Perioperative Management of Multiple Intracranial Nail Gun Injuries
Matthew B Ellison, MD, Jeremy Hensley, MD, Roy E Henrickson, MD, Jeffrey Puette, MD, Jason Shepherd, MD, Daniel Sloyer, MD and Pavithra R Ellison, MD
Article Type: Case Rep ort | First Published: January 04, 2020
A 51-year-old male presented to the emergency department with four self-inflicted nail gun wounds. Computed tomography angiography demonstrated three nails penetrating the frontal bone toward the falx cerebri causing small subdural hematomas. The fourth nail penetrated the parietal bone posteriorly, ending very close to the vein of Galen. Despite the ominous-appearing imaging, the patient was neurologically intact and cooperative to the point that consideration was given to the possibility of removal of the nails under local anesthesia. Due to the number of nails and proximity of the fourth na...
Does Esmolol Havean Effect on Erythrocyte Deformability in Rat Lower Limb Ischemia Reperfusion Injury?
Ali Dogan Dursun, Faruk Metin Comu, Aysegul Kucuk, Ulku Sabuncu, Nevriye Salman, Timucin Sabuncu, Gulay Kip, Omer Kurtipek and Mustafa Arslan
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 20, 2019
Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is a common problem in vascular surgery. We aimed to investigate the effects of esmolol on erythrocyte deformability in rat lower limb I/R injury. Following Ethics Commitee approval 24 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, Control (Group C), Esmolol (Group E), Ischemia-reperfusion (Group I/R), I/R-Esmolol (Group I/R-E). In I/R group, atraumatic microvascular clamp was placed to infrarenal abdominal aorta. After 120 minutes from ischemia, the clamp was removed and reperfusion was performed for 120 minutes. Esmolol (200 μg/kg/min) was administered 30 minute...
Effect, Adverse Events and Re-operations after Tension-free Vaginal Tape Obturator Surgery
Silja Maigaard Axelsen, Rikke Guldberg Sorensen, MD, PhD and Susanne Axelsen, MD, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 18, 2019
Women with stress urinary incontinence can be offered an operation with mid-urethral sling. First, Tension- free vaginal tape was invented. Some years later, because of concerns about complications associated with this operation, the other minimally invasive procedure using the trans obturator procedure was introduced by Dr. J. de Leval in 2003. Since then, the diversity in methods gave rise to a discussion of both efficacy, complications and reoperations. In Denmark, the professional discussion about Tension-free Vaginal Tape Obturator is ongoing, which is an important reason for evaluating t...
Nursing Students' Views and Experiences Concerning the Use of Mobile Applications in Nursing Education: A Qualitative Study
Ayse Kacaroglu Vicdan and Media Subasi Baybuga
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 19, 2019
Nursing education is a process of education that consists of both theoretical and skill teaching. Mobile applications developed in accordance with smart phones have started to be used in nursing education, for the students to continue to learn outside school and develop their knowledge and skills. This study was conducted in the Department of Nursing in the Faculty of Health Sciences at a University located in the western region of Turkey between the dates of between May 7, 2019, and June 10, 2019, by using qualitative research design. Qualitative research was planned in order to examine the o...
Tuberculosis Re-Treatment Cases and Factors Associated with Unfavourable Outcome at the Fann University Hospital of Dakar, Senegal between 2011 and 2016: A Follow-Up Study
Viviane Marie Pierre Cisse Diallo, Louise Fortes Deguenonvo, Aminata Massaly, Ndeye Aissatou Lakhe, Daye Ka, Khardiata Diallo M Baye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom Gueye, Assane Diouf, Farah Djamal Waberi, Alassane Dieye, Ndeye Maguette Fall, Cheikh Tacko Diop, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Sylvie Diop Nyafouna, Masserigne Soumare and Moussa Seydi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 09, 2019
The aim of our study was to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary characteristics of patients admitted to tuberculosis re-treatment and managed at the The Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department (SMIT) screening and tuberculosis treatment center (TTC), to determine the factors associated with unfavourable outcome. This is a descriptive and analytical retrospective cross sectional study covering all tuberculosis re-treatment cases monitored in the service of infectious and tropical diseases in Fann from 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2016. The Epi-Info softwa...
Histopathologic Detection and Identification of Infectious Agents in Granulomatous Inflammation: Comparison with Culture
Sarah Hackman, MD and Daniel D Mais, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 09, 2019
Granulomas in surgical specimens, especially within lung and lymph nodes, commonly have an infectious etiology. Granulomatous tissue is usually sent to both surgical pathology for tissue examination and to clinical microbiology laboratories for culture. We performed a retrospective review and comparison of histochemical stains and clinical microbiology culture results in 132 surgical pathology granuloma specimens to determine the utility of tissue morphological examination for detection and identification of fungi and acid-fast bacilli as compared to clinical microbiology culture....
Client Satisfaction with Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Services in Public Hospitals of Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia
Bahailu Balcha, Desta Erkalo and Tilahun Beyene
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 12, 2019
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission is a term used to describe a comprehensive package of services intended to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The vertical virus transmission from mother to child accounts for more than 90% of pediatric Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Published studies on the client satisfaction with PMTCT services’ provision in Ethiopia are generally limited. Even fewer studies do examine client satisfaction with the PMTCT services. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess the client satisfaction with Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmiss...
Evaluation of the Content of YouTube Videos about Vaginismus
Yeliz KAYA, Coskun KAYA, MD and Pelin PALAS KARACA
Article Type: Original Articl e | First Published: December 07, 2019
A search for vaginismus was performed on YouTube in January 5, 2019. Two researchers watched and analyzed each video's overall information and scientific content and rated it as good, fair or poor as a co-decision. for their sources, suggestions and information contents (good, fair or poor). The study suggests that the videos at You- Tube could not be a reliable source of for patients with vaginismus. Health professions should be encouraged to upload more videos with good content and the patients with vaginismus should be warned about the unedited videos uploaded by laypersons and canalized to...
Utility of Mean Platelet Volume to Predict Significant Thrombocytopenia and Complications in Dengue
Anupam Brahma, MBBS, Prasit Kumar Ghosh, MD, Utpal Goswami, MD and Saswati Majumdar, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 11, 2019
Dengue fever is one of the most important emerging infectious diseases constituting important contribution in global burden of disease. Platelet transfusion is required in the patients when they develop Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) or thrombocytopenia below 20,000/ cu.mm without hemorrhage. Serial platelet counts are used to monitor the patients. In this study we investigated whether Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) could be used as a tool to predict development of significant thrombocytopenia, DHF and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). This may help in triage of high-risk patients and readiness of the ...