Profile and Spatialization of Pregnant Women with Gestational Syphilis and Congenital Syphilis in a Municipality in South Brazil
Elenir Terezinha Rizzetti Anversa Daros dos Santos, Nicassia Cioquetta Lock, Sandra Trevisan Beck, Luciane Silva Ramos, Valeria Parecida da Rosa and Teresinha Heck Weiller
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 07, 2019
Congenital Syphilis (CS) is one of the most serious adverse outcomes in pregnancy, avoidable through early detection and treatment of the pregnant woman and her sexual partner. During this period, 128 cases of GS and 73 cases of CS were notified. The frequency of notifications during the studied period increased from 2.3% to 39.2% for GS and from 1% to 41% for CS. Only 23.4% of the pregnant women’s partners with GS were treated during antenatal care. Considering the number of GS and CS cases notified by administrative region, the greatest percentage occurred in the West region of the municip...
Patient and Provider Communication Regarding Exercise during Pregnancy in a Rural Setting
Maire Blankenship, Kim Link, Samantha Henry and Rachel Tinius
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: October 07, 2019
Women in rural settings are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. One potential way to improve pregnancy outcomes in rural settings is through physical activity promotion. However, given the disparities in prenatal care, women in rural areas may not receive information from their health care provider regarding physical activity during pregnancy. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine patient and provider communication in a rural setting (from both patients' and providers' perspectives) regarding physical activity during pregnancy. A mixed methods study was performed in...
The Effect of Concurrent Exercise Order (Resistance and Endurance) on Lipid Profile, Leptin Serum and Insulin Resistance Index in Overweight Women
Mehdi Hakimi and Maryam Ali-Mohammadi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 17, 2019
The implementation of a concurrent exercise session in two exercise groups except for the indicators of HDL that there was no significant change, caused to significantly decreases in TC, TG, LDL, insulin, insulin resistance indices and leptin serum that this rate of changes was significant compared with the control group. But no significant difference was observed between implementation of two methods of concurrent exercise. In addition, the control group did not change significantly in none of the variables. Although the implementation one session of a combination of resistance and endurance ...
Limbus Vertebra and Low Back Pain: A Case Report and Review of Literature
Man R Shim, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 14, 2019
Limbus vertebra is marginal interosseous herniation of the nucleus pulposus. It is generally considered to be an incidental finding without any symptoms unless posterior herniation causes nerve compression. However, recent findings have suggested limbus vertebra may be associated with a specific gene and intervertebral disk degeneration. This article reports a case of a 40-year-old male patient with limbus vertebra, intervertebral disk degeneration, and low back pain, followed by a comprehensive literature review. 40-year-old male patient with chronic low back pain presented with an acute exac...
Strength and Endurance Influence on the Trunk Muscle in the Functional Performance of Elderly Women
Marceli Matos Andrade Mesquita, Marta Silva Santos, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Antonio Gomes de Resende-Neto, Jose Carlos Aragao-Santos, Roberto Jeronimo Santos Silva, Gilmar Weber Senna, Felipe Jose Aidar Martins, Paulo Marcio Pereira Oliveira, Estelio Henrique Martin Dantas and Marzo Edir Da Silva-Grigoletto
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 07, 2019
The trunk muscles have an important role in the stabilization of the trunk in the elderly, however it is not known how much they can influence in the functional performance of this specific population. There were 45 elderly women in the study. The maximum strength and endurance of the trunk and the functional performance were evaluated through the stable wooden seat, McGill protocol, Senior Fitness Test battery and the deadlift. For statistical purposes, a multiple regression model was used. The trunk strength and endurance were used as independent variables and functional performance as a dep...
Mesenchymal Stem Cell Based Therapy for Parkinson's Disease
Neveen A Salem
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 23, 2019
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive, neurodegenerative disease with a multifactorial etiology, the predominant pathology of PD is the loss of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra. It is characterized by hallmark signs of bradykinesia, rigidity, tremor, and postural instability. Medical and pharmacological treatments for Parkinson's disease are limited to the symptomatic relief of patients, and has failed to prevent or slow down the process of neurodegeneration. Cell transplantation is a strategy with great potential for the treatment of Parkinson's disease, Mesenchymal ste...
Fulminant Progressive Brainstem Encephalitis as Initial Manifestation of NeuroBechet's Disease
Tierra Rodriguez AM, MD, Fernandez Diaz A, M2, Perez Ruiz D, MD and Lopez Prada B, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 07, 2019
Bechet's disease is a multisystemic process that can mimic many other diseases. Neurological features can be its first-onset symptoms. Brainstem is usually affected, so that a wide differential diagnosis is mandatory. We report the case of a patient who developed a fulminant and rapidly progressive brainstem encephalitis owing to NeuroBechet's disease. Bechet's disease (BD) is a hard-to-diagnose entity. Neurological features can sometimes be the first manifestation of the disease. Its symptoms can be so different, so that a wide differential diagnosis with many neurologic or systemic processes...
Dietary Intake and Hedonic Preferences for Sodium in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults with Barth Syndrome
Stacey Reynolds PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, M Emily Tucker MS, OTR/L, W Todd Cade, PT, PhD, Nicol Clayton and Shelly J Lane PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: September 28, 2019
Individuals with Barth syndrome (BTHS) present with decreased activity tolerance and high fatigability. Recent evidence suggests that differences in metabolic function in BTHS negatively impact the production of aerobic energy for activity and maintenance of muscle mass. Recommendations on a metabolically beneficial diet are complicated by selective eating behaviors often seen in individuals with BTHS. While known to be selective eaters with a preference for salty foods, there is limited evidence documenting sodium liking or discrimination in the BTHS population. The purpose of the current stu...
Immunotherapy with the Vaccine Based On the Canine Neurotropic Virus (CIMT-54) For the Treatment of Cancer
Hugo Ramiro Segura-Puello, Juan Sebastian Segura Charry, Diana Milena Munoz-Forero, Diana Lorena Nieto Mosquera and Andrea Catalina Villamil-Ballesteros
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 16, 2019
At Cancer Research Laboratory of Manuela Beltran University (UMB), research was carried out with the design and development of the CIMT-54 biological vaccine: A combination of oncotropic virus + amino acids as adjuvants, which act directly on the tumor cell, preventing the reproduction of metastases to other organs and preventing the attack on healthy cells of the organism. The results at preclinical level suggested that the CIMT-54 vaccine is not cytotoxic; and on the other hand, in the studies carried out in Wistar rats, it was observed that the vaccine is capable of "blocking" the tumor cel...