Foot Pain and Lesions in Systemic Sclerosis: Prevalence and Association with Organ Involvement
Hadi Poormoghim, Elham Andalib, Arash Jalali, Maryam Salimi-beni and Gholam Hossein Ghafarpour
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 07, 2019
In this cross-section study 133 scleroderma patients were probed throughout a survey in which both forms of digital and non-digital plantar lesions were included. Chi-square test and student’s t-test were used to determine the associations of foot pain and lesion with clinical features and serologic findings of the disease. multivariate analysis was used for determining independent factors associated with foot lesion and pain. Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic devastating multi organ disease characterized by vascular abnormalities, fibrosis and immune dysregulation. Complications associa...
Evaluation of Fucoxanthin Content in Popular Weight Loss Supplements: The Case for Stricter Regulation of Dietary Supplements
Mohammad Faisal Hossain, Mamoon Rashid, Thomas Burniston, Mohammed Ahmed, Winnie Wu, Kolawole Adeshina Kataye, Rajjit Sidhu, Michael Justice and Shamly Abdelfattah
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: September 05, 2019
Misbranded and counterfeit dietary supplements have been an issue on which the US Food and Drug Administration has been vigilantly regulating. The ubiquity of online- shoppable weight-loss supplements and their unrestricted consumption by obese people are serious matters of concern. Fucoxanthin, a brown-seaweed-extracted carotenoid has exhibited anti-obesity property in some clinical trials through its ability to over express uncoupling protein (UCP1) in the white adipose tissue, which leads to fat burning. However, since the clinical trials apply pure fucoxanthin instead of fucoxanthin-bearin...
What are the Factors Leading to Nasal Septal Perforations after Septoplasty?
Erkan YILDIZ, Sahin ULU and Orhan Kemal KAHVECI
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019
Nasal septal perforation is the most common complication in the long term after septoplasty. Nasal septal perforation is the partial opening of the wall between both nasal cavities. In this study, we will evaluate the causes of septal perforation after septoplasty. 400 patients aged between 18 and 50 years who underwent septoplasty operation in Afyonkarahisar Şuhut State Hospital between 2016- 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. These patients were divided into groups with and without perforation. Smoking and alcohol use of patients with perforation, gender and septum stabilization was used ...
Intraosseous Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Maxilla: A Case Report and Literature Review
Manola M, Moscillo L, De Luca E, Lalinga AV and Possidente L
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: August 26, 2019
Salivary gland tumours constitute 3% of all head and neck neoplasms. Pleomorphic adenomas arising in the maxilla are extremely rare, with only few cases reported to date. Radiographically and clinically, these lesions have the appearance of osteolytic processes or odontogenic cysts and the diagnosis represents a challenge. The surgical treatment of intraosseous glandular neoplasms is debated because of the few cases reported in literature. The Authors describe a rare case of intraosseous pleomorphic adenoma occurring in the maxilla along with a complete review of literature....
Dysphagia - Pathophysiology of Swallowing Dysfunction, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Bahareh Bakhshaie Philipsen
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 21, 2019
Difficulty swallowing is called dysphagia. There is a wide range of potential causes of dysphagia. Because there are many reasons why dysphagia can occur, treatment depends on the underlying cause. Thorough examination is important, and implementation of a treatment strategy should be based on evaluation by a multidisciplinary team. In this article, we will describe the mechanism of swallowing, the pathophysiology of swallowing dysfunction and different causes of dysphagia, along with signs and symptoms associated with dysphagia, diagnosis, and potential treatments. Swallowing is a complex pro...
Late Endovascular Coil Erosion of the Internal Carotid Artery into the Nasopharynx: Case Report and Review of Literature
Graham Derek Unis, MS, BA, Basit A Jawad, MD, Ashwin Ananth, MD and Ryan Winters, MD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 12, 2019
We present a case of a 72-year-old gentleman with an extruding internal carotid artery aneurysm coil through the Fossa of Rosenmuller. The patient was stable post-operatively and remained complication and progression free 8 months later at time of writing. Other reports involving pseudoaneurysms were found in the literature although no coil erosions in true aneurysms have been described. Conservative therapy with controlled amputation of the extruding filament in the operative room has served as sufficient treatment. Potentially catastrophic events can be avoided with the use of thorough histo...
Management Strategies in Chronic Lumbar Facet Joint Syndrome - A Review of Literature
Rajesh MB, Chamma R and Ranganathan A
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 26, 2019
Acute low back pain is a common cause of pain in majority of adult population. Most experience an acute episode at some stage. It is causes disability in both young and middle-aged individuals and prevalent in 4-33% of the population. Facet joint pain contributes to a significant proportion of this prevalence. Here in this review, we present, the background, current treatment and evidence on the management of facet joint arthritis. Goldthwait, in 1911, was the first to suggest that facet joint could be a source of low back pain. The potential of the zygapophyseal joint as a unique source of lu...
Implication of Enteric Viruses in the Digestive Surgical Pathologies in Tunisian Children
Ben Haj Khalifa A, Jerbi A and Trabelsi A
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 06, 2019
Recent virological studies have shown the association between digestive diseases and some enteric viruses: adenovirus, rotavirus, enterovirus, Our objectives were to show the impact of viral infections of the digestive complications and interactions between enteric viruses and digestive tract cells.During the study period, 64 samples were collected from children with gastrointestinal surgical pathologies. The AdV were detected in 9 cases (14%) and rotavirus in 1 case (1.5%). A male predominance was observed, with a sex ratio of 1.9. The age ranges from 1 day to 8 years. The child found positiv...
Incidence of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Site Wound Infection among Frail Elderly Patients Admitted in a Tertiary Medical Center
Adolf Lim-Teodoro, MD, Mabel Angela Sarita, MD, Russel Semeniano, MD and Miguel Ramos Jr, MD, Ph.D
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 04, 2019
Nutrition is an important determinant of health in elderly patients. It also contributes to their overall quality of life and longevity. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to provide enteral access in patients who are unable to swallow to improve nutrition. PEG site infection is an important healthcare-associated infection and this study aims to determine the incidence and clinical profile of PEG site wound infections among elderly patients admitted in a tertiary medical center. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube was first described in 1980s and is a method of p...