Cardiology - ESC -) scientific societies. Several evidences have shown that hydrochlorothiazide therapy in chronic renal disease with advanced grade of kidney insufficiency leads to deleterious effects, as the adverse effects of this therapy are reported (wor...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5831/1510022

Child Mortality: A Comparative Study of Some Developing Countries in the World

Ilker Etikan, Ogunjesa Babatope, Kabiru Bala and Savas Ilgi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2019

According to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, countries all over the world are expected to create a healthy living environment for the populace most especially the vulnerable population of which children are examples. Despite the reducing trend in the under-five mortality rate in some developing nations, some nations still have a high record of under-five mortality. This study adopted the use of a One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to evaluate any significant difference in the under-five mortality rate of five major developing countries namely Brazil, Bangladesh, Turkey, Sou...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5742/1510062

Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection in Men Treated with Transurethral Resection of the Prostate for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

J Stangl-Kremser, S Bronimann, M Abufaraj, C Pozo, SF Shariat and G Schatzl

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 14, 2019

Our cohort comprised 96 consecutive patients treated with TURP for obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic enlargement suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia. We collected relevant data of our cohort including demographic data, comorbidities, past medical history presence of preoperative indwelling transurethral catheter and histopathology of prostate chips after resection were assessed for each patient. Patients’ charts were also reviewed to ascertain the results of midstream urine samples, postvoid residual volume and estimated prostate volume. Study en...

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Role of Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in the Hepatic Toxicity Induced by Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Following Intratracheal Instillation in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats

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