The Role of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Cancer
Beata Smolarz, Dariusz Samulak, Marianna Makowska, Hanna Romanowicz, Zbigniew Kojs, Luiza Wojcik and Magdalena M Michalska
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 28, 2019
Long-term infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the cause of cervical cancer and its precursor - cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). The presence of HPV infection can be presumed in more than 99% of cases of cervical cancer worldwide. The introduction of DNA testing for the presence of HPV has increased the effectiveness of screening programs for the detection of this cancer. This article contains the latest reports on the structure, function and role of HPV in the development of cervical cancer. It was also underlined the importance of performing molecular tests for the presence ...
Social Influences of Teachers, Classmates, and Parents on Children's Commitment to Physical Education and Language Education
Derwin KC Chan, Karen CH Lo and Felix Cheung
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2019
This study aims to examine the social influences of teachers, classmates and parents (i.e., positive reinforcement and punishment) on childrens commitment to physical education (PE) and language education (LE). Children from the UK (N = 614; Mean age = 13.05, SD = 2.01) completed the Perceived Social Influence Scale (Chan, et al. 2012), and also measures of competence, enjoyment, and effort in either the PE or LE context. Multi-group structural equation modelling (CFI = 0.97-0.98; TLI = 0.96-0.97; RMSEA = 0.03-0.04) showed that social influences from teachers, classmates, and parents explained...
Working through Others - A Qualitative Content Analysis of Nursing Students’ Experiences with Malnutrition at One Hospital in Vietnam
Elin Eriksson, RN, BSc, Victoria Ferm, RN, BSc and Kristina Rosengren, PhD, RN
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 05, 2019
Malnutrition causes problems in Vietnam, including illnesses with physiological and psychological complications. The aim of this study was to describe nursing students experiences with malnutrition at one hospital in Vietnam. Interviews of eight nursing students were performed, and the results were analysed by qualitative content analysis. This study highlights the use of guidelines in collaboration (between staff and patients’ relatives) to facilitate early identification and/or prevent malnutrition by improving self-care, as supported through nursing activities using family-centred care as...
Saphenous Vein Graft Aneurysm and Coronary Artery Disease: Case Report
Victor Rodrigues Ribeiro Ferreira, Maria Christiane Valeria Braga Braile-Sternieri, Eliana Migliorini Mustafa, Giovanni Braile Sternieri, Sofia Braile Sabino, Cibele Olegário Vianna Queiroz, Bethina Canaroli Sbardellini, Luiza Braile Verdi, Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho and Domingo Marcolino Braile
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 28, 2019
Despite a general reduction in the number of myocardial revascularization surgeries in recent decades, more than 150,000 are still performed annually in the United States. Early complications of venous graft use include an occlusion rate of up to 25% in the first year. The aneurysmal dilatation of the great saphenous vein, when used in aorto- coronary venous bridges, is rare and requires important care by the cardiology team. This study aimed to present a case report on saphenous vein aneurysm in a patient with coronary artery disease and myocardial ischemia who was diagnosed by angiotomograph...
On the Neurophysiology of Delusional Disorders: Top-Bottom vs. Bottom-Up Theories
Gentian Vyshka and Jera Kruja
Article Type: Opinion Paper | First Published: October 14, 2019
The psychopathology of delusions has been indelibly denoted from top-bottom theories, with a very long psychiatric tradition explaining the issue as a cortical derangement. The reverse face of the entire issue has been poorly if ever, scrutinized. The role of the peripheral nervous system in the installing and the maintaining of delusive ideas and convictions, albeit elusive, need to be addressed. The hallmark of bottom-up theory relies upon distorted primary processing of peripheral stimuli, with the cortex ingenuously entering a vicious circle of false perceptions, and therefore of false bel...
Disseminated Nocardiosis in an Immunosuppressed Patient with Sarcoidosis
Zachary Koehler, OMS IV, MPH, Jun Park, MD and Nicholas Jenkins, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 07, 2019
Nocardiosis is a relatively rare disease with an incidence of 3 cases per 1,000,000 each year in the United States. The infection is caused by the Nocardia spp., which are aerobic, gram-positive, branching, weakly acid-fast bacilli found primarily in soil, water and decaying vegetation. Nocardiosis can be localized to a single organ, such as the skin or lung, or disseminated. Immunocompetent patients who are affected typically experience a chronic course involving one organ, most commonly the lung. Patients who are immunocompromised, such as organ transplant recipients or patients on long-term...
An Unusual Case of Palpitations: Pectus Excavatum
Zulfiqar Ali Sandhu, Sharjeel Shaikh and Aidan Buckley
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 04, 2019
Pectus excavatum is a congenital deformation of the chest, presenting as a funnel-shaped impression in the median frontal chest between the fourth and the seventh rib. Asymmetric presentation occurs, and the extent of deformation may vary from slight to serious. Exact numbers about prevalence are difficult to obtain, as the deformation is often not noted or-when noted-is not mentioned in the medical reports. Pectus excavatum is found in Europe in at least one in every 1000 births, mainly in men (70-85%) and often within the same families (35-45%). A correlation is mentioned between pectus exca...
No More Doubt in Gastric Tumors. EUS in a Mexican Child, Case Report
Ulises Leal Quiroga, Erik Antonio Mier Escurra and Eduardo Mendoza Fuerte
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 03, 2019
Endoscopic ultrasound is important to assess gastric tumors in pediatric age. However, at present there is little information about its indications, applications and risks, as well as difficulty in obtaining adequate training. A 5-year-old male patient with a gastric tumor under study, in the endoscopy, an umbilicated tumor suggestive of ectopic pancreas is observed, the endoscopic ultrasound reveals that it is dependent on the muscular layer, pathology diagnosed Gastric adenomyoma....
Parenting an Autistic Child: A Qualitative Study
Aysel Topan, PhD, MSc, RN, Serap Demirel, MSc, RN, Isin Alkan, MSc, RN, Tulay Kuzlu Ayyildiz, PhD, MSc, RN and Sevda Dogru, MSc, RN
Article Type: original Research | First Published: September 26, 2019
To determine feelings and thoughts of parents with autistic children. This qualitative study consisted of 20 parents. 'Personal Information Form' and semi-constituted 'Guide Interview Form' with qualitative face-to-face technique were used. Thematic analysis method was used for analyses. The mean age of children was 10.80 ± 4.30 (3-16 year-olds). Expressions of parents were grouped under the following main themes: Feelings of parents when they learnt about the disease, how this condition affected the life quality of parents, problems of parents about childcare, and concerns of parents r...