The Effect of Dynamic and Static Stretching on Golf Driving Performance
Graeme G. Sorbie, Julien S. Baker, Yaodong Gu and U. Chris Ugbolue
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: January 11, 2016
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dynamic and static stretching warm-up routines on golf driving performance. Three different components were tested; namely carry distance, accuracy and ball contact. Twelve male competitive golfers took part in the experiment. Two supervised warm-up treatments were tested on nonconsecutive days. Each subject was randomized to either a dynamic stretching (DS) or static stretching (SS) routine. The DS and SS protocols consisted of nine stretches targeting the entire body. Descriptive statistics and paired t-tests were applied (P < 0.05) betw...
Correlations between Vitamin D Concentrations and Lipid Poanels in Active Duty and Veteran Military Personnel
Ashlyn M. Hiserote, Cristobal S. Berry-Caban, Qiang Wu and Laurel M. Wentz
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 07, 2016
Vitamin D deficiency is common in the United States and has been associated with dyslipidemia along with additional cardiovascular conditions. Dyslipidemia raises the risk for cardiovascular disease and has been linked to symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in military personnel. The purpose of this study was to identify significant correlations between serum vitamin D and lipid panel concentrations in active duty and veteran military personnel. This analysis examined 3,053 unique cases of serum vitamin D and lipid panel assessments ordered at Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bra...
Caribbean Sports and Nutrition: Focus on the Glycemic Index
Fitzroy J. Henry
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 05, 2016
Caribbean athletes have displayed their admirable talents at global events for many years. More recently, they have become world champions and record holders. Given the small size of the Caribbean population these mighty achievements are truly remarkable. Even more remarkable is the fact that these athletes seldom utilize one of the most important performance enhancers - nutrition this paper highlights the value of appropriate uses of carbohydrate, particularly the glycemic index, in various sporting activities. While every sport has its own training demands the paper emphasizes that every spo...
Validity of a Kinect-based Tracking System for Clinical Assessment of Knee Kinematics
Edward Nyman, Jr.
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: January 04, 2016
The primary objective of this study was validation of a three-dimensional single-camera system (Kinect) for use as a clinical screening tool for evaluating knee kinematics during drop jump landings. Lower extremity kinematics for each of eight adolescent female participants were simultaneously tracked by a traditional motion capture system and the prototype Kinect-based tracking system during performance of a drop jump landing task. Peak sagittal plane knee flexion angle and minimum knee separation distance (utilized as a surrogate for frontal plane knee valgus) were calculated from data colle...
Total Pancreatectomy and Islet Auto-Transplantation in Children with Chronic Pancreatitis
Megan Berger, Melena Bellin, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg and Srinath Chinnakotla
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 19, 2015
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is an uncommon diagnosis in children, with an estimated incidence of fewer than 0.5 cases per 100,000 in patients younger than 25 years. Chronic pancreatitis in children most commonly results from genetic mutations, including mutations in the PRSS1, SPINK1, and CFTR genes. A recent multinational cross-sectional study of children with chronic pancreatitis demonstrated genetic etiology in upwards of 67% of cases while obstructive etiology including biliary calculi and congenital anatomic abnormalities made up 33%. Some of these patients had both genetic and obstructive ...
Organotropic Kinetics in Acute Sublethal Transient Cytomegalovirus Infection in Mice
Daniel Benharroch, Ory Rouvio, Aharon Palmon and Bracha Rager
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 03, 2016
Murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) shows many similarities with the human virus (HCMV). This is a ubiquitous DNA virus from the betaherpesvirus group. A self-limiting acute phase of viral infection and a persistent latent phase normally characterize the pathogenesis of MCMV infection in the immunocompetent host. The MCMV widespread distribution occurs via the blood and its mononuclear cells. In the more common congenital viral infection, the HCMV causes birth defects, including mal-development of the central nervous system....
Nanoparticles: From Diagnosis to Therapy
Derya Ilem-Ozdemir, Evren Gundogdu, Meliha Ekinci and Makbule Asikoglu
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 29, 2016
Cancer is a leading cause of death, the second most common cause, exceeded only by heart disease. Still, the current clinical imaging methods and treatments are in many situations unable to provide timely detection and curative therapy. The field of drug delivery stands to be significant advances in nanotechnology and benefits of novel nanotechnology in oncology already starts. New strategies are being designed to deliver chemotherapeutic drugs or imaging agents to the tumor at higher concentrations with minimal damage to normal tissues. This review will focus on how nanoparticles are able to ...
Estimating Binding Capability of Radiopharmaceuticals by Cell Culture Studies
Derya Ilem-Ozdemir, Meliha Ekinci, Evren Gundogdu and Makbule Asikoglu
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 02, 2016
Radiopharmaceuticals have applications in biologic research, drug discovery, diagnosis of human disease and molecular therapeutics for a wide variety of medical conditions. With the increasingly central role of radiotracers for non-invasive imaging of animal models and human research, small animal imaging centers are likely to have a growing interest in development of radiopharmaceutical science. Although animal experiments are giving the most valuable information about the drug behavior in the biological system. Also every year, millions of experimental animals are used all over the world....
Penile Subcutaneus Stone Implant: An Unusual Case Report
Serdar Toksoz and Yalcin Kizilkan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 31, 2015
Men in some areas of Asia have a long history of inserting or implanting various objects into their penises. Artificial penile implant are inert objects inserted beneath the skin of the penis. Objects placed under the skin of the penile shaft may include plastic beads made from toothbrushes, silicon, metal pellets, glass, ivory, precious metals, marbles or pearls. Some men believe that penile implants enhance the sexual pleasure. Subdermal implants placed under the skin of the penis can provide physical stimulation for both sexual partners....
Salvage Buccal Urethroplasty after Prior Open Intervention: 10 Year Experience
Mimi Zhang, Benjamin Carpenter, Richard Bihrle and Matthew J Mellon
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2015
Urethral stricture disease is a complex urologic problem with multiple etiologies and multiple surgical approaches. Although there is no one single technique employed for all types of strictures, buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty (BMU) has proven to be a versatile surgical option for the reconstructive urologist since its first use in the 1940s. Although there are multiple large, single-center experiences with buccal urethroplasty, only recently have short and long term results become available for these grafts. There is a paucity of literature regarding the long-term reconstructive outcomes ...